Stephen Lazer retired as president and CEO of Questar Assessment in February 2022, a position he has held since 2017. He has worked in educational assessment since 1985. He served in various capacities at Educational Testing Service (ETS) between 1985 and 2017. Of pertinence to this project, he served as NAEP social studies coordinator (1991-1994), NAEP development director (1994-1996), NAEP executive director (1996-2004), and cognizant corporate officer for NAEP (as vice president of assessment development from 2004-2010 and as senior vice president for student and teacher assessment from 2011-2017). Mr. Lazer has written extensively on NAEP and helped serve as a resource to previous NAS studies of the program. In 2017, he left ETS to join Questar Assessment as president and CEO. He has a B.A. degree in political science and English from McGill University, and an M.A. degree in political science from Princeton.
Susan M. Lottridge
Susan Marie Lottridge is senior director of automated scoring at Cambium Assessment, Inc. (CAI). In this role, she leads CAI’s machine learning and scoring team on the research, development, and operation of CAI’s automated scoring software. This software includes automated essay scoring, short answer scoring, automated speech scoring, and an engine that detects disturbing content in student responses. Dr. Lottridge has worked in automated scoring for 12 years and has contributed to the design, research, and use of multiple automated scoring engines including equation scoring, essay scoring, short answer scoring, alert detection, and dialogue systems. She has a Ph.D. in assessment and measurement from James Madison University.
Richard M. Luecht
Richard M. Luecht is professor of educational research methodology at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, where he teaches graduate courses in applied statistics and advanced measurement topics such as advanced item response theory modeling and estimation, computer-based testing systems and methods, and test score equating. In addition to being internationally recognized as a measurement expert, Dr. Luecht’s research and expertise includes the integration of statistical, computer science and cognitive science technologies in assessment, advanced psychometric modeling and estimation, and the application of industrial engineering design principles to the design and construction of test (i.e., the “assessment engineering” framework). He has designed numerous algorithms and software programs for automated test assembly and devised a comprehensive computerized adaptive multistage testing framework used by several large-scale testing programs. Dr. Luecht is also a technical consultant and advisor for many state departments of education and large-scale testing organizations. He has a Ph.D. in educational psychology, statistics, and measurement from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Rochelle S. Michel
Rochelle S. Michel is senior proposal writer (state team lead) on the bids and proposals team at Curriculum Associates. She has held a number of roles in the areas of educational testing, assessment, educational research, and non-profit program management, including: executive director of admission programs at Educational Records Bureau; director of research within the Academic to Career Research Center at Educational Testing Service (ETS); research director at Curriculum Associates; and psychometric manager at ETS. Dr. Michel is also an active member of the American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME), and the Northeastern Educational Research Association. She currently serves on the editorial boards of the NCME Applications of Educational Measurement and Assessment Book Series and the NCME Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice journal. She is a past president of the Northeastern Educational Research Association (2018-2019). Dr. Michel has a Ph.D. in psychometrics from Fordham University.
Scott Norton is deputy executive director of programs at the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). In this role, he oversees the programmatic work of the Council, including student expectations, student transitions, teacher workforce, and school leadership/school improvement. Dr. Norton first joined CCSSO in 2012 as the strategic initiative director for standards, assessment, and accountability. He previously worked as the assistant superintendent of the Office of Standards, Assessments, and Accountability at the Louisiana Department of Education, and he was a public school teacher in Louisiana. He previously served as a committee member for the National Academies report on the Evaluation of the Achievement Levels for Mathematics and Reading for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (2017), and he has been a member of the NAEP Validity Studies Panel since 2011. Dr. Norton has a Ph.D. in educational administration and supervision from Louisiana State University.
John Whitmer is senior fellow in data science with the Federation of American Scientists. In this position, he collaborates with IES stakeholders to implement data science into operational programs, expand access and usability of IES data, and support the creation of an ongoing data science fellowship program. Prior to this, Dr. Whitmer led teams of data scientists, research scientists, and machine learning engineers in large educational assessment companies (ACTNext), edTech providers (Blackboard), and educational institutions (California State University and California Community Colleges). An educational researcher by training, he approaches these projects with a commitment to improving the lives of underserved and marginalized students through advanced computational methods. Dr. Whitmer has an Ed.D. in educational leadership from the University of California-Davis.