Dr. Joel S. Birnbaum
JOEL S. BIRNBAUM, NAE, is Senior Vice President of Research and Development (retired) in the Hewlett-Packard (HP) Company. He is also an independent consultant. His research interests are in computer architecture, systems organization, and user interface design. For the last 23 years, he has managed a broad variety of research and development (R&D) activities at two large companies: IBM and Hewlett-Packard. These activities span a wide range of basic and applied research activities in measurement, computing, and communication, including fundamental work on materials and semiconductors, sensors, and measurement instruments, and the full gamut of information technology hardware, software systems, and applications. His experience at this time is strategic; in particular, he has been involved for the last decade in the creation and implementation of HP's technical plans. He earned a B.S. in physics from Cornell University, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in physics from Yale University.
Dr. Long-Qing Chen
LONG-QING CHEN is Donald W. Hamer Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics, and Professor of Mathematics at the Materials Research Institute at Pennsylvania State University. He has published over 500 papers (with more than over 26,000 total citations and H-index of 81 according to the Google Scholars) in the area of computational microstructure evolution and multiscale modeling of structural metallic alloys, functional oxide thin films, and energy materials. He received the 2014 Materials Research Society (MRS) Materials Theory Award, a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Humboldt Prize in 2017, the 2011 TMS EMPMD Distinguished Scientist Award, and the 2015 Lee Hsun Lecture Award by the Shenyang Institute for Metals of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is a fellow of The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), the Materials Research Society (MRS), American Physical Society (APS), American Ceramic Society (ACerS), and ASM International (ASM). He is the editor-in-chief for NPJ Computational Materials by the Nature Publishing Group. He received his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in materials science and engineering.
Dr. Blythe G. Clark
BLYTHE G. CLARK is Research and Development department manager at Sandia National Laboratories. In this role she is the manager of Materials Characterization and Performance in the Materials Science Center. She also leads 20 employees in sustaining state-of-the-art materials analysis capabilities through providing cutting edge chemical and structural analysis of materials to enable fundamental research breakthroughs and to develop applied forensics solutions for a range of materials and applications. She also manages 16 experimental laboratories encompassing spectroscopic and diffraction techniques, light and electron microscopy, metallography, surface analysis, chemical analysis, thermal analysis, and mechanical analysis to characterize materials and components. She was previously a principal member of technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories. In this role she applied advanced electron microscopy based methods to study structure-property relationships in metals and semiconductors, and combined nanoscale observations with collaborative mesoscale experiments and modeling to understand and predict both material and system behavior. Highlighted research topics include: tailoring nanocrystalline metal alloy films for optimal thermal and mechanical stability; nanoscale characterization of microstructural evolution in Zr alloy claddings during long term dry storage; and understanding nanostructural mechanisms of void nucleation in ductile metals for prediction of damage accumulation and fracture. Dr. Clark has a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
Professor Dennis E. Discher
DENNIS E. DISCHER, NAE/NAM, is Robert D. Bent Professor in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Bioengineering, and Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics at the University of Pennsylvania. His research expertise includes: cellular engineering; bioengineered therapeutics; devices and drug delivery; and cell mechanics. Dr. Discher’s primary research efforts are in the nano/bio realm and range from stem cell-matrix interactions and high-accuracy proteomics to polymer-based nano-delivery of drugs. His laboratory pioneered studies of stem cell differentiation due to matrix elasticity and Mass Spectrometry approaches to folding at the proteomic scale. His laboratory has also developed novel degradable cylinders known as filomicelles as well as degradable polymersomes that shrink tumors and treat genetic diseases. He has a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Davis and a Ph.D. in bioengineering from the University of California, Berkeley.
Dr. Jennie S. Hwang
JENNIE S. HWANG, NAE, is CEO of H-Technologies Group, and board trustee and distinguished adjunct professor at Case Western Reserve University. Her career encompasses corporate and entrepreneurial businesses, international collaboration, research management, technology transfer, and global leadership positions, as well as corporate and university governance. She was the CEO of International Electronic Materials Corporation and has held senior executive positions with Lockheed Martin Corp., Hanson, PLC and Sherwin-Williams Co. and co-founded entrepreneurial businesses. With more than 35-years of globe-trotting experience, she is internationally recognized as a pioneer and long-standing leader in the infrastructure development of electronics miniaturization and green manufacturing. She has served as Global President of the Surface Mount Technology Association and in other global leadership positions and is an international speaker and author of 450+ publications including several textbooks on leading technologies, advanced manufacturing, and global market thrusts. She has lectured to tens of thousands of engineers and researchers on professional development courses. She is also an author and speaker on education, technology, trade and business issues. Her speeches range from university commencement addresses to keynote engagements at the Department of Defense’s Federal Women’s Program, to tutorials at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Among her awards/honors are the U.S. Congressional Certificate of Achievements, induction into the International Hall of Fame (Women in Technology), Research and Development “Stars-to-Watch” (Industry Week) and YWCA Women of Achievement Award. Dr. Hwang has served on the International Advisory Board of the Singapore Advanced Technology and Manufacturing Institute and a number of international industry boards. Additionally, she serves on the board of Fortune 500 NYSE-traded and private companies, and various civic boards. The “Dr. Jennie S. Hwang YWCA Award,” in its 16th year recognizing outstanding women students who study in STEM, was established in her honor. Her formal education include: the Harvard University Executive Program, Columbia University Business School Governance Program, and four academic degrees (Ph.D., M.A., M.S., B.S.) in materials science and metallurgical engineering, chemistry, and liquid crystal science.
Dr. Michael E. Kassner
MICHAEL E. KASSNER is chairman of the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Professor of Materials Science, and Choong Hoon Cho Chair at the University of Southern California (USC). His research interests include: metal plasticity theory, creep, fracture, phase diagrams, fatigue, and semi-solid forming. He was previously assigned to Washington D.C., as the Director of Research at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) where he was responsible for overseeing the nearly one billion dollar basic-research budget for the U.S. Navy. He was also previously the Northwest Aluminum Professor of Mechanical Engineering and director of the interdisciplinary Ph.D. program in materials science at Oregon State. He also served at the National Science Foundation’s Institute of Mechanics and Materials. Dr. Kassner was also previously head of the Physical Metallurgy, Joining and Coatings Section at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where he performed basic research on the mechanical behavior of metals, as well as a variety of defense-related projects. Dr. Kassner has published three books, one on the fundamentals of creep plasticity in metals, hot deformation of aluminum and aluminum alloys and another on phase diagrams and has authored or co-authored over 220 published articles. He serves on several editorial and review boards for major scientific journals. He is a fellow of American Society of Metals (ASM), a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME,) and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He earned his B.S in science-engineering from Northwestern University, an M.S. in metallurgical engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology and an M.S. and Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from Stanford University.
Dr. Wayde Konze
WAYDE V. KONZE is Director of Analytical Sciences at the Dow Chemical Company, where he was previously a Senior Research and Development Manager. Dr. Konze currently leads a global Research and Development (R&D) group of 275 people, half of which are Ph.D. level, to develop new analytical sciences technologies for diverse research areas. He discovered breakthrough new polyolefin catalysts and successfully implemented them in large scale pilot plant trials; worked on several catalyst-related new R&D projects in areas of olefin metathesis, polyurethanes, epoxy resins, styrenics, polyolefins and engineering thermoplastics; and was instrumental in developing a new catalysis platform that is being utilized for many new business areas. His research specialties include organometallic, inorganic and organic chemistry; catalyst development; olefin polymerization catalysis; high-throughput chemistry; high pressure reactor techniques, chromatography (GC, GC-MS, TLC and column) and crystallization techniques, electronic storage devices; electronic materials; block polymers and polymer composites, and thermoplastic and thermoset R&D. Dr. Konze received his B.S. in chemistry from the University of Minnesota and his Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Iowa State University.
Dr. Mokul Kumar
MUKUL KUMAR is a scientist in the Materials Engineering Division Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In this role he studies the correlation of material microstructures with fracture and failure mechanisms; high pressure and strain rate phenomena; shock induced plasticity and phase transformations; microstructural and grain boundary engineering; and deformation models for topologically structured materials. He is also a research professor in the Institute of Shock Physics at Washington State University, and was a post-doctoral fellow in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Kumar earned a Bachelor of Technology in metallurgical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology-Banaras Hindu University in India, a M.S. in materials science and engineering from the University of Cincinnati, and a Ph.D. in materials science from the University of Cincinnati.
Dr. Yong Li
YONG LI is a staff member at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute. He is also Professor of Molecular Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University. His research aims to elucidate the role of noncoding RNAs in cancer initiation, cancer progression, and cancer susceptibility. In addition, he performs high-throughput screening to identify novel compounds and small noncoding RNAs for cancer therapeutics and prevention and investigates underlying mechanisms of anti-neoplasia and acquired resistance. Dr. Li earned a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology in the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Steven H. McKnight
STEVEN H. McKNIGHT is vice president for the National Capital Region at Virginia Tech. In this role, Dr. McKnight develops and oversees strategic initiatives for the university in the National Capital Region, and coordinates services and program initiatives for the university’s several regional sites. Additionally, he holds a faculty appointment as Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics in the department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics within the College of Engineering. Prior to joining Virginia Tech, he held several executive level leadership positions at the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the United States Army Research Laboratory. At NSF, he served as director of the Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation Division (CMMI) overseeing national level research programs in the fields of civil, mechanical, industrial, materials, and manufacturing engineering. Dr. McKnight also presented to NSF on several White House initiatives coordinated by the Office of Science and Technology Policy. During his tenure at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Dr. McKnight led the Materials and Manufacturing Science Division, and served as the Army's primary representative on national and international materials research coordination and advisory groups. Dr. McKnight earned a B.S. in materials engineering from Virginia Tech and a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of Delaware.
Dr. C. Bradley Moore
C. BRADLEY MOORE, NAS, is Professor of Chemistry (emeritus) in the Department of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Moore pioneered the study of vibrational energy transfer among the modes of polyatomic molecules by laser methods. His high-resolution studies of unimolecular radiationless transitions have produced quantitative comparison with theory. He has inferred qualitative mechanisms of energy transfer and reaction processes from quantum-state resolved measurements. His physical chemistry research includes molecular energy transfer, chemical reaction dynamics, photochemistry, and spectroscopy. He uses lasers to produce and detect molecules in specific energy states. Rates of energy transfer and chemical reaction processes, both unimolecular and involving collisions, are studied as a function of quantum number. From this information, microscopic mechanisms are deduced and predictive understanding developed. Specific topics include: vibration-to-vibration, vibration-to-rotation, and rotation-to-translation energy transfer in gas-phase collisions; vibrational relaxation in solid matrices; intramolecular electronic-to-vibration and vibration-to-vibration energy transfer; laser isotope separations; rates of biomolecular reactions of simple free radicals; spectroscopy and structure of highly reactive species; state-selected unimolecular reaction dynamics; and energy levels and dynamics at unimolecular transition states. Applications of this work are found in combustion and atmospheric chemistry, in chemical and molecular lasers, and in isotope separation. Other research is in the area of chemical education, specifically, the development and assessment of modular materials for introductory chemistry courses. The modules allow students to learn the principles and methods of chemistry in the context of currently important problems. Dr. Moore received his B.A. in chemistry from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley.
Dr. Jeffrey S. Morris
JEFFERY MORRIS is professor and director of the Levich Institute at the City College of New York. His research interests are in the properties and dynamics of flowing mixtures, with the goal of developing dynamic materials science. A major focus has been to carry scientific understanding of nonequilibrium microstructure and rheology in sheared suspensions to engineering applications through flow modeling. Dr. Morris earned a B.S. in chemical engineering and applied mathematics from the Georgia Institute of Technology and an M.S. and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from California Institute of Technology.
Dr. Warren C. Oliver
WARREN C. OLIVER, NAE, is president of Nanomechanics, Inc. His research interests focus on the measurement and understanding of the response of small volumes of materials to imposed stresses or strains. Understanding the structure-properties relationships that generate unique properties in small volumes of material is central to his efforts. While the great majority of experiments he performs is at the micro to nanometer scale and involve contact or indentation experiments, the deformation of samples with very small controlled dimensions (i.e. compression, tension, bend, and membrane) are also of interest to him. Complex structures are also of interest, for instance, Microelectromechanical systems (MEMs) devices and semiconductors. He has also studied a very wide range of materials from biomaterials to super hard thin films. The sources of collaborations associated with his studies include a variety of industries as well as large research laboratories and universities. He has expertise in the manipulation of samples and expertise concerning various techniques for generating and measuring very small forces and displacements as well as environmental control. Beyond the actual precise and accurate experimental measurement, complex geometric modeling—both analytical and numerical—are routinely utilized to accomplish the desired results. Dr. Oliver earned a B.S. in materials science from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in materials science from Stanford University.
Dr. Isaac C. Sanchez
ISAAC C. SANCHEZ, NAE, is Professor of Chemical Engineering and William J. (Bill) Murray, Jr. Endowed Chair in Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin. Dr. Sanchez is an expert in the properties of polymer liquids, solutions, and blends. He attempts to solve problems in polymer science and engineering by studying polymer interfacial phenomena, and how changes in temperature, pressure, and volume affect polymers. He develops models and uses computer simulations to understand polymer solubility and conformation and to understand the role of water in polymer processes. He received his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Delaware.
Dr. Antonia R. Sepulveda
ANTONIA R. SEPULVEDA is Professor of Pathology and Cell Biology, Vice Chair for Translational Research, and director of the Division of Gastrointestinal Pathology at Columbia University. Her research is focused on underlying molecular mechanisms, biomarkers for early detection, and diagnosis and prediction of response to therapies of sporadic and inherited cancers of digestive organs. She is interested in pathology-integrated molecular testing practices integrating genomic and epigenomic technologies for precision medicine in routine pathology specimens. Specific areas of ongoing research in her laboratory include: molecular mechanisms and biomarkers of gastric cancer; the role and mechanisms of H. pylori and inflammation in the cancer field defect; the role of gastric stem cells in cancer development and response to therapies; and the genomic, epigenomic, and expression biomarkers of cancers of esophagus, stomach, colon, biliary tract and pancreas for assessment of cancer risk of pre-cancer tissues in Barrett’s esophagus, inflammatory bowel disease, gastritis, and pre-cancer lesions of pancreas (and for personalized cancer treatment). Dr. Sepulveda earned her Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from Baylor College of Medicine and her M.D. from the University of Lisbon Medical School.
Dr. Subhash C. Singhal
SUBHASH C. SINGHAL (NAE) is Battelle Fellow Emeritus at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Dr. Singhal worked as a Battelle Fellow and Director of Fuel Cells at PNNL from 2000 to 2012 and provided senior technical, managerial, and commercialization leadership to the laboratory’s extensive fuel cell and clean energy programs. Before that, he worked for over 29 years, initially as a scientist and later as manager of Fuel Cell Technology at the Westinghouse Electric Corporation. While at Westinghouse (that later became part of Siemens), he conducted and/or managed major research, development, and demonstration programs in the field of advanced materials and energy conversion systems including: steam and gas turbines, coal gasification, and fuel cells. He also worked as a manager of Fuel Cell Technology there, and was responsible for the development of high temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for stationary power generation. In this role, he led an internationally recognized group in the SOFC technology and brought this technology from a few-watt laboratory curiosity to fully-integrated 200 kW size power generation systems. He has authored 100 scientific publications, edited 17 books, received 13 patents, and given 315 plenary, keynote, and other invited presentations worldwide. Dr. Singhal is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Utah, and a visiting professor at the China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing and the Kyushu University-Japan. Dr. Singhal has served on a variety of National Academies activities over a span of 30 years. He is a current member of the Board on Higher Education and the Workforce. Dr. Singhal holds an M.B.A from the University of Pittsburg, and a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. Clifford H. Spiegelman
CLIFFORD H. SPIEGELMAN is a Distinguished Professor of Statistics in the Department of Statistics at Texas A&M University. His research interests focus on the theory of: nonparametric smoothing methods, measurement error models, high dimensional inference and estimation, calibration and inverse problems for applications: forensics, transportation, chemometrics, environmetrics, agriculture, and biology. He spent nine years on the staff of the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology). He was lead chair of the 2015-2016 SAMSI program in forensic science and was a member of the National Academies bullet lead committee. He was also a former forensic columnist for the Austin American Statesman. Cliff has served many times as an expert witness for statistical aspects of forensic science and is a member of the Houston Forensic Science Center technical advisory group (TAG). He is a founding co-editor of Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory. In 2006 Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems was the worlds top interface science and mathematics journal out of 65. Dr. Spiegelman has coauthored a leading textbook for transportation engineers Transportation Statistics and Microsimulation, and is a senior research scientist at the Texas A&M Transportation Institute. Dr. Spiegelman earned a B.A. in economics, mathematics, and statistics from the State University of New York at Buffalo, an M.S. in managerial economics, and Ph.D. in statistics and applied mathematics from Northwestern University.
Dr. Anil V. Virkar
ANIL V. VIRKAR, NAE, is Distinguished Professor and H. Kent Bowen Endowed Chair in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Utah. His research is in fuel cells, batteries, multi-species transport and the role of non-equilibrium thermodynamics in the stability of electrochemical devices. His early work was on fabrication of ceramics (oxides and non-oxides), phase transformation mechanisms and kinetics, and fracture mechanics. He is a co-founder and vice president of Materials and Systems Research, Inc.—a small company based in Salt Lake City, Utah and a co-founder of Versa Power Systems—a Colorado-based company with operations in Calgary (acquired by FuelCell Energy). He was also a founding member of Ceramatec, Inc., a small company also based in Salt Lake City, Utah, now a subsidiary of CoorsTek. Recently, he, along with a few colleagues have formed a new venture named Nano-Oxides, Inc. for the synthesis of nanosize oxide powders. He has published over 250 refereed papers and has more than 40 patents to his credit. He has supervised Ph.D. and M.S. research of over 50 candidates. He received a B.Tech. in metallurgical engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, India, an M.S. in engineering mechanics from Louisiana State University and a Ph.D. from Northwestern University in materials science.
Dr. James C. Wyant
JAMES C. WYANT is professor emeritus at the College of Optical Sciences at the University of Arizona, where he was Director (1999-2005), Dean (2005-2012), and a faculty member since 1974. He received a B.S. in physics from Case Western Reserve University and M.S. and Ph.D. in optics from the University of Rochester. He was a founder of the WYKO Corporation and served as its president and board chairman from 1984 to 1997 and he was a founder of the 4D Technology Corporation and currently serves as its board chairman. Wyant is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Inventors, a Fellow of OSA (Optical Society of America), SPIE (International Society of Optics and Photonics), and the Optical Society of India, an honorary member of the Optical Society of Korea, and former editor-in-chief of the OSA journal Applied Optics. He was the 2010 president of OSA and the 1986 president of SPIE. He has been a member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Rochester since 2012 and Case Western Reserve University since 2010, where he was elected Board Chair in 2016. Wyant has received several awards for his technical work, including the OSA Joseph Fraunhofer Award; SPIE Gold Medal; SPIE Technology Achievement Award; SPIE Chandra Vikram Award; and four R&D 100 awards. He received the University of Rochester College of Engineering Distinguished Alumnus Award, the Case Alumni Association Gold Medal Award, and a Doctorado Honoris Causa from the Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica in Puebla, Mexico. For his entrepreneurial activities, Wyant has received several awards, including Arizona’s “Innovator of the Year” Product Award; the Tom Brown Excellence in Entrepreneurship Award; the University of Arizona Technology Innovation Award; and the Arizona Technology Council William F. McWhortor Award.
Dr. Qiaobing Xu
QIAOBING XU is an associate professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Tufts University. He also holds an adjunct position in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and School of Medicine at Tufts University. His current research interests lie at the intersection of material science engineering, specifically micro/nanoscience, and biomedical application. His work involves using combinatorial methods to develop novel materials for the delivery of therapeutic biomacromolecules and using nanotechnology to develop novel biomaterials for tissue engineering. Previously, he was a Cancer Center for Nanotechnology Excellence postdoctoral fellow with Professor Robert Langer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he worked on developing novel nanomaterials for drug delivery applications. He has published over 70 peer reviewed articles, and filed eight patents. He also serves as an editorial board member for two journals: Bioactive Materials and Journal of Physical Chemistry and Biophysics. He obtained his B.S. and M.Sc. in the chemistry at Jilin University, Changchun, China. He obtained his Ph.D. in chemistry from Harvard University.