JASON KALIRAI is a research scientist at the Johns Hopkins University and the multi-mission project scientist at NASA’s Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). His major research focuses are star formation, stellar evolution, and the formation and evolution of nearby galaxies, and has served as Deputy Project Scientist and Project Scientist for the James Webb Space Telescope, PI of a WFIRST Science Investigation team and member of the Science Working Group, and is a member of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Kalira has also received the American Astronomical Society’s Newton Lay Pierce Prize and is a Kavli Frontiers of Science Fellow. He received a B.Sc., with honors, in physics and astronomy, and M.Sc. and Ph.D. in astrophysics, all from the University of British Columbia. He has not previously served on an Academies‘ committee.
Jeffrey R. Kuhn
JEFF R. KUHN is a professor and astronomer at the Institute of Astronomy at the University of Hawaii. His research interests include telescopes and optical and infrared instrumentation, solar magnetism, atmosphere and helioseismology, physics of polarized light, and circumstellar radiation. Prior to joining the University of Hawaii, Dr. Kuhn was an astronomer at the National Solar Observatory, a professor of physics and astronomy at Michigan State University, and an instructor of physics at the Princeton University. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Senior Humboldt Prize for Scientific Achievements, the Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, the Shenstone Prize, and the Hornbeck Prize. Dr. Kuhn is a board member of the Breakthrough Foundation Watch and Starshot, and the Scientific Advising Committee for Solar and Terrestrial Research at NJIT. He is a member of the International Astronomical Union, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society. He received his Ph.D. in physics from Princeton University. His previous service includes membership on the Astro2010 Panel on Stars and Stellar Evolution and the Panel on the Sun and Heliospheric Physics.
Christopher F. McKee
CHRISTOPHER F. McKEE (NAS) is a professor of physics and of astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley. His research focuses on the theory of the interstellar medium and of star formation. He helped develop the three-phase model of the interstellar medium, which has been widely used to organize and interpret observational data. He is currently carrying out numerical simulations of star formation. During his time at the University of California at Berkeley, Dr. McKee led the establishment of the Theoretical Astrophysics Center at Berkeley and served as its first director. He subsequently directed the Space Sciences Laboratory and served as the chair for the Department of Physics as well as the Interim Dean of Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Dr. McKee earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California at Berkeley. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and serves as the NAS Section 12 liaison. He previously served on the Academies’ Board on Physics and Astronomy, the Committee on Review of Progress in Astronomy and Astrophysics toward the Decadal Vision, and co-chaired the 2000 astronomy and astrophysics decadal survey. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Scott M. Ransom
SCOTT RANSOM is a tenured astronomer with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Charlottesville, VA, where he studies pulsars and gravitational waves. He is also a research professor with the Astronomy Department at the University of Virginia where he has several graduate students and teaches the occasional graduate class. He works on a wide variety of projects involving finding, timing, and exploiting pulsars of various types, using data from many different instruments and at energies from radio waves to gamma-rays. His main focus is on searching for exotic pulsar systems, such as millisecond pulsars and binaries. Once these pulsars are identified, he uses them as tools to probe a variety of basic physics, including tests of general relativity, the emission (and hopefully soon the direct detection) of gravitational waves (as part of the NANOGrav collaboration), and the physics of matter at supra-nuclear densities. Scott was awarded a Hertz Foundation Fellowship for a Ph.D. while in his last year as a cadet at West Point. He served active duty in the U.S. Army as a Field Artillery officer. After almost six years of service, he returned to Harvard and completed his Ph.D. Later, he was a Tomlinson postdoctoral fellow at McGill University in Montreal, Canada until he moved to NRAO as a staff astronomer. He has won the Bart J. Bok prize which is awarded for “distinguished research by a Harvard Astronomy Ph.D. recipient under age 35,” and in 2010 he won the American Astronomical Society's Helen B. Warner Prize “for a significant contribution to observational or theoretical astronomy during the five years preceding the award.” He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and has authored or co-authored over 175 refereed publications including 15 in Nature and Science. He has a B.S. in engineering physics from the United State Military Academy, West Point. He earned a M.S. and Ph.D. for astronomy at Harvard University. He has served on the Academies’ Committee on Radio Frequencies, the View on the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 and the Astro2010 Panel on Stars and Stellar Evolution.
KATE SCHOLBERG is the arts and sciences professor of physics and a Bass Fellow at Duke University's Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. Her research interests includes experimental elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. Prior to joining Duke University, she was an assistant professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a research associate at Boston University. Scholberg is the recipient of an NSF Faculty Early Career Development Program Award and a DOE Outstanding Junior Investigator Award and is a fellow of the American Physical Society. She received her Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology. Scholberg has served as an organizer of the Academies’ Fourth Annual Symposium on Japanese-American Frontiers of Science.
JOSEPH SILK, NAS, is the Homewood Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the Johns Hopkins University, a professor at the Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, and a senior fellow at the Beecroft Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology at the University of Oxford. His research interests include cosmology and particle astrophysics, especially cosmic microwave background, formation of the galaxies, and exploration of the nature of dark matter. Prior to joining Johns Hopkins University, Dr. Silk was postdoctoral fellow at Cambridge University and Princeton University, and taught at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Oxford. He is a fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is the recipient of the 2011 International Balzan Foundation Prize. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard University. Silk has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
ALEXEY VIKHLININ is the deputy associate director of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. He is also a senior researcher at the High Energy Astrophysics division of Moscow's Space Research Institute. Dr. Vikhlinin’s main research area is X-ray studies of galaxy clusters and their applications for cosmology and physics of the intergalactic medium. Past projects in this area have included: Development of the Efficient Detection Pipeline for Extended X-ray Sources -- the Backbone of the 160 and 400 Square Degrees Surveys; and Using Chandra to Study Cold fronts in merging clusters. Dr. Vikhlinin received his Ph.D. in astrophysics from Moscow University. He was recently co-awarded the 2008 Rossi Prize from the American Astronomical Society for his work on cluster cosmology and cold fronts. He served on the Academies’ Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Committee on the Review of Progress Toward the Decadal Survey Vision in New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Alycia J. Weinberger
ALYCIA J. WEINBERGER is a staff scientist with the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Her research interests include observational astrophysics, and planet formation and circumstellar disks, young stars, high angular resolution imaging. Prior to joining the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Weinberger was a NICMOS postdoctoral research astronomer and astrobiology postdoctoral fellow with the University of California, Los Angeles. Weinberger is a member of the U.S. Extremely Large Telescope Program Advisory Committee, the SOFIA Science Council of Universities Space Research Association, the Student Observing Support Review Panel of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, the Magellan Telescopes Science Advisory Committee, the NASA Nexus for Exoplanet System Science Team, and the NASA Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer Key Science Team. She is a member of the Division of Planetary Science under the American Astronomical Society. Dr. Weinberger is the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Vainu Bappu Gold Medal of Astronomical Society of India, the UCLA Chancellor’s Award for Postdoctoral Research, and the Annie Jump Cannon Award. She received her Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Weinberger has served as a member of the Committee on Exoplanet Science Strategy.
A. Thomas Young
A. THOMAS YOUNG (NAE) is a retired executive vice president of Lockheed Martin. He is currently chair of the board of SAIC. Mr. Young previously was president and chief operating officer of Martin Marietta Corporation. He also has over twenty-one years of experience working at NASA, where he directed the Goddard Space Flight Center, was deputy director of the Ames Research Center, and directed the Planetary Program in the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters. Mr. Young received high acclaim for his technical leadership in organizing and directing national space and defense programs, especially the Viking program. He is currently a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and of the American Astronautical Society (AAS). He received his M.S. in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mr. Young previously served as the vice chair of the National Academies’ Space Studies Board and has extensive NRC experience, and a member on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey steering committee, the Astro2010 Decadal Survey Committee and subsequent Panel on Implementing Recommendations from New Worlds, New Horizons Decadal Survey, and the Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions. He also served on the Mid-decadal Astronomy Committee. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.