An ad hoc committee will conduct a consensus study on the causes and consequences of the opportunity gap for young children from birth to age eight. The committee will:
• Identify and describe the opportunity gap (the potential causes--societal conditions that preclude equal access to high-quality educational opportunities) and its relationship, if any, with the achievement gap (the effect--subgroups of children who demonstrate lower performance than others and subgroups of children who do not achieve at a recognized level of performance).
• Review available research on the effects of the opportunity gap on children from birth to age eight and its relationship to demographic characteristics and institutional racism and discrimination.
• Review available evidence on family and community factors, and pre-K to grade 3 school factors, that promote, mitigate, or diminish opportunities and achievement for children.
• Discuss the economic costs posed by the opportunity gap and the potential economic benefits of investing in strategies, interventions, and policies to address opportunity gap concerns for children from birth to age eight.
• Review evidence on promising federal and state government policy and program interventions that have addressed opportunity gap concerns for children from birth to age eight.
· Develop recommendations for education policy, practice, and research to better understand the opportunity gap and promote success for all students pre-K to grade 3.
· Identify the potential roles, actions and supports appropriate for philanthropy to assist in addressing the opportunity gap for young children from birth to age eight.
The committee will produce a consensus report that synthesizes the information gathered on the relationship between the opportunity and achievement gaps for young children from birth to age eight, and make recommendations on how to improve conditions and promote success for children--at home, in communities, and in schools.