Public Access Records Office
The National Academies
500 5th Street NW
Room KECK 219
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202) 334-3543
Project Information

Project Information

Metrics for Successful Supercritical Water Oxidation (SCWO) System Operation at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant (BGCAPP) (BGCAPP SCWO Metrics)

Project Scope:

Based on the 2015 report Review Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant, the committee will:

  • Develop metrics that can be used to determine the success or risks of failure of the BGCAPP SCWO system . These are to be based on the Performance Goals for the SCWO and the WRS and the Graded Success Scale for Use in Evaluating Overall Operation and Individual Treatment Processes, both in the 2015 report for successful hydrolysate treatment.
  • Focus on the parameters of safety; performance; corrosion; and reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) and make recommendations for metrics.
  • Identify any “no-go” or “stop work” factors (e.g., safety) that would result in an immediate halt of BGCAPP SCWO operations.

Status: Completed


Project Duration (months): 5 month(s)

RSO: Braun, Bruce


Board on Army Science and Technology


Conflict and Security Issues
Engineering and Technology

Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 01/11/2019

Gary S. Groenewold - (Chair)
Dr. Groenewold is a senior scientist in the Energy and Environment Directorate at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), where he has conducted research in surface chemistry, gas-phase chemistry, and analytical measurement since 1991. His research has focused on determining speciation and reactivity of radioactive and toxic metals (U, Np, Pu, Hg), and of toxic organic compounds (including VX, mustard, and sarin). He received a Ph.D. in chemistry at the University of Nebraska in 1983, where he studied ion molecule condensation and elimination reactions under the direction of Michael Gross. He has authored more than 130 research articles in these areas and has served on several ad hoc committees for the National Research Council. Dr. Groenewold has served on seven chemical demilitarization committees and is thoroughly informed of the issues at BGCAPP and the concerns about the SCWO system.
Ronald M. Bishop
Mr. Bishop is the founder of AEHS, Inc., and president of A. H. Bishop and Associates. Both corporations provide environmental, health, and safety consulting services and training. He earned his bachelor of science degree from the University of Washington in Preventive Medicine (Environmental Health Engineering) and a masters degree of public health from the University of Minnesota in Industrial Hygiene with an additional concentration in Air Pollution. Mr. Bishop also served for two years as the director, Office of Safety and Health Protection, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory where he was responsible for all safety, industrial hygiene, OSHA, hazardous waste management, and technical training. Mr. Bishop spent 25 years in the U.S. Army with numerous environmental, safety, and health positions, retiring as a Colonel; the last assignment being the commander of the U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency. He has worked 20 years as an environmental, safety, and industrial hygiene consultant. Mr. Bishop also provides instruction for a myriad of courses, including indoor air quality, asbestos, lead courses, respiratory protection, LO/TO, HAZCOM, confined space, and OSHA’s 501 Voluntary Compliance.
Russell P. Lachance
Dr. Lachance is an associate dean and an associate professor of chemical engineering at the United States Military Academy. His active areas of research include waste-to-energy research, and chemistry and chemical engineering education. His work in SCWO includes the modeling of oxidation and hydrolysis reactions in supercritical water-free radical elementary reaction networks and their applications; the co-oxidation of methylphosphonic acid and ethanol in supercritical water; and thermochemical biofuel production in hydrothermal media. Dr. Lachance has earned a B.S. with a chemistry concentration from the United States Military Academy, an M.S. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering, also from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a retired from the Army with the rank of colonel.
Ronald M. Latanision
Dr. Latanision is the Corporate Vice President at Exponent, Inc. Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Latanision was the director of The H.H. Uhlig Corrosion Laboratory in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at M.I.T. and held joint faculty appointments in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and in the Department of Nuclear Engineering. He is now an emeritus professor at MIT. In addition, he is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of ASM International, NACE International, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Latanision’s research interests are focused largely in the areas of materials processing and in the corrosion of metals and other materials in aqueous (ambient as well as high temperature and pressure) environments. He specializes in corrosion science and engineering with particular emphasis on materials selection for contemporary and advanced engineering systems and in failure analysis. His expertise extends to supercritical water power generation and waste destruction. Dr. Latanision’s research interests include stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement of metals and alloys, water and ionic permeation through thin polymer films, photoelectrochemistry, and the study of aging phenomena/life prediction in engineering materials and systems. He speaks annually at MIT’s Reactor Technology Conference for Utility Executives. Dr. Latanision is a member of the International Corrosion Council and serves as co-editor-in-chief of Corrosion Reviews, with Prof. Noam Eliaz of Tel-Aviv University. Corrosion is a major concern with the BGCAPP SCWO system.
Murray G. Lord
Mr. Lord is Associate Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) Director in the EH&S Operations Technology Center at Dow Chemical Company. He is responsible for the research program for technology development for Global Environmental Operations which includes project areas in process optimization, technology development, and capital project execution. Mr. Lord has experience in project areas across multiple business and technology areas and has experience in starting up and operating industrial processes. He has served on three past chemical demilitarization committees, including the committee that authored the 2015 report that will be the basis for this activity and the 2013 Committee on Assessment of Supercritical Water Oxidation System Testing for the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. He is also a member of the standing Committee on Chemical Demilitarization.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

Added Dr. Russell Lachance effective January 11, 2019.



Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  

Description :   

The goals of this meeting are:

  •   Conduct administrative actions;
  •   Discuss Statement of Task and background with Sponsor;
  •   Receive SCWO update briefing;
  •   Draft the report to as complete a form as possible;
  •   Make committee writing assignments for post-meeting work; and
  •   Set process to complete report by January 31, 2019.

Registration for Online Attendance :   

Registration for in Person Attendance :   

If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Deanna Sparger
Contact Email:
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-3118

Supporting File(s)
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Gary Groenewold
Ronald Bishop
Russell Lachance
Ronald Latanision
Murray Glenn Lord

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Committee deliberations, report work, and the path to finishing the report

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:


Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 16, 2019
Publication(s) resulting from the event: