Lee W. Hartmann
LEE W. HARTMANN is the Leo Goldberg Collegiate professor of Astronomy at the University of Michigan. He has worked as an astrophysicist at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and was a vice-president of the American Astronomical Society. Dr. Hartmann’s research interests include the formation of stars and star clusters, molecular cloud structure and dynamics, protostellar accretion, evolution of protoplanetary disks and planet formation, and mass function of stars. Dr. Hartmann is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Wisconsin System. Dr. Hartmann has served on three Academies’ committees including: chair of the Astro2010 Panel on Planetary Systems and Star Formation, member of the U.S. National Committee for the International Astronomical Union, and member of the Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
ELIZABETH HAYS is an astrophysicist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, where she is Deputy Project Scientist for the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. She served a postdoctoral research associate jointly at the University of Chicago Enrico Fermi Institute and at the Argonne National Laboratory from 2004-2007, and then participated in the NASA Postdoctoral program at Goddard Space Flight Center from 2007-2009. Dr. Hays is on the executive committee of the Physics of the Cosmos Program Analysis Group (PhysPAG) and chair of the PhysPAG Gamma-ray Science Analysis Group since 2012. She earned a Ph.D. for physics at the University of Maryland at College Park. She has not previously served on an Academies’ committee.
JASON KALIRAI is a research scientist at the Johns Hopkins University and the multi-mission project scientist at NASA’s Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). His major research focuses are star formation, stellar evolution, and the formation and evolution of nearby galaxies, and has served as Deputy Project Scientist and Project Scientist for the James Webb Space Telescope, PI of a WFIRST Science Investigation team and member of the Science Working Group, and is a member of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Kalira has also received the American Astronomical Society’s Newton Lay Pierce Prize and is a Kavli Frontiers of Science Fellow. He received a B.Sc., with honors, in physics and astronomy, and M.Sc. and Ph.D. in astrophysics, all from the University of British Columbia. He has not previously served on an Academies‘ committee.
Vassiliki (Vicky) Kalogera
VASSILIKI KALOGERA (NAS) is the E.O. Haven Professor of Physics and Astronomy and the director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics at Northwestern University. Dr. Kalogera previously served as a postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics before becoming an assistant professor at Northwestern, an associate professor, and full professor in 2009. Dr. Kalogera has earned a David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowship in Science and Engineering, the Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award by the American Physical Society (APS), the Cottrell Scholar Award by the Research Corporation, the NSF CAREER Award in astronomy, the A.J. Cannon Award by the American Astronomical Society (AAS), and a fellowship in theoretical physics from the Simons Foundation. She served as the chair of the APS Division of Computational Physics, and has served on the astrophysics subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council Science Committee, and the NASA Chandra Users Committee. Dr. Kalogera earned her Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Heather A. Knutson
HEATHER A. KNUTSON is an assistant professor of planetary science at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Knutson’s work revolves around the structure, chemistry, and atmospheric dynamics of planets orbiting other stars, along with the high-precision time-domain infrared photometry and spectroscopy. Prior to joining the California Institute of Technology, she was a Miller fellow at the University of California at Berkeley and a graduate research fellow at Harvard University. Dr. Knutson has won many awards from the American Astronomical Society and the National Science Foundation including the NSF CAREER award, the Newton Lacy Pierce Prize, and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Bart J. Bok prize. She received her Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard University. Dr. Knutson has no prior experience working with the National Academies.
BRUCE MACINTOSH is a professor of physics at Stanford University. His research focuses on the detection of extrasolar planets through direct imaging, and on using adaptive optics to shape the wavefronts of light for a variety of applications. He is a co-discoverer of four planets orbiting the star HR 8799 and is the principal investigator of the Gemini Planet Imager, an advance adaptive optics planet-finder for the Gemini South Telescope. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy at University of California, Los Angles. Dr. Macintosh served as a member on the Academies’ Astronomy and Astrophysics 2010 Decadal Survey Panel on Optical and Infrared Astronomy from the Ground and the Mid-decadal Astronomy Committee. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Christopher F. McKee
CHRISTOPHER F. McKEE (NAS) is a professor of physics and of astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley. His research focuses on the theory of the interstellar medium and of star formation. He helped develop the three-phase model of the interstellar medium, which has been widely used to organize and interpret observational data. He is currently carrying out numerical simulations of star formation. During his time at the University of California at Berkeley, Dr. McKee led the establishment of the Theoretical Astrophysics Center at Berkeley and served as its first director. He subsequently directed the Space Sciences Laboratory and served as the chair for the Department of Physics as well as the Interim Dean of Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Dr. McKee earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California at Berkeley. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and serves as the NAS Section 12 liaison. He previously served on the Academies’ Board on Physics and Astronomy, the Committee on Review of Progress in Astronomy and Astrophysics toward the Decadal Vision, and co-chaired the 2000 astronomy and astrophysics decadal survey. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
SCOTT RANSOM is a tenured astronomer with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Charlottesville, VA, where he studies pulsars and gravitational waves. He is also a research professor with the Astronomy Department at the University of Virginia where he has several graduate students and teaches the occasional graduate class. He works on a wide variety of projects involving finding, timing, and exploiting pulsars of various types, using data from many different instruments and at energies from radio waves to gamma-rays. His main focus is on searching for exotic pulsar systems, such as millisecond pulsars and binaries. Once these pulsars are identified, he uses them as tools to probe a variety of basic physics, including tests of general relativity, the emission (and hopefully soon the direct detection) of gravitational waves (as part of the NANOGrav collaboration), and the physics of matter at supra-nuclear densities. Scott was awarded a Hertz Foundation Fellowship for a Ph.D. while in his last year as a cadet at West Point. He served active duty in the U.S. Army as a Field Artillery officer. After almost six years of service, he returned to Harvard and completed his Ph.D. Later, he was a Tomlinson postdoctoral fellow at McGill University in Montreal, Canada until he moved to NRAO as a staff astronomer. He has won the Bart J. Bok prize which is awarded for “distinguished research by a Harvard Astronomy Ph.D. recipient under age 35,” and in 2010 he won the American Astronomical Society's Helen B. Warner Prize “for a significant contribution to observational or theoretical astronomy during the five years preceding the award.” He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and has authored or co-authored over 175 refereed publications including 15 in Nature and Science. He has a B.S. in engineering physics from the United State Military Academy, West Point. He earned a M.S. and Ph.D. for astronomy at Harvard University. He has served on the Academies’ Committee on Radio Frequencies, the View on the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 and the Astro2010 Panel on Stars and Stellar Evolution.
ALEXEY VIKHLININ is the deputy associate director of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. He is also a senior researcher at the High Energy Astrophysics division of Moscow's Space Research Institute. Dr. Vikhlinin’s main research area is X-ray studies of galaxy clusters and their applications for cosmology and physics of the intergalactic medium. Past projects in this area have included: Development of the Efficient Detection Pipeline for Extended X-ray Sources -- the Backbone of the 160 and 400 Square Degrees Surveys; and Using Chandra to Study Cold fronts in merging clusters. Dr. Vikhlinin received his Ph.D. in astrophysics from Moscow University. He was recently co-awarded the 2008 Rossi Prize from the American Astronomical Society for his work on cluster cosmology and cold fronts. He served on the Academies’ Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Committee on the Review of Progress Toward the Decadal Survey Vision in New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Eric M. Wilcots
ERIC M. WILCOTS is a professor of astronomy and associate dean for natural and mathematical sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW). He is an observer with broad expertise in the gas content and evolution of galaxies and galaxy groups and the impact of massive stars on the evolution of galaxies. This work includes understanding the distribution and kinematics of neutral hydrogen in and around galaxies, the impact of massive stars on their environment, and the role of active galactic nuclei in the evolution of galaxy groups and structure. Dr. Wilcots served as chair of the department of astronomy at UW-Madison before becoming an associate dean in the College of Letters & Science. Dr. Wilcots has served on the Users, Visitors, and Program Advisory Committees for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. He was a member of the Science Working Group for the International Square Kilometer Array project and is a member of the Board of the Southern African Large Telescope. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics from the University of Washington. He was a member of the Academies’ Astro2010 Panel on Galaxies Across Cosmic Time. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
A. Thomas Young
A. THOMAS YOUNG (NAE) is a retired executive vice president of Lockheed Martin. He is currently chair of the board of SAIC. Mr. Young previously was president and chief operating officer of Martin Marietta Corporation. He also has over twenty-one years of experience working at NASA, where he directed the Goddard Space Flight Center, was deputy director of the Ames Research Center, and directed the Planetary Program in the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters. Mr. Young received high acclaim for his technical leadership in organizing and directing national space and defense programs, especially the Viking program. He is currently a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and of the American Astronautical Society (AAS). He received his M.S. in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mr. Young previously served as the vice chair of the National Academies’ Space Studies Board and has extensive NRC experience, and a member on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey steering committee, the Astro2010 Decadal Survey Committee and subsequent Panel on Implementing Recommendations from New Worlds, New Horizons Decadal Survey, and the Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions. He also served on the Mid-decadal Astronomy Committee. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.