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Project Information

Project Information


Science Opportunities Enabled by the Gateway: A Workshop


Project Scope:

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will appoint an ad hoc planning committee to organize a workshop that will focus on facilitating an expert dialog on issues related to the science that can be supported by NASA's Gateway (formerly the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway).  In part, the workshop will serve as an opportunity for NASA to present the Gateway design and plans to the wider science community, and describe the opportunities and constraints that the platform provides for conducting science internally and externally in cis-lunar space, as well as for supporting lunar surface science.  Based on a consideration of the details of the design options for the crew-tended orbital platform, the output of such activities as NASA’s 2018 “Deep Space Gateway Concept Science Workshop,” and lessons-learned from the experience of establishing a science program on ISS, the workshop will address relevant questions identified by the planning committee. In designing the workshop, the planning committee will consult with NASA on the status of the mission design activities and prior inputs to the science capability planning process.

This workshop is part of a series of biannual workshops organized under the auspices of the Space Studies Board on a topic of mutual interest to NASA and the space science community. A workshop proceedings will document the workshop, including summaries of individual presentations and ensuing discussions. This proceedings document will not present consensus conclusions or recommendations.

Status: Current

PIN: DEPS-SSB-18-01

RSO: Graham, Sandra

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Space Studies Board

Topic(s):

Behavioral and Social Sciences
Biology and Life Sciences
Space and Aeronautics



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership


Harlan E. Spence - (Chair)
HARLAN E. SPENCE is the director of the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire (UNH). There, he is also a professor of physics. Spence leads a research group that studies the physics of cosmic plasmas, from the Sun's corona to interplanetary space to Earth's upper atmosphere, using experimental and modeling techniques. Spence and his research team develop and use physics-based, numerical models to understand the powerful dynamics of interacting solar and planetary plasmas ("space weather") and the resultant deleterious effects on space technologies and astronauts. Spence was co-investigator on two energetic particle instruments on the NASA Polar satellite and is co-investigator on a suite of energetic particle instruments on the NASA Magnetospheric Multiscale mission. He is principal investigator on a cosmic ray sensor on NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission and is principal investigator of a comprehensive charged particle instrument suite on NASA's Van Allen Probes mission. He is also principal investigator of the National Science Foundation FIREBIRD-II CubeSat mission exploring the physics of relativistic electrons, which reach Earth's upper atmosphere from the radiation belts. Spence previously worked at The Aerospace Corporation and as faculty at Boston University, where he was an assistant professor of astronomy and moved up through the ranks to full professor and department chair before moving to UNH. He is a recipient of an NSF Young Investigator Award, received the Wisneski Award for Excellence in Teaching at Boston University, received two Editor’s Citations for Excellence in Refereeing from AGU publications, and has earned numerous NASA Group Achievement Awards. He is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Spence earned his Ph.D. in geophysics and space physics from the University of California, Los Angeles. He served on the Academies’ Committee on Solar and Space Physics, the Panel on Solar-Wind Magnetospheric Interactions, the Space Studies Board, and the Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics).
John-David F. Bartoe
JOHN-DAVID F. BARTOE is an independent aerospace consultant. Previously, he served as chief scientist and director of operations and utilization in the Space Station Office at NASA Headquarters and as the International Space Station research manager at Johnson Space Center. Prior to joining NASA, he was a supervisory astrophysicist at the Naval Research Laboratory, where he specialized in solar research and flew as a payload specialist on NASA shuttle mission Spacelab 2/STS-51F. He has received the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal, the NASA Skylab Achievement Award, the NASA Spaceflight Medal, and the Navy Distinguished Civilian Service Award. He is a board member of the Association of Space Explorers, a steering group member of the International Astronautical Federation, and a full member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He earned his Ph.D. and M.S. in physics from Georgetown University. He has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
Robin M. Canup
ROBIN M. CANUP (NAS) is assistant vice president of the Planetary Sciences Directorate at Southwest Research Institute. Using both numerical simulations and analytical methods, Canup studies how planets and their moons formed in the early protoplanetary disk around the Sun. She has modeled many aspects of the formation of the Moon, including hydrodynamical simulations of potential Moon-forming impacts, the accumulation of material in the protolunar disk into the Moon, the Moon's earliest orbital evolution, and how the earliest bombardment on the Earth and Moon may have affected their isotopic compositions. Another interest is the development of new models for the origin of the large satellites of the gas giant planets that more consistently treat the coupled and concurrent growth of the planet and its circumplanetary disk within which the satellites form. Here a key interest has been exploring the potential loss of satellites due to the decay of their orbits through interaction with the gaseous circumplanetary disk, and how this process may select for the very similar observed ratios between the current satellite system masses and their host planets. She has also worked on the origin of Saturn's rings, advocating a new mechanism in which the ice rings were produced from tidal stripping of the outer layers of a large, primordial satellite as its orbit spiraled into Saturn. She earned her Ph.D. and M.S. in astrophysics and planetary sciences from the University of Colorado, Boulder. She has served on the Academies’ 2018 J. Lawrence Smith Medal Selection Committee and the 2018 NAS Class I Membership Committee.
Brett W. Denevi
BRETT W. DENEVI is a planetary geologist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Research Laboratory. Her research interests include the origin, composition, and evolution of planetary surfaces with a focus on the history of volcanism and crustal formation on terrestrial bodies, mineralogy and chemistry of planetary surfaces, the space weathering history of airless bodies, and the development of evolution of regolith. She also studies instrumentation and calibration and has led the in-flight calibration of MESSENGER’s Mercury Dual Imagery System (MDIS) and worked on the laboratory and in-flight calibration of the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera Wide Angle Camera. Denevi is the deputy principal investigator of the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera, a co-investigator on ShadowCam, was the deputy instrument scientist for MDIS, and was a participating scientist on the Dawn mission to Vesta. She earned her Ph.D. in geology and geophysics from the University of Hawaii. She has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
Robert J. Ferl
ROBERT J. FERL is professor and director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research at the University of Florida (UF) in the Department of Horticultural Sciences. Ferl’s research agenda includes analysis of the fundamental biological processes involved in plant adaptations to environments, with an emphasis on the particular environments and opportunities presented by the space exploration life sciences. He is an expert in the area of plant gene responses and adaptations to environmental stresses and the signal transduction processes that control environmental responses. The fundamental issues driving his research program include the recognition of environmental stress, the signal-transduction mechanisms that convert the recognition of stress into biochemical activity, and the gene activation that ultimately leads to response and adaptation to environmental stress. Ferl has recently served as the developer and director of the virtual center for Exploration Life Sciences, a joint academic research and education venture between UF/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), and the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC). In that role he has been responsible for research and academic program development at KSC, and he has facilitated the recruitment of faculty and research programs from UF/IFAS to be located at KSC. He served on the Science Council of the Division of Space Life Sciences of the Universities Space Research Association. He has been awarded the AIAA Jeffries Aerospace Medicine and Life Sciences Research Award and the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal. He earned his Ph.D. in genetics and biochemistry from Indiana University. He has served on the Academies’ Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space: Plant and Microbial Biology Panel and the Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space.
John M. Grunsfeld
JOHN M. GRUNSFELD is president and CEO of Endless Frontier Associates, LLC. He retired from NASA as the associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate. While in this role, he managed the portfolio of the agency’s space and earth science programs and joint agency programs. Previously, he acted as deputy director of the Space Telescope Science Institute, a professor at Johns Hopkins University, and a NASA astronaut. Grunsfeld earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago and his B.S. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
Daniel E. Hastings
DANIEL E. HASTINGS (NAE) is the Cecil and Ida Green Education Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is also head of the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. His research has focused in the synergetic interactions between space systems and the space environment, space propulsion, space policy, space systems, space manufacturing processes, and space system architecting. He previously served as the chief scientist of the U.S. Air Force in addition to holding numerous teaching and administrator positions at MIT and serving on a large number of government advisory boards in aerospace including the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Science and Technology Advisory Panel, the NASA Advisory Council, the National Science Board, and the Board of Trustees of the Aerospace Corporation. He earned his Ph.D. in plasma physics and his S.M. in aeronautics and astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has served on the Academies’ Aerospace Engineering Peer Committee, the Government, Industry, University Roundtable, the Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences, and the Air Force Studies Board, among others.
Michael Manga
MICHAEL MANGA (NAS) is the Garniss H. Curtis Endowed Department Chair at the University of California, Berkeley in the Department of Earth and Planetary Science. Manga is a widely recognized leading geologist of broad interests ranging from experimental and theoretical fluid mechanics, mantle flow and convection, properties of magma and volcanology, groundwater and hydrology, and high-pressure mineralogy both on Earth and on other planets in the solar system. He studies how geological processes affect and are affected by hydrological systems—including groundwater, the formation of geysers, the effects of earthquakes on fluid flow in Earth’s crust, and the origin of springs and mud volcanoes—on this planet, on the icy satellites of the outer solar system, and on Mars. He earned his Ph.D. in earth and planetary sciences and his M.Sc. in engineering sciences from Harvard University. He has previously served on the Academies Committee on New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences at the National Science Foundation, the Committee on Improving Understanding of Volcanic Eruptions, and the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources.
Barbara Sherwood Lollar
BARBARA SHERWOOD LOLLAR is a university professor at the University of Toronto in the Department of Earth Sciences. She is also director of the Stable Isotope Laboratory and Canada Research Chair in Isotopes of the Earth and Environment. She leads research programs in deep crustal fluids, hydrocarbon geochemistry, the deep subsurface biosphere, and groundwater quality and remediation. Her work in geochemistry and microbiology has led her to research the habitability of the isolated, deep hydrosphere and its implications for life elsewhere in the solar system. Sherwood Lollar is a companion of the Order of Canada and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and the American Geophysical Union. She has received the NSERC John C. Polanyi Award, the Eni Prize for the Protection of the Environment, and the GSA Geomicrobiology and Geobiology Division Award. She earned her Ph.D. in Earth sciences from the University of Waterloo. She has served on the National Academies Space Studies Board, the Committee on An Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe, the Future of U.S. Civil Space Policy: A Workshop, and the Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary science.
Erika B. Wagner
ERIKA B. WAGNER is business development manager at Blue Origin, LLC. Previously, she acted as a payload sales director for Blue Origin, a private firm developing vehicles to enable tourists and researchers to access space at lower cost and increased reliability. Prior to joining Blue Origin, Wagner worked with the X PRIZE Foundation as senior director of exploration prize development and founding executive director of the X PRIZE Lab@MIT. Before working with the X PRIZE Foundation, Wagner served at MIT as a science director and executive director of the Mars Gravity Biosatellite Program, a multi-university spacecraft development initiative to investigate the physiological effects of reduced gravity. She has been a member of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation’s Suborbital Applications Researchers Group, furthering the research and education potential of commercial suborbital launch vehicles. She serves on the boards of the Museum of Flight and the American Society for Gravitational and Space Research (ASGSR). Wagner’s research spanned both human and mammalian adaptation to microgravity, partial gravity, and centrifugation, as well as organizational innovation and prize theory. She earned her Ph.D. in medical engineering and bioastronautics from the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. She has served on the Academies’ Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space and the Space Studies Board.
Paul D. Wooster
PAUL D. WOOSTER is the principal Mars development engineer at Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX). He is a lead in the technical development of Mars architecture and vehicles, including precursor activities and human-scale systems. He previously served as SpaceX’s manager of spacecraft guidance, navigation, and control, in which position he oversaw the integrated system design, fault tolerance, and vehicle performance associated with Dragon missions to the International Space Station (ISS). While at SpaceX Wooster has led the development of a diverse set of capabilities, including space-to-space communications, relative navigation, and proximity operations with the ISS. He previously served as a research scientist in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where his research included the design and evaluation of a wide range of human exploration system architectures and the development of strategies for affordable human exploration of the Moon and Mars. While at MIT, Wooster also led a multi-university team in the preliminary design of a small, partial gravity research satellite and conducted initial prototype work on a number of spacecraft and payload sub-systems. He earned his M.S. and B.S. in aerospace engineering at MIT. He has served as a member of the Academies’ Space Studies Board.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

Science Opportunities Enabled by the Gateway: A Workshop - Organizing Committee Meeting 1


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Gaybrielle Holbert
Contact Email:  gholbert@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-3477

Supporting File(s)
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Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

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Publications

Publications

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