James F. Childress
James Childress has been University Professor, the John Allen Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics, Professor of Religious Studies, and Professor of Research in Medical Education at the University of Virginia, where he is now an emeritus professor. Dr. Childress also served as the Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., Professor of Christian Ethics at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University and a Visiting Professor at the University of Chicago Divinity School and Princeton University. In 1990, he was named Professor of the Year in the Commonwealth of Virginia by the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education, and in 2002 he received the University of Virginia’s highest honor—the Thomas Jefferson Award. In spring 2010 he held the Maguire Chair in American History and Ethics at the Library of Congress. Dr. Childress is the author of numerous articles and several books in various areas of ethics, including (with Tom Beauchamp) Principles of Biomedical Ethics, now in its 8th edition and translated into several languages. Dr. Childress was vice chair of the national Task Force on Organ Transplantation, and he also served on the Board of Directors of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), the UNOS Ethics Committee, the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, the Human Gene Therapy Subcommittee, the Biomedical Ethics Advisory Committee, and several Data and Safety Monitoring Boards for NIH clinical trials. He was a member of the presidentially-appointed National Bioethics Advisory Commission (1996-2001). Dr. Childress is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and he has participated in and chaired several studies at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. His current research focuses on public bioethics, public health ethics, and just-war theory and practice. Dr. Childress received his BA from Guilford College, his BD from Yale Divinity School, and his MA and PhD from Yale University.
Ana V. Diez Roux
Ana Diez Roux is Dean and Distinguished University Professor of Epidemiology in the Dornsife School of Public Health at Drexel University. Dr. Diez Roux is internationally known for her research on the social determinants of population health, the study of how neighborhoods affect health, and urban health. Her work on neighborhood health effects has been highly influential in the policy debate on population health and its determinants. She has led large NIH and foundation funded research and training programs in the United States and in collaboration with various institutions in Latin America and is currently Principal Investigator of the Wellcome Trust funded SALURBAL (Salud Urbana en América Latina) study. Dr. Diez Roux has served on numerous editorial boards, review panels and advisory committees including the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) of the Environmental Protection Agency (as Chair), the Board of Scientific Counselors (BSC) of the National Center for Health Statistics, the Committee on Health and Wellbeing in the Changing Urban Environment of the International Council for Science (ISCUS), and CDCs Community Preventive Services Taskforce. She has received the Wade Hampton Frost Award for her contributions to public health from the American Public Health Association and the Award for Outstanding Contributions to Epidemiology from the American College of Epidemiology. She is an elected member of the American Epidemi¬ological Society and the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research. She was elected to the National Academy of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences in 2009.
Abigail Echo-Hawk is an enrolled citizen of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma. She is currently the Chief Research Office at Seattle Indian Health Board and the Director of Urban Indian Health Institute, a national tribal epidemiology center serving urban-dwelling American Indians and Alaska Natives.
Currently, Abigail is part of multiple committees, Boards, and workgroups that are focused on ending health disparities through health equity approaches including the Best Starts for Kids Board, the March of Dimes Health Equity Workgroup, the Tribal Collaboration Working Group with the NIH All of Us Research Program, the Advisory Committee for Health Equity Research at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the NIDA American Indian and Alaska Native Collaborative Research Engagement Workgroup, and Data for Indigenous Justice Board. In the past, Abigail spent eight years as the Tribal Liaison with Partnerships for Native Health at the School of Public Health at The University of Washington. In 2016, she became the Co-director of Partnerships of Native Health at the Washington State University Institute for Research and Education to Advance Community Health. Abigail was also the Tribal Relationship Facilitator at the Institute of Translational Health Sciences at the University of Washington from 2010 to 2015. In 2015, she became a Board Member for the Center for Indigenous Law and Justice. Abigail has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Interdisciplinary Studies and a Master of Arts degree in Policy Studies, both from the University of Washington who honored her with the Distinguished Alumna of the Year Award in 2011. She is an expert in American Indian and Alaska Native health, including strengths and resiliencies as well as disparities and was recently awarded the Washington State Public Health Association Secretary of Health Award and 2020 Indian Woman of the Year by a national organization of Indigenous women. Abigail began working in health equity in 2000 as a community advocate to address the high rates of infant mortality among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). After recognizing the lack of evidence-based practices that were informed and shaped by AI/AN communities, she began working in research on health disparities and achieving health equity in 2010.
Since then, Abigail has been the tribal liaison for 26 multi-year, NIH-funded studies of Native health. Her role in each study was to ensure that relationships between academia and Native communities are bi-directional and grounded in health equity principles. In her current role as the Director of Urban Indian Health Institute (UIHI), Abigail directs the only national tribal epidemiology center, and they are conducting COVID-19 epidemiologic surveillance with urban Indian health programs. In addition, UIHI is focused on health equity approaches ensuring AI/AN access to prevention and treatment of COVID-19 through Indigenous public health and epidemiology practices. An essential component of Abigail’s work in facilitating protocols and ground rules for research partnerships has included negotiating equity through tribal data-sharing, control, and ownership. Many communities have experienced untrustworthy practices where agencies and individuals have exploited and used data with little to no meaningful impact, while people of color continue to bear the burden of health disparities. Data is increasingly valued as a resource that represents opportunities for improving community well being and health outcomes if it is used in an equitable manner. Abigail works nationally with collaborative partnerships to ensure equitable health outcomes for people of color and other marginalized communities. Much of her work involves community-based participatory research, with a strong emphasis on cultural humility, respect for tribal sovereignty, and achieving health equity to undo health disparities. In addition to the relevant health equity-focused publications listed below, Abigail is a co-author of several manuscripts in development.
Christopher J. Elias
Christopher Elias is the president of the Global Development Division at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, where he leads the foundation’s efforts in a diverse range of program areas aimed at finding creative new ways to ensure solutions and products get into the hands of people in poor countries who need them most. Focusing on areas with the potential for high-impact, sustainable solutions that can reach hundreds of millions of people, Chris oversees Global Development’s portfolio in Emergency Response; Family Planning; Maternal, Newborn & Child Health; Nutrition; Polio Eradication; and Vaccine Delivery. A common theme of these programs is innovative and integrated delivery, including an emphasis on strengthening of primary health care systems. Chris’s professional background is in public health and medicine. Prior to joining the Gates Foundation in February 2012, he worked in various positions and countries for international nonprofit organizations, most recently serving as the president and CEO of PATH, an international, nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the health of people around the world by advancing technologies, strengthening systems, and encouraging healthy behaviors. Chris holds an M.D. from Creighton University, having completed postgraduate training in internal medicine at the University of California San Francisco, and an M.P.H. from the University of Washington, where he was a fellow in the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
Baruch Fischhoff is Howard Heinz University Professor, Department of Engineering and Public Policy and Institute for Politics and Strategy, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). A graduate of the Detroit Public Schools, he holds a BS (mathematics, psychology) from Wayne State University and a PhD (psychology) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and of the National Academy of Medicine. He is past President of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making and of the Society for Risk Analysis. He has chaired the Food and Drug Administration Risk Communication Advisory Committee and been a member of the Eugene (Oregon) Commission on the Rights of Women, the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee and the Environmental Protection Agency Scientific Advisory Board, where he chaired the Homeland Security Advisory Committee. He has received the American Psychological Association (APA) Award for Distinguished Contribution to Psychology, CMU’s Ryan Award for Teaching, an honorary Doctorate of Humanities from Lund University, and an Andrew Carnegie Fellowship. He is a Fellow of APA, the Association for Psychological Science, Society of Experimental Psychologists, and Society for Risk Analysis. His books include Acceptable Risk, Risk: A Very Short Introduction, Judgment and Decision Making, A Two-State Solution in the Middle East, Counting Civilian Casualties, and Communicating Risks and Benefits. He has co-chaired three National Academy Colloquia on the Science of Science Communication, as well as its committees on applying decision science to intelligence analysis and its committee on foundational science for cybersecurity.
David M. Michaels
David Michaels is an epidemiologist and Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health at the Milken Institute School of Public Health of George Washington University. He served as Assistant Secretary of Labor for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration from 2009 to 2017, the longest serving in the agency’s history. From 1998 to 2001, Dr. Michaels was Assistant Secretary of Energy for Environment, Safety and Health, charged with protecting the workers, community residents, and environment in and around the nation’s nuclear weapons facilities. In that position, he was the chief architect of the historic initiative to compensate nuclear weapons workers who were sickened by radiation, beryllium, and other toxic exposures. Much of Dr. Michaels' work has focused on protecting the integrity of the science underpinning public health, safety, and environmental protections. On the this topic, he is the author of Doubt is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health (Oxford University Press, 2008) and The Triumph of Doubt: Dark Money and the Science of Deception (Oxford University Press, 2020). He is a recipient of the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s Scientific Freedom and Responsibility Award, and the American Public Health Association’s David P. Rall Award for Advocacy in Public Health. Dr. Michaels is a member of the Board of Scientific Counselors of the National Toxicology Program, the Administrative Conference of the United States, and the Lucian Leape Institute of the Institute for HealthCare Improvement. He currently provides consulting advice on protecting workers from COVID-19 exposure to the Actors’ Equity Association and the National Football League Players Association.
Jewel Mullen is Associate Dean for Health Equity and Associate Professor of Population Health and Internal Medicine at the University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical School, as well as Director of Health Equity at Ascension Seton. An internist and psychosocial epidemiologist, Mullen is the former Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services where she also served as the acting Assistant Secretary for Health and acting Director of the National Vaccine Program Office. Formerly the commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Public Health, she led the agency’s successful implementation of an expanded childhood vaccine program. She also completed bioethics training and served on the Ethics Consultation Service at the University Of Virginia School Of Medicine. A former President of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, Dr. Mullen is a current member of the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Editorial Board. She also serves on the COVID-19 Expert Advisory Panel for the City of Austin, Texas. Dr. Mullen serves as a public health advisor to the Carnival Corporation and advises the Director of the CDC Foundation on development of internal organizational equity goals.
Saad B. Omer is the Director of the Yale Institute for Global Health, a Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology at Yale University, Schools of Medicine and Public Health and an Adjunct Professor at Yale School of Nursing. He has conducted studies in the United States, Guatemala, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Australia and South Africa. Dr Omer’s research portfolio includes epidemiology of respiratory viruses such as influenza, RSV, and - more recently - SARS-Cov-2 (COVID-19); clinical trials to estimate efficacy of maternal and/or infant influenza, pertussis, polio, measles and pneumococcal vaccines; and trials to evaluate drug regimens to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Moreover, he has conducted several studies on interventions to increase immunization coverage and acceptance. His work has also included public health preparedness strategies to effectively respond to large emerging and re-emerging infectious disease outbreaks. Dr Omer’s work has been cited in global and country-specific policy recommendations and has informed clinical practice and health legislation in several countries. Dr. Omer is the Co-Chair of the Lancet Commission on Vaccine Hesitancy in the US, serves on the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC) Working Group for Vaccine Hesitancy and is on the Board of Trustees for the Sabin Vaccine Institute. He is also a member of the WHO Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety, the WHO Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) Working Group on COVID-19 Vaccines, and the WHO SAGE Working Group on Measles and Rubella Vaccines. Dr. Omer is also currently an academic affiliate for the GAO’s Office of Evaluation Sciences. He has previously served on several advisory panels including the U.S. National Vaccine Advisory Committee, Presidential Advisory Council on Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria - Vaccine Innovation Working Group, WHO Expert Advisory Group for Healthcare Worker Vaccination, and the Public Health Committee of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
Daniel E. Polsky
Daniel Polsky is the 40th Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of Health Economics at Johns Hopkins University. He holds primary appointments in both the Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Carey Business School. From 1996-2016 he was on the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania, where he was the Robert D. Eilers Professor at the Wharton School and the Perelman School of Medicine. From 2012-2019 he served as executive director of the Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics. Dr. Polsky a national leader in the field of health policy and economics, has dedicated his career to exploring how health care is organized, managed, financed, and delivered, especially for low-income populations. His own research has advanced our understanding of the cost and quality tradeoff of interventions whether they are changes to large federal programs or local programs. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine. He serves on the Health and Medicine Committee for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He serves on the Congressional Budget Office’s Panel of Health Advisers and was the senior economist on health issues at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. He received a Master of Public Policy degree from the University of Michigan in 1989 and a PhD in economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1996.
Sonja A. Rasmussen
Sonja Rasmussen is Professor in the Departments of Pediatrics, Epidemiology, and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Florida (UF) College of Medicine and College of Public Health and Health Professions where she serves as director of UF’s Precision Health Program, which focuses on integration of genomics into clinical care. Dr. Rasmussen joined UF in 2018 after 20 years at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, where she held several scientific leadership roles. In her recent roles as a public health leader, she served as Deputy Director of the Influenza Coordination Unit, responsible for CDC’s pandemic influenza preparedness and response activities, and led CDC’s Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, an office with a $1.3 billion annual budget and >900 staff members, as Acting Director during the 2014 Ebola response. She served as Editor-in-Chief of CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series, the #1 journal in the field of epidemiology according to number of citations, and as the Director of the Division of Public Health Information Dissemination. Dr. Rasmussen was lead author of the paper confirming Zika virus as a cause of birth defects, published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2016. She served in leadership roles during several CDC responses to public health emergencies, including 2009 H1N1 influenza, H7N9 influenza, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Zika virus. Dr. Rasmussen received her BS in Biology and Mathematics with magna cum laude honors from the University of Minnesota-Duluth, her MS degree in Medical Genetics from the University of Wisconsin, and her MD degree with honors from University of Florida. She completed her pediatrics residency at Massachusetts General Hospital and her fellowship in clinical genetics at Johns Hopkins and University of Florida. Dr. Rasmussen is currently serving in a leadership role at the University of Florida in its response to COVID-19, including consulting with university leadership about containment and mitigation measures. She has published seven papers focused on what is known about this new virus in children and pregnant women. She is an author on >240 peer-reviewed publications and is the lead editor of The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual, released by Oxford University Press in 2019.
Arthur L. Reingold
Arthur Reingold is Professor and Head of the Division of Epidemiology at the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley, having joined the faculty there in 1987. His research interests encompass the prevention and control of infectious diseases in the US and internationally, particularly infections spread via the respiratory route and vaccine preventable diseases. He has previously served on the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the US Department of Health and Human Services and on the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunizations (SAGE) of the World Health Organization. He was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine (now the National Academy of Medicine) in 2003 and has previously served on multiple committees of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Art Reingold reports having prepared a report and been under a retainer agreement with a law firm in connection with a lawsuit regarding a patent dispute between Merck and Pfizer related to PCV13 vaccine. He is no longer under retainer.
Reed V. Tuckson
Reed Tuckson is Managing Director of Tuckson Health Connections, LLC, a health and medical care consulting business that brings people and ideas together to promote optimal health outcomes and value through innovation and integration across the fields of prevention; public health; consumer activation; quality care delivery; the translation of science and technology into value producing interventions; and optimization of big data and analytics. Previously, he enjoyed a long tenure as Executive Vice President and Chief of Medical Affairs for UnitedHealth Group; Senior Vice President for Professional Standards of the AMA; Senior Vice President of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation; President of the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science; and Commissioner of Public Health for the District of Columbia. Currently, Dr. Tuckson is President of the American Telemedicine Association and he serves on the Board of Directors of LifePoint Health, a leading hospital company dedicated to providing high-value care and services to growing regions, rural communities and vibrant small towns across the nation; Cell Therapeutics, Inc., a public corporation concerned with the development of cancer pharmaceuticals; and he is a special advisor to the CEO of ViTel Net, LLC, a leading innovator in telehealth solutions. Additionally, he serves on the National Advisory Council for Complementary and Integrative Health of the National Institutes of Health; he is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine, serving in a leadership position on the use of data and analytics in healthcare; he is a Board Member of The Arnold P. Gold Foundation, which is concerned with advancing humanism in medical care; an Advisory Board Member of the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics; and a Trustee of the Board of Howard University. Previously, Dr. Tuckson was a member of the Advisory Committee to the Director of the National Institutes of Health; served as Chairman of the Secretary of Health’s Advisory Committee on Genetics, Health and Society; and he has served on several U.S. Government cabinet level health advisory committees concerned with health reform, infant mortality, children’s health, violence, and radiation testing. He is a graduate of Howard University, Georgetown University School of Medicine, and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania’s General Internal Medicine Residency and Fellowship Programs, where he was also a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholar studying at the Wharton School of Business.
Michael Wasserman is a geriatrician and President of the California Association of Long Term Care Medicine. He has been an advocate for vulnerable older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic, as the lead author of “Diagnostic Testing for SARS-Coronavirus-2 in the Nursing Facility: Recommendations of a Delphi Panel of Long-Term Care Clinicians,” and, “An Aspirational Approach to Nursing Home Operations During the COVID-19 Pandemic.” He is Editor-in-Chief of Springer’s upcoming textbook, Geriatric Medicine: A Person Centered Evidence Based Approach. He previously served as CEO for Rockport Healthcare Services, overseeing the largest nursing home chain in California. Prior to that, he was the Executive Director, Care Continuum, for HSAG, the QIN-QIO for California. In 2001 he co-founded Senior Care of Colorado, which became the largest privately owned primary care geriatrics practice in the country, before selling it in 2010. In the 1990’s he was President and Chief Medical Officer for GeriMed of America, where he helped to develop GeriMed’s Clinical Glidepaths. In 1989, in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Doctor Wasserman published "Fever, White Blood Cells and Differential Count in Diagnosing Bacterial Infection in the Elderly,” the findings of which are now part of the McGeer Criteria, used widely in nursing homes to evaluate residents for infections.Dr. Wasserman is a graduate of the University of Texas, Medical Branch. He completed an Internal Medicine residency at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and a Geriatric Medicine Fellowship at UCLA. He was formerly a Public Commissioner for the Continuing Care Accreditation Commission. He was the lead delegate from the State of Colorado to the 2005 White House Conference on Aging, and co-chaired the Colorado Alzheimer’s Coordinating Council. Dr. Wasserman serves on the Boards’ of the Wish of a Lifetime Foundation and the American Geriatrics Society’s Foundation for Health in Aging.