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Project Information

Project Information


Decadal Assessment and Outlook Report on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Science


Project Scope:

The committee will be charged with producing a comprehensive report on the status and future directions of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science.  The committee’s report shall:

 

1.      Review the field of AMO science as a whole, emphasize recent accomplishments, and identify new opportunities and compelling scientific questions.

2.      Use case studies in selected, non-prioritized fields in AMO science to describe the impact that AMO science has on other scientific fields, identify opportunities and challenges associated with pursuing research in these fields because of their interdisciplinary nature, and inform recommendations for addressing these challenges.

3.      Identify the impacts of AMO science, now and in the near future, on emerging technologies and in meeting national needs.

4.      Evaluate recent trends in investments in AMO research in the United States relative to similar research that is taking place internationally, and provide recommendations for either securing leadership in the United States for certain subfields of AMO science, where appropriate, or for enhancing collaboration and coordination of such research support, where appropriate.

5.      Identify future workforce, societal, and educational needs for AMO science.

6.      Make recommendations on how the U.S. research enterprise might realize the full potential of AMO science.

In carrying out its charge, the committee might consider issues such as the state of the AMO research community, international models for support and collaboration, and institutional and programmatic barriers.

Status: Current

PIN: DEPS-BPA-16-01

Project Duration (months): 18 month(s)

RSO: Jones, Christopher

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Board on Physics and Astronomy

Topic(s):

Math, Chemistry, and Physics



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 08/02/2018

Ray Beausoleil
RAY BEAUSOLEIL is the HPE Senior Fellow for Information and Quantum Systems at Hewlett Packard Laboratories. He leads the Large-Scale Integrated Photonics Research Group at Hewlett Packard Labs, where he is responsible for research on the applications of optics at the micro/nanoscale to high performance classical and quantum information processing. Beausoleil’s research interests includes solid-state laser physics, nonlinear optics, quantum optics, quantum information science and technology, nanophotonics, embedded computer algorithms, and image processing. He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in physics.
Louis F. DiMauro
LOUIS DIMAURO is the Edward E. and Sylvia Hagenlocker Chair of Physics at the Ohio State University (OSU). Before joining OSU in 2007, he was a senior scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory. His research interest is in experimental ultra -fast and strong-field physics. His current work is focused on the generation, measurement and application of attosecond x-ray pulses and the study of fundamental scaling of strong field physics. Dr. DiMauro received his BA (1975) from Hunter College, CUNY and his Ph.D. from University of Connecticut in 1980. He was a postdoctoral fellow at SUNY at Stony Brook before arriving at AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1981.
Mette Gaarde
METTE GAARDE is a Professor of Physics at Louisiana State University (LSU). Previously, Dr. Gaarde was a research assistant professor at Lund University in Sweden. Dr. Gaarde is an expert on the theory of ultrafast and strong-field laser-matter interactions in atomic, molecular, and solid systems. In particular, she is interested in the interplay between the microscopic (quantum) effects and the macroscopic (classical) effects that govern this interaction. She recently served on the Committee on Atomic, Molecular, and Optics Sciences, on the Editorial Board of Physics Revision-A, and in the chair-line of the APS National Organizing Committee for the Conferences for Undergraduate Women in Physics. She is currently serving on the executive committee for the APS Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (DAMOP) as well as on the DAMOP Fellowship Committee. Dr. Gaarde earned her Ph.D. in physics from Copenhagen University, Denmark.


Steven M. Girvin
STEVE GIRVIN [NAS] is a Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics and Applied Physics at Yale University. He is a theoretical physicist who studies the quantum mechanics of large collections of atoms, molecules, and electrons such as are found in superconductors, magnets, and transistors. Dr. Girvin is interested in quantum many-body physics, and quantum and classical phase transitions, particularly in disordered systems. Much of his work has been on the quantum Hall effect, but he has also worked on the superconductor-insulator transition, the vortex glass transition in high Tc superconductors, superfluid helium in fractal aerogel, the Anderson localization problem, the Coulomb blockade problem in mesoscopic device physics, and on quantum spin chains. He received his Ph.D. in 1977 from Princeton University.
Chris H. Greene
CHRIS H. GREENE is a Professor of Physics at Purdue University. Previously he was at Louisiana State University and the University of Colorado at Boulder before joining Purdue University. His research concentrates on theoretical atomic, molecular, and optical physics. His expertise has been on novel treatments of few-body quantum systems, such as universal Efimov physics, ultra-long-range "trilobite" Rydberg molecules, collisions in Bose-Einstein condensates, atomic/molecular collision, and photo-absorption processes. He has served in the past as chair of JILA at the University of Colorado. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in theoretical atomic physics in 1980. In 1981, he was a postdoctoral research associate at Stanford University.
Taekjip Ha
TAEKJIP HA [NAS] is Bloomberg Distinguished Professor of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry at Johns Hopkins University. He is also an Investigator for Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Ha’s research is focused on pushing the limits of single-molecule detection methods to study complex biological systems. His group develops state-of-the-art biophysical techniques and applies them to study diverse protein-nucleic acid and protein-protein complexes, and mechanical perturbation and response of these systems both in vitro and in vivo. Dr. Ha received his B.S. (1990) from Seoul National University and Ph.D. from University of California-Berkeley (1996) in physics.
Mark A. Kasevich
MARK KASEVICH a Professor of Applied Physics at Stanford University. Prior to Stanford University, he was at Yale University. His research interests are centered on the development of quantum sensors of rotation and acceleration based on cold atoms (quantum metrology), the application of these sensors to the tests of General Relativity, the investigation of many-body quantum effects in Bose-condensed vapors (including quantum simulation), and the investigation of ultra-fast laser-induced phenomena. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1985 with a B.A. in physics and received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in applied physics in 1992.
Michal Lipson
MICHAL LIPSON is the Eugene Higgins Professor in Electrical Engineering and Professor of Applied Physics at Columbia University. Prior to joining Columbia University, she was the Given Foundation Professor of Engineering at Cornell University. Her research interests are in silicon photonics, inventor of GHz silicon modulator, novel on-chip nanophotonics devices, and novel micron-size photonic structures for light manipulation. In 2014, she was named by Thomson Reuters as a top 1% highly cited researcher in the field of physics. She completed her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in physics at the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology) followed by a postdoctoral position at M.I.T. in the Materials Science Department until 2001.
Mikhail D. Lukin
MIKHAIL LUKIN [NAS] is a Professor of Physics at Harvard University, where he is also a co-director of the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms. His research interests include quantum optics, quantum control of atomic and nanoscale solid-state systems, quantum metrology, nanophotonics, and quantum information science. He has co-authored over 300 technical papers and has received a number of awards, including the Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, the David and Lucile Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering, the NSF Career Award, the Adolph Lomb Medal of the Optical Society of America, the AAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize, the APS I.I.Rabi Prize, the Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellowship, the Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics, and the Willis E. Lamb Award for Laser Science and Quantum Optics. He received his Ph.D. from Texas A&M University in 1998.
A. Marjatta Lyyra
A. MARJATTA LYYRA is a Professor of Physics at Temple University. Prior to joining Temple University, she was a research scientist at the University of Iowa. Her field of interest is in experimental atomic, molecular and optical physics. Dr. Lyyra received her B.S. and M.S. from the University of Helsinki, Finland (1972, 1974), and Ph.D. from the University of Stockholm, Sweden, in 1979.
Marianna Safronoa
MARIANNA SAFRONOVA is a Professor of Physics at the University of Delaware and an adjunct fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute, NIST, and the University of Maryland. Marianna Safronova is currently the chair-elect of the American Physical Society Division of the Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (DAMOP) and a member of Physical Review-A Editorial Board (2012-2018). Her diverse research interests include the study of fundamental symmetries and search for physics beyond the standard model of elementary particles and fundamental interactions; development of high-precision methodologies for calculating atomic properties and exploring their applications; atomic clocks, ultra-cold atoms, and quantum information; long-range interactions; superheavy atoms; highly-charged ions; atomic anions; and other topics. In 2001, she received her Ph.D. from University of the University Norte Dame.
Peter Zoller
PETER ZOLLER [NAS] is a Professor of Physics at the University of Innsbruck in Austria, and Scientific Director for the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (IQOQI) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. His interest and expertise are in the field of theoretical quantum optics, in particular the description of interaction of light with matter, and various aspects of quantum noise. During the last ten years the focus of his work has been on the interface between quantum optics and quantum information, and condensed matter physics with cold atoms. Peter Zoller received his Ph.D. in physics at the University of Innsbruck.
Nergis Mavalvala - (Co-Chair)
NERGIS MAVALVALA [NAS] is the Curtis and Kathleen Marble Professor of Astrophysics at MIT. She is working on the detection of gravitational waves and quantum measurement science. She is a longtime member of the scientific team that announced in 2016 the first direct detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO). In the quest for ever greater sensitivity in the LIGO detectors, Mavalvala has also conducted pioneering experiments on generation and application of exotic quantum states of light, and on laser cooling and trapping of macroscopic objects to enable observation of quantum phenomena, that usually manifest at the atomic scale, in human-scale systems. Mavalvala received a B.A. from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. from MIT. She was a postdoctoral fellow and research scientist at the California Institute of Technology before joining the Physics faculty at MIT in 2002. She was appointed Associate Department Head of Physics in February 2015. Mavalvala is recipient of numerous honors, including a MacArthur “genius” award in 2010 and election to the National Academy of Sciences in 2017.
Jun Ye - (Co-Chair)
JUN YE [NAS] is currently a fellow of JILA and NIST at the University of Colorado Boulder. At JILA, his research focuses on the frontiers of light-matter interactions and includes precision measurement, quantum physics and ultracold matter, optical frequency metrology, and ultrafast science. Dr. Ye is a recipient of many awards and honors, including the Rabi Award (IEEE), U.S. Presidential Rank (Distinguished) Award, three Gold Medals from the U.S. Commerce Department, Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Frew Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, I. I. Rabi Prize of the American Physical Society, European Frequency and Time Forum Award, Carl Zeiss Research Award, William F. Meggers Award and Adolph Lomb Medal from the Optical Society of America, Arthur S. Flemming Award, Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, Friedrich Wilhem Bessel Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Samuel Wesley Stratton Award, and Jacob Rabinow Award from NIST. He earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Colorado in 1997. He served as a member of the Academies Committee on Atomic, Molecular and Optical Sciences (CAMOS).
Patricia M. Dehmer
PATRICIA M. DEHMER is the former Deputy Director for Science Programs in the Office of Science (SC) in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the former Director of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) within SC. As the deputy director, Dr. Dehmer was the senior career science official in SC and was the acting director between Senate-confirmed Presidential appointees, most recently for three years from 2013 to 2015. As director of the BES Program, Dr. Dehmer was known for her broad support of physical science research and for the planning, design, and construction phases of a dozen major scientific construction projects totaling more than $3 billion. Previously, Dr. Dehmer was a distinguished fellow at Argonne National Laboratory with research activities in atomic, molecular, optical, and chemical physics. Since her retirement from federal service in 2016, Dr. Dehmer works as a management consultant with additional service on boards, science advisory committees, and professional society committees. During her federal service, Dr. Dehmer was awarded three Presidential Rank Awards and, in 2016, the James R. Schlesinger Award – the highest recognition in DOE – for management of SC’s portfolio in the physical sciences and for outstanding management of the Department of Energy’s largest-scale scientific construction projects. She is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She earned her Ph.D. in chemical physics from the University of Chicago. Dr. Dehmer served on and was vice chair of the Academies Committee on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Sciences.
Peter J. Reynolds
PETER J. REYNOLDS is a senior research scientist at the Army Research Office. He is responsible for setting the direction of the U.S. Army’s Army Research office, particularly the scientific program of the Physical Sciences Directorate as well as in-house programs of the Army Research Laboratory (ARL). The programs in his direct purview include those at ARO in the Physics, Chemistry, and Life Sciences Division, and support in particular emerging areas of research. Prior to joining ARO, Dr. Reynolds was a research professor at Georgetown University from 1996-2005 and a program manager at the Office of Naval Research from 1988-2003. He has received the U.S. Presidential Rank Award as a Distinguished Senior Scientist in 2015, and is a member of APS, MRS, and OSA. Dr. Reynolds obtained his Ph.D. in physics from MIT in 1979 and his AB in physics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1971.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

Update (5/21/18): Please note that there has been a change in the committee membership with the appointment of all committee members aside from Dr. Ye and Dr. Mavalvala.
Update (8/2/18): Please note that there has been a change in the committee membership with the appointment of Dr. Dehmer and Dr. Reynolds.

Events


Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

ADENDA UPDATE #1 (9/13/2018): on Day 1, additional speakers have been added into the agenda within the same open-session time range, and two speakers (Monroe and Painter) have been swaped; remote connection information has also been added


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Chris Jones
Contact Email:  cjjones@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-1339

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Event Type :  
Meeting

Description :   

Teleconference discussion among committee members


Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  -
Contact Phone:  -

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dr. Nergis Mavalvala
Dr. Jun Ye
Dr. Ray Beausoleil
Dr. Louis DiMauro
Dr. Mette Gaarde
Dr. Chris H. Greene
Dr. Mark Kasevich
Dr. Michal Lipson
Dr. Mikhail Lukin
Dr. A. Marjatta Lyyra
Dr. Marianna Safronova
Dr. Peter Zoller
Dr. Patricia Dehmer

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

study workplan and meeting schedule; organization or report; September agenda and meeting goals; invited speakers; data collection / white paper call;

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
September 13, 2018
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Hilton Fort Lauderdale Marina
1881 SE 17th Street
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33316 USA
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Chris Jones
Contact Email:  cjjones@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-1339

Agenda
NOTE: Remote connection information for the open session will be forthcoming.
Update #1: our DOE speaker confirmed on 5/22/18
Update #2: our ultrafast speaker confirmed on 5/23/18
Update #3: our potential speaker at 2:30 pm declined on 5/24/18, which led us to close the meeting early

May 31, 2018

CLOSED SESSION

8:00 AM Breakfast
9:00 Discussion

OPEN SESSION

11:30 Discussion with DOE Physics, Tom Settersten, DOE/CSGB
12:00 Lunch
1:15 Discussion with NSF Physics, John Gillaspy, NSF/MPS
1:45 Vision and Outlook for the Ultrafast Science and Technology, Paul Corkum
2:30 Break

CLOSED SESSION

3:30 Discussion
5:45 Break

OPEN SESSION

6:00 Committee dinner
8:30 Adjourn for the day
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Some sessions are open and some sessions are closed

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dr. Nergis Mavalvala
Dr. Jun Ye
Dr. Ray Beausoleil
Dr. Louis DiMauro
Dr. Mette Gaarde
Dr. Chris H. Greene
Dr. Steve Girvin
Dr. Taekjip Ha
Dr. Michal Lipson
Dr. Mikhail Lukin
Dr. A. Marjatta Lyyra
Dr. Marianna Safronova
Dr. Peter Zoller

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

study workplan and meeting schedule; statement of task; outcome of the town hall; organization or report; data collection / white paper call

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
September 13, 2018
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office
Publications

No data present.