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Project Information

Project Information


Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will be convened to advise the federal Government on the following questions:
1. Given today's competitive environment, how should federal R&D funding agencies evaluate or bound the openness of science and encourage transition from idea to commercialization, considering the benefits and drawbacks of specific technology protection and commercialization options?
2. What solutions are required to address market or institutional challenges, if any, related to the production and commercialization of advances discovered in research, particularly those that may have potentially significant impacts on U.S. national security?
3. What are the appropriate policy changes related to research, production, commercialization, and technology protection that will help accelerate the marketing/fielding of advances stemming from U.S.-funded research within and to the benefit of the United States, in particular for technologies critical for national security leadership?
These questions will be considered in the context of one or more specific science and technology domains that impact U.S. scientific leadership and national security and will include, at a minimum, synthetic biology, artificial intelligence, and microelectronics (including beyond Moore's Law). Questions of economic competitiveness may be considered when the U.S. economic position is crucial to national security concerns (e.g., maintaining DoD-available supply chains).
The committee will convene a series of meetings, including three workshops, to gather information and consider a broad range of views on the questions above. Drawing from the content of the workshops and other information sources, the committee will review current legal, regulatory, and policy regimes and prepare a consensus report with findings and recommendations.

Status: Current

PIN: PGA-POLICY-20-20

Project Duration (months): 16 month(s)

RSO: Cohen, Gail


Parent Project(s): N/A


Child Project(s): N/A



Geographic Focus:
Global
North America

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 02/18/2021

Patrick D. Gallagher - (Co-Chair)
Patrick D. Gallagher is Chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh. Prior to his installation as Chancellor, Dr. Gallagher spent more than two decades in public service. In 2009, he was appointed to direct the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). He is also Vice Chair of the Board of Directors of the American Association of Universities.

Dr. Gallagher has served on a number of NASEM committees, including the Committee on Scientific Assessment of Proposed U.S. Neutrino Experiments (2002), the Committee on Condensed Matter and Materials Research (2001-2005), the Committee on New Materials Synthesis and Crystal Growth (2007-2009), and the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable (2009-2013).

Dr. Gallagher received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Pittsburgh in 1991.
Susan M. Gordon - (Co-Chair)
Susan M. Gordon served as Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence from 2017 to 2019 and as the Deputy Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency from 2015 to 2017. Ms. Gordon joined the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1980 and served for 29 years, rising to senior executive positions in each of the Agency’s then four directorates: operations, analysis, science and technology, and support. In 1998, Ms. Gordon led the effort that culminated in the formation of In-Q-Tel, the Central Intelligence Agency’s venture arm.

Ms. Gordon is a Rubenstein Fellow at Duke University, serves on several boards, including CACI International, Avantus Federal, Pallas Advisors, and the Draper Richards Kaplan Foundation, and advises several companies, including Microsoft Corporation.

Ms. Gordon received a B.S. in zoology/biomechanics from Duke University in 1980.
Robert J. Birgeneau
Robert J. Birgeneau currently holds the Arnold and Barbara Silverman Distinguished Chair and faculty appointments in the Departments of Physics, Materials Science and Engineering, and Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Birgeneau served as Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley from 2004 to 2013. Dr. Birgeneau's research is primarily concerned with the phases and phase transition behavior of novel states of matter. Previously, Dr. Birgeneau has served as President of the University of Toronto and the Dean of Science at MIT.

Dr. Birgeneau is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the Royal Society of London, the American Philosophical Society, and other scholarly societies. He has served as a member on the National Academies’ Committee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine and the Committee on Women in Academic Science and Engineering: A Guide to Maximizing Their Potential.

Dr. Birgeneau received his Ph.D. in physics from Yale University.

Robert C. Dynes
Robert Dynes served as the 18th president of the University of California (UC), from 2003 to 2008. Dr. Dynes is currently a professor of physics at UC San Diego, where he founded an interdisciplinary laboratory where chemists, electrical engineers, and private industry researchers investigate the properties of metals, semiconductors, and superconductors. Dr. Dynes also served as the sixth chancellor of UC San Diego, following a 22-year career at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he served as department head of semiconductor and material physics research and director of chemical physics research.

Dr. Dynes is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and currently chairs the National Academies’ Intelligence Community Studies Board. He chaired the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board and the Committee on Disposal of Surplus Plutonium in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, among others.

Dr. Dynes received his Ph.D. in physics from McMaster University in 1958.


Deborah Frincke
Deborah Frincke is the Associate Laboratory Director for National Security Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), where she guides the research and development of science-based solutions to complex threats that put public safety, national defense, energy infrastructure, and the economy at risk. Dr. Frincke joined ORNL from the National Security Agency (NSA), where she served in three roles between 2011 and 2020. As Director of Research at NSA from 2013 through early 2020, she led what is perhaps the largest in-house research organization in the U.S. Intelligence Community. She also was a founding member of the NSA Board of Directors, served as the agency’s Science Advisor, and was the first NSA Innovation Champion.

Prior to joining NSA, Dr. Frincke had a threefold career encompassing academia, reaching the rank of full professor at University of Idaho; serving as Chief Scientist for Cybersecurity at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; and launching a successful cybersecurity startup company, TriGeo Network Systems.

Dr. Frincke received a Ph.D. in computer science/security from the University of California, Davis in 1992.

Leroy E. Hood
Leroy E. Hood is the Senior Vice President and Chief Science Officer at Providence St. Joseph Health, and the Chief Strategy Officer, Co-founder and Professor at the Institute for Systems Biology. Dr. Hood is currently carrying out studies in Alzheimer’s Disease, cancer, and wellness. He is pioneering a 1 million patient genome/phenome project for Providence St. Joseph Health and is bringing scientific (quantitative) wellness to the contemporary U.S. health care system.

Dr. Hood is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the National Academy of Medicine. He has served as a member on the National Academies’ Division Committee on Health and Medicine Division, the Committee on Human and Environmental Exposure Science in the 21st Century and the Committee on Defining and Advancing the Conceptual Basis of Biological Science for the 21st Century, among others.

Dr. Hood received his M.D. from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1964 and his Ph.D. in biochemistry from Caltech in 1968.


Michael J. Imperiale
Michael J. Imperiale is the Associate Vice President of Research and Arthur F. Thurnau Professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Michigan. Dr. Imperiale’s research interests focus on the study of DNA tumor viruses. He has made important contributions to our understanding of how these viruses regulate expression of their genes, how they contribute to oncogenesis, and how they interact with the infected cell in order to cause acute disease.

Dr. Imperiale has served as a member of the National Academies’ Committee on Science, Technology, and Law; chair of the Committee on Strategies for Identifying and Addressing Vulnerabilities Posed by Synthetic Biology; and a member of the Committee on Ethical and Societal Implications of Advances in Militarily Significant Technologies that are Rapidly Changing and Increasingly Globally Accessible.

Dr. Imperiale received a Ph.D. in biological sciences from Columbia University in 1981.

J. Michael McQuade
J. Michael McQuade is Carnegie Mellon University’s Vice President for Research. From 2006 to 2018 he served as Senior Vice President for Science & Technology at United Technologies Corporation, where he provided strategic oversight and guidance for research, engineering, and development activities that focused on a broad range of high-technology products and services for the global aerospace and building systems industries. Dr. McQuade has also held senior positions with technology development and business oversight at 3M, Imation, and Eastman Kodak. He served as Vice President of 3M’s Medical Division and President of Eastman Kodak’s Health Imaging Business. He has broad experience managing basic technology development and the conversion of early-stage research into business growth.

Dr. McQuade is a member on the National Academies’ National Science, Technology, and Security Roundtable.

Dr. McQuade received a Ph.D. in physics from Carnegie Mellon University.

Judith A. Miller
Judith A. Miller is an independent consultant. She served as General Counsel of the Department of Defense from 1994 to 1999. She was a founder and co-chair and is now Senior Advisor to the ABA Cybersecurity Legal Task Force, was a member of the Defense Science Board's Task Force on Cyber Deterrence, and currently co-chairs the Defense Science Board’s Task Force on Department of Defense Dependencies on Critical Infrastructure. She was Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and member of the Board of Directors of the Bechtel Group from January 2006 to January 2010. Prior to joining the Bechtel Group, she was a partner with Williams & Connolly LLP in Washington, DC.

Ms. Miller is currently serving as a member of the National Academies’ Committee on Science, Technology, and Law and chair of the Committee on Section 230 Protections: Can Legal Revisions or Novel Technologies Limit Online Misinformation and Abuse? She previously served as a member of the Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security, the Committee on Science, Security, and Prosperity in a Changing World, and the Roundtable on Scientific Communication and National Security.

Ms. Miller earned a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1975.

Richard M. Murray
Richard M. Murray is the Thomas E. and Doris Everhart Professor of Control & Dynamical Systems and Bioengineering at California Institute of Technology. His group’s research is in the application of feedback and control to networked systems, with applications in biology and autonomy. His current projects include novel control system architectures, biomolecular feedback systems and networked control systems.

Dr. Murray is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and is a member of the NAE Awards Committee. Dr. Murray is also currently serving as chair of the National Academies’ Aerospace Engineering Search Committee, and as member of the National Academies’ Committee on Defense Research at Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Serving Institutions. Previously, he served as chair of the Committee on Future Biotechnology Products and Opportunities to Enhance Capabilities of the Biotechnology Regulatory System and co-chair of the Forum on Synthetic Biology.

Dr. Murray received a Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer sciences from University of California, Berkeley in 1990.



Committee Membership Roster Comments

Please note that there has been a change in the committee membership with the appointment of Robert J. Birgeneau, John O. Dabiri, Robert C. Dynes, Deborah Frincke, Gilbert Herrera, Leroy E. Hood, Michael Imperiale, J. Michael McQuade, Judith A. Miller, Richard M. Murray, and Dawn Song, effective 02/18/2021.

Please note that there has been a change in the committee membership with the resignation of John O. Dabiri, effective 03/02/2021.

Please note that there has been a change in the committee membership with the removal of Dawn Song, effective 04/01/2021.

Please note that there has been a change in the committee membership with the resignation of Gilbert Herrera, effective 08/15/21.

Events


Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

This was a closed committee meeting.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Patrick Gallagher
Susan Gordon
Robert Birgeneau
Robert Dynes
Deborah Frincke
Michael Imperiale
J. Michael McQuade
Judith A. Miller
Richard Murray

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee reviewed plans for the consensus report.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
October 12, 2021
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The seventh meeting of the the ad-hoc Committee on Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition will consist of a virtual public session with invited speakers, followed by a closed session of the committee. 

The open session of the meeting will occur from 1:00PM to 4:00PM Eastern Time (EDT). To attend the open session, please contact sbillinge@nas.edu.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Patrick Gallagher
Sue Gordon
Michael McQuade
Michael Imperiale
Richard Murray
Judith Miller
Robert Dynes
Robert Birgeneau

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

During the closed session, the committee reviewed the open session proceedings and discussed next steps for producing its consensus report.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
September 15, 2021
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The sixth meeting of the the ad-hoc Committee on Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition consisted of a virtual public session with invited speakers, followed by a closed session of the committee. 

The open session of the meeting occurred from 1:00PM to 4PM Eastern Time (EDT).


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Susan M. Gordon
Robert J. Birgeneau
Robert C. Dynes
Deborah Frincke
Gilbert Herrera
Leroy E. Hood
Michael J. Imperiale
J. Michael McQuade
Judith A. Miller
Richard M. Murray

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

During the closed session, the committee deliberated on the evidence presented to them. They also discussed additional materials needed and speakers for future meetings.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
August 11, 2021
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The fifth meeting of the the ad-hoc Committee on Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition consisted of a virtual public workshop on artificial intelligence, followed by a closed session of the committee. 

 

The workshop took place 1:00PM to 5:15PM Eastern Time (EDT) and examined the development of artificial intelligence (AI) and the tools needed to foster U.S. leadership in the field. The workshop included moderated panel discussions featuring leading experts that discussed AI as a general purpose technology, national security threats associated with AI, and recommendations for AI as a critical technology.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
https://pct-workshop-on-artificial-intelligence.eventbrite.com

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Patrick Gallagher
Susan Gordon
Robert Birgeneau
Robert Dynes
Gilbert Herrera
Leroy Hood
Michael Imperiale
J. Michael McQuade
Judith Miller
Richard Murray

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

workshop presentations, future meetings

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 14, 2021
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

The fourth meeting of the the ad-hoc Committee on Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition consisted of a virtual public workshop, followed by a closed session of the committee.

The workshop took place 1:00PM to 5:30PM Eastern Time (EDT) and examined the historical development of microelectronics and the tools needed to foster U.S. leadership in the field. The workshop included moderated panel discussions featuring leading experts to discuss the historical and current state of the microelectronics industry, the implications of offshore production of microelectronics and the slowing Moore’s Law, and federal policies on microelectronics.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
https://workshop-on-microelectronics.eventbrite.com

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Patrick D. Gallagher
Robert J. Birgeneau
Robert C. Dynes
Deborah Frincke
Gilbert Herrera
Leroy E. Hood
Michael J. Imperiale
J. Michael McQuade
Judith A. Miller
Richard M. Murray

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

workshop presentations, future meetings

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 15, 2021
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Workshop

Description :   

This was a virtual workshop that examined the historical development of synthetic biology and the tools needed to foster U.S. leadership in the field. The workshop, which was held from 1:00PM to 6:00PM Eastern Time (EDT) on May 13, 2021, included moderated panel discussions featuring leading experts to discuss the current state of synthetic biology research, related policy history, the development of applications of the technology, and market, institutional, and regulatory challenges around synthetic biology commercial development.

The workshop was organized by the ad-hoc Committee on Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition.



Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

This is the second meeting of the Committee on Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition.

This meeting is closed in its entirety.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Patrick D. Gallagher (co-chair)
Robert J. Birgeneau
Robert C. Dynes
Deborah Frincke
Gilbert Herrera
Leroy E. Hood
Michael J. Imperiale
J. Michael McQuade
Judith A. Miller
Richard M. Murray

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

During the closed session, the committee discussed committee composition and plans for an upcoming workshop.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
April 19, 2021
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

First Meeting of the Committee on Protecting Critical Technologies for National Security in an Era of Openness and Competition.

Meeting will be held via Zoom.

This meeting will include both open and closed sessions. The open session will be held from 2-4pm Eastern. Please write to sbillinge@nas.edu to attend the open session.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
N/A

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
N/A


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sophie Billinge
Contact Email:  sbillinge@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2799

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Patrick D. Gallagher (co-chair)
Susan M. Gordon (co-chair)
Robert J. Birgeneau
Robert C. Dynes
Deborah Frincke
Gilbert Herrera
Leroy E. Hood
Michael J. Imperiale
J. Michael McQuade
Judith A. Miller
Richard M. Murray

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

During the closed session, the committee held a standard background information and conflict of interest discussion, discussed the committee charge and project work plan, and reviewed the open session proceedings.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 10, 2021
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office
Publications

No data present.