Philip B. Duffy
Philip B. Duffy is a physicist who has devoted his career to the use of science in addressing climate change. Prior to joining WHRC, Dr. Duffy served as a Senior Advisor in the White House National Science and Technology Council, and as a Senior Policy Analyst in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. In these roles he was involved in international climate negotiations, domestic and international climate policy, and coordination of US global change research. Before joining the White House, Dr. Duffy was Chief Scientist for Climate Central, an organization dedicated to increasing public understanding and awareness of climate change. Dr. Duffy has held senior research positions with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and visiting positions at the Carnegie Institution for Science and the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. He has a bachelor’s degree from Harvard and a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford.
Baruch Fischhoff (IOM) is Howard Heinz University Professor, Department of Engineering and Public Policy and Institute for Politics and Strategy, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). A graduate of the Detroit Public Schools, he holds a BS (mathematics, psychology) from Wayne State University and a PhD (psychology) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is a member of the National Academy of
Sciences and of the National Academy of Medicine. He is past President of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making and of the Society for Risk Analysis. He has chaired the Food and Drug Administration Risk Communication Advisory Committee and been a member of the Eugene (Oregon) Commission on the Rights of Women, the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee and the Environmental Protection Agency Scientific Advisory Board, where he chaired the Homeland Security Advisory Committee. He has received the American Psychological Association (APA) Award for Distinguished Contribution to Psychology, CMU’s Ryan Award for Teaching, an honorary Doctorate of Humanities from Lund University, and an Andrew Carnegie Fellowship. He is a Fellow of APA, the Association for Psychological Science, Society of Experimental Psychologists, and Society for Risk Analysis. His books include Acceptable Risk, Risk: A Very Short Introduction, Judgment and Decision Making, A Two-State Solution in the Middle East, Counting Civilian Casualties, and Communicating Risks and Benefits. He has co-chaired three National Academy Colloquia on the Science of Science Communication.
Paul Fleming directs the Climate Resiliency Group for Seattle Public Utilities (SPU), where he is responsible for leading climate research and assessment initiatives, mainstreaming adaptation and mitigation strategies and developing collaborative partnerships. Paul contributed to the 2014 U.S. National Climate Assessment, serving as a Convening Lead Author of the Water Resources chapter and the Sustained Assessment Special Report and a Lead Author of the Adaptation chapter. He is a Past Chair of the Water Utility Climate Alliance (WUCA) and currently chairs the Project Advisory Board for an E.U.-funded research project focused on climate change and water management. Paul has a BA in Economics from Duke University and a MBA from the University of Washington.
Sherri W. Goodman
Sherri Goodman is an executive, lawyer, former defense official and Senate Armed Services Committee staff professional. She is currently a Senior Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and at CNA. Most recently, she served as the President and CEO of the Consortium for Ocean Leadership, which manages federally funded science and technology programs and whose members are the nation’s leading ocean science research institutions. Goodman previously served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of CNA, a research organization for national security leaders and public sector organizations. She is the founder and Executive Director of the CNA Military Advisory Board, whose landmark reports include National Security and the Threat of Climate Change (2007), Powering America’s Economy: Energy Innovation at the Crossroads of National Security Challenges (2010), National Security and the Accelerating Risks of Climate Change (2014),and Advanced Energy and US National Security (2017) among others. Goodman served as the first Deputy Undersecretary of Defense (Environmental Security), responsible for global environmental, energy efficiency, safety and occupational health programs and policies of the Department of Defense. She served on the staff of the Senate Armed Services Committee, where she was responsible for oversight of the Department of Energy’s nuclear weapons complex, including the national laboratories and the defense environmental management program. Goodman is a member of the Secretary of State’s International Security Advisory Board, for which she co-chaired a report on Arctic Security. She serves on the boards of the Atlantic Council, the Adrienne Arsht Resilience Center, the Center for Climate and Security, the Joint Ocean Leadership Initiative, the Marshall Legacy Institute, the University Cooperation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), and the US Water Partnership. She is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and a member of the CFR Arctic Task Force. She has served as a Trustee of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and on the Committee on Conscience of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. Sherri is a graduate of Amherst College; she holds degrees from Harvard Law School and Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.
Nancy B. Grimm
Dr. Nancy B. Grimm is Virginia M. Ullman Professor of Ecology at Arizona State University. She studies the interaction of climate variation and change, human activities, and ecosystems. Her long-term research focuses on how disturbances (such as flooding or drying) affect the structure and processes of desert streams, how chemical elements move through and cycle within both desert streams and cities, and how storm water infrastructure affects water and material movement across an urban landscape. Grimm was the founding director of the Central Arizona-Phoenix LTER program -- an interdisciplinary study by ecologists, engineers, physical and social scientists, and currently co-directs the Urban Resilience to Extremes Sustainability Research Network. In the latter capacity, she works to help cities develop future visions and strategies to increase resilience in the face of extreme events. She was President and is a fellow of the Ecological Society of America (ESA), is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Geophysical Union, and was lead author for the Third National Climate Assessment.
Henry D. Jacoby
Dr. Henry D. Jacoby is Professor of Management in the M.I.T. Sloan School of Management and former Co-Director of the M.I.T. Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, which is focused on the integration of the natural and social sciences and policy analysis in application to the threat of global climate change. He oversees the design and application of the social science component of the Joint Program's Integrated Global System Model -- a comprehensive research tool for analyzing potential anthropogenic climate change and its social and environmental consequences -- and he is a leader of M.I.T. research and analysis of national climate policies and the structure of the international climate regime. An undergraduate mechanical engineer at the University of Texas at Austin, Professor Jacoby holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University where he also served on the faculties of the Department of Economics and the Kennedy School of Government. He has been Director of the Harvard Environmental Systems Program, Director of the MIT Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Associate Director of the MIT Energy Laboratory, and Chair of the MIT Faculty. He has made extensive contributions to the study of economics, policy and management in the areas of energy, natural resources and environment, writing widely on these topics including seven books. He currently serves on the Scientific Committee of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program.
Linda O. Mearns
Linda Mearns is the Director of the Weather and Climate Impacts Assessment Science Program (WCIASP) and Head of the Regional Integrated Sciences Collective (RISC) within the Institute for Mathematics Applied to Geosciences (IMAGe), and Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado. She has served as Director of the Institute for the Study of Society and Environment (ISSE) for three years ending in April 2008. She holds a Ph.D. in Geography/Climatology from UCLA. She has performed research and published mainly in the areas of climate change scenario formation, quantifying uncertainties, and climate change impacts on agro-ecosystems. She has particularly worked extensively with regional climate models. She has been an author in the IPCC Climate Change 1995, 2001, and 2007 Assessments regarding climate variability, impacts of climate change on agriculture, regional projections of climate change, climate scenarios, and uncertainty in future projections of climate change. For the Fifth Assessment Report she was a lead author of Chapter 21 on Regions in WG2. She leads the multi-agency supported North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP), which is providing multiple high-resolution climate change scenarios for the North American impacts community. She has been a member of the National Research Council Climate Research Committee (CRC), the NAS Panel on Adaptation of the America’s Climate Choices Program, and the NAS Human Dimensions of Global Change (HDGC) Committee. She has worked extensively with resource managers (e.g., water resource managers and ecologists) to form climate change scenarios for use in adaptation planning.
Jerry M. Melillo
Jerry M. Melillo (NAS) is a Distinguished Scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory whose work focuses on understanding the impacts of human activities on the biogeochemistry of ecological systems using a combination of field studies and simulation modeling. His field studies include soil warming experiments at the Harvard Forest in central Massachusetts. Dr. Melillo and his team have developed and used a simulation model called the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM) to consider the impacts of various aspects of global change on the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems across the globe. TEM is part of the Integrated Global Systems Model, an integrated assessment model, based at MIT.
Richard H. Moss
Richard H. Moss is Senior Visiting Research Scientist at Columbia University’s Earth Institute, on a leave of absence from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Maryland. Richard’s research focuses on (1) vulnerability assessment and adaptation to global change; (2) uncertainty characterization and communication; and (3) scenarios. His current research on global change impacts focuses on multi-sector/scale modeling of global change impacts and responses. Previously he served as Director of the US Global Change Research Program (spanning the Clinton and G.W. Bush Administrations), Head of technical support for Working Group II of IPCC, and director of climate/energy at the UN Foundation and the World Wildlife Fund(US). He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in public and international affairs.
In her new book “Driving the Future: Combating Climate Change with Cleaner, Smarter Cars” Margo Oge chronicles the political and regulatory history that led to America’s first formal climate action using regulation to reduce emissions through innovation in car design and portrays a future where clean, intelligent vehicles with lighter frames and alternative power trains will radically reduce carbon pollution. Margo retired as director of the Office of Transportation and Air Quality after thirty-two years with the EPA. While at the EPA, she was a chief architect of the most important improvements of air quality from the transportation sector ever, resulting in the prevention of 40,000 premature deaths and hundreds of thousands of cases of respiratory illness. She led the EPA’s first-ever national greenhouse gas emission standards for cars and heavy- duty trucks to double fuel efficiency by 2025 and reduce GHG emissions by 50%. She received Presidential Awards from Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush and numerous environmental and industry awards. In commending her achievements, President Obama wrote, “Under your tireless leadership, we have realized significant environmental achievements in the transportation sector, from making diesel fuels cleaner to finalizing the most aggressive fuel economy standards for cars and trucks out to model year 2025.” Margo serves as a Distinguished Fellow with ClimateWorks, a non-governmental organization that works globally to strengthen philanthropy’s response to climate change. She is serves on the International Sustainability Council of the Volkswagen, and is the vice-chairman of the board of DeltaWing Technologies, which is creating a new, high-efficiency passenger car based on the DeltaWing race car. She is a member of board of the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), and the Alliance of Climate Education (ACE). She serves on National Academy of Science (NAS) Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, the Department of Energy Advisory Committee on Hydrogen and Fuel cells and the NAS Advisory Committee on Climate Change Research. She is also an advisor to Square Roots a life science company. Margo has an MS in engineering from the University of Massachusetts–Lowell and attended George Washington and Harvard Universities. She resides in McLean, Virginia.
S. George H. Philander
Samuel George Harker Philander is Knox Taylor Professor of Geosciences at Princeton University. Born in Caledon, Republic of South Africa on June 25, 1942, he received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Cape Town in 1962 and his Ph.D. in mathematics from Harvard University in 1970 with a thesis titled “The Equatorial Dynamics of a Homogeneous Ocean.” After completing a year as a fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology he spent six years as a research associate in the Geophysics Fluid Dynamics Program at Princeton University where in 1990 he became a professor in the Department of Geosciences. Philander has been a visiting professor at the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris, a distinguished visiting scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the California Institute of Technology, a consultant to the World Meteorological Organization in Switzerland, and a trustee of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. At Princeton, Philander became chairman of his department in 1994 and presently serves as director of its Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program. He has been a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geological Union and, in 2003, he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Among his publications are his books El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation (San Diego: Academic Press, 1990); Is the Temperature Rising?: The Uncertain Science of Global Warming (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1998); and Our Affair With El Niño: How We Transformed an Enchanting Peruvian Current into a Global Climate Hazard (N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004).
Benjamin Preston is a senior policy researcher at the RAND Corporation, and director of RAND's Infrastructure Resilience and Environmental Policy Program. Prior to joining RAND, he served as the Deputy Director of the Climate Change Science Institute at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. While working at ORNL, he engaged in research on vulnerability and resilience of U.S. energy systems to climate variability and change as well as opportunities and constraints associated with climate risk management. In addition, he contributed to national and international scientific assessments including the National Climate Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Fifth Assessment Report. Previously, he served as a research scientist in Australia with the CSIRO's Division of Marine and Atmospheric Research and as a Senior Research Fellow at the Pew Center on Global Change. He received a B.S. in biology from the College of William and Mary and a Ph.D. in environmental biology from the Georgia Institute of Technology, where he also minored in public policy.
Paul A. Sandifer
Paul Sandifer is currently the Director of the Center for Coastal Environmental and Human Health at the College of Charleston. He is also the former Senior Science Advisor to the NOAA Administrator where he provided input regarding the overall NOAA science enterprise, the President's Ocean Policy Task Force, NOAA's coastal and marine spatial planning efforts, and development of science policy related to coastal management, aquaculture, oceans and human health, and other areas. Previously, he served as Senior Scientist for Coastal Ecology for NOAA's National Ocean Service. Dr. Sandifer serves on the US National Committee for the Census of Marine Life, the Working Group of the Ocean Policy Task Force, the National Academies’ Roundtable on Environmental Health Science, Research, and Medicine, and several advisory boards and is Co-Chair of the Interagency Working Group on Harmful Algal Blooms, Hypoxia, and Human Health. He was a member of the US Commission on Ocean Policy and served on numerous other boards and committees. He is an Honorary Life Member of the World Aquaculture Society and Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Previously, Dr. Sandifer had a 31-year career with the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, including service as scientist, marine division director, founder and director of the Waddell Mariculture Center, and agency director.
Henry G. Schwartz, Jr.
Henry G. Schwartz, Jr. is a nationally recognized civil and environmental engineering leader who spent most of his career with Sverdrup Civil Inc. (now Jacobs Civil Inc.). In 1993, Schwartz was named president and chairman, directing the transportation, public works, and environmental activities of this worldwide firm before retiring in 2003. Subsequently, he was a senior professor and director of the engineering management program at Washington University in St. Louis and has served on the advisory boards for Carnegie Mellon University, Washington University, and the University of Texas at Austin. For ten years, he was an independent director of Louis Berger, Inc., an international engineering company. He is President Emeritus of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the Water Environment Federation, and the Academy of Science of St. Louis, and the founding chairman of the Water Environment Research Foundation. Elected to the NAE in 1997, he has served on a number of NRC study committees, including the TRB Committee for a Future Strategic Highway Research Program, and on the NRC Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment. Schwartz chaired the policy study committee that produced the report, Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S.Transportation and was a convening lead author on NCA 2 and 3. For many years, he was on TRB’s Executive Committee and served as vice chair of TRB’s Subcommittee for NRC Oversight. Schwartz earned a Ph.D. degree from the California Institute of Technology and Master and Bachelor of Science degrees from Washington University. He also attended Princeton University and the Executive Management Program at Columbia University. He is a registered professional engineer.
Dr. Kathleen Segerson is a Professor of Economics at the University of Connecticut. She was the Head of the Department of Economics from 2001-2005. Dr. Segerson specializes in natural resource economics, and in particular, the economics of environmental regulation. She is currently a member of both the Chartered Executive Board of the Environmental Protection Agency's Science Advisory Board, and the Vice Chair of the Advisory Board's Committee on Valuing the Protection of Ecological Services and Systems. She was a member of the U.S. General Accounting Office's Expert Panel on Climate Change Economics from 2007–2008 and frequently serves on external review committees for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. She has also served on three National Research Council study committees: the Committee on Assessing and Valuing the Services of Aquatic and Related Terrestrial Ecosystems (2002-2004), the Committee on the Causes and Management of Coastal Eutrophication (1998-2000), and the Committee on Improving Principles and Guidelines for Waste Resources Planning by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (2008- present). In 2008, she was named a Fellow by both the American Agricultural Economics Association and the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists. Dr. Segerson earned a PhD from Cornell University in 1984.
Brian L. Zuckerman
Brian L. Zuckerman is a Research Staff Member at the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI). Dr. Zuckerman's areas of emphasis at STPI are in the areas of program evaluation and scientometrics, where his work focuses on federal research and development program performance and agency-wide research portfolios. Dr. Zuckerman has also analyzed federal research and development data systems and statistical data collection programs. Before joining STPI, he was a principal at C-STPS, LLC, and at the Center for Science and Technology Policy of Abt Associates, Inc. He is a co-chair of the Research, Technology, and Development Topical Interest Group of the American Evaluation Association. Dr. Zuckerman holds a BA in chemistry from Harvard College and a PhD in Technology, Management, and Policy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.