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Project Information

Project Information


Implications of Discarded Weight-Based Drugs


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee under the auspices of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will examine federal health care costs, safety, and quality concerns associated with discarded drugs resulting from weight-based dosing of medicines contained in single-dose vials. Based on that review, the committee will identify relevant drugs and examine:

• Current delivery practices, including manufacturing, storage, and transportation guidelines,

• Guidance from relevant federal agencies to biopharmaceutical manufacturers and distributors,

• Federal drug reimbursement and cost-sharing policies,

• Implications of current dosing practice to patients’ safety and quality of care, and

• Financial consequences of discarded drugs.

The committee will issue a report with findings and recommendations to consider in order to reduce waste in the biopharmaceutical supply chain.  

Status: Current

PIN: HMD-HCS-19-05

Project Duration (months): 15 month(s)

RSO: Nass, Sharyl

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Board on Health Care Services

Topic(s):

Health and Medicine
Policy for Science and Technology



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 12/18/2019

Edward H. Shortliffe - (Chair)
Edward Shortliffe, M.D., Ph.D., (Chair) is Adjunct Professor of Biomedical Informatics at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons and at the College of Health Solutions at Arizona State University. He is also Adjunct Professor of Healthcare Policy and Research (Health Informatics) at Weill Cornell Medical College. He has served as President and Chief Executive Officer of the American Medical Informatics Association, Professor in the School of Biomedical Informatics at the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston, Professor of Biomedical Informatics at Arizona State University, Professor of Basic Medical Sciences and Professor of Medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine and founding dean of the Phoenix campus of the University of Arizona’s College of Medicine. He was the Rolf A. Scholdager Professor and Chair of the Department of Biomedical Informatics at Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City and Professor of Medicine and of Computer Science at Stanford University. He is a Master of the American College of Physicians and was a member of that organization’s Board of Regents. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Biomedical Informatics. A recipient of several awards including a research career development award from the National Library of Medicine, the Grace Murray Hopper Award of the Association for Computing Machinery, and the Morris F. Collen Award of the American College of Medical Informatics, he was also appointed as a Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Faculty Scholar in General Internal Medicine. His research interests include the broad range of issues related to integrated decision-support systems, their effective implementation, and the role of the Internet in health care. He received an A.B in Applied Mathematics from Harvard College, and both a Ph.D. in Medical Information Sciences and an M.D. from Stanford University. An elected member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the Association of American Physicians, and the American Clinical and Climatological Association, he has also been elected to fellowship in the American College of Medical Informatics and the American Association for Artificial Intelligence.. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
Julie Donohue
Julie Donohue, Ph.D., Vice Chair for Research, and Co-Director of the PhD Program in the Department of Health Policy and Management, in the Graduate School of Public Health at the University of Pittsburgh. She directs the Medicaid Research Center, which provides analytic support to Pennsylvania’s Medicaid program, and Co-Directs the Center for Pharmaceutical Policy and Prescribing (CP3). She conducts research on insurance coverage, financing and delivery of health care with a focus on behavioral health care and pharmaceuticals. Her pharmaceutical policy work has informed both Medicare and Medicaid policy. Together with AcademyHealth, she recently launched the Medicaid Outcomes Distributed Research Network (MODRN) to support state Medicaid policy evaluations. She holds secondary appointments in the Clinical and Translational Science Institute and is a faculty affiliate in the Health Policy Institute. She earned a PhD in health policy from Harvard University and completed a post-doctoral fellowship in pharmaceutical policy research at Harvard Medical School.
Anupam B. Jena
Anupam Jena, M.D., Ph.D., is the Ruth L. Newhouse Associate Professor of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School and a physician in the Department of Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital. He is also a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research. His research involves several areas of health economics and policy including the economics of physician behavior and the physician workforce, medical malpractice, the economics of health care productivity, and the economics of medical innovation. He is a recipient of the Eugene Garfield Award by Research America for his work demonstrating the economic value of medical innovation in HIV/AIDS. He a recipient of the NIH Director’s Early Independence Award to fund research on the physician determinants of health care spending, quality, and patient outcomes, and the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) New Investigator Award. He received his M.D. and Ph.D in Economics from the University of Chicago. He completed his residency in internal medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital. He served on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine ad hoc Committee on Diagnostic Errors in Health Care.
Tracy A. Lieu
Tracy Lieu, M.D., M.P.H., is director of the Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California. She leads a department of 600 people who conduct studies in clinical effectiveness, delivery science, and epidemiology to benefit Kaiser Permanente members and society at large. She is also a practicing pediatrician who has led internationally recognized research in vaccine safety and policy and childhood asthma. Before her current role, she was a professor and center director in the Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Harvard Medical School. Her national roles have included membership on the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and the chair of the Health Services Organization and Delivery study section of the National Institutes of Health. She was elected to the National Academy of Medicine for her use of decision sciences and economic evaluation to inform health policy.
Gary H. Lyman
Gary Lyman, M.D. M.P.H., serves as a senior lead for health care quality and policy within the Hutchinson Institute for Cancer Outcomes Research, or HICOR, at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and Professor of Medicine, Public Health and Pharmacy at the University of Washington. He is a board-certified medical oncologist, hematologist and public health researcher who focuses on comparative effectiveness, health technology assessment, and health services and outcomes research. He has served as an advisor to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Oncologic Drug Advisory Committee, and has been active in the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (formerly Cancer and Leukemia Group B), the SWOG Cancer Research Network, and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. He has served on the Breast Cancer Screening and Diagnosis Panel and the Growth Factors Panel for the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, and Chairs Clinical Practice Guidelines for the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the American Society of Hematology. He was Chief of Medicine at the Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute and Professor of Medicine at the University of South Florida, the University of Rochester, and Duke University. Additionally, he holds leadership positions within ASCO as well as the SWOG Cancer Research Network, for which he serves as executive officer for Cancer Care Delivery, Symptom Management and Quality of Life Research, and Immunotherapy. He earned his M.D. from the State University of New York and a Master of Public Health degree in Biostatistics from Harvard University School of Public Health and pursued postdoctoral training at the Roswell Park Cancer Center and Dana Farber Cancer Institute.
Kavita Patel
Kavita Patel, M.D., M.P.H., is a nonresident fellow at the Brookings Institution and a primary care physician in Washington DC. She advises health care technology and services organizations through New Enterprise Associates and is an advisor to the Bipartisan Policy Center. She is a member of the Department of Health and Human Services Physician Focused Payment Model Technical Advisory Committee. Previously, she consulted for biopharmaceutical companies, directed the health policy program at the New America Foundation, and served in the Obama administration as director of policy for the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement in the White House. She is a practicing physician with health care policy experience in the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee, where she was deputy staff director for health under Senator Edward Kennedy. She was selected as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum and is a Society of General Internal Medicine Advisory Board Member for the National Commission on Physician Payment Reform. She received her M.P.H from the University of California, Los Angeles and her M.D. from University of Texas Health Science Center.
Harold L. Paz
Harold Paz M.D., is executive vice president and chancellor for health affairs at The Ohio State University and chief executive officer of The Ohio State Wexner Medical Center. Before joining Ohio State in June 2019, he was executive vice president and chief medical officer at Aetna, where he led clinical strategy and policy at the intersection of all of Aetna’s domestic and global businesses. He reported to Aetna’s chairman and CEO, and was a member of its executive committee. Prior to joining Aetna, he served as president and CEO of the Penn State Hershey Health System, senior vice president for health affairs at the Pennsylvania State University and dean of its College of Medicine for eight years. Before his appointment at Penn State, he spent 11 years as dean of the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson University Medical Group. He is a fellow of the American College of Physicians and the American College of Chest Physicians. He is currently on the board of Research America. He is past chair of the board of directors of the Association of Academic Health Centers and a former board member of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and chair of the AAMC Council of Deans. He has served on a number of corporate and scientific boards in the healthcare and biotechnology field. He received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Rochester, a master of science in life science engineering from Tufts University and his medical degree from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. He completed his residency at Northwestern University, where he served as chief medical resident. He was a Eudowood Fellow in pulmonary and critical care medicine at Johns Hopkins Medical School. In addition, he was a postdoctoral fellow in environmental health science at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.
Deborah Schrag
Deborah Schrag, M.D., is medical oncologist and a health services researcher at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. She is chief of the Division of Population Sciences and a professor at Harvard Medical School. She is a clinician with longstanding focus on gastrointestinal cancers, particularly colorectal cancer. She is currently the Principal Investigator of the PROSPECT trial, a National Cancer Institute phase III clinical trial in locally advanced rectal cancer. Prior, she practiced medical oncology in the Division of Gastrointestinal Oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, where she was also an Associate Member and Associate Professor of Public Health and Medicine. Dr. Schrag is a fellow of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, an elected member of the Association of American Physicians and an Associate Editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association. She received her M.D. from Columbia University and M.P.H. from the Harvard School of Public Health.
Ya-Chen Tina Shih
Ya Chen Tina Shih, Ph.D., is professor at the Department of Health Services Research at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. She is also Chief, Section of Cancer Economics and Policy, Department of Health Services Research at the university. She applies methods of health economics, health services research, and pharmacoeconomics in medical research, in particular cancer research. She studies the diffusion of new medical technologies among various patients/provider subgroups and/or geographic areas, examines the impact of new technologies on the outcomes and costs of cancer care, and conducts methodological research on the analysis of medical cost data. She is currently working on several funded studies, including research that examines the costs, outcomes, and utilization patterns of new oncologic technology for cancer treatment, evaluates economic implications of targeted oral chemotherapy drugs, and develops novel statistical methods to estimate and project cost trajectories for cancer patients. Other ongoing research includes the assessment of the cost-effectiveness of cancer screening strategies and behavioral interventions. She is associate editor of Journal of the National Cancer Institute, and is on the editorial board of Value in Health, PharmacoEconomics, and Journal of Oncology Practice. She is a member of the American Cancer Society Guidelines Development Workgroup and was a member of the National Cancer Policy Forum at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Kenneth Silverman
Kenneth Silverman, M.S., is director of packaging technology, global technical operations at AstraZeneca. He manages a team of engineers responsible for commercializing innovative, standardized, sustainable commercial package systems for protein-based therapeutics including monoclonal antibodies, antibody drug conjugates, mRNA, DNA, Enzymes, Gene therapy and Cell therapy. He entered biopharmaceutical research and development over two decades ago as a lab manager for developing packaging systems for new protein-based therapeutics at Schering-Plough. He moved into medical device research and development at Merck Research Laboratories focusing on design control methodologies to assess and mitigate risk and ensure optimal device packaging system development from prototype to a commercially scalable device design for biologics. In 2012, he moved out of research and development into technical operations at Bristol Myers Squibb where he developed packaging, scaled up manufacturing and commercially launched Immuno-Oncology therapies including Opdivo, Yervoy and Empliciti. At Bristol Myers Squibb, he advanced from principal engineer to associate director where he harmonized and standardized Bristol Myers Squibb’s global packaging footprint for biologics. Ken Joined AstraZeneca in January 2018 where he is responsible for all biological packaging from late stage new molecular entities to commercialized products including Imfinzi, Fasenra, and Lumoxiti. He is currently responsible for assuring uninterrupted supply of protein-based therapeutics with a focus on optimal package design, excellence in manufacturing, harmonization, interchangeability, sustainability and simplicity. He is the single patent holder for a senior friendly single dose dispensing package (WO2009149267). He received his Masters and Bachelor of Science in Packaging Science degrees from the Rochester Institute of Technology.
Holly Taylor
Holly Taylor, Ph.D., M.P.H., is a research bioethicist in the Department of Bioethics, Clinical Center, at the National Institutes of Health. She was formerly Associate Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Core Faculty of the Berman Institute of Bioethics. She has served on the Institutional Review Boards of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine as well as IRBs in the government and private sector. Her primary interests are research ethics, local implementation of Federal policy relevant to human subject research, and qualitative research methods. She earned a Ph.D. in Bioethics and Health Policy from the Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, a M.P.H., from the University of Michigan School of Public Health, and a B.A. in Human Biology from Stanford University.
Jonathan Watanabe
Jonathan Watanabe, Pharm D., Ph.D., is associate professor of Clinical Pharmacy in the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of California San Diego. His research at UC San Diego focuses on pharmaceutical economic policy and health outcomes to improve health at the population level by examining how to improve medication-related health outcomes, particularly for the elderly and underserved populations. He served as an investigator and fellowship director for the San Diego Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program. He is a clinical consultant for the Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) Clinic in San Diego, California. He was the inaugural recipient of the University of Washington/Allergan Global Health Economics and Outcomes Research Fellowship. He serves the California State Legislature as a faculty content expert for the California Health Benefits Review Program and was a member of the advisory group on pain assessment and management standards for long-term care organizations for The Joint Commission. He is a Board Certified Geriatric Pharmacist. He received a B.S. in Zoology from the University of Washington, a Pharm D. from the University of Southern California, a M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Washington. He was the past recipient of the third NAM Fellowship in Pharmacy and is currently an inaugural Scholar in the NAM Emerging Leaders in Health and Medicine program.
Alastair J. Wood, MB C, FRCP
Alastair Wood, M.D., is Emeritus Professor of Medicine and Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology at Vanderbilt University. Previously, he was assistant vice chancellor for Clinical Research and associate dean of Vanderbilt Medical School. He has served as professor of Medicine and professor of Pharmacology at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York and has served on a number of editorial boards. He was a member of the New England Journal of Medicine editorial board, served as the Drug Therapy Editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, and on the editorial board of the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and the Scientist. He has previously served on the editorial boards of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics and Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition. He authored the chapter in Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine on Adverse Drug Reactions from the 9th through the 15th edition. He received his medical degree from St Andrew’s University and Dundee Medical School in Scotland. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
Robin Yabroff
K. Robin Yabroff, Ph.D., is an epidemiologist and Senior Scientific Director, Health Services Research at the American Cancer Society. She also serves as an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Medicine, the Johns Hopkins University and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University. Prior to joining the Surveillance and Health Services Research Program at the American Cancer Society, she held positions within the Office of Health Policy, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) in the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Health Services and Economics Branch of the National Cancer Institute, and the faculty of the Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University. She is an Associate Editor for the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, a founding member of the editorial board of the Journal of Cancer Survivorship, and a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Oncology Practice. She served as a guest editor for the Medical Care journal supplement, Health Care Costing: Data, Methods, Future Directions, and the Journal of the National Cancer Institute journal supplement, Comparing Cancer Care and Economic Outcomes Across Health Systems: Challenges and Opportunities. She holds an M.B.A from the University of Rochester and her PhD in epidemiology from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.
Francis Amankwan - (Staff Officer)

Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

Disclosure of Conflict of Interest: Harold Paz

The conflict of interest policy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (http://www.nationalacademies.org/coi) prohibits the appointment of an individual to a committee authoring a Consensus Study Report if the individual has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the task to be performed. An exception to this prohibition is permitted if the National Academies determines that the conflict is unavoidable and the conflict is publicly disclosed. A determination of a conflict of interest for an individual is not an assessment of that individual's actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.
Dr. Harold Paz has a conflict of interest in relation to his service on the Committee on Implications of Discarded Weight-Based Drugs because he currently owns shares of stock of Select Medical Corporation, United Surgical Partners International, and CVS Health. Dr. Paz receives financial remuneration from CVS Health through the end of May, 2020.
The National Academies has concluded that for this committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established, its membership must include at least one person who has direct current experience in the health care system and direct recent experience with a major health insurance company. As described in his biographical summary, Dr. Paz recently served in leadership position in the health insurance industry, and brings experience and expertise crucial for this study that will need to consider the impact of discarded drugs on health systems and private insurers.
The National Academies has determined that the experience and expertise of Dr. Paz is needed for the committee to accomplish the task for which it has been established. The National Academies could not find another available individual with the equivalent experience and expertise who does not have a conflict of interest. Therefore, the National Academies has concluded that the conflict is unavoidable.
The National Academies believes that Dr. Paz can serve effectively as a member of the committee, and the committee can produce an objective report, taking into account the composition of the committee, the work to be performed, and the procedures to be followed in completing the study.

Disclosure of Conflict of Interest: Kenneth Silverman

The conflict of interest policy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (http://www.nationalacademies.org/coi) prohibits the appointment of an individual to a committee authoring a Consensus Study Report if the individual has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the task to be performed. An exception to this prohibition is permitted if the National Academies determines that the conflict is unavoidable and the conflict is publicly disclosed. A determination of a conflict of interest for an individual is not an assessment of that individual's actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.
Mr. Kenneth Silverman has a conflict of interest in relation to his service on the Committee on Implications of Discarded Weight-Based Drugs because he is currently employed by a pharmaceutical manufacturer, AstraZeneca, as director of packaging technology, global technical operations. Also, Mr. Silverman is the single patent holder for a senior friendly single dose dispensing package (WO2009149267).
The National Academies has concluded that for this committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established its membership must include at least one person who has current experience in drug packaging. As described in his biographical summary, Mr. Silverman has extensive current experience in biological packaging from late stage new molecular entities to commercialized products at AstraZeneca, as well as recent prior experience at major biopharmaceutical companies Merck and Bristol-Myers Squibb. Mr. Silverman has direct experience with both synthetic and biologic molecules, sterile manufacturing, primary containers and secondary packaging materials including formulation.
The National Academies has determined that the experience and expertise of Mr. Silverman is needed for the committee to accomplish the task for which it has been established. The National Academies could not find another available individual with the equivalent experience and expertise who does not have a conflict of interest. Therefore, the National Academies has concluded that the conflict is unavoidable.
The National Academies believes that Mr. Silverman can serve effectively as a member of the committee, and the committee can produce an objective report, taking into account the composition of the committee, the work to be performed, and the procedures to be followed in completing the study.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Description :   

The first meeting of the Committee on Implications of Discarded Weight-Based Drugs will be on January 30-31, 2020 at the National Academies Keck Center located at 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, D.C.  January 30th will be a closed session in the morning, and a half day open session from 1:00pm to 5:30pm.  The second day, January 31st, will be a half day closed session.


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Annalee Gonzales
Contact Email:  agonzales@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2001

Supporting File(s)
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Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

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Publications

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