Public Access Records Office
The National Academies
500 5th Street NW
Room KECK 219
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202) 334-3543
Email: paro@nas.edu
Project Information

Project Information


Peer Review of A Report Commissioned by the Social Security Administration on Required Mental Health Requirements for Selected Occupations


Project Scope:

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will form an ad hoc committee to review a report authored by Abt Associates, who served as contractors to the Social Security Administration. The report, "Synthesizing Information about Vocational Preparation Requirements, Occupational Tasks, and Required Functional Abilities in the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) System" provides guidance to SSA on the mental health requirements for specific occupations. 

SSA requests an evaluation of its contractor's methodology and selection of data used in accordance with the specific questions below, and to provide responsive findings and conclusions to SSA. The scope of the review is limited to the following questions:

1. Suitability of the database(s) utilized
Abt used the Department of Labor’s Occupational Information Network (O*NET) database to inform its ratings on social interactive and adaptive functional capacities.
• Was this an appropriate data source to use to identify occupations’ core tasks? 
• Was this an appropriate data source to use to inform the ratings?
• Were there other data sources that would be better to inform the ratings?

2. Soundness of the methodology to connect occupational tasks to social interactive and adaptive functional capacities
Abt used the judgement of a panel of experts that they assembled for this purpose and statistical analysis of O*NET data to connect tasks to specific vocational preparation (SVP) levels, social interaction, and adaptability. 
• Did Abt provide the expert work group with sufficient guidance and information to complete its task?  
• Did the expert work group use the O*NET data constructs appropriately and in a manner consistent with the limitations of the data? 
• Was Abt’s process for obtaining consensus ratings appropriate? 
• Was Abt’s meeting process effective to provide ratings?
• Considering the instructions and guidance provided by SSA, did Abt’s methodology provide a sufficient nexus to their findings?

3. Appropriateness of the expertise gathered to perform the analyses
The Abt expert work group deliberated upon the mental requirements of occupations. 
• Did the composition of the expert work group include appropriate expertise? 

4. Overall Confidence
• Were there any likely sources of bias or systematic error resulting from the data or methodology?
• Was it clear how Abt and the expert work group reached its conclusions? 
• Did Abt present its methodologies clearly?   

In accordance with OMB guidelines, reviewers shall limit their advice to an evaluation of the soundness of the methodologies Abt used to select appropriate O*NET data and to derive its ratings. The reviewers shall also evaluate whether the report identifies and characterizes any pertinent uncertainties in its ratings. 

Reviewers shall not replicate or evaluate individual ratings.


Status: Current

PIN: HMD-HCS-20-15

Project Duration (months): 4 month(s)

RSO: Kearney, Megan

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Board on Health Care Services

Topic(s):

Behavioral and Social Sciences
Health and Medicine



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 09/04/2020

Allen W. Heinemann - (Chair)
Allen W. Heinemann, Ph.D., is Director of the Center for Rehabilitation Outcomes Research at the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab and Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine. His research interests focus on health services research, psychosocial aspects of rehabilitation including substance abuse, and measurement issues in rehabilitation. He is the author of more than 300 articles in peer-reviewed publications and is the editor of Substance Abuse and Physical Disability published by Haworth Press. Dr. Heinemann is a diplomate in Rehabilitation Psychology (ABPP), and a fellow of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM) and the American Psychological Association (APA Division 22). During 2004-2005, he served as president of ACRM and the Rehabilitation Psychology division of the American Psychological Association. He serves as co-editor-in-chief for the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and on the editorial boards of several journals including the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation Psychology. He is the recipient of the APA Division 22 Roger Barker Distinguished Career Award. He serves on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Committee of Medical Experts to Assist Social Security on Disability Issues and previously served on the Committee on Improving the Disability Decision Process: SSA’s Listing of Impairments and Agency Access to Medical Expertise. He received a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Kansas.
Susan McGurk
Susan McGurk, Ph.D., is a professor of Occupational Therapy, with a secondary appointment in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and is Senior Researcher of the Center of Psychiatric Rehabilitation at Boston University. Dr. McGurk is a neuropsychologist, with expertise in serious mental illnesses, and vocational rehabilitation, and community based implementation of cognitive remediation programming. Her research program addresses methods and mechanisms in cognitive remediation, cognitive self-management strategies, and the role of cognitive impairments in difficulties with employment, academic pursuits, and independent living in persons with serious psychiatric illnesses, and in other conditions affecting cognition and community functioning. Ongoing research projects address the use of physical exercise to enhance cognitive remediation-related neuroplastic processes; tablet-based home practice of computerized cognitive exercises in people with schizophrenia seeking work; a multi-site dismantling study to evaluate cognitive and work benefits of the specific components of a cognitive enhancement program developed by McGurk and Colleagues, The Thinking Skills for Work Program (TSW); and the development of a scaled up training model for practitioners of TSW. Dr. McGurk received her Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Kathleen Mullen
Kathleen Mullen, Ph.D., is a Senior Economist at the RAND Corporation and director of the RAND Center for Disability Research. Her work addresses the economics of retirement, health, and disability, with an emphasis on the incentive effects of social insurance programs such as Social Security and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI). In her research, Mullen has employed a variety of research designs applying both reduced form and structural econometric methods. She has pursued research on, among other things, the effects of SSDI receipt on labor supply; the effects of long waiting times on the subsequent labor force participation and earnings of rejected SSDI applicants; how changes in eligibility requirements affect SSDI or Social Security claiming; and the effects of changes in Social Security or disability insurance incentives in other countries on labor supply for workers at older ages, and what those findings suggest about potential evaluations of reforms in the United States. Mullen received her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago.
Elizabeth K. Rasch
Elizabeth K. Rasch, P.T., Ph.D., is a Staff Scientist and Chief in the Epidemiology and Biostatistics Section at the NIH Clinical Center, Rehabilitation Medicine Department. A physical therapist for more than 40 years, Dr. Rasch was one of the first clinical specialists in neurology to be board certified by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties. From 2001 to 2007 she was a service fellow in the Office of Analysis and Epidemiology at the National Center for Health Statistics, CDC. During this time, she was actively involved in the Washington Group on Disability Statistics, an international group developing measures of disability suitable for censuses and surveys worldwide. As Chief of the Epidemiology and Biostatistics Section in the NIH Rehabilitation Medicine Department, she currently supports projects involving collaborations with major institutions, and has been instrumental in implementing an inter-agency agreement with the Social Security Administration to improve their disability determination process. Her research is directed toward promoting the health, participation, and full inclusion of people with disabilities in family and community life by informing and impacting health services, programs, and policies. More specifically, she studies the development and consequences of secondary conditions among adults with disabilities, the effects of these conditions on function over time, the structure of health care services to best address the needs of adults with complex health profiles, and the measurement of whole-person function as an important clinical and population health outcome. Dr. Rasch has co-authored over 60 articles. She is a member of the Editorial Board for the Disability and Health Journal.

Events


Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

On October 14, 2020, the Committee for a Peer Review of a Report Commissioned by the Social Security Administration on Required Mental Health Requirements for Selected Occupations will hold a virtual meeting closed to the public. If you have any questions, please contact Torrie Brown, vbrown@nas.edu, for more information.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Torrie Brown
Contact Email:  vbrown@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Allen Heinemann
Kathleen Mullen
Elizabeth Rasch

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

· Review of the draft report
· Assignment delivery schedule and entering review
· Scheduling next meeting

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

· Current report draft

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
October 14, 2020
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

On September 17, 2020, the Committee for a Peer Review of a Report Commissioned by the Social Security Administration on Required Mental Health Requirements for Selected Occupations will hold a virtual meeting closed to the public. For more information, please contact Torrie Brown at vbrown@nas.edu.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Torrie Brown
Contact Email:  vbrown@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

1. Allen Heinemann
2. Susan McGurk
3. Kathleen Mullen
4. Elizabeth Rasch

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

- Conflict and bias discussion
- Review of statement of task and schedule
- Discussion of review questions
- Planning for second meeting

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

- Briefing books

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
September 30, 2020
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office
Publications

No data present.