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Email: paro@nas.edu
Project Information

Project Information


Initial Closure Planning for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants


Project Scope:

Drawing on previous National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine reports that addressed the closure of chemical agent disposal facilities, and on information that will be provided by the Program Executive Office for Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (PEO ACWA), the committee will:

  • Identify lessons learned, significant risks, or issues that arose during the closure of Chemical Materials Agency (CMA) chemical agent disposal facilities that would be applicable to the closure of the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant (PCAPP) and the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant (BGCAPP), including the treatment of hydrolysates and liquid secondary wastes. Aspects of closure to be covered will include, but not necessarily be limited to, the deconstruction of large and complex industrial facilities, decontamination, environmental permitting and safety, the handling and disposal of hazardous materials, and occupational safety and health.
  • Make findings and recommendations to assist PEO ACWA in defining best practices and approaches for the closure of PCAPP and BGCAPP.

Status: Current

PIN: DEPS-NMMB-19-02

Project Duration (months): 6 month(s)

RSO: Lancaster, James

Topic(s):

Conflict and Security Issues
Engineering and Technology



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 07/19/2019

Timothy J. Shepodd - (Chair)
Dr. Shepodd is the deputy director of the Mission Engineering Sciences organization at Sandia National Laboratories, in Livermore, CA. He manages a line of approximately 50 scientists, engineers, software developers, and operations personnel in three groups, supporting numerous government sponsors. His group develops and deploys tools for national security. Previously, Dr. Shepodd managed chemistry and security-focused teams studying fundamental chemistry and materials science issues that supported high-rigor hardware for national security missions including the nuclear stockpile, chemical weapon demilitarization, solar energy materials, explosives chemistry, and corrosion in extreme environments.
Dr. Shepodd has participated on the National Academies’ standing Committee on Chemical Demilitarization since 2013, as chair since 2018. In this role, he has witnessed the construction, containment philosophy, and operational evolution of the PCAPP and BGCAPP sites. He also served on the Committee on Assessment of Supercritical Water Oxidation System Testing for the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant from 2012-2013.
Dr. Shepodd is a co-inventor and lead chemist for the Explosives Destruction System, the mobile destruction system used to batch-neutralize thousands of explosively configured chemical munitions both inside and outside the continental United States. He developed procedures, recipes, and analytical protocols with host sites to confirm the destruction of many chemical warfare agents. Dr. Shepodd also developed a prototype reactor for the Batch-SCWO (supercritical water oxidation) of explosively configured chemical munitions and designed and qualified air filters for the system’s interface to the outside world.
Dr. Sheppod received his B.S. in chemistry from the University of California, Los Angeles; and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry, from the California Institute of Technology.
Robin Coyne
Ms. Coyne is the principal of Spike Occupational Health and Safety, LLC where she offers industrial hygiene and safety consulting services and training. Prior to Spike, Ms. Coyne was the director - health, safety, and environment for Central Garden & Pet, an innovator, marketer, and producer of quality branded products for consumer and professional use in the lawn and garden and pet supplies markets. She led a team of seven environmental health and safety (EHS) professionals that served as the primary EHS resource for over fifty Central Garden & Pet manufacturing and distribution facilities. Significant engineering projects spearheaded included addressing hazards associated with combustible dust operations and pesticide manufacture, resulting in mitigation of explosion hazards while doubling production capacity and non-detectable employee exposures to the active pesticide ingredient. Ms. Coyne also managed health and safety programs for RR Donnelley, Senior Flexonics and G.D. Searle. Of note while managing the Searle industrial hygiene program, Ms. Coyne led hazard assessments of new products, processes, and capital projects, including: establishment of exposure limits, sampling and analytic methods, and investigation of physical and environmental hazards, resulting in the proactive implementation of controls to mitigate hazards. Ms. Coyne is a certified industrial hygienist and a registered occupational hygienist (Canada). She earned a B.S. in biomedical engineering in 1977 from Northwestern University and an M.B.A. in 1987 from Roosevelt University.
Aaron H. Goldberg
Mr. Goldberg is a Principal of the law firm Beveridge & Diamond, P.C., where he focuses on U.S. and international regulatory requirements for managing hazardous wastes, transporting hazardous materials and dangerous goods, and ensuring that industrial chemicals are not diverted to use in making illicit drugs or chemical weapons. His work includes helping companies determine whether they require hazardous waste facility permits under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, apply for such permits, appeal permit conditions, and comply with the terms of their permits. Mr. Goldberg previously worked as a consultant to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and a legal analyst in the White House Office of Management and Budget. He earned a Bachelor of Science in chemistry, with high honors, from Yale University, as well as a Master of Science in chemistry from the California Institute of Technology. He received his Juris Doctor degree from Stanford Law School.

Gary S. Groenewold
Dr. Groenewold is a senior scientist in the Energy and Environment Directorate at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), where he has conducted research in surface chemistry, gas-phase chemistry, and analytical measurement since 1991. His research has focused on determining speciation and reactivity of radioactive and toxic metals (U, Np, Pu, Hg), and of toxic organic compounds (including VX, mustard, and sarin). He received a Ph.D. in chemistry at the University of Nebraska in 1983, where he studied ion molecule condensation and elimination reactions under the direction of Michael Gross. He has authored more than 130 research articles in these areas, and has served on or chaired seven ad hoc committees on chemical demilitariztion and has both served on and chaired the standing Committee on Chemical Demlitarization.
Deborah L. Grubbe
Ms. Grubbe is the owner and president of Operations and Safety Solutions, LLC.
Previously, she was vice-president of Safety Change Management at BP where she was accountable to establish overall safety leadership and cultural improvement for five U.S. refineries. Prior to that, Ms. Grubbe was the vice president of Group Safety at BP in London, U.K., where she assessed, developed, and executed the group safety strategy. Ms. Grubbe graduated with a Bachelor of Science in chemical engineering with highest distinction from Purdue University. She received a Winston Churchill Fellowship to attend Cambridge University in England, where she received a Certificate of Post-Graduate Study in Chemical Engineering. She is a registered professional engineer in Delaware. Ms. Grubbe has been a member of several NRC committees related to the demilitarization of chemical weapons, to include the 2002 NRC report, Closure and Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Report.
David S. Kosson
Dr. Kosson is the Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Engineering and Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Vanderbilt University, where he also has joint appointments as Professor of Chemical Engineering and Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences. Professor Kosson earned Ph.D. and M.S. in chemical and biochemical engineering, and his B.S. in chemical engineering, from Rutgers University. He also is principal investigator of the multi-university Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (CRESP). Professor Kosson’s research focuses on management of nuclear and chemical wastes, including process development and contaminant mass transfer applied to groundwater, soil, sediment and waste systems. His research also includes durability and performance assessment of cement and concrete systems in long-term environmental settings for nuclear and non-nuclear applications. His research in collaboration with the Energy Research Centre of The Netherlands on leaching of contaminants from wastes and construction materials and development of the leaching environmental assessment framework (LEAF) is currently providing the foundation for environmental regulation of these materials at USEPA, the Netherlands Ministry of Environment and the European Union’s Directorate General for the Environment. Professor Kosson has served on and chaired committees of the National Academies focused on chemical weapons demilitarization for more than 20 years, including the Committee on Review and evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Professor Kosson has participated in or led many external technical reviews on nuclear waste processing for the Department of Energy including for tank wastes and a range of technology approaches at Hanford, Savannah River, and Idaho sites.
Murray G. Lord
Mr. Lord is an Associate Global Technology Director in the Environmental Technology Center at Dow Chemical Company. He is responsible for technology development and technical support for Dow’s Global Environmental Operations which includes project areas in process optimization, technology development, and capital project execution. Mr. Lord has experience in project areas across multiple business and technology areas and has experience in starting up and operating industrial processes. He has served on four past chemical demilitarization committees, most recently on the committee on Metrics for Successful Supercritical Water Oxidation System Operation at BGCAPP. He is also a member of the standing Committee on Chemical Demilitarization.
Styron N. Powers
Mr. Powers is a health, safety, security, and the environment (HSSE) senior consultant for EHS-Process Safety Management (PSM) Risk Services. Before that, he was vice president for environmental health safety and logistics security at US Foodservice. Prior to that he was the director for HSSE at BP Refining and Marketing, Global Fuels Value Chain. Prior to that, Mr. Powers held senior HSSE positions for Invensys, RR Donnelly, and Lockheed Martin. He is a member of the board of directors of the Virginia Tech Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering. Mr. Powers was educated at Harvard’s Advanced Management Program (2002); he holds an M.B.A. from Rutgers University and B.S. degrees in chemical engineering and biological life sciences from North Carolina State University. He is a certified safety engineer and certified hazardous materials manager.
Stanley I. Sandler
Dr. Sandler is the Henry B. du Pont Chair of the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Delaware. He is also the director for the Center for Molecular and Engineering Thermodynamics and a professor of chemistry and biochemistry. His current research interests include applied thermodynamics and phase equilibrium, environmental engineering (the fate of chemicals in the environment, safety), computational quantum chemistry, computer-assisted engineering education, separations and purification (including of pharmaceuticals and proteins), computer-aided process design, and statistical mechanics. Dr. Sandler has served on three prior ad hoc committees addressing the Pueblo and Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants. Dr. Sandler earned his B.Ch.E. from the City College of New York and his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Minnesota.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

This is the only in-person meeting of this committee. The first part was for interacting with the sponsor and receiving any information the sponsor wishes to provide. The latter part consisted of closed working sessions for deliberations and writing.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jim Myska
Contact Email:  jmyska@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2632

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Timothy Shepodd
chair
Robin Coyne
Aaron Goldberg
Gary Groenewold
Deborah Grubbe
David Kosson
Muray Glenn Lord
Styron Powers
Stanley Sandler (NAE)

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Committee deliberations, work plan, report drafting

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
August 16, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Description :   

Teleconference to discuss the project status and any issues that need to be resolved, and plan for the August 13-16 meeting.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jim Myska
Contact Email:  jmyska@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2632

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Description :   

This teleconference was for the purpose of giving updates to and receiving updates from the committee and planning for the committee's August 13-16 meeting.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jim Myska
Contact Email:  jmyska@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2632

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Robin Coyne
Aaron Goldberg
Gary Groenewold
Deborah Grubbe
David Kosson
Glenn Lord
Styron Powers

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Staff update on project status
Committee updates on work status
Discussion of data gathering
Planning for August 13-16 meeting

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 26, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
TeleConference

Description :   

This is a closed committee teleconference to conduct the bias discussion and kick-off the committee's work. There is no data gathering and there are no public sessions.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  -
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Timothy Shepodd
chair
Robin Coyne
Aaron Greenberg
Gary Groenewold
Deborah Grubbe
David Kosson
Murry Glenn Lord
Styron Powers
Stanley Sandler

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Committee bias and composition
Work plan
Data gathering needs

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 24, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office
Publications

No data present.