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Project Information

Project Information


Designing Citizen Science to Support Science Learning


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee of experts will be appointed to conduct a study on how citizen science projects can be designed to better support science learning. The committee will identify and describe existing citizen science projects that seek to support science learning, consider research on science learning in both formal and informal settings, and develop a set of evidence-based principles to guide the design of citizen science projects that have science learning as a goal. The committee’s final report will discuss the potential of citizen science to support science learning, identify promising practices and programs that exemplify the promising practices, and lay out a research agenda that can fill gaps in the current understanding of how citizen science can support science learning and enhance science education.

Status: Current

PIN: DBASSE-BOSE-15-05

Project Duration (months): 24 month(s)

RSO: Dibner, Kenne

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Board on Science Education

Topic(s):

Education


Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 04/11/2017



Dr. Rajul Pandya - (Chair) - (Chair)


Dr. Rajul (Raj) Pandya is the director of AGU’s Thriving Earth Exchange, which connects scientists, communities, and sponsors and helps them work together to develop solutions that have local impact and global implications. Prior to working with AGU, Dr. Pandya worked as the director of Spark: Education and Outreach and the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Spark built exhibits, developed curriculum, and offered research experiences for students, teachers, and members of the public – all related to climate and weather. Dr. Pandya has managed internships and mentored students, taught in college and high school, collaborated with diverse communities internationally and in the US, and worked on educational technology. He has led multi-disciplinary efforts to increase diversity in the sciences, manage meningitis vaccines more effectively in Africa, and improve student learning of weather and climate. For the National Academies, Dr. Pandya served on the Committee on the Review of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Education Program. Dr. Pandya is a founding member of the executive board of the Citizen Science Association, which is currently the only membership organization dedicated to the dissemination of scholarship related to designing and implementing citizen science. He holds a Ph.D. from University of Washington in Atmospheric Science.
Dr. Megan Bang


Dr. Megan Bang is an associate professor in educational psychology, learning sciences & human development, education, equity, society studies and a program director of learning sciences and human development. She currently holds multiple faculty positions in the education department at the University of Washington-Seattle. Previously, Dr. Bang was an adjunct professor at Northwestern University. Dr. Bang’s research aims to improve educational opportunities for disadvantaged children, families and communities, specifically through STEM education and the education of indigenous peoples. She is involved in three primary strands of work: the study of learning and development in everyday contexts, community-based design research that creates science learning environments based on indigenous systems of knowledge, and the study of child and teacher learning in novel environments. She holds numerous awards from the American Education Research Association, Cognitive Science Graduate Fellow for Interdisciplinary Research Projects, Spencer Foundation Dissertation Fellowship and Outstanding Advising Award from the University of Washington. She earned a Ph.D. in learning sciences and a certificate in cognitive science from Northwestern University.


Ms. Darlene Cavalier


Darlene Cavalier is a professor at Arizona State University's Center for Engagement and Training, part of the School for the Future of Innovation in Society. Ms. Cavalier is the founder of SciStarter, an online platform for identifying, supporting, and participating in citizen science opportunities. She is also the founder of Science Cheerleader, an organization of more than 300 current and former professional cheerleaders pursuing STEM careers, and a cofounder of ECAST: Expert and Citizen Assessment of Science and Technology, a network of universities, science centers, and think tanks that produces public deliberations to enhance science policymaking. She is a founding board member of the Citizen Science Association, a senior advisor at Discover Magazine, and a member of the Environmental Protection Agency's National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology. She is the author of The Science of Cheerleading and co-editor of The Rightful Place of Science: Citizen Science, published by Arizona State University. Ms. Cavalier holds a master’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania in Science History and Policy.
Dr. Daniel Edelson


Dr. Daniel Edelson is the executive director of Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS), a national center for research and development in science education. Dr. Edelson possesses significant experience as a curriculum and educational software developer, educational researcher, and advocate for science and social studies education. Prior to his work at BSCS, Dr. Edelson served as vice president for education at the National Geographic Society and executive director of the National Geographic Education Foundation, as well as a professor at Northwestern University, where he had a joint appointment in education and computer science. As a curriculum and software developer, Dr. Edelson is the lead author of a high school environmental science course, Investigations in Environmental Science: A Case-Based Approach to the Study of Environmental Systems, and an author of units in two comprehensive middle school science programs, Project-Based Inquiry Science and Investigating and Questioning our World through Science and Technology (IQWST). Dr. Edelson has written extensively on the importance of geoscience, geography, and environmental science education, and has published numerous research papers on motivation, instructional design, educational technology and teacher professional development. Dr. Edelson received a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Northwestern University.
Dr. Louis M. Gomez


Dr. Louis Gomez is the MacArthur Chair in Digital Media and Learning at UCLA’s Graduate School of Education & Information Studies. Before joining the UCLA faculty he was the Helen S. Faison Professor of Urban Education and sr. scientist at the Learning Research and Development Center (LRDC) at The University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Gomez is also currently serving as a senior fellow at the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in Palo Alto, Ca. His scholarship focuses on understanding how to support organizational change in schools and other institutions. Dr. Gomez has been dedicated to collaborative research and development with urban communities to bring the current state-of-the-art in instruction and support for community formation to traditionally underserved schools. Most recently, Professor Gomez has turned his attention to problem solving research and development. For the National Academies, Dr. Gomez recently completed service on the Committee on Science Literacy and Public Perception of Science in addition to service on five other committees. He received a B.A. in Psychology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook and a Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology from the University of California at Berkeley.


Dr. Joseph Heimlich


Dr. Joe E. Heimlich is co-director for the Center of Science and Industry’s (COSI) Center for Research and Evaluation, and principal researcher the Center’s Lifelong Learning Group. His research and evaluation work focuses on projects related to informal learning and capacity building for zoos, nature centers, parks, gardens, science centers, and other museums. He is also an Academy Professor Emeritus with Ohio State University where he was an extension specialist in museums and organizational capacity building and held appointments in the School of Environment and Natural Resources, the Environmental Science Graduate Program, and the College of Education and Human Ecology. Dr. Heimlich received his Ph.D. in educational psychology from the Ohio State University.
Dr. Lekelia Jenkins


Dr. Lekelia “Kiki” Jenkins is an assistant professor at Arizona State University in the School for the Future of Innovation. Dr. Jenkins has worked as an environmental consultant for the Natural Resource Defense Council, while also actively participating in the burgeoning field of Studies in Expertise and Experience. Dr. Jenkins was awarded a Ford Foundation Diversity Postdoctoral Fellowship and the David H. Smith Conservation Research Fellowship, which is granted to rising conservation scientists who have the potential to change the face of conservation through entrepreneurial approaches. She became an assistant professor at the School of Marine and Environmental Affairs at the University of Washington and during this time was awarded an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship in Ocean Sciences. Dr. Jenkins has published extensively on adult science learning through decade fisheries learning exchanges (FLEs), in which representatives from different fisher communities collaborate to build capacity and share knowledge. FLEs are regarded as useful for developing and sharing fisheries solutions (which are often conservation technologies) and empowering fisher leaders. Dr. Jenkins received her Ph.D. from Duke University by in marine conservation technology.
Dr. Bruce V. Lewenstein


Dr. Bruce V. Lewenstein is Professor of Science Communication and chair of the Department of Science & Technology Studies at Cornell University. He is active in international activities that contribute to education and research on public communication of science and technology, especially in the developing world, and he has published extensively on evaluating citizen science outreach projects. Trained as a historian of science, he works across the field of public communication of science and technology, including informal science education and communication training for scientists. Dr. Lewenstein serves on the board of directors of Embarcadero Media (based in his hometown of Palo Alto, California), which produces community newspapers and related digital media. He is also a faculty-elected member of the Cornell University Board of Trustees. For the Academies, Dr. Lewenstein co-chaired the Committee on Learning Science in Informal Environments, and was a member of the Committee on Communicating Chemistry in Informal Settings, and well as the Roundtable on Public Interfaces of Life Sciences and several other committees. He earned his Ph.D. and M.A. from the University of Pennsylvania in History and Sociology of Science.
Dr. Christine Massey


Dr. Christine Massey is a project scientist in the department of psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her major areas of concentration include cognitive development and learning in mathematics and science. She was previously the director of research and education at the Institute for Research in Cognitive Science at the University of Pennsylvania. In this position, she fulfilled the role of associate director for the Institute. She also developed and supported numerous partnerships connecting the cognitive science research community with K-12 and informal education as well as undergraduate and graduate education. She was also the co-founder and director of PENNlincs at the Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, which served as research and development group working to link recent theory and research in cognitive science to education efforts in public schools, cultural institutions, and higher education. She was also a director of Precollege Research and Education at the Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, University of Pennsylvania. For the National Academies, Dr. Massey served as a member of the Committee on Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills. Dr. Massey earned her M.A. and Ph.D.in psychology from the University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. John C. Mather


Dr. John C. Mather (NAS) is a senior astrophysicist and is the senior project scientist for the James Webb Space Telescope at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD. His research centers on infrared astronomy and cosmology. As a National Research Council postdoctoral fellow at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (New York City), he led the proposal efforts for the Cosmic Background Explorer, and came to Goddard Space Flight Center to be the Study Scientist, project scientist, and the principal investigator for the Far IR Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) on COBE. Dr. Mather is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Nobel Prize in Physics (2006) with George Smoot, for the COBE work, and the NASA Distinguished Service Medal (2007). He is a member of many professional societies including the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Mather currently serves on the National Academies’ Board on Science Education as well as the committee that developed the Framework for K-12 Science Education. He also served in the National Academies’ Review Committee for the Koshland Science Museum, as well as the Board on Physics and Astronomy and the Task Group on Gravity Probe B, in addition to a number of other committees and National Academies activities. He received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California at Berkeley.
Dr. Julia K. Parrish


Dr. Julia K. Parrish is the Lowell A. and Frankie L. Wakefield Professor of Ocean Fishery Sciences at the University of Washington, where she also serves as associate dean for Academic Affairs in the College of the Environment. Dr. Parrish also directs the Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team (COASST) citizen science project, which uses 800 citizen science data collectors to monitor beach-cast marine birds as one indicator of coastal ecosystem health. Dr. Parrish is a marine biologist, a conservation biologist, and a specialist in animal aggregation. For more than 25 years, Dr. Parrish has conducted field research on seabirds, focusing on the natural and human-caused factors causing population decline. In 1998, Dr. Parrish was honored as a NOAA Year of the Oceans Environmental Hero by Vice President Al Gore for the development of the COASST project, and in 2013, Dr. Parrish was recognized by The White House Office of Science Technology Policy (OSTP) as a Champion of Change for her citizen science work with COASST. In 2015, COASST was cited by the OSTP and the National Science Foundation as an exemplary example of rigorous citizen science. She received her Ph.D. from Duke University in Marine Biology.
Ms. Tina Phillips


Tina Phillips is the research and evaluation manager in the Public Engagement in Science Program at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. She has worked for nearly two decades on developing, managing, and evaluating citizen science projects. Ms. Phillips is the project leader for DEVISE, an NSF-funded project that is building capacity for evaluation and providing common instruments for measuring learning outcomes across the field of citizen science. She is also leading a large-scale NSF-funded research project examining the relationship between engagement in citizen science and outcomes related to knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behavior. Ms. Phillips has developed several science inquiry curricula and frequently writes and speaks on the educational and scientific outcomes of informal science education. Although she works mostly in the realm of citizen science, she is also involved in museum and cyber learning initiatives that seek to understand the processes by which engagement is enhanced and learning supported. Ms. Phillips holds a Master’s in Education from Cornell University and is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Education at Cornell University.
Dr. Kenne Dibner - (Staff Officer) - (Staff Officer)


Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20001

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Coreetha Entzminger
Contact Email:  CEntzminger@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3153

Is it a Closed Session Event?
No



Location:

J. Erik Jonsson Woods Hole Center
314 Quissett Ave.
Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Coreetha Entzminger
Contact Email:  CEntzminger@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-3153

Agenda

8:00 a.m. Breakfast Available in Main House

9:00 a.m. Welcome and Overview of the Meeting
Raj and Kenne

9:15 a.m. Discussion of Writing Progress by writing groups
(10 minutes for presentation, 10 minutes for commenters, 20 minutes for discussion)
• What are the punchlines?
• Which sections are unclear?
• Where are there missing points?
• Are any passages too detailed?
• Should data be presented in tables, graphs, and/or figures?
• Are punchlines supported by the evidence presented here?
• Where can we enhance the evidence?

9:20 a.m. Group 1: Definitions and Text on Framing-Related Issues
Presenters: Raj, Kiki, Danny, Julia
Commenters: Megan, Bruce

10:00 a.m. Group 2: Science Learning
Presenters: Bruce, Chris, Megan
Commenters: Danny, Tina
10:40 a.m. Break

10:50 a.m. Group 3: Participants, Facilitators
Presenters: Joe, Darlene
Commenters: Chris, Julia

11:30 a.m. Commissioned Paper on Citizen Science and Science Identity
(10 minutes for presentation, 10 minutes for questions)
Presenter: Heidi Ballard

12:00 p.m. Lunch Available in Main House

1:00 p.m. Commissioned Paper on Design Based Research in Education and potential for Citizen Science
(10 minutes for presentation, 20 minutes for questions)
Presenter: Bill Sandoval

1:30 p.m. Commissioned Paper on Supporting Science Learning Through Intentional Design Strategy
(10 minutes for presentation, 20 minutes for questions)
Presenter: Chris Hoadley

2:00 p.m. Break


2:15 p.m. Reviewing Commissioned Papers from Ballard, Sandoval and Hoadley
Raj
• How should we integrate these into our writing?
• What are the main takeaways and findings?
• Are there lingering questions that need resolution?
• Given committee expertise, do we need any additional commissioned papers?

3:00 p.m. Discussion of Major Messages – Thinking Through Findings and Conclusions
Heidi
• Reflecting on the report as a whole, what are the key themes?
• What are our potential findings and conclusions?
• Based on these conclusions, can we identify any recommendations or any directions for future research?

4:00 p.m. Break

4:15 p.m. Discussion of gaps and next steps
Raj
• Do we need to reconsider the outline/organization of our report?
• What additional evidence is still needed?
• What are the missing pieces?
o Consider each section
o Additional writing necessary to move the report forward


5:00 p.m. Discuss priorities for tomorrow (including how to use break-out groups)
• Do the groups stay the same, or do we need to reorganize?

5:20 p.m. Break

6:00 p.m. Committee Dinner – On Site Lobster Bake

Is it a Closed Session Event?
No



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20001

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Coreetha Entzminger
Contact Email:  CEntzminger@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3153

Agenda


August 9th, 2017

1:30 p.m. Welcome and Introduction of Committee, Agenda for Day One of Public Meeting

1:45 p.m. Being Sophisticated about Science Learning
Moderator: Christine Massey

Cindy Hmelo-Silver, Indiana University
Joe Polman, University of Colorado – Boulder
Speaker TBD

Guiding questions:
• What characterizes substantive science knowledge and what sorts of learning experiences help to develop different aspects of it?
• What are examples that illustrate complex dimensions of science learning in real-world contexts (e.g., systems thinking, reasoning with evidence, modeling and representing data)?
• What is the theoretical grounding for understanding the nature of the knowledge structures and learning processes in science?

3:05 p.m. Break

3:20 pm. Keynote: The Potential of Citizen Science to Support Science Learning
Heidi Ballard, University of California - Davis

Guiding question:
• How do people learn through public participation in scientific research?

4:30 p.m. End of Day 1 Open Session



August 10th, 2017

8:30 a.m. Breakfast Available in Room 202

9:00 a.m. Welcome and Agenda for Day Two
Rajul Pandya, Study Chair

9:10 a.m. Frameworks for Designing Learning Opportunities in Citizen Science
Moderator: Danny Edelson
Bill Zoellick, Schoodic Institute

Ruth Kermish-Allen, Maine Mathematics and Science Alliance
Rebecca Jordan, Rutgers University



Guiding questions:
• What are the characteristics/elements of participation in citizen science that support science learning?
• What considerations are important for designers/practitioners of citizen science to take into account if science learning is a desired goal?

10:30 a.m. Break

10:45 a.m. Citizen Science in K-12 Classrooms
Moderator: Louis Gomez

Rob Dunn, North Carolina State University
Andrea Wiggins, University of Nebraska - Omaha
Jennifer Fee, Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Speaker TBD
Guiding questions:
• What are various considerations for using citizen science to support science learning in K-12 classrooms?
• How can teachers incorporate citizen science in support of specific science learning outcomes?

12:15 p.m. Lunch Available in Room 202

1:00 p.m. Citizen Science and Community Learning Outcomes
Moderator: Bruce Lewenstein

Gwen Ottinger, Drexel University
Michael Mascarenhas, University of California - Berkeley
Muki Haklay, University College - London
Guiding questions:
• How can citizen science support learning about the social context and political dimensions of science, including especially issues of community engagement and learning?
• How can citizen science be designed to support this kind of learning?

2:20 p.m. Assessing Learning in Citizen Science
Moderator: Tina Philips

Karen Peterman, Karen Peterman Consulting
Cat Stylinski, University of Maryland
Guiding questions:
• How do we assess different learning outcomes in the context of participation in citizen science?
• How can we use these assessments to better understand how to design citizen science to support specific learning outcomes?

3:15 p.m. Break

3:30 p.m. Citizen Science and Science Learning in Informal Settings
Moderator TBD
Speakers TBD
Guiding questions:
• What are various considerations for using citizen science to support science learning in informal settings?
• What is the role of the facilitator in informal settings in supporting specific science learning outcomes?

4:50 p.m. End of Day


Is it a Closed Session Event?
No



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20001

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Coreetha Entzminger
Contact Email:  CEntzminger@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-3153

Agenda


11:00 a.m. Framing Perspectives: The Potential of Citizen Science
Rick Bonney, Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Sarah Kirn, Gulf of Maine Research Institute
Guiding questions:
• What is the history of using citizen science to support or promote science learning?
• What current landscape of citizen science projects claiming to support science learning?

12:00 p.m. Lunch

1:00 pm. Discussion of Study Charge with Sponsors
Greg Boustead, Simons Foundation
Janet Coffey, Moore Foundation
Bridget Conneely and Dennis Liu, HHMI

1:45 p.m. Framing Perspectives II: The Landscape of Science Learning
Leona Schauble, Vanderbilt University
Leslie Herrenkohl, University of Washington
Guiding questions:
• What are some of the contemporary frameworks for understanding the process of science learning in both formal and informal environments?
• What are some ways to assess whether science learning is taking place?

2:45 p.m. Break
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes


Publications

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Publications

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