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Project Information

Project Information


Hazard Mitigation and Resilience Applied Research Topics


Project Scope:

A committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will identify applied research topics, information and expertise that can inform action and collaborative opportunities within the natural hazard mitigation and resilience fields. The committee will convene two public workshops as the primary source of information for its work, supplemented by background materials collected for the workshops and discussions at public sessions of the Resilient America Roundtable--similar to those convened on Applied Research Topics in 2021 on the themes of Social Capital and Social Connectedness for Resilience, and Motivating Local Climate Action. 
 
Each workshop will focus on distinct hazard mitigation and resilience issues and research topic areas, such as compound and cascading hazard incidents; risk communication and decision making in a changing risk landscape; climate adaptation through nature-based solutions; and equity and social vulnerability considerations in risk and decision metrics. Following each workshop, the committee will prepare a brief consensus report that identifies and summarizes key research topics for the applied research community in the specific areas discussed at the workshop and in the open Roundtable sessions. Each report will contain findings but no recommendations and will be limited to the topics covered in those public discussions.

Status: Current

PIN: PGA-GLOBAL-21-04

Project Duration (months): 12 month(s)

RSO: Sobhani, Negin

Topic(s):

Behavioral and Social Sciences
Earth Sciences
Engineering and Technology
Environment and Environmental Studies
Transportation and Infrastructure
Policy for Science and Technology


Parent Project(s): N/A


Child Project(s): N/A



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 04/28/2022

Steve Moddemeyer - (Chair)
Steve Moddemeyer is a principal of Collinswoerman with 30 + years’ experience leading governments, land owners, and project teams towards increased sustainability and resilience. He creates tools, policies and programs that empower communities to implement resilience principles into planning for land use and urban infrastructure. He works on climate change adaptation, sustainability strategies for large urban redevelopments, and advanced sustainability strategies for land owners, cities, counties, and utilities. He is a past member of the National Academies of Sciences Resilient America Roundtable (two terms). He serves as an advisor to the University of Washington Masters in Infrastructure Management and Planning, Member of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature: Resilience Theme Group, and founding member of The Little Think Tank, a group of academic and policy experts that focus on resilient recovery actions for American communities. Trained as a landscape architect, Steve creates multi-benefit implementation strategies that bring together natural and human systems by applying socio-ecological principles to system design, urban design, policy design, and industrial symbiosis development.
Christopher T. Emrich
Christopher Emrich is the Boardman Endowed Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Public Administration within University of Central Florida’s School of Public Administration and Director of Research in UCF’s newly formed National Center for Integrated Coastal Research (UCF Coastal). His research/practical service includes applying geospatial technologies to emergency management planning and practice, long-term disaster recovery analysis, and the intersection of social vulnerability and community resilience in the face of catastrophe. From 2004 - 2008 he provided geospatial support for response and long-term recovery to the states of Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi and has since been actively involved in understanding how differential recoveries manifest across disaster-stricken areas. Dr. Emrich is actively working at pinpointing challenges to equity in disaster recovery and mitigation and where he has most recently assisted in building empirically based and result-oriented impacts assessments to inform recovery programs in several states and US territories. He has remained at the vanguard of theory, data, metrics, methods, applications, and spatial analytical model development for understanding in the field of hazard vulnerability science and the often very in-equitable and disproportionate pattern of disaster loss and recovery across communities.
Erick C. Jones
Dr. Erick C. Jones, Sr. is a George and Elizabeth Pickett Endowed Professor in Industrial, Manufacturing and Systems Engineering at the University of Texas Arlington. He is a noted engineer, researcher, and leader whose career has spanned industry, government and academia. He joins the US State Department as a Senior Advisor (Expert) in the Office of the Chief Economist through the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, Jefferson Science Fellowship focusing on Resilient Supply Chains.
Dr. Jones’ industry background spanned working as an Engineer to an Executive at Fortune 500 Companies leading projects including ERP implementations, Business Process Re-engineering, and corporate merger and acquisitions. His industry experiences facilitated his success in Academia with Supply Chain Engineering and led to 4 academic textbooks, over 200 publications, 17 PHDs (7 of which are from underrepresented groups), funding from national agencies including NASA, DOT, and NSF, and tenured professorships from two Tier 1 Universities. His fundamental theories on automated inventory control, quality, and supply chain economics and logistics engineering have impacted the fields of artificial intelligence, manufacturing, and supply chain management.
Dr. Jones’ servant leadership and administrative activities include leading government funded public/private multi-university research centers, funding large scale programs at the National Science Foundation as a director, initiating academic programs as a chair and dean, and fundraising as a board member on public and private foundation boards. He represents and is an advocate for diverse and equitable conditions for all.
Dr. Jones is an alumnus of Texas A&M University and Distinguished Engineering Alumni of the University of Houston, a scholar of William J. Fulbright and Alfred P. Sloan programs, and a Fellow of AAAS and the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineering.

Elena M. Krieger
Elena Krieger is the Director of Research at the energy science and policy research institute Physicians, Scientists, and Engineers for Healthy Energy (PSE). She joined PSE in 2013 to launch the organization’s clean energy practice area, and now oversees its scientific research efforts. Her current work focuses on accelerating the transition to clean energy resources, and developing transition pathways that realize non-energy co-benefits. She serves as principal investigator on numerous research projects, and simultaneously works closely with community organizations, non-profits, policymakers, and other stakeholders to use science to inform energy and climate policy. Her current research areas include designing solar+storage resilience hubs and deployment strategies, and integration of resilience, health, equity, and environmental metrics into state-level deep decarbonization efforts. She is a member of the Disadvantaged Communities Advisory Group to the California Energy Commission and the California Public Utilities Commission, a member of the National Academies’ New Voices in Science, Engineering and Medicine Program 2021 Cohort, and a science advisor to the American Resilience Project. She received her PhD in Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering from Princeton, where her research focused on optimizing energy storage in renewable systems, and holds an AB in Physics and Astronomy & Astrophysics from Harvard.
Therese P. McAllister
Therese McAllister is the Community Resilience Group Leader and Program Manager in the Engineering Laboratory (EL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). She is also the NIST Liaison for the NIST-funded Center of Excellence, Center for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning, that is led by Colorado State University. Dr. McAllister conducts research on community resilience, with a focus on the integrated performance of physical infrastructure and social and economic systems. She has expertise in structural reliability, risk assessment, failure analysis of buildings and infrastructure systems, and the performance of structures in fire. She co-led detailed structural analyses of the WTC towers and WTC 7 for the NIST WTC Investigation, conducted reliability studies of levee systems for the USACE following Hurricane Katrina flooding in New Orleans, and evaluated Hurricane Sandy flood effects on infrastructure systems as part of the FEMA MAT. She recently was recognized with the 2021 ASCE Walter P Moore, Jr award and 2018 ASCE Ernest E Howard Award for her research on structural codes and standards and on resilience. Dr. McAllister is an ASCE Structural Engineering Institute Fellow and serves on the ASCE/SEI 7 standard committee, Infrastructure Resilience Division, the Technical Council on Life-Cycle Performance, Safety, Reliability and Risk of Structural Systems, and the SEI Board Level Resilience Committee. She previously served on the International Code Council (ICC) Structural Committee. She is an advisory panel member for NIBS, DHS and HUD resilience activities. She has a PhD and MS in Civil/Structural Engineering from Johns Hopkins University, an MS in Civil/Ocean Engineering from Oregon State University, and a BS in Ocean Engineering from Florida Atlantic University.
Adam Z. Rose
Adam Rose is a Research Professor in the University of Southern California Sol Price School of Public Policy, and Research Fellow in USC’s Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE). He obtained his Ph.D. in Economics from Cornell University. Professor Rose’s primary research interest is the economics of disasters. He has spearheaded the development of CREATE’s comprehensive economic consequence analysis framework and has done pioneering research on resilience at the level of the individual business/household, market/industry and regional/national economy. He is currently the PI on an NSF grant on advanced computational methods to improve reliability and resilience of interdependent systems and a contract with the Critical Infrastructure Resilience Institute to measure static economic the cost-effectiveness of individual resilience tactics. Professor Rose is the author of several books and over 250 refereed professional papers. He has served as the American Economic Association Representative to the American Association for the Advancement of Science and as a member of the Board of Directors of the National Institute of Building Sciences Multi-Hazard Mitigation Council. He is the recipient of several honors and awards, including, among others, the Distinguished Research from the International Society for Integrated Risk Management, a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, East-West Center Fellowship, American Planning Association Outstanding Program Planning Honor Award, and Applied Technology Council Outstanding Achievement Award. He is also an elected Fellow of the Regional Science Association International. Professor Rose has served on NAS Panels on Earthquake Resilience and on Seismic Warning.
Stacy A. Swann
Stacy Swann is the CEO and Founding Partner of Climate Finance Advisors, a benefit LLC based in Washington, DC with expertise in banking, development finance, and climate change. During her career, Ms. Swann has held senior positions with the International Finance Corporation (IFC), as well as with the US Department of Treasury, Enron Corporation, and other organizations. For more than twenty five years she has worked with investors, financial institutions and policymakers on mainstreaming climate considerations across both investment and policy and has particular expertise in blended finance, climate finance, climate-smart fiscal policies, and approaches to identify, assess and manage climate risk.
In addition to leading Climate Finance Advisors, Ms. Swann is currently the Chair of the Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) Chair’s Council on Climate Change, a sub-committee of its Advsiory Board. She also sits on the Board for the Montgomery County Green Bank the United States’ first county-level green bank and is Chair of its Investment Committee. She is a member of the Steering Committee/Board of the Global Water Partnership, a global action network of more than 3,000 Partner bodies in 179 countries focused on building sustainable water systems globally. Stacy holds an MBA in Finance and Development Economics from American University, a Master’s degree from Harvard University and a Bachelors degree from City University of New York - Hunter College.
Negin Sobhani - (Staff Officer)

Events


Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

Second consensus meeting of the committee to discuss Workshop 2


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Christopher Emrich
Erick Jones
Elena Krieger
Therese McAllister
Adam Rose

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discussing identified research topics from Workshop 2
Structure for the Committee Report and Contents on Workshop 2

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
-

Description :   

The committee met to discuss workshop 2.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

All Committee Members were present.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Consensus Approach and Tools
Identifying and providing detail on priority applied research topics
Reviewing and discussing priority applied research topics

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Workshop

Description :   

This virtual workshop was for the Committee on Hazard Mitigation and Resilience Applied Research Topics to gather data for their second consensus report on the theme "Compounding and Cascading Events". The Workshop featured four panels consisting of academics, community leaders, and industry experts on this topic.

The goal of this workshop was to frame the multi-dimensional aspects of compounding and cascading extreme events for identifying additional research needed in the field of hazard mitigation, adaptation, and resilience. Panelists were asked to address the topics, below, with consideration to: 

  • Strategies and investments to improve services and functions, including access and equity, to achieve resilient infrastructure for compounding and cascading extreme events.

  • Challenges and opportunities within these strategies and investments that may benefit from further investigation and research to facilitate better outcomes.

Workshop Agenda:

Welcome

Negin Sobhani, Director, Science and Technology for Resilience, National Academy of Sciences

Steve Moddemeyer, Principal for Planning, Sustainability, and Resilience, CollinsWoerman Architects

Panel 1: Towards a Better Understanding of Cascading and Compounding Disasters: Characterizing Drivers, Systems, and Relationships

Moderators:

Chris Emrich, Boardman Endowed Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Public Administration, University of Central Florida 

Erick Jones, George and Elizabeth Pickett Endowed Professor in Industrial, Manufacturing, and Systems Engineering, University of Texas Arlington; Jefferson Science Fellow, Office of the Chief Economist, U.S. Department of State

Panel 2: Governance Across Events: Decision Making and Policies

Moderator:

Terri McAllister, Community Resilience Group Leader and Program Manager, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Panel 3: Mitigating Impacts: Developing Solutions and Avoiding Unintended Consequences

Moderators:

Elena Krieger, Director of Research Physicians, Scientists, and Engineers for Healthy Energy

Adam Rose, Research Professor, Department of Public Policy; Senior Research Fellow, Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Threats and Emergencies (CREATE), University of Southern California

Panel 4: Strategies to Effectively Apply Solutions

Moderator:

Stacy Swann, CEO, Climate Finance Advisors, BLLC



Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

Closed meeting for the committee to plan workshop 2 and review the report for workshop 1. 


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Steve Moddemeyer
Christopher T. Emrich
Erick C. Jones
Elena M. Krieger
Therese P. McAllister
Adam Z. Rose were present.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The meeting was used to to review and refine framing questions for Compounding and Cascading Events Workshop and talk about the review process for the Consensus Study Report for Equitable and Resilient Infrastructure Investments.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Framing questions for Compounding and Cascading Events Workshop and the Equitable and Resilient Infrastructure Investments Consensus Study Report including some reviewer comments.

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The Committee met in a closed session to plan the second workshop.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Steve Moddemeyer
Christopher T. Emrich
Erick C. Jones
Elena M. Krieger
Therese P. McAllister
Adam Z. Rose were present.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Refining “Compounding and Cascading Events” Theme
Finalizing dates for the next workshop and consensus meeting
Determine Structure for Second Workshop & Discuss Workshop Panelists

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
-

Description :   

This was a closed session of the committee on Hazard Mitigation and Resilience Applied Research Topics. For more information, please email resilient@nas.edu


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Workshop

Description :   

Workshop Description

This Workshop was for the Committee on Hazard Mitigation and Resilience Applied Research Topics to gather data for their first consensus report on the theme "Equitable and Resilient Infrastructure Investments". The Workshop featured five panels consisting of academics, community leaders, and industry experts on this topic.

The goal of this workshop was to determine unmet applied research needs of equitable and resilient infrastructure investments in the field of hazard mitigation and resilience. Panelists will be asked to address the topics, below, with consideration to:

  • Strategies and investments to improve services, functions, access, and equity across infrastructures for resiliency to hazards and extreme events.
  • Challenges and opportunities within these strategies and investments that may benefit from further investigation and research to facilitate better outcomes.

Workshop Agenda

Welcome

Negin Sobhani Resilient America Program, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Steve Moddemeyer Principal for Planning, Sustainability, and Resilience/CollinsWoerman Architects; Committee Chair

Panel 1: Equitable Community Development and Workforce

Moderator: Stacy Swann CEO, Climate Finance Advisors

Panel 2: Equitable Physical Infrastructure

Moderator: Chris Emrich Boardman Endowed Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Public Administration, University of Central Florida

Panel 3: Deep Dive - Resilience Hubs

Moderator: Elena Krieger Director of Research, Physicians, Scientists, and Engineers for Healthy Energy

Panel 4: Deep Dive - Housing

Moderator: Therese McAllister Community Resilience Group Leader and Program Manager, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Panel 5: Deep Dive - Transportation

Moderator: Adam Rose Research Professor, Department of Public Policy and Senior Research Fellow, Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Threats and Emergencies (CREATE), University of Southern California



Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
-

Description :   

This was a closed session of the committee on Hazard Mitigation and Resilience Applied Research Topics. During this meeting the committee prepared for their upcoming workshops.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  resilience@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

All Members Present

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Planning for Workshop 1

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
February 25, 2022
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
-

Description :   

This was a closed session of the committee on Hazard Mitigation and Resilience Applied Research Topics. During this meeting the committee prepared for their upcoming workshops.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  nsobhani@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

All committee members were present.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

This session was used to brainstorm format, content, and speakers for the first workshop the committee hosted.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

This was the first meeting of the study committee. There was a brief open session for the committee to hear from the sponsor. Please email resilient@nas.edu for questions. 


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Negin Sobhani
Contact Email:  nsobhani@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

All committee members were present.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Met with committee sponsor, FEMA, to discuss statement of task.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 19, 2022
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office
Publications

No data present.