MARK GIBBS serves as the Head of Space Weather for the UK Met Office where he has worked for nearly 30 years as a meteorologist. During that time he has undertaken a range of roles including flying on the Met Office’s atmospheric research aircraft and also developing a health forecasting capability. Since late 2010, he has led the development of space weather forecasting within the Met Office. This work has led to the creation of a manned 24x7x365 Space Weather Operation Centre within the Met Office, only the third center globally to be fully operational. Work is currently focusing on understanding the particular user requirements of the sectors vulnerable to space weather and understanding how you communicate effectively with the public on such a high impact/low probability event. In his role as Head of Space Weather he is also a member of the UK’s Space Environment Impacts Expert Group; the UK representative on the International Space Environment Services organization; a member of the UN COPUOS, Science & Technology Sub-Committee, Expert Group on Space Weather; and an advisor of the ICAO Met Panel Working Group on Meteorological Information and Service Development, Space Weather Sub-group. Dr. Gibbs has no previous National Academies’ experience.
Janelle V. Jenniges
JANELLE V. JENNIGES, MAJ. USAF, is Chief, Space Weather Integration, Weather Strategic Plans at Interagency Division, Directorate of Weather, HQ USAF. Her previous positions include: Assistant Professor of Space Physics, Air Force Institute of Technology-Graduate School of Engineering & Management, Wright-Patterson AFB, Aug 2015 – Jul 2017; and Flight Commander, Space Weather Operations Center, 2nd Weather Squadron, Air Force Weather Agency, Offutt AFB, Apr 2011 – Aug 2012. Her research covers a wide range of topics in space physics including the improved specification of ionospheric space weather models, the structure of the high-latitude electric fields, and the transition of cutting-edge research to operational forecast products. She received her Ph.D. in physics in 2015 from Utah State University. In 2005, then Lt. Jenniges received the Air Force’s Cadet of the Year award. She has no previous National Academies’ experience.
Conrad C. Lautenbacher
CONRAD C. LAUTENBACHER, Jr., VADM USN (Ret) is the Chief Executive Officer of GeoOptics, Inc., which is also a member of the American Commercial Space Weather Association. Dr. Lautenbacher retired as Vice Admiral from the U.S. Navy, where he was Commander of the U.S. Third Fleet. Admiral Lautenbacher also served as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations in charge of programs and budget. After leaving the Navy he served as Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and as the eighth Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 2001-2008. Before joining NOAA, Lautenbacher formed his own management consultant business, and worked principally for Technology, Strategies & Alliances Inc. He also has been president and CEO of the Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education (CORE), a non-profit organization of institutions of higher learning with a mission to increase basic knowledge and public support across the spectrum of ocean sciences. Dr. Lautenbacher is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in applied mathematics from Harvard University. From 2001-2008 he was an ex-officio member of the NRC Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable.
WILLIAM MURTAGH currently serves as the Program Coordinator for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) in Boulder, Colorado. He is NOAA’s space weather lead in coordinating preparedness and response efforts with industry, emergency managers, and government officials around the world. He also serves as the National Weather Service lead in the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), interagency committee to develop and implement actions in the 2019 National Space Weather Strategy and Action Plan (NSW-SAP). He is the co-chair of the interagency space-weather working group responsible for implementing the NSW-SAP plans and procedures for responding to and recovering from space weather events. He is also NOAA’s lead in the National Security Council interagency committee responsible for the development and implementation of Executive Order 13865 - Coordinating National Resilience to Electromagnetic Pulses. In November 2016, he completed a 26-month assignment in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) as the Assistant Director for Space Weather. In his position at OSTP he oversaw the development and implementation of the 2015 National Space Weather Strategy and Action Plan and coordinated efforts to develop Executive Order 13744 (2016) –“Coordinating Efforts to Prepare the Nation for Space Weather Events.” He regularly briefs the White House, Congress, and other government leadership on vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure to space weather storms. He is also a key contributor in U.S. government efforts to advance international cooperation in space weather-related activities. Before joining NOAA, he was a weather forecaster in the United States Air Force. He coordinated and provided meteorological support for national security interests around the world. He transferred to the SWPC in 1997 as a space weather forecaster and liaison between NOAA and the U.S. Air Force. He joined NOAA in 2003 after retiring from the Air Force with 23 years of military service. He has no previous service on National Academies’ committees.
Mark A. Olson
MARK A. OLSON is Senior Engineer of Reliability Performance Analysis, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), where he works on geomagnetic disturbance mitigation. The mission of NERC is to ensure the reliability of the Bulk-Power System in North America; understanding the effects of geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) on bulk power systems and the ability of the industry to mitigate their effects are important to managing system reliability. Prior to joining NERC, Mr. Olson was an officer in the U.S. Navy where he served in various positions related to the operations and management of surface ships and naval personnel. He has a master's degree in electrical engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School and a bachelor’s degree from the U.S. Naval Academy. He has no previous service on National Academies’ committees.
Larry J. Paxton
LARRY J. PAXTON is a member of the Principal Professional Staff at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) and Chief Scientist - Geospace. Paxton is the principal investigator on seven instruments that have flown in space. His research interests include space science, space technology, satellite- and ground-based mission design, the implications of global climate change for the stability of nations; and innovation. He is particularly interested in new instruments that characterize the geospace environment. He has published over 260 papers on these subjects. He is an Academician member of the International Academy of Astronautics and the past president of the American Geophysical Union’s Space Physics and Aeronomy section (2016-2018). His awards include JHU/APL Publication of the Year Awards; JHU/APL Government Purpose Invention of the Year Nominee; and Best Paper – 7th IAA Symposium on Small Satellites for Earth Observation. Other recent relevant experience includes JHU’s Global Water Institute and the JHU Earth Environment Sustainability and Health Institute as well as the NASA Heliophysics Roadmap Committee; NSF Aeronomy Review Panel and NSF Aeronomy Committee of Visitors; chair of IAA Commission 4 and Small Satellite Program Committee. He earned his Ph.D. in astrophysical, planetary, and atmospheric sciences from the University of Colorado in Boulder. He has served on several committees of the Academies, including the Committee on the Effects of Solar Variability on Earth's Climate: A Workshop, and the Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) Panel on Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Interactions. He is currently serving on the Space Studies Board.
TUIJA I. PULKKINEN, NAS, is chair and professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor in the Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering. Her research interests cover widely solar wind - magnetosphere - ionosphere coupling, storm and substorm dynamics, energy and plasma transport from the solar wind into the magnetosphere - ionosphere system, and auroral region electrodynamics and its coupling to the magnetosphere. Previously, she served as professor, vice president, and dean of the School of Electrical Engineering at the Aalto University in Espoo, Finland. Prior to her time time at Aalto University, she was a scientist, unit head, and research professor at the Finnish Meteorological Institute in Helsinki, Finland. She received her Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Helsinki in 1992. She has been awarded the EGU Julius Bartels Medal, the AGU Fellowship and James B. Macelwane Medal, Academia Europaea, associate of the Royal Astronomical Society, and Finnish Academy of Sciences and Letters. She earned her Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Helsinki. She is currently a member of the SSB Committee on Solar and Space Physics and has previously served on the Academies’ Arctowski Medal Selection Committee.
PETE RILEY is Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Senior Research Scientist at Predictive Science Inc. (PSI). He is particularly interested in 3D, time-dependent MHD simulations of large-scale heliospheric processes, including solar wind streams and coronal mass ejections. His expertise lies primarily in developing, testing, and running massively parallel computer codes, which are run on a range of parallel architectures, from small clusters to large supercomputers, such as NSF's Ranger and NASA's Pleiades. He also analyzes a variety of solar and interplanetary datasets, and is a member of the STEREO, Ulysses, and ACE plasma instrument teams. He is also a member of the Solar Probe and Solar Orbiter magnetometer instrument teams. In 1998, he was awarded a group achievement award for his contribution to the Advanced Composition Explorer mission and co-won the 2006 SAIC RDT&E Group performance award. He has published over 60 papers in the field of space physics, and particularly in the area of heliospheric physics. He was an editor, and subsequently Chief Editor for Reviews of Geophysics, and, before that, an associate editor with GRL. Previously, he served as chair for NSF's SHINE steering committee and he is currently serving on NSF's Space Weather benchmarks steering committee, a follow-on to the NSF Space Weather Benchmarks Phase I study. Additionally, he chairs the 2019 Induced Geo-Electric Fields working group and is also co-lead of the real-time forecasting validation planning group for the CCMC's IMF Bz, which in turn, is part of the IMF Bz at L1 working team, also co-lead by him. Currently, he is a principal investigator for a number of projects supported by NASA, NOAA, NSF, and DoD. He received his Ph.D. in space physics and astronomy in 1994 from Rice University. He has no previous National Academies’ experience.
Ronald E. Turner
RONALD E. TURNER is Distinguished Analyst with Analytic Services (ANSER) Inc., which in 2004 became the parent institution of the Homeland Security Institute, the only Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC) dedicated to the Department of Homeland Security. Dr. Turner is an internationally recognized expert in radiation risk management for astronauts, particularly in response to solar storms. For nine years he was the ANSER point of contact to the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC), an independent institute charged with creating a vision of future space opportunities to lead NASA into the twenty-first century, and he is currently the Senior Science Advisor to the new, NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts Program. He was a Participating Scientist on the Mars Odyssey program. He is on the Advisory Council to the National Space Biomedical Research Institute Center for Acute Radiation Research. He served on an NRC Committee looking at precursor measurements necessary to support human operations on the surface of Mars (May 2002). He was chair of the NRC Human Health and Support Technologies panel of the NASA Capabilities Technology Roadmap Review in 2005. He supported an NRC report on Space Physics Support to NASA's Exploration Vision. He earned his Ph.D. in physics from the Ohio State University. He has served on several National Academies’ committees including the Committee on Solar and Space Physics, the Committee to Review NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks, and the Committee for the Evaluation of Radiation Shielding for Space Exploration.