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Project Information

Project Information


Geographical Sciences Committee


Project Scope:

The Geographical Sciences Committee (GSC) provides high-quality scientific, technical, and policy advice and recommendations to society and to government at all levels using the methods of spatial analysis and representation. The geographical sciences focus on understanding responses to the impacts of changing biophysical and human environments. Place-based responses in domains ranging from health to urbanization, hazards to migration, can be characterized in terms of vulnerability, resiliency, adaptation, and sustainability. The GSC addresses the geographic dimensions of human-environment interactions, spatial location and concentration, and place-based research and policy at all spatial scales.

The GSC fosters international cooperation by serving as a liaison to other national geographical organizations and initiates collaborative research programs among those organizations. It provides advice to The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on all matters pertaining to geographical science, especially to the NAS Foreign Secretary on matters concerning international organizations, programs, and research. It serves as the official U.S. liaison to the International Geographical Union (IGU) and promotes and facilitates participation of U.S. geographers in the IGU.

Status: Current

PIN: DELS-BESR-18-P-91

RSO: Laney, Kara N.

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Topic(s):

Earth Sciences



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership


Carol P. Harden - (Chair)
CAROL P. HARDEN is a physical geographer whose research has focused on soil erosion, landslides, water resources, the movement of water and sediment through watersheds, and the complexities of human-environmental interactions. Her work has examined the role of human activity as a geomorphic agent in watersheds in the Ecuadorian Andes and the southern Appalachian Mountains. Dr. Harden is professor emerita of the Department of Geography at the University of Tennessee, where she was on the faculty for 28 years and served as department head for 7 years. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a Fulbright research scholar (Ecuador), and was vice president (2008–2009) and president (2009–2010) of the American Association of Geographers. She has been honored with distinguished career awards from the AAG's Southeastern Division and Geomorphology and Mountain Geography Specialty Groups. She is currently editor-in-chief of the journal Physical Geography and resides in Vermont. She has a B.A. in Environmental Studies/Ecology from Middlebury College and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Geography from the University of Colorado.
Budhendra L. Bhaduri
is a Corporate Research Fellow and the founding director of Urban Dynamics Institute at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. His research interests and experience include novel implementation of geospatial science and technology in sustainable development research, including population dynamics, urbanization and watershed impacts, energy resource assessment, and disaster management. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Between 2009 and 2012, he served on the Mapping Science Committee, the Committee on Geographic Information Science and Applications, and the Strategic Highway Research Program, Expert Task Group of the Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Sciences. Dr. Bhaduri is actively involved with academic collaborations and student engagement for research in geospatial science. He is a recipient of the 2017 Carolyn Merry Outstanding Mentor Award from the University Consortium of Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) and the Anderson Medal from the applied geography specialty group of the American Association of Geographers (AAG) in 2018. He is a founding member of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Geospatial Sciences Steering Committee and a recipient of the Department’s Outstanding Mentor Award for his dedicated service for developing future workforce for the nation. Dr. Bhaduri received his Ph.D. in Earth & Atmospheric Sciences from Purdue University. He has a M.S. from Kent State University, and a M.Sc. and a B.Sc. in Geology from University of Calcutta, India.
Marilyn A. Brown
Marilyn A. Brown is a Regents’ Professor in the School of Public Policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology, where she created and directs the Climate and Energy Policy Lab in the School of Public Policy. Prior to joining Georgia Tech, she worked for 22 years at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), where she conducted several national climate change mitigation studies, and became a leader in the analysis and interpretation of energy futures in the U.S. Her research focuses on the design and modeling of energy and climate policies, with an emphasis on the electric utility industry. While at ORNL, she was also an adjunct associate professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Tennessee, and prior to ORNL she was a tenured Associate Professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. From 2010 through 2017, Dr. Brown served on the Board of Directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority, where she helped put the agency on track to reduce its CO2 emissions in 2020 by 60% relative to 2005 and developed the concept of an “energy efficiency power plant”. She has authored more than 250 publications and six books including Fact and Fiction in Global Energy Policy (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016). Among her honors and awards, she is a co-recipient of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for co-authorship of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report on Mitigation of Climate Change. She has served on eight committees of the U.S. National Academies and currently is in her second term as a member of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Electricity Advisory Committee, where she is Vice Chair of the Smart Grid Subcommittee.
Janet Franklin
Janet Franklin (NAS) is Distinguished Professor of Biogeography at the University of California, Riverside. Her work addresses the impacts of human-caused landscape change on the environment. She previously held academic positions at Arizona State University, where she was a Regent's Professor, and San Diego State University. In 2014, Dr. Franklin was elected to the National Academy of Sciences her for significant advancement of the understanding of human impacts on ecosystems by developing novel species distribution models, combined with innovative geospatial analysis and extensive field work. Her research has garnered new insights into the impact of fire regimes on ecosystems and the role of early humans in shaping ecological communities. Dr. Franklin and her collaborators are studying methods for predicting species distributions from environmental variables to study the impacts of climate change and land use change on biodiversity; exploring the impacts of anthropogenically altered fire regimes and land use change on flora and fauna in mediterranean-type ecosystems; and understanding the long term impacts of human and natural disturbance on tropical forest island ecosystems in the Pacific and Caribbean. She and her team use research tools such as field surveys, statistical modelling, computer simulation, remote sensing, spatial analysis, and geographic information systems. She received her Ph.D. and M.A. in geography and a B.A. in environmental biology from the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Nancy L. Jackson
NANCY JACKSON is a professor in the Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. Her research focuses on coastal processes and management on beaches and dunes in estuarine and coastal environments. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Geological Society of America. She was awarded the Fulbright Distinguished Chair at the Polytechnic University of Turin in 2004 and received a second Fulbright Scholar award to Italy in 2013. She serves as an Associate Editor of Estuaries and Coasts and the Journal of Coastal Research. Dr. Jackson received a B.A. from Clark University, a M.Sc. from Antioch University-New England, and a Ph.D. from Rutgers University.
Glen M. MacDonald
GLEN M. MacDONALD (NAS) is the John Muir Memorial Chair of Geography, director of the White Mountain Research Center, and a University of California – Los Angeles Distinguished Professor. He is a former UC Presidential Chair and former director of the UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability. He is the UCLA co-PI for the Department of the Interior’s Southwest Climate Science Center. His research focuses on climate change, its causes, and its impact on the environment and society. He works with observational and other records in North America, Eurasia, and Africa. A particular focus of his research has been water resources and society in western North America and the global semi-arid regions. Dr. MacDonald is known for work on the concept of the ‘Perfect Drought.’ He has also worked extensively on the response of northern treeline and wetlands to climate change and the effects of this on global radiative balance. In recent years he has extended his research to coastal marshes and the effects of climate change and sea level rise. He is the author of over 150 scientific and popular press pieces and an award winning book on biogeography. He has also published op-eds in the Los Angeles Times and San Francisco Chronicle. He speaks widely to the public and policy makers and has provided presentations and testimony to a number of California state agencies and the US Senate Appropriations Committee. Dr. MacDonald is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a Guggenheim Fellow, and a Rockefeller Bellagio Resident. He has received the James J. Parsons Distinguished Career Award and the Henry C. Cowles Award for Excellence in Publication from the American Association of Geographers, the University of Helsinki Medal, a Visiting Fellowship and Life Membership at Clare Hall Cambridge, and a Visiting Fellowship at St. Catherine’s College, Oxford. He has also won distinguished teaching awards at McMaster University and UCLA.
William D. Solecki
WILLIAM “BILL” D. SOLECKI’s research focuses on urban environmental change, resilience, and environmental transitions. He has served as leader or co-leader of several climate impacts studies in the greater New York and New Jersey region, including the New York City on Panel on Climate Change (NPCC) and the New York State ClimAID report. He currently serves as the co-PI on the Climate Change Risk in the Urban Northeast (CCRUN) NOAA-funded RISA project which is designed to promote climate risk information for decision-makers and stakeholders in the urban Northeast US. Solecki is the participant on a recently NSF funded, Urban Resilience and Extreme Events (UrEX) Sustainability Research Network. He is a co-founder of the Urban Climate Change Research Network (UCCRN) and co-editor of the recent Climate Change and Cities Assessment (ARC3) Report. He also serves as the co-editor of the journals Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability and the Journal of Extreme Events. His Ph.D. is in Geography from Rutgers University.
Andrew Turner
ANDREW TURNER is the chief technology officer of the Esri R&D Center in Washington, DC, where he develops new methodologies and technology for geospatial web collaboration. In particular, his team works closely with government agencies to provide open public digital infrastructure to enable citizen engagement and improve decision making. Originally an aerospace engineer designing autonomous learning spacecraft control algorithms, Andrew became passionate about making advanced geospatial technology available to everyone for personal analysis and storytelling. He was the CTO of GeoIQ which was acquired by Esri in 2012. Andrew is a charter member of the Open-Source Geospatial Foundation, as well as the OpenStreetMap foundation, and he is also the co-founder of Crisiscommons, a global community of technology volunteers that support humanitarian assistance in disasters. Andrew is the author of "Introduction to Neogeography" and "Trends in Where2.0." Andrew received his B.S. in aerospace engineering and computer science from the University of Virginia and his M.S. in aerospace engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Events


Event Type :  
Lecture

Description :   

Geographical sciences have been instrumental at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories for addressing the nation’s energy, environment, and national security missions. In turn, over the last 75 years, the national laboratories have made key contributions to the development and applications of many areas in geographical and mapping sciences; from the early roots of geographical science in addressing basic scientific problems, to applications for an increasing diversity of problems of national priority including monitoring effects of nuclear testing, survey of nationwide energy reserves, environmental restoration, and response to national emergencies. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been a pioneer in embracing geography as a key disciplinary competency. As ORNL emerged as the leader in the world of high-performance computing, it presented a unique opportunity to explore the possibilities of employing the world’s largest supercomputers to emerging computational approaches in geographical sciences. This presentation will explore how research and development at a DOE national laboratory continues to shape the world of geographic data and geospatial computing to deliver novel real-world applications and address some of the compelling societal challenges in population and urban dynamics, sustainable energy and mobility, and climate change science.

 

Dr. Budhendra “Budhu” Bhaduri is a Corporate Research Fellow and the director of the National Security Emerging Technologies Division at ORNL. He holds professorial appointments with the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Over his career, he has catalyzed the integration of geographical sciences in the laboratory’s and DOE’s mission. Dr. Bhaduri’s research has had global impact and has benefited the U.S. federal missions, international organizations, and private foundations. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and currently serves on the Geographical Sciences Committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

 


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
https://2019gilbertwhitelecture.eventbrite.com


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Kara Laney
Contact Email:  klaney@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-1954

Agenda
-
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Kara Laney
Contact Email:  klaney@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-1954

Agenda
-
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

Effects of Energy Transition on Opportunities in Rural America

Although the US population is predominantly (>80%) urban, rural America will continue to play a critical role in shaping future national development. The nation's dependence on its rural people and landscapes is highlighted by the fact that energy, water, minerals, and biomass resources (food and fiber) will come largely from rural areas.

The energy sector is changing, with renewable sources supplying an increasing proportion of total energy and new technologies altering methods and locations of hydrocarbon extraction. What will be the ripple effects of this energy transition on rural lands and rural Americans? This is an inherently geographical question, as energy-related changes and their effects will differ at different locations. Moreover, geographers integrate component parts of a landscape system to understand their interactions and predict multi-faceted outcomes. In this case, the landscape system is rural America and the outcomes are not only the direct economic benefits of energy production, but also opportunities to enhance the many other functions of the rural landscape and its rural communities in the process of energy transition.
 

  1. What types of changes related to energy transition have already been observed in rural areas?
  2. What are the ripple effects of these changes to rural communities and states?
  3. What new opportunities in rural areas are expected to be associated with this transition?
  4. What new geographic patterns (e.g., of economic activity, human migration, environmental costs and benefits) are emerging (or expected to emerge) as a result of the energy transition?
     

This meeting will convene experts to speak to these questions and their implications for the future. They will address the current state of knowledge on relationships between energy resource development and other elements of the rural landscape system. The result will be an agenda for forward-looking geographical research to benefit the future of rural America.





If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Carly Brody
Contact Email:  cbrody@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2717

Agenda
-
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications