Vijay K. Dhir
VIJAY DHIR (NAE) is Distinguished Professor Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Previously, he served as dean of UCLA’s Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science for over a decade. He was previously the chair of the UCLA Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. His research focuses on two-phase heat transfer, boiling and condensation, thermal and hyrodynamic stability, thermal hydraulics of nuclear reactors, microgravity heat transfer, and soil remediation. In addition to his work at UCLA, for the past 30 years Dr. Dhir has been a consultant for numerous organizations, including General Electric Corporation, Rockwell International, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the Brookhaven National Laboratory. His work on boiling heat transfer and nuclear reactor thermal hydraulics and safety were the impetus for his being elected to the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Dhir is also a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the American Nuclear Society, a recipient of ASME’s Heat Transfer Memorial Award, and the senior technical editor for ASME’s Journal of Heat Transfer. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) has honored him with the Heat Transfer Memorial Award and the Robert Henry Thurston Lecture Award. The American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) honored him with the Donald Q. Kern award and the Max Jakob Memorial Award (awarded jointly with ASME). He is recipient of the Technical Achievement Award of the Thermal Hydraulics Division of the American Nuclear Society. Most recently, he received the Lifetime Achievement Award at ICCES (the International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences). Dr. Dhir has more than 300 publications in archival journals and proceedings of conferences. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from Punjab University in India, his M. Tech. in mechanical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, and his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Kentucky. He has served on the Academies Committee on Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants, the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, and the Committee on Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space and the standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
ALAIN KARMA is a professor of physics, an Arts and Sciences Distinguished Professor in the Department of Physics and Director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Complex Systems at Northeastern University. His primary research lies in theoretical understanding of the emergence of nonequilibrium patterns in nonlinear systems with applications to diverse problems in materials science and biology. In material science, his research focuses on the development and application of phase-field methods to a wide range of interface dynamics, with projects in microstructural pattern formation in alloys, stress-driven grain boundary motion, semiconductor nanowire growth, and fracture phenomena and crack propagation in brittle materials. In biology, his research focuses on understanding basic mechanisms of irregular heart rhythms. He earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California Santa Barbara. Dr. Karma has no prior Academies experience.
MOHAMMAD KASSEMI is a research professor at Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) in the department of mechanical and aerospace engineering. He is also the NASA Advanced Research Technology Support (ARTS) project director at CWRU. Prior to this, he was the chief scientist at the National Center for Microgravity Research at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, Ohio supporting fluids and combustion science research aboard the International Space Station (ISS). During his 28 years tenure at NASA GRC and 18 years at CWRU he has applied his expertise to a diverse set of multidisciplinary research problems in multiphase flow and transport, materials processing, microgravity fluid and thermal management, radiation heat transfer in semitransparent materials, capillary and interfacial phenomena, and microfluidics and physiological flows in biomedicine. He has also been principal investigator on nine fluids and materials NRA awards involving microgravity bubble dynamics, solidification and crystal growth from melt and vapor, and interaction of radiation with natural convection in materials processing. In the last ten years, Dr. Kassemi has developed integrated multi-scale fluid-structural-Interaction (FSI) models investigating the impact of weightlessness on the performance of human cardiovascular, vestibular and renal systems in support of the Digital Astronaut and Exploration Medical Capability projects within the NASA Human Research Program. Dr. Kassemi is the recipient of the 2015 NASA Exceptional Public Achievement Award for his contributions on the effects of long-term microgravity on human health and on performance of cryogenic propellant systems and materials processing in Space. He earned a B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Kassemi earned his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Akron. Dr. Kassemi has previously served as a member of the Academies’ standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
Douglas M. Matson
DOUGLAS M. MATSON is an associate professor of mechanical engineering at Tufts University. His research specializes in solidification processes, thermal manufacturing, and microgravity materials science. Previously, he was a lecturer in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a principal investigator and lead materials engineer for Aerojet Propulsion Division at NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center. He has served as the president-elect for the American Society for Gravitational and Space Research and principal investigator for two ISS projects. He earned a Ph.D. in materials engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, his M.S. in materials science from the University of California, Davis, a B.S. in mechanical engineering from California State University, and a B.S. in chemical engineering from Cornell University. Dr. Matson has not previously served on an Academies committee.
Wayne L. Nicholson
WAYNE L. NICHOLSON is a professor in the Department of Microbiology and Cell Science at the University of Florida, located at the Space Life Sciences Laboratory next to NASA Kennedy Space Center. In his laboratory, Dr. Nicholson studies the changes in cell physiology and transcription caused by the extremes of the space environment. His interests include the mechanisms of bacterial spore resistance and longevity, the survival and proliferation of microorganisms in extreme extraterrestrial environments, and microbial evolution in novel environments including human space habitats. Dr. Nicholson earned his Ph.D. for genetics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has served as a member of the Academies’ standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
James A. Pawelczyk
JAMES A. PAWELCZYK is an associate professor of physiology and kinesiology at Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Pawelczyk served as a payload specialist on STS-90 Neurolab. During the 16-day Spacelab flight, the seven-person crew aboard NASA space shuttle Columbia served as both experiment subjects and operators for 26 individual life sciences experiments focusing on the effects of microgravity on the brain and nervous system. Dr. Pawelczyk’s primary research interests include the neural control of circulation, particularly skeletal muscle blood flow, as it is affected by exercise or spaceflight. Dr. Pawelczyk is a member of the American Heart Association, the American Physiological Society, the American College of Sports Medicine, and the Society for Neuroscience. He has won numerous awards, including the Young Investigator Award from the Life Sciences Project Division of the NASA Office of Life and Microgravity Science Applications and the NASA Space Flight Medal. He earned a B.A. in both biology and psychology, from the University of Rochester, an M.S. in physiology from Pennsylvania State University, and a Ph.D. in biology (physiology) from the University of North Texas. Dr. Pawelczyk has previously served on many Academies committees including as a member of the Committee to Review NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks and on the Committee on A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA. He has also served as a member of the National Academies’ standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
Marylyn D. Ritchie
MARYLYN D. RITCHIE is director of the Center for Translational Bioinformatics at the Institute for Bioinformatics (IBI), associate director for Bioinformatics at IBI, and associate director for the Center for Precision Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Previously, Dr. Ritchie was professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, and the director of the Center for Systems Genomics at Pennsylvania State (Penn State) University. Before joining Penn State she was an associate professor in the Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics and the Department of Biomedical Informatics at Vanderbilt University. At Vanderbilt, Dr. Ritchie also served as an investigator in the Center for Human Genetics Research, where she directed the Computational Genomics Core and the Program in Computational Genomics. She has published numerous papers in peer-reviewed journals such as American Journal of Human Genetics, the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Human Molecular Genetics, Bioinformatics, and Plos Genetics. Dr. Ritchie is a member of several professional organizations including the American Society of Human Genetics and the American Statistical Association. She has received many honors throughout her career, including the Kavli Fellow from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation fellowship. She earned a B.S. in biology from the University of Pittsburg-Johnstown, a M.S. applied statistics, and a Ph.D. in human genetics from Vanderbilt University. She has served as a member of the Academies’ standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
JESSICA SCOTT is an assistant professor at Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) Cancer Center. She is also an assistant professor at Weill Cornell Medical College. At MSK, her research is focused on characterizing multisystem toxicity using exercise testing, imaging, biomarker techniques, and the efficacy of exercise training to prevent and reverse toxicity. She joined MSK after five years as a senior scientist in the Exercise Physiology and Countermeasures Laboratory at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, where she also completed her post-doctoral fellowship. Dr. Scott is the recipient of NASA’s Human Research Program Peer Award, NASA’s Innovation Achievement Award for the design and implementation of a novel ultrasound technique to measure muscle mass during spaceflight and of NASA’s Group Achievement Award as a member of the one-year mission operations team. She received her M.Sc. and Ph.D. in exercise cardiovascular physiology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. She has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
Pol D. Spanos
POL D. SPANOS (NAE) holds the L.B. Ryon Endowed Chair in Engineering at Rice University. His interests are in the area of dynamical systems, with emphasis on probabilistic (risk and reliability), non-linear, and signal-processing aspects and with applications to aerospace engineering and several other engineering disciplines. His research findings have been disseminated in more than 350 papers in archival journals, technical conferences, and industrial reports. Dr. Spanos is editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics and of the Journal of Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. He is a Distinguished Member both of ASCE, and ASME. He is a fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Association of America, and a corresponding/foreign member of NA/NAE of Hellas, India, Europe, and Russia. He is a registered professional engineer in Texas. His work has been supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy, the Office of Naval Research, AFOSR, NASA, and by many industrial consortia. He has received several awards from NSF, the American Society of Civil Engineers, ASME, and Rice University. He has served, worldwide, as a consultant to many governmental organizations and industrial entities. Dr. Spanos received an M.S. in structural dynamics and a Ph.D. in applied mechanics and with minors in applied mathematics and in business economics from the California Institute of Technology. He has previously served as a member of the Academies’ Committee for the Reusable Booster System: Review and Assessment; and the Panel on Armor and Armaments, the standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space and the Committee on Strategic Long-Term DOD Manufacturing Innovation Institutes.
JANA STOUDEMIRE is chief commercialization officer at Space Tango where she leads the creation of commercial markets in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) for biomedical and technology research and manufacturing applications. She identifies biomedical research projects that will fly on future missions to the International Space Station (ISS) focused on advancing understanding disease processes and treatments for significant global health burdens including cancer, neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, and metabolic disease, along with regenerative medicine initiatives to help end the organ shortage. Before transitioning to the Space industry, she worked for over two decades with leading biotechnology, pharmaceutical and medical device companies. She has a strong understanding of the needs and challenges faced by companies working within a regulated industry, and experience working in both emerging and established global markets spanning a variety of healthcare indications. She has an in-depth understanding of what drives innovation and establishes new industries from her long history as part of the San Diego biotechnology community and with major pharmaceutical and device companies across the globe. In addition to a strong technical background, she has a career history marked by successful identification of new business opportunities for private and public healthcare companies, along with product development and global commercialization of some of the most innovative healthcare technologies. Prior to joining Space Tango to focus on building emerging markets on orbit to expand the Space economy, Ms. Stoudemire was responsible for life science research in microgravity as part of the team managing the International Space Station U.S. National Laboratory (ISS-NL). She received her B.S. in biology and physics from Wells College, and her M.S. in biology from Harvard University. She has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
JAMES T’IEN is the Leonard Case Jr. Professor of Engineering Emeritus at Case Western Reserve University in the department of mechanical and aerospace engineering. Dr. T’ien’s research interests are in the areas of combustion, propulsion, fire research and chemically reacting flows. He has received numerous awards, including a Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Fellowship in Jet Propulsion, Public Service Medal from NASA and Space Processing Award from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. In addition, he is a fellow of the Combustion Institute and an Honorable Member of the Combustion Institute’s Chinese Taipei Section. Dr. T’ien earned his Ph.D. in aerospace and mechanical sciences from Princeton University. He served as a member of the Applied Physical Sciences Panel of the 2011 Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space, the National Academies Committee to Identify Innovative Research Needs to Foster Improved Fire Safety in the United States, the Committee on A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA and the standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
Krystyn J. Van Vliet
KRYSTYN J. VAN VLIET is the associate provost and professor of materials science and engineering and biological engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Her research focuses on material chemomechanics: the material behavior at the interface of mechanics, chemistry, physics, and biology, and in particular, thermodynamically metastable surfaces and interfaces. As faculty of the MIT Department of Materials Science and Engineering, she leads the Laboratory for Material Chemomechanics. As associate provost, she is responsible for overseeing campus space management, technology licensing, and corporate relations. She directed the DMSE Nanomechanical Technology Laboratory, a multiuser research facility that includes training of student and staff researchers with approximately 60 new users each year, and co-directs the MIT Biomedical Engineering Minor Program. Dr. Van Vliet also conducts research in Singapore, where her interdisciplinary team invents and develops new technology platforms for diagnostics and treatment of cell & tissue disease, as well as cell therapy manufacturing solutions. Within five years, this team of engineers, biologists, and clinicians has contributed several key breakthroughs and inventions to cell imaging, drug screening, and optical imaging; this includes several start-up companies and several devices now involved in international clinical trials. Dr. Van Vliet earned her Sc.B. from Brown University and her Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Van Vliet has served as a member of the Academies’ standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
HAI WANG is a professor of mechanical engineering at Stanford University. His research interests are in combustion, molecular transport theories, nanomaterials for renewable energy conversion, hybrid propulsion systems, and nanocatalysis. He has served as the editor-in-chief of Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. He is a fellow of ASME and the Combustion Institute. Dr. Wang received the AIAA Propellants and Combustion Award, the Senior Research Award from Viterbi School of Engineering at USC, the Combustion and Flame Most Cited Author 2005-2008 recognition from Elsevier, and the Distinguished Paper Awards from the Thirty-First and Thirty-Fifth International Symposia on Combustion. He earned his Ph.D. in fuel science from Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Wang has served as a member of the National Academies’ standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
David A. Weitz
DAVID A. WEITZ (NAS/NAE) is the Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics and Applied Physics at Harvard University in the John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS). He is also the director of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), the co-director of the BASF Advanced Research Initiative, a core faculty member of the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, and a member of the Kavli Institute for Bionano Science and Technology. At Harvard University, Dr. Weitz’s research interests are the physics of soft condensed matter, specifically their structural and mechanical properties, the properties of colloidal suspensions, the mechanical properties of biomaterials, and microfluidics for making emulsions using multiphase flow. He also works closely with industry, having served on the board of directors for several start-ups including microfluidics-driven startups GnuBIO and Raindance. He has served as associate editor and member on the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences editorial board, was a member of the Academies Panel on Review of the Physical Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and was a chair on the Condensed Matter and Materials Research Committee. Dr. Weitz earned his Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University. Dr. Weitz has served as a member of the Academies’ standing Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.