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Project Information

Project Information


The Potential for Biotechnology to Address Forest Health


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee will examine the potential use of biotechnology to mitigate threats to forest tree health, identify the ecological, ethical, and social implications of deploying biotechnology in forests, and develop a research agenda to address knowledge gaps about its application. The study will focus on trees and consider the use of biotechnology to prevent the extirpation of a single tree species by an insect or disease that could have negative consequences for forest health. The study will examine the following questions:

1.
What is the current state of the science regarding the potential for using genetic engineering and similar technologies in trees to improve forest health?

2.
What are the ethical, legal, and social implications of using or not using genetic engineering to improve forest health?

3.
What other unique challenges and opportunities are posed by the development of a genetically engineered product for a non-commercial, public good such as forest health?  

4.
What research is needed to fill knowledge gaps about developing and using genetic engineering as a tool to protect forest health?

5.
What information or analysis is needed to develop a risk framework for using genetic engineering that can optimize benefits to forest health, and can adaptive management be used to responsibly advance the use of biotechnology for forest health?

6.
How might the evaluation of the ecological and environmental risks of deploying trees developed with genetic engineering be balanced with the risk to forest health if the technology is not deployed, or relative to the risks of deploying trees developed using other (non-GE) methods?







The committee will prepare a report that addresses the questions above and explains the basis for its conclusions and recommendations.

Status: Current

PIN: DELS-BANR-16-02

Project Duration (months): 18 month(s)

RSO: Laney, Kara N.

Topic(s):

Agriculture
Biology and Life Sciences
Environment and Environmental Studies



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 02/01/2018

Susan E. Offutt - (Chair)
Dr. Susan E. Offutt is currently senior consultant to the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics at the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. Until her retirement from federal service two years ago, she was chief economist at the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) for eight years. Before joining GAO, she served as administrator of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service for 10 years. Prior to that tour, she was executive director of the National Research Council’s Board on Agriculture, which conducts studies on a range of topics in agricultural science. She was chief of the Agriculture Branch at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). During her tenure at OMB, she coordinated budget and policy analysis of the farm bill and trade negotiations in addition to the operations of USDA. She began her career on the faculty at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, where she taught econometrics and public policy. She is a fellow of the American Applied Economics Association and the National Academy of Public Administration. She received an M.S. and Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Cornell University.
Vikram E. Chhatre
Dr. Vikram Chhatre is currently a senior research scientist with the IDeA Networks for Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) Bioinformatics Core at the University of Wyoming, where he helps biologists incorporate high performance computing in their research. He is a forest population geneticist interested in understanding the demographic and evolutionary forces shaping the genetic structure of natural populations of tree species. Dr. Chhatre’s research during the last 15 years has addressed issues in population, conservation, and quantitative genetics of long-lived and ecologically and economically important forest tree species such as spruce, pine, and poplar. Most recently he investigated the importance of range context and interspecific hybridization in understanding adaptation to climate in Populus, a model species and emerging bioenergy system. In the pursuit of these goals, he applies computational tools to genomic data obtained from next generation sequencing technologies. Dr. Chhatre received a Ph.D. in genetics from Texas A&M University and was a postdoctoral fellow with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service and the University of Vermont.
Jason Delborne
Dr. Jason A. Delborne is an associate professor of science, policy, and society in the Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources at North Carolina State University. Dr. Delborne joined the university in August 2013 as part of the Chancellor’s Faculty Excellence Program in Genetic Engineering and Society. His research focuses on highly politicized scientific controversies, such as agricultural and forest biotechnology, gene drives, synthetic biology, and biofuels. Drawing upon the highly interdisciplinary field of Science, Technology, and Society (STS), he engages various qualitative research methodologies to ask questions about how policymakers and members of the public interface with controversial science. Dr. Delborne holds a bachelor’s degree in human biology from Stanford University (1993) and a doctorate in environmental science, policy, and management from the University of California, Berkeley (2005). He completed postdoctoral training funded by the National Science Foundation at the University of Wisconsin–Madison (2006–2008) before beginning his faculty career as an assistant professor of liberal arts and international studies at the Colorado School of Mines (2008–2013). Dr. Delborne recently served on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committee on gene drive research, which released its report, Gene Drives on the Horizon, in June 2016.
Stephen DiFazio
Dr. Stephen DiFazio is a professor in the Department of Biology and the director of the Genomics Core Facility at West Virginia University. His thesis research focused on gene flow and reproductive biology of conifers and cottonwoods. He then worked as a staff scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, focusing on a variety of functional and structural genomics projects, most notably the sequencing of the Populus genome. He currently serves on many scientific advisory boards, including those of the National Science Foundation Plant Genome Project, Greenwood Resources, and the Forest Health Initiative. Dr. DiFazio received his B.S. in biology and English from Northeastern University and his M.S. in ecology and Ph.D. in forest genetics from Oregon State University.
Doria Gordon
Dr. Doria Gordon is a lead senior scientist, with a focus on ecosystems, in the Office of the Chief Scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF). Prior to EDF, she spent 25 years working in science, conservation, and management for The Nature Conservancy in Florida. Dr. Gordon is also a courtesy professor of biology at the University of Florida and a research associate at Archbold Biological Station near Lake Placid, Florida. She has conducted substantial research on the restoration of forested ecosystems, from blue oak woodlands in California to longleaf pine systems in Florida. She has also developed and evaluated risk-assessment tools for predicting invasiveness in plant species and has co-authored two chapters in a U.S. Forest Service assessment of invasion and forest health (in preparation). Most recently Dr. Gordon has been reviewing the literature on biotechnology and gene editing to evaluate whether environmental risks are sufficiently addressed in existing approaches and regulations. Dr. Gordon completed an M.S. and Ph.D. in ecology at the University of California, Davis, following an undergraduate degree in biology and environmental studies at Oberlin College.
Ines Ibanez
Dr. Inés Ibáñez is an associate professor in the School of Natural Resources and Environment Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Michigan. Dr. Ibáñez's major research interests focus on the current challenges that plant communities are facing in the context of global change, that is, climate change, invasive species, and landscape fragmentation. She directs her research at the recruitment of dominant tree species, from seed production to the sapling stage, including seed dispersal, germination, establishment and survival during the first years. She received her B.S. in biology (botany) from Universidad Complutense de Madrid, an M.S. in range sciences from Utah State University, and a Ph.D. in ecology from Duke University.
Gregory Jaffe
Gregory Jaffe is the director of the Project on Biotechnology for the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI). Mr. Jaffe came to CSPI after serving as a trial attorney for the U.S. Department of Justice's Environmental and Natural Resources Division and as senior counsel with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Air Enforcement Division. He is a recognized international expert on agricultural biotechnology and biosafety and has published numerous articles and reports on those topics. He has worked on biosafety regulatory issues in the United States and throughout the world, including the African countries of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Mali, Ghana, Malawi, South Africa, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria. He was a member of the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture's Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture from 2003 to 2008 and was reappointed to a new term from 2011 to 2016. He was also a member of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee from 2004 to 2008. In addition, he has provided his biosafety expertise for projects involving the International Food Policy Research Institute, the World Bank, and the Biosafety Project of the UN Environment Programme–Global Environment Facility. Mr. Jaffe earned his B.A. with high honors from Wesleyan University in biology and government and then received a law degree from Harvard Law School.
Mark D. Needham
Dr. Mark Needham is a professor in the Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society at Oregon State University (OSU); an adjunct professor in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences at OSU; and an adjunct and affiliate professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Hawaii. He is a social scientist who focuses on understanding human experiences and behavior within the context of nature and uses this to inform land management and advance scientific thought. Dr. Needham’s most recent work on forest-related issues includes studies of public attitudes toward using biotechnological (e.g., genetic modification) and nonbiotechnological (e.g., tree breeding, assisted migration) interventions to address forest health threats (e.g., diseases such as chestnut blight, pests such as pine beetle, climate change). He is also working on a study of public tradeoffs of ecosystem services associated with aerial herbicide spraying and other intensive management practices on private forestlands. He is editor-in-chief of the international journal Human Dimensions of Wildlife and director of the Natural Resources, Tourism, and Recreation (NATURE) Studies Lab at OSU. Dr. Needham received The Academy of Leisure Sciences Excellence in Teaching Award for 2016, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Students’ Award for Outstanding Faculty for 2013, College of Forestry Dean's Award for Outstanding Teaching and Advising Professor for 2009, and the College of Forestry Dean's Award for Outstanding Research Professor for 2007. He received his B.A. and M.A. in geography and environmental studies from the University of Victoria in Canada and his Ph.D. in human dimensions of natural resources from Colorado State University.
Clare Palmer
Dr. Clare Palmer is a professor of philosophy and a Cornerstone faculty fellow at Texas A&M University. She was awarded a B.A. with honors from Trinity College, Oxford, and a Ph.D. from The Queen’s College, Oxford, and has since held academic positions at universities in the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States. Her primary areas of research are environmental ethics, animal ethics, and the ethics of emerging technologies, in particular ethical questions raised by the use of biotechnology for conservation goals. She held the elected position of President of the International Society for Environmental Ethics from 2007 to 2010 and currently serves on the editorial board of interdisciplinary journals including Environmental Values, the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, and Environmental Humanities. She is the author or co-author of four books, including Animal Ethics in Context (Columbia University Press, 2010) and has edited or co-edited seven other volumes, including in 2014 Linking Ecology and Ethics for a Changing World, a collaboration between philosophers and ecologists. She has more than 100 other publications. She was the founding editor of the journal Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion (Brill Academic Press), and was co-PI on the National Science Foundation-funded project Genomics and Society from 2012 to 2016.
Jeanne Romero-Severson
Dr. Jeanne Romero-Severson is a professor of quantitative genetics and genomics at the University of Notre Dame. She studies the population genetics and genomics of adaptive variation for stress resistance in temperate forest trees and insects, including insect vectors of human disease. In her first career in the private sector, she identified genetic determinants of regenerative capacity from tissue culture, resistance to two major potyviruses, and resistance to European corn borer in maize. She led the final effort to produce agronomically acceptable maize inbreds from the first successful Bt transformant in maize. In her academic career, she has contributed to the whole genome sequencing projects for the jewel wasp, a parasite of flies, and the human body louse. Her specialization in statistical genetics and genetic mapping in nonmodel organisms led to the identification of genetic determinants for salt water tolerance in sibling species of Anopheles (malaria vector) mosquitoes. Her group generated the first genetic map for northern red oak, identified the extent of natural hybridization between the native nut tree butternut with Japanese heartnut, identified genetically unique populations of butternut in Atlantic Canada, discovered that the rate of regeneration in northern red oak influences estimates of population differentiation, and generated full sib resource populations for black walnut and northern red oak. Dr. Romero-Severson is currently working on identifying genetic determinants of emerald ash borer resistance in green ash and the functional genomics of multifactor artemisinin resistance in the malaria parasite. She is a member of the governing board of the American Chestnut Foundation, the governing board of the Northern Nut Growers Association, and the advisory group for the Center for Tree Science at the Morton Arboretum. She is also a member of the American Society of Plant Biologists, the Society of American Foresters, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Romero-Severson is the author or co-author of more than 70 refereed publications. She holds two issued patents and one provisional patent involving plant breeding and analytical chemistry. She received her B.S. in molecular biology and Ph.D. in plant breeding and plant genetics from the University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Ronald R. Sederoff
Dr. Ronald Sederoff was a distinguished university professor of forestry, Edwin F. Conger Professor of Forestry and Environmental Resources, and co-director of the Forest Biotechnology Group at North Carolina State Universtiy. After a stint as a U.S. Forest Service scientist in California, he joined NC State’s forestry and environmental resources department in 1987. Dr. Sederoff, one of the first scientists to study molecular genetics of forest trees, established the Forest Biotechnology Group at NC State in 1988. His work focuses on gaining a better understanding of forest tree biology and using that knowledge to accelerate tree breeding. In 1995, Sederoff was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. He is also a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the International Academy of Wood Science. In 2004, he received an honorary doctorate in forest science from the Swedish Agricultural University. He was named the Institute of Forest Biotechnology’s 2011 Forest Biotechnologist of the Year, and in 2017 he was awarded the Marcus Wallenberg Foundation Prize, an international award for scientific achievements in fields important to forestry. He received his B.S. in zoology and M.S. and Ph.D. in zoology genetics from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Diana L. Six
Dr. Diana L. Six is a professor of forest entomology/pathology in the Department of Ecosystem and Conservation Sciences in the W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation at the University of Montana. Her primary research focuses on the evolution and maintenance of symbioses, particularly those occurring among bark beetles, ambrosia beetles, and fungi. This work includes collaborative efforts with scientists in the United States, South Africa, Sweden, and Mexico. Dr. Six also conducts research on various aspects of bark beetle ecology and management, including investigations into how bark beetles may affect the ability of forests to adapt to climate change. She is an associate editor for the journals Insects, Journal of Economic Entomology, and Agricultural and Forest Entomology. Dr. Six is a member of several scientific societies including the Entomological Society of America and the International Symbiosis Society. She received her B.S. in agricultural biology from California State Polytechnic University and M.S. and Ph.D. in entomology from the University of California, Riverside.
Richard Sniezko
Dr. Richard Sniezko has worked in forest genetics and tree improvement since 1977. Since 1991, he has been Center Geneticist with the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region’s Dorena Genetic Resource Center in Cottage Grove, Oregon. His work focuses on development of genetic resistance to non-native forest tree diseases as well as genetic variation and genetic conservation in forest trees. His Bachelor of Science degree in forest science is from Humboldt State University, and his Ph.D. in forest genetics is from North Carolina State University. Prior to joining the Forest Service in 1991, he worked in Zimbabwe (3 years) and at Oregon State University (in conjunction with Pacific Northwest Research Station). He is coordinator of International Union of Forest Research Organizations 2.02.15 Working Group (Breeding and genetic resources of five-needle pines) and a member of the IUFRO Task Force on Biological Invasions in Forests. Dr. Sniezko is also initiator and ad hoc coordinator/facilitator for the Genetics of Host-Parasite Interactions in Forestry working group that met in 2011 and 2015 and is scheduled to meet in 2018. He oversees programs that have developed genetic resistance to the non-native pathogens Cronartium ribicola and Phytophthora lateralis and has been technical adviser to the program to develop resistance to koa wilt (caused by Fusarium oxysporum) in Hawaii. The programs he oversees are world leaders in the applied development of resistance for reforestation and restoration, and the products from these programs are now used widely across the Pacific Northwest. Since 2001, Dr. Sniezko has organized or co-organized eight international conferences and workshops on genetic resistance, genetic conservation, and white pine genetics/breeding. He has been Principal Investigator (PI), Co-PI, or Cooperator on numerous funded grant proposals and published numerous papers and has been an invited speaker on the development and application of disease resistance in forest trees.

Events


Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a public release webinar for the new consensus report Forest Health and Biotechnology: Possibilities and Considerations on Tuesday, January 8 at 2:00 pm ET. The recording will be posted soon.

Biotechnology has the potential to help mitigate threats to North American forests from insects and pathogens through the introduction of pest-resistant traits to forest trees. However, many gaps in knowledge remain, particularly related to tree genetics, effects on the environment, and the public’s understanding of the technology. The report examines the potential of biotechnology to mitigate threats to forest tree health; identifies the ecological, ethical, and social implications of deploying biotechnology in forests, and develops a research agenda to address the knowledge gaps.

Download the Report

View Report Highlights

View Press Release

View Presentation Slides

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/311324914

The report release webinar featured a presentation and Q&A session by the report’s authoring committee:

  • Dr. Susan E. Offutt, Chief Economist (retired), U.S. Government Accountability Office
  • Dr. Jason A. Delborne, Associate Professor of Science, Policy, & Society, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, College of Natural Resources, North Carolina State University
  • Dr. Stephen DiFazio, Professor, Department of Biology, West Virginia University
  • Dr. Inés Ibáñez, Associate Professor, School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan E. Offutt
Jason A. Delborne
Stephen DiFazio
Inés Ibáñez

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Report release

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Jason Delborne
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Greg Jaffe
Mark Needham
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Finalizing report.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Draft report.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 25, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhattre
Jason Delborne
Steve DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer
Ron Sederoff
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Finalizing revisions to draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Jason Delborne
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Revising draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Vikram Chhatre
Steve DiFazio
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Revising draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Doria Gordon
Clare Palmer
Diana Six

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Revising draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Jeanne Romero-Severson
Ron Sederoff
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Revising draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Jason Delborne
Steve DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Greg Jaffe
Ines Ibanez
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer
Ron Sederoff
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Revising draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Steve DiFazko
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Clare Palmer
Jeanne
Romero-Severson
Ron Sederoff
Diana Six

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Finalizing draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Steve DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Greg Jaffe
Ines Ibanez
Ron Sederoff
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Finalizing draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Doria Gordon
Diana Six

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Finalizing draft chapter

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Jason Delborne
Steve DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Clare Palmer
Ron Sederoff
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Finalizing draft report.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Description :   

Finishing draft report.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Jason Delborne
Steve DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Greg Jaffe
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer
Diana Six

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Report draft

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 28, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  -
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Vikram E. Chhatre
University of Wyoming
Jason A. Delborne
North Carolina State University
Stephen DiFazio
West Virginia University
Doria Gordon
Environmental Defense Fund
Inés Ibáñez
University of Michigan
Gregory Jaffe
Center for Science in the Public Interest
Mark D. Needham. Oregon State University (Zoom)
Susan E. Offutt
U.S. Government Accountability Office (retired)
Clare Palmer
Texas A&M University
Jeanne Romero-Severson
University of Notre Dame (Zoom)
Ronald R. Sederoff
North Carolina State University
Diana L. Six
The University of Montana (Zoom)
Richard Sniezko
U.S. Forest Service

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Conference Call
Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Jason Delborne
Mark Needham
Steve DiFazio
Ines Ibanez
Doria Gordon
Clare Palmer
Richard Sniezko
Greg Jaffe
Diana Six
Ron Sederoff

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Draft report

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 30, 2018
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The third meeting open session was held on Thursday, April 5, 2018 from 10:30 am – 3:00 pm Eastern Time at the National Academy of Sciences Building in Washington, DC and via live webcast.

Click on the speaker’s name to watch the video recordings

Agenda

Thursday, April 5, 2018
National Academy of Sciences Building

2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418 | Room 120

 10:30 am Welcome and Introduction

Susan Offutt, Committee Chair
Kara Laney, Study Director

10:50 am Risk assessment to support decision making

Katherine von Stackelberg, Center for Health and the Global Environment and the Harvard Center for Risk Analysis – View Bio | View Slides

11:10 am Importance of incorporating ecosystem services within the context of social-ecological systems

Larry Kapustka, LK Consultancy – View Bio | View Slides

11:30 am Discussion with morning session speakers

12:00 pm Lunch

1:00 pm Improved assessment of risks of gene flow in the environment

Nathalie Isabel, Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre – View Bio | View Slides

1:20 pm Levels and logics of public and stakeholder support for the use of genomic tools for forest adaptation

Shannon Hagerman, University of British Columbia – View Bio | View Slides

1:40 pm Discussion with all speakers

2:45 pm Public comment period

3:00 pm Adjourn open session


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  Forestbiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register at: http://nas-sites.org/dels/studies/forest-biotech/third-public-meeting/

The third meeting open session will be held on Thursday, April 5, 2018, from 10:30 am – 3:00 pm Eastern Time at the National Academy of Sciences Building in Washington, DC and via live webcast. At the meeting, the committee will hear from invited speakers. The recording will be posted one week after the meeting.

Committee on the Potential for Biotechnology to Address Forest Health

Public Meeting #3

Thursday, April 5, 2018
National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Avenue NW
Room 120

10:30 am Welcome and Introductions
Susan Offutt, Committee Chair
Kara Laney, Study Director

10:50 am Risk assessment to support decision making
Katherine von Stackelberg
Research Scientist, Center for Health and the Global
Environment and the Harvard Center for Risk Analysis

11:10 am Importance of incorporating ecosystem services within
the context of social-ecological systems
Lawrence Kapustka
Senior Ecologist, LK Consultancy

11:30 pm Discussion with morning session speakers

12:00 pm Lunch

1:00 pm Improved assessment of risks of gene flow in the
environment
Nathalie Isabel
Research Scientist, Canadian Forest Service

1:20 pm Levels and logics of public and stakeholder support for
the use of genomic tools for forest adaptation
Shannon Hagerman
Assistant Professor of Social-Ecological Systems,
University of British Columbia

1:40 pm Discussion with all speakers

2:45 pm Public comment period

3:00 pm Adjourn open session
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Stephen DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Gregory Jaffe
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer
Jeanne Romero-Severson
Ronald Sederoff (remotely)
Diana Six
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Case studies
Report outline
Writing assignments

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Report outline

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
April 18, 2018
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on Whitebark Pine
Monday, April 2 at 3:30 pm ET

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/263212894

Speaker:

– Diana F. Tomback, University of Colorado, Denver – View Slides

Diana F. Tomback is Professor of Integrative Biology at the University of Colorado Denver. Her expertise includes evolutionary ecology, with application to forest ecology and conservation biology. She received her B.A. and M.A. degrees at UCLA in Zoology, and her Ph.D. at the University of California Santa Barbara in Biological Sciences. She is known for her pioneering studies of the coevolved, mutualistic interaction between Clark’s nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana), a bird of high mountain forests, and five-needle white pine species, particularly whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis). Her research, spanning more than four decades, has revealed major ecological and evolutionary consequences to pines from avian seed dispersal, including growth form, population structure, regeneration biology, the effects of exotic disease and mountain pine beetles on the bird-pine mutualism. Tomback was lead organizer and editor of the book, Whitebark Pine Communities: Ecology and Restoration, published by Island Press in 2001, which provided important information for the status review of whitebark pine under the Endangered Species Act in by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Her recent research has included collaborative studies of the abundance and functional role of whitebark pine at treeline, and the threat posed by the exotic pathogen that causes white pine blister rust; the relationship between whitebark pine health, cone production, and stand visitation by Clark’s nutcracker; and, syntheses and modelling of the ecology, decline, and conservation biology of western five-needle white pines and the impact on Clark’s nutcrackers. In 2001, Tomback and several colleagues started the Whitebark Pine Ecosystem Foundation (WPEF) http://www.whitebarkfound.org, a non-profit based in Missoula, Montana.dedicated to the restoration of whitebark pine ecosystems and educating the public and resource management agencies about the importance of this pine and the extent of its decline. Tomback served as volunteer Director of this organization for 16 years, and then recently stepped into role of Policy and Outreach Coordinator. During her tenure, the WPEF has partnered with federal agencies and non-profit organizations, organized workshops and symposia, developed monitoring protocols, and raised funding for restoration projects.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  ForestBiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Webinar
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on Risks, Concerns, and Potential Problems Regarding the Use of Biotechnology to Address Forest Health
Tuesday, March 27 at 2:00 pm ET

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/262822419  

Speakers:

– Rachel Smolker, BiofuelWatch –  View Slides

Rachel Smolker is codirector of Biofuelwatch. She has researched, written about and campaigned to raise awareness of the impacts of large scale bioenergy since 2007. Her work has spanned from local grassroots organizing to participation in international processes including the United Nations conventions on climate and biodiversity. She has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology and ecology from the University of Michigan, and worked previously as a field biologist. Most recently her research and writing has focussed on biotechnology for biofuels and the “bioeconomy”, including GE trees and synthetic biology applications to microbes and microalgae. She is on the steering committee of the Campaign to Stop GE Trees, a board member of the Global Forest Coalition and lives in Vermont.

– Anne Petermann, Global Justice Ecology Project – View Slides

Anne Petermann is the co-Founder and Executive Director of Global Justice Ecology Project. She is also the North American Focal Point for the Global Forest Coalition. She has been working for the protection of forests since 1989. She began looking into the social and ecological impacts of genetically engineered trees in 2000 and has presented these concerns to Parties and delegates at UN Climate Summits, Biodiversity Conventions and Forest Forums on five continents. She has also investigated and documented the social, ecological and economic impacts of industrial tree plantations in Africa, South America and the US., especially with regard to impacts on Indigenous and forest dependent communities.

– Ruddy Turnstone, Global Justice Ecology Project –  View Slides

Ruddy is the GE Trees Campaigner for Global Justice Ecology Project. She is also on the international Steering Committee for the Campaign to STOP GE Trees. Ruddy lives in the US Southeast and has a history of working to defend forests from development and logging through community science, public outreach, protest and litigation. In addition to forest protection work in the Southeast, she has assisted in canopy research in the Sequoias, conducted indicator species surveys in Oregon, performed forest restoration in Utah, and has assisted in campaigns to protect other ecosystems and communities dependent on them. Her international work has reinforced her understanding of the devastation tree plantations have on communities and ecosystems.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  forestbiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

Webinar on Risk Concerns and Potential Problems Regarding the use of Biotechnology to Address Forest Health
Tuesday, March 27 at 2:00 pm ET

The webinar recording will be posted here afterwards

Speakers:
- Ruddy Turnstone, Global Justice Ecology Project
- Rachel Smolker, BiofuelWatch
- Anne Petermann, Global Justice Ecology Project
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Webinar
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on Ethics of Using Biotechnology in Conservation
Monday, March 12, 2018 at 2:00 pm ET

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/259759290

Speakers:

– Ron Sandler, Northeastern University –  View Slides

Ronald Sandler is chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion and Director of the Ethics Institute at Northeastern University. His areas of research are environmental ethics, ethics and technology, and ethical theory. His is the author of Environmental Ethics: Theory in Practice (Oxford University Press), Food Ethics: The Basics (Routledge), and The Ethics of Species (Cambridge University Press). His is also the editor of Ethics and Emerging Technologies (Palgrave-Macmillan), and co-editor of Environmental Justice and Environmentalism (MIT Press) and Environmental Virtue Ethics (Rowman and Littlefield). Sandler’s recent work includes ethical analysis and evaluation of the development and use of novel conservation technologies and strategies.

– Faith T. Campbell, Center for Invasive Species Prevention –  View Slides

Faith Campbell earned a B.A. in political science at Dickinson College and a Ph.D. in politics from Princeton University. Since 1976, she has worked as a lobbyist for a series of environmental advocacy organizations, including Natural Resources Defense Council, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils, American Lands Alliance, The Nature Conservancy, and (currently) the Center for Invasive Species Prevention. She presented an environmentalists’ review of transgenic trees on behalf of American Lands Alliance at conference hosted by Steve Strauss in 2001. Faith represented The Conservancy on the advisory committee of the Healthy Forest Initiative. Faith has focused on non-native insects and diseases that attack North American tree taxa since 1990. Faith has published on policy issues related to non-native pests in Bioscience and Wild Earth; has testified before Congress; and co-authored a series of in-house reports, Fading Forests I (1994), Fading Forests II (2002), and Fading Forests III (2014) – available at http://treeimprovement.utk.edu/FadingForests.htm


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  forestbiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

Webinar on Ethics of Using Biotechnology in Conservation
Monday, March 12, 2018 at 2:00 pm ET

The webinar recording will be posted here afterwards

Speakers:
– Ron Sandler, Northeastern University
– Faith T. Campbell, Center for Invasive Species Prevention
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Conference call
Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  forestbiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Clare Palmer
Diana Six
Greg Jaffe
Jason Delborne
Ron Sederoff
Steve DiFazio
Vikram Chhatre

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Case studies
Writing assignments

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 16, 2018
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Webinar
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on GE Trees and the U.S. Regulatory System
Thursday, March 8, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/259759497

Speakers:

– Adam Costanza, Institute of Forest Biosciences – View Slides

Adam Costanza is the president of the Institute of Forest Biosciences (IFB), a non-profit that fosters the use of science and technologies to create healthier and more productive forests now and for the future. The IFB supports responsible uses of advanced forest technologies that benefit society and the environment. Adam works with stakeholders to achieve these goals through policy development, technology creation, outreach, and education. Adam received his undergraduate degree through Chemical Engineering: Energy and the Environment from the University of Rochester. He went on to earn his Masters of Environmental Management degree from Duke University. During his 11-year tenure at IFB, he has helped develop international governance frameworks including the Greenhouse Gas Corporate Accounting Protocol and the Responsible Use: Biotech Tree Principles, is Co-Chair of the Tree Genes Initiative, manages biotechnology regulations for the Forest Health Initiative, and is a lead developer for open science systems that share information that improves the health and productivity of native and planted forests through the Forest.Health, TreeTaggr, Open Forestry, Pests by Zipcode, and Internet of Trees efforts. He has given numerous talks on the implications of using genetic modification on forest trees within national regulatory and global forest certification frameworks. His policy work includes regulatory framework whitepapers, lectures on public perception of the forest products industry at North Carolina State University, and an August 2015 article in the journal Science on regulation and certification of genetically engineered trees for forest health.

– Lori Knowles, University of Alberta and Institute of Forest Biosciences –  View Slides

Lori P. Knowles is an expert in international comparative law working as a consultant in Boston, USA, and as faculty at the University of Alberta, Canada, School of Public Health. She specializes in law, policy and ethics, particularly as it relates to emerging biotechnologies. Professor Knowles holds law degrees from Canada, the UK and the US, and has practiced and taught law in Canada and the US. She sits on the Government of Alberta’s Innovation and Research Council; is Past Chair of the Board of Directors of the Institute of Forest Biosciences; and is a special governmental employee for the US Food and Drug Administration. Professor Knowles has been a consultant to President Bush’s Council on Bioethics; President Clinton’s National Bioethics Advisory Commission; Genome Canada; the Canadian Biotechnology Advisory Committee; the Stem Cell Network of Canada; and the National Academy of Sciences, among others. She is the author of numerous publications, and lectures internationally on a wide range of law and medical-related topics, ranging from GMOs and synthetic biology, to stem cells and reproductive technology.

– William (Bill) Doley, USDA-APHIS-Biotechnology Regulatory Services –  View Slides

Dr. Bill Doley is a Government Relations Specialist in the Intergovernmental Operations Group of Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS) within the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Bill started with BRS in 2010 as a Biotechnologist, and moved into his current role in 2013. Among other duties, he coordinates the Am I Regulated (AIR) process through which developers of genetically engineered (GE) organisms can inquire about the regulatory status of a described GE organism. Bill received a B.S. in plant science from Penn State, an M.S. in Plant Breeding and Genetics from the University of Minnesota, and a PhD in plant breeding from Michigan State University. Prior to joining USDA, Bill held positions with the American Crystal Sugar Company, American Cyanamid, BASF and the Danforth Center. Bill’s expertise includes plant breeding, herbicide tolerance, strategic relationships, project management and biotechnology product development.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

Thursday, March 8, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

The webinar recording will be posted here afterwards

Speakers:
– Adam Costanza, Institute of Forest Biosciences
– Lori Knowles, University of Alberta and Institute of Forest Biosciences
- William (Bill) Doley, USDA-APHIS-Biotechnology Regulatory Services
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Webinar
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on Forest Ecology at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Monday, March 5, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/258686679

Speakers:

– William C. (Chuck) Hunter, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service – View Slides

Mr. Hunter grew up in Jacksonville, Florida, where he learned about nature and enjoyed the outdoors from an early age. After many years of exploring southern environments, he moved westward where he received his Bachelor of Science degree from Northern Arizona University in 1980 and his Master of Science degree from Arizona State University in 1988. During the intervening years, he worked on a number of wildlife inventory projects along southwestern river systems. In 1988, Mr. Hunter joined the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Phoenix, Arizona, and later moved to the Service’s Atlanta, Georgia, Regional Office in the spring of 1989. Mr. Hunter’s duties in Atlanta have involved endangered and nongame species conservation throughout the Southeast Region. Specifically with respect to migratory bird management, Mr. Hunter has been instrumental in developing conservation planning efforts for landbirds, shorebirds, and waterbirds. From 2003 to the present day Mr. Hunter serves as the chief of Division of Strategic Resource Management and oversees biological and other resource planning support for National Wildlife Refuges in the Southeast Region.

– Marit Alanen, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service – View Slides

Marit grew up in the wilds of Madison, Wisconsin, and spent her formative summers at a cabin in northern Minnesota playing with chipmunks, frogs, and fireflies. She decided to change things up for college and went east to get a B.A. in Environmental Science from Wesleyan University in 1992, and then west for a M.S. in Wildlife Ecology from the University of Arizona in 1998. Since then, Marit has spent most of her time in southern Arizona, first working on the Mt. Graham red squirrel for the University of Arizona, then moving to the Arizona Game and Fish Department (where the squirrel followed her), and then beginning her career with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2005, where the squirrel found her once again and made her lead biologist more than 10 years ago. Marit works primarily with other federal agencies and partners on projects to benefit, and hopefully recover, the diversity of unique species found in the “Sky Island” region of southern Arizona.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

Monday, March 5, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

The webinar recording will be posted here afterwards

Speakers:
– William C. (Chuck) Hunter, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
– Marit Alanen, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Webinar
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on Indigenous Perspectives on the Use of Biotechnology in Forests
Friday, March 2, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

Watch webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/258673703

Speakers:

– Neil Patterson, Center for Native Peoples and the Environment, SUNY-ESF

Neil Patterson Jr. is a citizen of the Tuscarora Nation and the Assistant Director of the Center for Native Peoples & the Environment at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse NY. Neil has been a delegate to the Haudenosaunee Environmental Task Force since 1992 and is founder and former Director of the Tuscarora Environmental Program. He teaches courses in Traditional Ecological Knowledge and contemporary Indigenous issues at SUNY ESF, and helps lead community and youth environmental and outdoor education programs in Haudenosaunee communities.

– BJ McManama, Indigenous Environmental Network –  View Slides

BJ McManama is an organizer for the Indigenous Environmental Network’s Save Our Roots campaign and has worked for IEN in different capacities for the past 13 years. She has been involved with Indigenous and environmental issues for over 20 years networking with Indigenous Peoples and communities globally on issues related to Indigenous land rights and autonomy. Most recently IEN has focused on the impacts of energy corporations on Indigenous communities in North and South America; and on the impacts of land grabbing and forest carbon offsets schemes on Indigenous and front line communities globally.

– Michael J. Dockry, U.S. Forest Service and University of Minnesota –  View Slides

Mike Dockry is a member of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation and a Research Forester and Social Scientist with the U.S. Forest Service’s Northern Research Station. He is also an Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Forest Resources and American Indian Studies at the University of Minnesota. He is an associate editor for the Journal of Forestry, received the 2016 American Indian Science and Engineering Society’s Most Promising Scientist Award and received the 2017 Northern Research Station’s Early Career Scientist Award. Mike is part of a team of ecological and social scientists working on interdisciplinary research to support foresighted natural resource management decisions. His research interests include understanding social aspects of forest and natural resource management, sustainability, indigenous community forestry, strategic foresight research, and environmental history. He is a leader on tribal issues for the U.S. Forest Service, and he has helped write national and regional tribal strategic plans and research agendas.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

Friday, March 2, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

The webinar recording will be posted here afterwards

Speakers:
– Neil Patterson, Center for Native Peoples and the Environment, SUNY-ESF
– BJ McManama, Indigenous Environmental Network
– Michael J. Dockry, U.S. Forest Service and University of Minnesota
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Webinar
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on Pesticide Use in Forests
Friday, February 23, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/257926290

Speakers:

– John L. Kough, Office of Pesticide Programs, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division, Environmental Protection Agency –  View Slides

Dr. John L. Kough is a senior scientist in the Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Dr. Kough has been at EPA since 1990 and has worked in the biotechnology programs of the Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention. In his work with the Office of Pesticide Programs, he has reviewed the scientific data submitted for plant-incorporated protectants (genetically engineered plants) and many of the microbial and biochemical pesticides currently registered. Dr. Kough has presented EPA’s position at numerous Scientific Advisory Panels on topics like product characterization, protein toxicity assessment, RNA interference and food allergenicity. He attended Reed College and received a B.A. in biology in 1975. He has a Ph.D. in plant pathology from Oregon State University, had a post-doctoral fellowship with the French Agricultural Research Institute (INRA) in Dijon, and worked for IGEN, a biotechnology company designing immunoassays for plant pathogens, before joining EPA.

– Robyn Rose, USDA-APHIS, Plant Protection and Quarantine –  View Slides

Dr. Robyn Rose is the National Policy Manager at the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) at USDA-APHIS. Dr. Rose is responsible for the overall planning and direction of policies for the emerald ash borer, biological control and honey bee plant pest and disease programs with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. She is also responsible for the program’s budgets, regulations, and environmental compliances.  Prior to her current position, she served as the National Policy Manager for the Asian longhorned beetle eradication program, managed programs for Sirex woodwasp and cactus moth. Dr. Rose’s federal career spans over 20 years, starting first with the Environmental Protection Agency before joining the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. She led ecological and National Environmental Policy Act risk assessments for biological pesticides and genetically engineered crops. Dr. Rose received her Bachelor’s degree in Agronomy from the University of Florida, and her Masters and Doctorate in entomology from Iowa State University and University of Maryland. A Maryland native, Dr. Rose now resides in Virginia.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  forestbiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

Webinar on Pesticide Use in Forests
Friday, February 23, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

The webinar recording will be posted here afterwards

Speakers:
– John L. Kough, Office of Pesticide Programs, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division, Environmental Protection Agency
- Robyn Rose, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Webinar
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar on Poplar and Ash
Thursday, February 22, 2018 at 2:00 pm ET

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/257925891

Speakers:

– Jennifer Koch, U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station – View Bio

Jennifer Koch is a Research Biologist with the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station in Delaware, OH. She has both a M.S. and Ph.D in Molecular Genetics from the Ohio State University. Her dissertation research identified signaling pathways in hybrid poplar involved in mounting defense responses to ozone stress that overlap with those triggered by insect herbivory, fungal and bacterial pathogens. This work was the beginning of her long standing interest in the mechanisms that trees use to defend themselves against biotic and abiotic threats and provided the fundamental basis for her career. Since joining the Forest Service, she has focused her research on the genetics of host-resistance to invasive insects and pathogens, developing methods to identify, propagate, and breed resistant trees. Dr. Koch has successfully implemented a participatory, multi-agency breeding program for beech bark disease resistant American beech trees and more recently, her research has focused on identifying and breeding for emerald ash borer resistance in North American ash species. Through collaborations with national and international universities, she is currently working on identifying the genetic determinants responsible for resistance to beech bark disease and emerald ash borer. Dr. Koch is a member of the Society of American Foresters and is currently heading the organizing committee for the upcoming International Union of Forest Research Organization’s 6th International Workshop on the Genetics of Tree-Parasite Interactions in August of 2018.

– Jared M. LeBoldus, Oregon State University – View Bio

Jared LeBoldus is an assistant professor of forest pathology at Oregon State University (OSU) in the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology and the Forest Engineering Resources and Management Department since the fall of 2015. Prior to his appointment at OSU he was an assistant professor at North Dakota State University for 4 years. Dr. LeBoldus received his undergraduate degree in forest science at the University of British Columbia in 2003 and received both a M.Sc. and Ph.D. in forest biology and management at the University of Alberta.The forest pathology research program at OSU is focused on dissecting molecular plant-pathogen interactions in forest trees using genomics. These efforts are centered on Populus spp. and the fungal pathogen Sphaerulina musiva, the cause of septoria leaf spot and stem cankerBroadly, he is interested in using the Populus model to understand disease resistance and use that understanding to help mitigate the impacts of forest diseases.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  forestbiotech@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Watch Recording Here

Webinar on Poplar and Ash
Thursday, February 22, 2018 at 2:00 pm ET

Speakers:
- Jennifer Koch, U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station
- Jared M. LeBoldus, Oregon State University
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Zoom
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar #2

Monday, February 12, 2018 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/255454146

Speaker:

Using Genomic Tools to Understand and Manage Adaptation to Climate

– Sally Aitken, University of British Columbia –  View Slides

Sally Aitken is a Professor and Associate Dean, Research and Innovation, in the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia, and Director of the Centre for Forest Conservation Genetics. Sally obtained her PhD from the University of California, Berkeley. Her research integrates phenotypic, genomic and climatic data to understand the processes driving local adaptation in trees, and develops tools for managing and conserving tree populations in a changing climate. She has led two multi-institutional large-scale applied research projects funded by Genome Canada, AdapTree and CoAdapTree, focussed on developing genomic approaches and tools to guide reforestation and breeding for new climates. She received the Canadian Forestry Scientific Achievement Award in 2009, the International Union of Forest Research Organization’s Scientific Achievement Award in 2014, was named a Wall Scholar in the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies in 2014, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2017.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

February 12, 2018
2:00 PM EST

Guest Speakers:
Sally Aitken and Joerg Bohlmann, University of British Columbia
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The second meeting open session was held on Thursday, February 8, 2018, from 10:15 am – 3:15 pm Eastern Time at the National Academy of Sciences Building in Washington, DC.

Click on the speaker’s name to watch the video recordings

Agenda:
Thursday, February 8, 2018
National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418 | Room 120

Measures and characteristics of forest health most appropriate when evaluating the risk of releasing trees produced using biotechnology

10:15 am Welcome and Introduction

Susan Offutt, Committee Chair
Kara Laney, Study Director

10:30 am Kimberly F. Wallin, Research Associate Professor and Interim Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs, University of Vermont – View Slides

Kimberly F. Wallin is a research associate professor and associate dean for research and graduate programs with the Rubenstein School of Environmental and Natural Resources at the University of Vermont. Her research explores the complex interactions that define forest ecosystems, focusing on questions related to the patterns and functions of forests in response to human-induced changes in climate, land use, and the introduction of non-native invasive terrestrial organisms. She integrates environmental sociology and ecological economics into her research approach to explore the human dimensions of management decisions and land-use change. Dr. Wallin earned a B.S. in urban forestry from the University of Minnesota and a M.S. and Ph.D. in forest entomology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

10:45 am Audience Introductions

10:50 am James S. Clark, Nicholas Professor in Global Environmental Change and Professor of Statistical Science, Duke University –  View Slides

James S. Clark is Nicholas Professor of Global Environmental Change in the Nicholas School of the Environment and Professor of Statistical Science, at Duke University. Clark’s research focuses on how global change affects populations, communities, and ecosystems. Current projects explore consequences of climate, CO2, and disturbance on dynamics of forests. His lab is using long-term experiments and monitoring studies to determine disturbance and climate controls on the dynamics of 20th century forests in combination with extensive modeling to forecast ecosystem change. Among recent activities he led the National Assessment on Effects of Drought on Forests and Rangelands in the United States: A Comprehensive Science Synthesis, an effort involving more than 70 academic and government scientists. Clark received a BS from the North Carolina State University in Entomology in 1979, a MS from the University of Massachusetts in Forestry and Wildlife in 1984, and a PhD from the University of Minnesota in Ecology in 1988.

11:10 am Gary M. Lovett, Senior Scientist and Forest Ecologist, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies (presenting remotely) –  View Slides

Gary M. Lovett is a senior scientist and forest ecologist with the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, New York. He received a bachelor’s degree in biology from Union College and a Ph.D. in biology from Dartmouth College. He currently holds visiting or adjunct professorships at Cornell University, the University at Albany, and Rutgers University. Gary’s research focuses primarily on the effects of air pollution, climate change and invasive insects and diseases on forests. He is the author of over 130 scientific publications and editor of two books, and is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

11:30 am Discussion with morning session speakers

12:15 pm Lunch

1:00 pm Robert L. Deal, Research Forester and Ecosystem Services and Products Team Leader, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station (presenting remotely) – View Slides

Robert L. Deal is a research forester and science team leader for the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station in Portland, Oregon. As ecosystem services team leader, he directs research on ecosystem services, wood products, and applied silviculture including research to enhance sustainable forestry. Dr. Deal is an internationally recognized authority for ecosystem services and sustainable forest management. He has more than 30 years of professional forester and research experience working in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska. Dr. Deal is actively involved with leadership roles in both the Society of American Foresters (SAF) and the International Union of Forestry Research Organization (IUFRO).

1:20 pm Robert J. Johnston, Professor of Economics and Director and Research Professor, George Perkins Marsh Institute, Clark University – View Slides

Robert J. Johnston is a Professor of Economics and Director and Research Professor at The George Perkins Marsh Institute at Clark University. Professor Johnston’s research interests include economic valuation, benefit transfer and ecosystem services, with an emphasis on aquatic, riparian and coastal systems. His recent work has focused on the economics of coastal vulnerability and adaptation (e.g., to sea level rise and coastal flooding), and the coordination of economic and ecological models to value aquatic, riparian and coastal ecosystem services. Beginning in January 2018 he will be editor of the journal Resource and Energy Economics. In addition to his grant-funded research, he works closely with international organizations, government agencies and non-profit organizations to assist in the use of economic information to guide environmental and natural resource decisions. He is a past member of the US EPA Science Advisory Board, and a current member of the Ecosystem Science and Management Working Group of NOAA Scientific Advisory Board, the Steering Committee and Science Advisory Board of the Narragansett Bay Estuary Program, and the Senior Advisory Board of the Connecticut Sea Grant Program. He has also served on multiple National Research Council Panels for the National Academy of Sciences addressing environmental and natural resource issues. Dr. Johnston received a B.A. from Williams College in 1990 and a Ph.D. from the University of Rhode Island in 1996. He has been at Clark since 2008.

1:40 pm Christine Dean, Vice President, Global Timberlands Technology, Weyerhaeuser (retired) –  View Slides

Christine Dean was the vice president of global timberlands technology for Weyerhaeuser.

Anna Leon, Forest Pathologist, Weyerhaeuser – View Bio

Anna Leon is a forest health specialist with Weyerhaeuser, with a broad focus on all stages of nursery, orchard, and forest health of Douglas-fir in the Pacific Northwest and loblolly pine in the Southeastern United States. Her role includes managing internal applied research projects focused on mitigating pest damage, serving as an industry partner in university lead forest health research initiatives, and providing technical advice and diagnostic expertise to company foresters and seedling growers. Prior to her role with Weyerhaeuser, she primarily worked on seedling nursery pathogen issues, including exploring alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation and improved detection of Fusarium commune in nursery soils. Dr. Leon received her B.S. in biology from Western Washington University, M.S. in forest science from the University of Washington, and Ph.D. in plant pathology from Washington State University.

2:00 pm Discussion with afternoon session speakers

2:45 pm Public comment period

3:00 pm Continuation of discussion with speakers

3:15 pm Adjourn open session


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Register Here

The second meeting open session will be held on Thursday, February 8, 2018, from 10:30 am – 3:30 pm Eastern Time at the National Academy of Sciences Building in Washington, DC and via live webcast. At the meeting, the committee will hear from invited speakers. The recording will be posted here one week after the meeting.

Agenda:
February 8, 2018
National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418 | Room 120

Measures and characteristics of forest health most appropriate when evaluating the risk of releasing trees produced using biotechnology

10:15 am Welcome and Introductions
Susan Offutt
Committee Chair
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Kara Laney
Study Director
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

10:30 am Kimberly F. Wallin
Research Associate Professor and Interim Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs
University of Vermont

10:50 am James S. Clark
Nicholas Professor in Global Environmental Change and Professor of Statistical Science
Duke University

11:10 am Gary M. Lovett (presenting remotely)
Senior Scientist and Forest Ecologist
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

11:30 pm Discussion with morning session speakers

12:15 pm Lunch

1:00 pm Robert L. Deal (presenting remotely)
Research Forester and Ecosystem Services Team Leader
USDA Forest Service

1:20 pm Robert J. Johnston
Professor of Economics and Director of George Perkins Marsh Institute
Clark University

1:40 pm Christine Dean
Vice President, Global Timberlands Technology (retired) Weyerhaeuser

Anna Leon
Forest Pathologist, Weyerhaeuser

2:00 pm Discussion with afternoon session speakers

2:45 pm Public comment period

3:15 pm Adjourn open session
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Jason Delborne
Stephen DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Gregory Jaffe
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer
Jeanne Romero-Severson
Ronald Sederoff
Diana Six
Richard Sniezko

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Metrics of forest health
Case studies

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
February 21, 2018
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Conference call
Event Type :  
TeleConference

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Kara Laney
Contact Email:  klaney@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-1954

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Jason Delborne
Stephen DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Gregory Jaffe
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer
Ronald Sederoff

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Speakers for future meetings and webinars

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Lists of possible speakers for future meetings and webinars

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 22, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Zoom
Event Type :  
Webinar

Description :   

Webinar #1
Tuesday, December 12, 2017 at 2:00 pm Eastern Time

Watch the webinar recording here: https://vimeo.com/247049276

 Speakers:

Tree Breeding for Forest Health – Current Successes. How can Biotechnology Help?

– Richard Sniezko, U.S. Forest Service –  View Slides

Dr. Richard Sniezko has worked in forest genetics and tree improvement since 1977. Since 1991, he has been Center Geneticist with the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region’s Dorena Genetic Resource Center in Cottage Grove, Oregon. His work focuses on development of genetic resistance to non-native forest tree diseases as well as genetic variation and genetic conservation in forest trees. His Bachelor of Science degree in forest science is from Humboldt State University, and his Ph.D. in forest genetics is from North Carolina State University. Prior to joining the Forest Service in 1991, he worked in Zimbabwe (3 years) and at Oregon State University (in conjunction with PNW Research Station). He is coordinator of IUFRO 2.02.15 Working Group (Breeding and genetic resources of five-needle pines) and a member of the IUFRO Task Force on Biological Invasions in Forests. Dr. Sniezko is also initiator and ad hoc coordinator/facilitator for the Genetics of Host-Parasite Interactions in Forestry working group that met in 2011 and 2015 and is scheduled to meet in 2018. He oversees programs that have developed genetic resistance to the non-native pathogens Cronartium ribicola and Phytophthora lateralis and has been technical adviser to the program to develop resistance to koa wilt (caused by Fusarium oxysporum) in Hawaii. The programs he oversees are world leaders in the applied development of resistance for reforestation and restoration, and the products from these programs are now used widely across the Pacific Northwest. Since 2001, Dr. Sniezko has organized or co-organized eight international conferences and workshops on genetic resistance, genetic conservation, and white pine genetics/breeding. He has been Principal Investigator (PI), Co-PI, or Cooperator on numerous funded grant proposals and published numerous papers and has been an invited speaker on the development and application of disease resistance in forest trees.

Emerald Ash Borer – The Complexities of a Catastrophic Invader

– Deb McCullough, Michigan State University –  View Slides

Deborah G. McCullough holds graduate degrees in Forestry (M.S., Northern Arizona University) and Entomology (Ph.D., University of Minnesota). She is a Professor at Michigan State University with a joint appointment in the Dept. of Entomology and Dept. of Forestry, with research, extension and teaching responsibilities. Much of McCullough’s current research focuses on the ecology, impacts and management of invasive forest insects, including emerald ash borer and beech bark disease. She works with forest management agencies, regulatory officials and private landowners to identify damaging forest insect populations and to develop long-term, sustainable management strategies to protect forest health. McCullough has published more than 90 papers about forest insect ecology and management in scientific journals, along with more than 120 extension bulletins and articles. She teaches Insects and Diseases of Forest and Shade Trees annually, to students majoring in Forestry or Horticulture.

Developing Genetically Diverse, Blight-Resistant American Chestnut Through Conventional Breeding and Genetic Engineering

– Jared Westbrook, The American Chestnut Foundation – View Slides

Dr. Jared Westbrook started working for the American Chestnut Foundation (TACF) in 2015. Dr. Westbrook earned a B.S. in environmental science at the University of Michigan in 2004. At the University of Florida, he earned a M.S. in botany in 2009 and a Ph.D. in plant molecular and cellular biology in 2014. His Ph.D. work focused on gene discovery and genomic selection for enhanced stem terpene synthesis in loblolly pine. His focus at TACF has been on genomic selection for disease resistance in American chestnut backcross populations and on range-wide germplasm conservation of Castanea dentatapopulations.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -



Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The first meeting open session was held on Friday, December 1, 2017 from 10:30 am – 6:00 pm Eastern Time at the National Academy of Sciences Building in Washington, DC. At the meeting, the committee heard from the study sponsors and invited speakers.

Click on the speaker’s name to watch the video recordings.

Agenda:
December 1, 2017
National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418 | Room 120

10:30 am Welcome 

Susan Offutt, Committee Chair

10:35 am The National Academies Study Process

Kara Laney, Study Director

10:40 am Committee Introductions

10:45 am Sponsor Presentations

10:45 am U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities

Michael Goergen, Vice President, Innovation and Director, P3Nano 

Mr. Michael Goergen joined the U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities (Endowment) in September of 2013 to lead efforts focused on innovation in the forest sector. He is focused on taking cellulosic nanotechnology from the lab to commercialization, advancing mass timber construction, and is bringing together partners in the public and private sectors to accelerate the development of innovative uses of renewable materials from forests. Prior to joining the Endowment, Mr. Goergen was Executive Vice President and CEO of the Society of American Foresters. He focused on bringing innovation to a 100-year-old professional society, while staying focused on the core organizational values: Thriving forests, essential resources, and strong communities. Mr. Goergen has extensive experience in government affairs, scientific publishing, and communications – most recently delivering a TEDx talk.

11:10 am U.S. Department of Agriculture–Forest Service

Carlos Rodriguez-Franco, Deputy Chief, Research and Development 

Dr. Carlos Rodriguez-Franco is Deputy Chief of the U.S. Forest Service. He is responsible for providing national leadership to comprehensive scientific programs, many of which have worldwide impact on providing fundamental and applied knowledge to important environmental, conservation, and utilization problems. His specific responsibilities cover an exceptionally broad and complex array of research spanning multidisciplinary components that must be successfully integrated to solve vegetation management and protection knowledge and technology gaps. Before joining the Forest Service, Dr. Rodriquez-Franco worked in the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service where he was based in the Office of International Research Programs. Dr. Rodriquez-Franco received his Ph.D. in forestry from Yale University and has more than 30 years’ experience in research, academic, and administration forestry positions.

11:35 am U.S. Department of Agriculture–Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Susan Koehler, Intergovernmental Agricultural Biotechnology Liaison –  View Slides

Dr. Susan Koehler currently serves as the Intergovernmental Agricultural Biotechnology Liaison in the Intergovernmental Operations Group of Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS) within the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). She has been with the APHIS biotechnology regulatory program since 1994, first serving as a Biotechnologist, and most recently as Branch Chief of the Plants Branch within the Biotechnology Risk Analysis Program. As Branch Chief she supervised the review and preparation of risk analyses and environmental assessments for permit or notification applications to move or release genetically engineered (GE) plants and for petitions for deregulation. Additional contributions in this position include: the development of Notification and Permit User’s Guides; policies and processes related to evaluation of impacts to federally listed threatened and endangered species, review and approval of field trials of pharma- and industrial-producing plants, large scale field trials, and trees and other perennials under permit; plant pest risk assessments for petitions; and international standards and agreements on the review of genetically engineered crops. Currently, she develops and implements strategies to leverage BRS’ relationships with other domestic government agencies, scientific societies, academic institutions, and other public and private entities to assess and address the impacts, overlap, or conflict of BRS operations or policies on these entities and on government programs, initiatives or priorities. She facilitates the development, coordination or harmonization of appropriate responses, regulatory or non-regulatory solutions, policy or guidance in coordination with BRS, APHIS, and USDA program units to ensure that their needs, expectations and concerns are addressed on issues related to biotechnology, agriculture, plant health, and the environment using the best available science. Prior to APHIS, Dr. Koehler conducted post-doctoral research at the USDA–Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville and conducted research as a Biological Scientist at Monsanto. She received her B.S. in agronomy from the University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, and her Ph.D. in plant biology from Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. Her expertise includes plant biochemistry, physiology, and molecular biology; plant tissue culture; and risk assessment of transgenic organisms, conventional fruit and vegetable commodities, and herbicide resistance.

12:00 pm Environmental Protection Agency

John L. Kough, Senior Scientist, Office of Pesticide Programs, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division –  View Slides

Dr. John L. Kough is a senior scientist in the Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Dr. Kough has been at EPA since 1990 and has worked in the biotechnology programs of the Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention. In his work with the Office of Pesticide Programs, he has reviewed the scientific data submitted for plant-incorporated protectants (genetically engineered plants) and many of the microbial and biochemical pesticides currently registered. Dr. Kough has presented EPA’s position at numerous Scientific Advisory Panels on topics like product characterization, protein toxicity assessment, RNA interference and food allergenicity. He attended Reed College and received a B.A. in biology in 1975. He has a Ph.D. in plant pathology from Oregon State University, had a post-doctoral fellowship with the French Agricultural Research Institute (INRA) in Dijon, and worked for IGEN, a biotechnology company designing immunoassays for plant pathogens, before joining EPA.

12:25 pm Lunch

1:30 pm U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service

Kevin Hackett, Senior National Program Leader, Crop Entomology –  View Slides

Since 1998, Dr. Kevin Hackett has been a senior national program leader with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS), with program responsibility for crop pests and beneficial insects, including pollinators. He is also co-chair of the Federal Interagency Committee for Invasive Terrestrial Animals and Pathogens, co-chair of i5K (the international initiative to sequence 5000 arthropods), and part of the team that founded the Earth BioGenome Project. Prior to joining ARS’ National Program Staff, he was the eastern coordinator for the John Muir Institute for Environmental Studies, followed by 16 years as an insect pathologist for ARS in Beltsville, Maryland, where his research focused on spiroplasmas, which are small bacteria without cell walls. Dr. Hackett holds a Ph.D. in insect pathology from the University of California, Berkeley.

1:55 pm U.S. Department of Agriculture–National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Timothy Conner, Director, Division of Bioenergy –  View Slides

Dr. Timothy Conner is the director for the Division of Bioenergy, Bioproducts and Bioeconomy in the Institute of Bioenergy, Climate and Environment within USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). He received a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Central Arkansas, a Master of Science degree from the University of Kentucky, and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in genetics from the University of Minnesota. In 1987, he became a NIH postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Georgia. In 1990, Dr. Conner joined the Monsanto Company and was a visiting scientist at the Rockefeller University’s Lab of Plant Molecular Biology and a senior research biologist. Many of Dr. Conner’s earlier contributions were as a functional leader in two programs: a) Genomics and b) Biotechnology, where he focused on the innovation of enabling technologies useful for the implementation of new strategies and product opportunities for crops including food, feed, and biologicals. Other roles that Dr. Conner held were in the Monsanto Technology organization as the Vice President of Global Oilseeds and Food Technology, and South America Technology Strategy Lead in the International Commercial organization. He was the biotechnology lead in Monsanto Vegetable’s R&D organization in Woodland and the General Manager and Site Director for Monsanto’s Chemistry Technology organization in Woodland and Davis, which focused on new Ag technology platforms. Dr. Conner joined USDA in 2017 and is excited to serve his community in his new role within NIFA.

2:20 pm General Committee Discussion with Sponsors

2:45 pm Break

3:00 pm Public Attitudes and Philosophical Perspectives on the Use of Biotechnology to Address Forest Health

Evelyn Brister, Associate Professor, Rochester Institute of Technology – View Slides

Dr. Evelyn Brister is an associate professor in the Philosophy Department at Rochester Institute of Technology. She has a Ph.D. in philosophy from Northwestern University (2002) and an M.S. in environmental science from Rochester Institute of Technology (2012). Her research focuses on identifying priorities in forest management and, more generally, on supporting reasoning about values in scientific contexts, including climate policy and science education. She has published articles on values that shape different responses to the genetically engineered American chestnut and on the challenges to incorporating humanities and social scientific perspectives into scientific research.

3:30 pm Why Biotech Solutions are Needed to Address Forest Health

Steve Strauss, Professor, Oregon State University –  View Slides

Dr. Steve Strauss is a Distinguished Professor of Forest Biotechnology in the Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society at Oregon State University (OSU). He also has a joint appointment in the Molecular and Cellular Biology Program. He is the director of the Tree Biosafety and Genomics Research Cooperative at OSU, a university-public agency-industry consortium that has conducted research on the biosafety and physiology of genetically engineered trees for 23 years. In 2005 he became a Leopold Leadership Fellow as part of a program aimed at training environmental scientists to be more effective at influencing public policy and presenting science to news media. Dr. Strauss has earned a bachelor of science degree in biology from Cornell University, a master of science degree in forest science from the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, and a doctorate degree in forestry genetics from the University of California at Berkeley. He has published more than 230 scientific papers, given more than 260 invited lectures on biotechnology and genetics of trees, and obtained more than 24 million dollars of competitive grant support. He has also advised governments and written in scientific journals about national and international regulations on field research and commercial development of genetically engineered crops and trees. Dr. Strauss’ current research focuses on genetic engineering of flowering for genetic containment and identification of genes that control the capacity for gene insertion and plant regeneration. His lab emphasizes poplar and eucalypt trees in its research.

4:00 pm Threats to and Efforts to Protect Acacia Koa in Hawaii

Dulal Borthakur, Professor, University of Hawai’i at Manoa – View Slides

Dr. Dulal Borthakur is a Professor in the Department of Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu. He received his master degree in plant breeding from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India and PhD in molecular Biology from University of East Anglia, Norwich, England. He teaches courses in molecular cell biology and biotechnology to undergraduate and graduate students, and conducts research on biochemical and molecular biological aspects of two tree legumes, Acacia koa (koa) and Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena). Koa is a major timber wood tree on the Hawaiian Islands and leucaena is used as a perennial high-protein fodder for farm animals. Dr. Borthakur’s earlier research was primarily on genes for biosynthesis of exopolysaccharides in the root nodule bacterium Rhizobium and determining their role in symbiosis with legumes. His current research on leucaena focuses on degradation and biosynthesis of mimosine, a toxic non-protein amino acid produced by this tree. His research on koa focuses on developing molecular methods for selecting seedlings for resistance to wilt disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum. He is the author or a coauthor of 78 refereed publications.

4:30 pm How a Single Gene May Help Save the American Chestnut

William A. Powell, Professor, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry –  View Slides

Dr. William A. Powell is a professor with the State University of New York’s College of Environmental Science & Forestry (SUNY–ESF). He is also the director of SUNY–ESF’s Council on Biotechnology in Forestry and The American Chestnut Research & Restoration Program. Dr. Powell received his B.S. in biology in 1982 at Salisbury University, Maryland, and his Ph.D. in 1986 at Utah State University studying the molecular mechanisms of hypovirulence in the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica. He spent over 2 years as a postdoctoral associate at University of Florida researching transformation techniques using the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum. In 1989 he became a faculty member at SUNY–ESF in Syracuse, New York, where he began collaborating with his colleague, Dr. Charles Maynard, researching methods to develop a blight-resistant American chestnut (Castanea dentata). He has also worked with American elm and hybrid poplar. Dr. Powell currently has over 50 peer reviewed publications and one patent. He teaches courses in principles of genetics, plant biotechnology, how to present research to the public, and biotechnology freshman orientation.

5:00 pm General Committee Discussion with Speakers

5:30 pm Adjourn Open Session


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jenna Briscoe
Contact Email:  jbriscoe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
View Video Recordings Here

OPEN SESSION - December 1, 2017

10:30 am Welcome and Introductions

- Susan Offutt, Committee Chair

10:45 am Sponsor Presentations

10:45 am U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities

- Michael Goergen, Vice President, Innovation and Director, P3Nano

11:10 am U.S. Department of Agriculture–Forest Service

- Carlos Rodriguez Franco, Deputy Chief, Research and Development

11:35 am U.S. Department of Agriculture–Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

- Susan Koehler, Intergovernmental Agricultural Biotechnology Liaison

12:00 pm Environmental Protection Agency

- John Kough, Senior Scientist, Office of Pesticide Programs, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division

12:25 pm Lunch

1:30 pm U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service

- Kevin Hackett, Senior National Program Leader, Crop Entomology

1:55 pm U.S. Department of Agriculture–National Institute of Food and Agriculture

- Timothy Conner, Director, Division of Bioenergy

2:20 pm General Committee Discussion with Sponsors

2:45 pm Break

3:00 pm Public Attitudes and Philosophical Perspectives on the Use of Biotechnology to Address Forest Health

- Evelyn Brister, Associate Professor, Rochester Institute of Technology

3:30 pm Why Biotech Solutions are Needed to Address Forest Health

- Steve Strauss, Professor, Oregon State University

4:00 pm Threats to and Efforts to Protect Acacia Koa in Hawaii

- Dulal Borthakur, Professor, University of Hawai’i at Manoa

4:30 pm How a Single Gene May Help Save the American Chestnut

- William A. Powell, Professor, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

5:00 pm General Committee Discussion with Speakers

5:30 pm Public Comment

6:00 pm Adjourn Open Session
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan Offutt
Vikram Chhatre
Jason Delborne
Stephen DiFazio
Doria Gordon
Ines Ibanez
Gregory Jaffe
Mark Needham
Clare Palmer
Jeanne Romero-Severson
Ronald Sederoff
Diana Six

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Case studies
Information-gathering needs
Committee composition

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 21, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office