John M. Grunsfeld
JOHN M. GRUNSFELD is president and CEO of Endless Frontier Associates, LLC. He retired from NASA as the associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate. While in this role, he managed the portfolio of the agency’s space and earth science programs and joint agency programs. Previously, he acted as deputy director of the Space Telescope Science Institute, a professor at Johns Hopkins University, and a NASA astronaut. Grunsfeld earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago and his B.S. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
Daniel E. Hastings
DANIEL E. HASTINGS (NAE) is the Cecil and Ida Green Education Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is also head of the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. His research has focused in the synergetic interactions between space systems and the space environment, space propulsion, space policy, space systems, space manufacturing processes, and space system architecting. He previously served as the chief scientist of the U.S. Air Force in addition to holding numerous teaching and administrator positions at MIT and serving on a large number of government advisory boards in aerospace including the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Science and Technology Advisory Panel, the NASA Advisory Council, the National Science Board, and the Board of Trustees of the Aerospace Corporation. He earned his Ph.D. in plasma physics and his S.M. in aeronautics and astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has served on the Academies’ Aerospace Engineering Peer Committee, the Government, Industry, University Roundtable, the Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences, and the Air Force Studies Board, among others.
MICHAEL MANGA (NAS) is the Garniss H. Curtis Endowed Department Chair at the University of California, Berkeley in the Department of Earth and Planetary Science. Manga is a widely recognized leading geologist of broad interests ranging from experimental and theoretical fluid mechanics, mantle flow and convection, properties of magma and volcanology, groundwater and hydrology, and high-pressure mineralogy both on Earth and on other planets in the solar system. He studies how geological processes affect and are affected by hydrological systems—including groundwater, the formation of geysers, the effects of earthquakes on fluid flow in Earth’s crust, and the origin of springs and mud volcanoes—on this planet, on the icy satellites of the outer solar system, and on Mars. He earned his Ph.D. in earth and planetary sciences and his M.Sc. in engineering sciences from Harvard University. He has previously served on the Academies Committee on New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences at the National Science Foundation, the Committee on Improving Understanding of Volcanic Eruptions, and the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources.
Barbara Sherwood Lollar
BARBARA SHERWOOD LOLLAR is a university professor at the University of Toronto in the Department of Earth Sciences. She is also director of the Stable Isotope Laboratory and Canada Research Chair in Isotopes of the Earth and Environment. She leads research programs in deep crustal fluids, hydrocarbon geochemistry, the deep subsurface biosphere, and groundwater quality and remediation. Her work in geochemistry and microbiology has led her to research the habitability of the isolated, deep hydrosphere and its implications for life elsewhere in the solar system. Sherwood Lollar is a companion of the Order of Canada and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and the American Geophysical Union. She has received the NSERC John C. Polanyi Award, the Eni Prize for the Protection of the Environment, and the GSA Geomicrobiology and Geobiology Division Award. She earned her Ph.D. in Earth sciences from the University of Waterloo. She has served on the National Academies Space Studies Board, the Committee on An Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe, the Future of U.S. Civil Space Policy: A Workshop, and the Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary science.
Erika B. Wagner
ERIKA B. WAGNER is business development manager at Blue Origin, LLC. Previously, she acted as a payload sales director for Blue Origin, a private firm developing vehicles to enable tourists and researchers to access space at lower cost and increased reliability. Prior to joining Blue Origin, Wagner worked with the X PRIZE Foundation as senior director of exploration prize development and founding executive director of the X PRIZE Lab@MIT. Before working with the X PRIZE Foundation, Wagner served at MIT as a science director and executive director of the Mars Gravity Biosatellite Program, a multi-university spacecraft development initiative to investigate the physiological effects of reduced gravity. She has been a member of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation’s Suborbital Applications Researchers Group, furthering the research and education potential of commercial suborbital launch vehicles. She serves on the boards of the Museum of Flight and the American Society for Gravitational and Space Research (ASGSR). Wagner’s research spanned both human and mammalian adaptation to microgravity, partial gravity, and centrifugation, as well as organizational innovation and prize theory. She earned her Ph.D. in medical engineering and bioastronautics from the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. She has served on the Academies’ Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space and the Space Studies Board.
Paul D. Wooster
PAUL D. WOOSTER is the principal Mars development engineer at Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX). He is a lead in the technical development of Mars architecture and vehicles, including precursor activities and human-scale systems. He previously served as SpaceX’s manager of spacecraft guidance, navigation, and control, in which position he oversaw the integrated system design, fault tolerance, and vehicle performance associated with Dragon missions to the International Space Station (ISS). While at SpaceX Wooster has led the development of a diverse set of capabilities, including space-to-space communications, relative navigation, and proximity operations with the ISS. He previously served as a research scientist in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where his research included the design and evaluation of a wide range of human exploration system architectures and the development of strategies for affordable human exploration of the Moon and Mars. While at MIT, Wooster also led a multi-university team in the preliminary design of a small, partial gravity research satellite and conducted initial prototype work on a number of spacecraft and payload sub-systems. He earned his M.S. and B.S. in aerospace engineering at MIT. He has served as a member of the Academies’ Space Studies Board.