Dr. Lee W. Hartmann
LEE W. HARTMANN is the Leo Goldberg Collegiate professor of Astronomy at the University of Michigan. He has worked as an astrophysicist at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and was a vice-president of the American Astronomical Society. Dr. Hartmann’s research interests include the formation of stars and star clusters, molecular cloud structure and dynamics, protostellar accretion, evolution of protoplanetary disks and planet formation, and mass function of stars. Dr. Hartmann is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Wisconsin System. Dr. Hartmann has served on three Academies’ committees including: chair of the Astro2010 Panel on Planetary Systems and Star Formation, member of the U.S. National Committee for the International Astronomical Union, and member of the CAA.
Dr. Vassiliki Kalogera
VASSILIKI KALOGERA is the E.O. Haven professor of physics and astronomy and the director of the Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics at Northwestern University. Dr. Kalogera previously served as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics before becoming an assistant professor at Northwestern in 2001, an Associate Professor in 2006, and full professor in 2009. Dr. Kalogera has earned a David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowship in Science and Engineering, the Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award by the American Physical Society (APS), the Cottrell Scholar Award by the Research Corporation, the NSF CAREER Award in astronomy, the A.J. Cannon Award by the American Astronomical Society (AAS), and a Fellowship in Theoretical Physics from the Simons Foundation. She served as the chair of the APS Division of Computational Physics, and has served on the Astrophysics Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council Science Committee, and the NASA Chandra Users Committee. Dr. Kalogera earned her Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Dr. Heather A. Knutson
HEATHER A. KNUTSON is an assistant professor of planetary science at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Knutson’s work revolves around the structure, chemistry, and atmospheric dynamics of planets orbiting other stars, along with the high-precision time-domain infrared photometry and spectroscopy. Prior to joining the California Institute of Technology, she was a Miller fellow at the University of California at Berkeley and a graduate research fellow at Harvard University. Dr. Knutson has won many awards from the American Astronomical Society and the National Science Foundation including the NSF CAREER award, the Newton Lacy Pierce Prize, and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Bart J. Bok prize. She received her Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard University. Dr. Knutson has no prior experience working with the National Academies.
Dr. Bruce Macintosh
BRUCE MACINTOSH is a professor of physics at Stanford University. His research focuses on the detection of extrasolar planets through direct imaging, and on using adaptive optics to shape the wavefronts of light for a variety of applications. He is a co-discoverer of four planets orbiting the star HR 8799 and is the principal investigator of the Gemini Planet Imager, an advance adaptive optics planet-finder for the Gemini South Telescope. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy at University of California, Los Angles. Dr. Macintosh served as a member on the Astronomy and Astrophysics 2010 Decadal Survey Panel on Optical and Infrared Astronomy from the Ground and the Mid-decadal Astronomy Committee. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Dr. Christopher F. McKee
CHRISTOPHER F. McKEE (NAS) is a professor emeritus of physics and of astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley. His research focuses on the theory of the interstellar medium and of star formation. He helped develop the three-phase model of the interstellar medium, which has been widely used to organize and interpret observational data. He is currently carrying out numerical simulations of star formation. During his time at the University of California at Berkeley, Dr. McKee led the establishment of the Theoretical Astrophysics Center at Berkeley and served as its first director. He subsequently directed the Space Sciences Laboratory and served as the chair for the Department of Physics as well as the Interim Dean of Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Dr. McKee earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California at Berkeley. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and serves as the NAS Section 12 liaison. He previously served on the Academies’ Board on Physics and Astronomy, the Committee on Review of Progress in Astronomy and Astrophysics toward the Decadal Vision, and co-chaired the 2000 astronomy and astrophysics decadal survey. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Dr. Angela V. Olinto
ANGELA V. OLINTO is the Homer J. Livingston Professor at the University of Chicago in the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics. She is also a member of the Enrico Fermi Institute and the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago. Dr. Olinto’s interests are in theoretical astrophysics, particle and nuclear astrophysics, and cosmology. She is the U.S. principal investigator of the JEM-EUSO space mission and a member of the international collaboration of the Pierre Auger Observatory, both designed to discover the origin of the highest energy cosmic rays. She made significant contributions to the study of the structure of neutron stars, inflationary theory, cosmic magnetic fields, the nature of the dark matter, and the origin of the highest energy cosmic particles: cosmic rays, gamma rays, and neutrinos. Dr. Olinto has served as chair of the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago for two terms. She is a fellow of the APS and has served as chair of its Division of Astrophysics. She is a fellow of AAAS, has served as trustee of the Aspen Center for Physics, and is serving on the Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee. She received her Ph.D. in physics from MIT. Dr. Olinto served as a member on the Academies’ Astro2010 Panel on Particle Astrophysics and Gravitation and the Committee on Scientific Assessment of Proposed U.S. Neutrino Experiments. She also served on the Mid-decadal Astronomy Committee.
Dr. Mark M. Phillips
MARK M. PHILLIPS is the director of Las Campanas Observatory (LCO) of the Carnegie Institution for Science. He specializes in supernovae as an instrument to understand the evolution of the universe as well as standard candles to measure distances using the Phillips relationship, and his current projects aim to gain further clues about the nature of dark energy. Dr. Phillips completed his post-doctorate at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory and the Anglo-Australian Observatory; he later returned as a staff scientist at CTIO and eventually served as the assistant director. Since 1998, he has been a staff member of the Carnegie Observatories. Dr. Phillips received the AURA Science Achievement Award, the Gruber Prize in cosmology, the SOCHIAS Prize for Outstanding Contribution to Chilean Astronomy, the Nobel Prize in Physics as part of the High-z Supernova Search Team, and the Scopus Physics and Astronomy Award in Chile, and the Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. He completed his Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Dr. James M. Stone
JAMES M. STONE is professor of astrophysical sciences and applied and computational mathematics at Princeton University. He is also the associate director of the Princeton Institute for Computational Science and Engineering. Dr. Stone’s research group studies gas dynamics in a wide variety of astrophysical systems, from protostars to clusters of galaxies. As part of this effort, the group develops, tests, and applies numerical algorithms for astrophysical gas dynamics on high-performance computers. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dr. Stone served as a member on the National Academies’ committee on the Potential Impact of High-End Computing on Illustrative Fields of Science and Engineering and the Plasma Science Committee. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Dr. Alexey Vikhlinin
ALEXEY VIKHLININ is the deputy associate director of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. He is also a senior researcher at the High Energy Astrophysics division of Moscow's Space Research Institute. Dr. Vikhlinin’s main research area is X-ray studies of galaxy clusters and their applications for cosmology and physics of the intergalactic medium. Past projects in this area have included: Development of the Efficient Detection Pipeline for Extended X-ray Sources -- the Backbone of the 160 and 400 Square Degrees Surveys; and Using Chandra to Study Cold fronts in merging clusters. Dr. Vikhlinin received his Ph.D. in astrophysics from Moscow University. He was recently co-awarded the 2008 Rossi Prize from the American Astronomical Society for his work on cluster cosmology and cold fronts. He served on the Mid-decadal Astronomy Committee and the CAA.
Dr. Eric M. Wilcots
ERIC M. WILCOTS is a professor of astronomy and associate dean for natural and mathematical sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW). He is an observer with broad expertise in the gas content and evolution of galaxies and galaxy groups and the impact of massive stars on the evolution of galaxies. This work includes understanding the distribution and kinematics of neutral hydrogen in and around galaxies, the impact of massive stars on their environment, and the role of active galactic nuclei in the evolution of galaxy groups and structure. Dr. Wilcots served as chair of the department of astronomy at UW-Madison before becoming an associate dean in the College of Letters & Science. Dr. Wilcots has served on the Users, Visitors, and Program Advisory Committees for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. He was a member of the Science Working Group for the International Square Kilometer Array project and is a member of the Board of the Southern African Large Telescope. He received his Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics from the University of Washington. He was a member of the Academies’ Astro2010 Panel on Galaxies Across Cosmic Time. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.
Mr. A. Thomas Young
A. THOMAS YOUNG (NAE) is a retired executive vice president of Lockheed Martin. He is currently chair of the board of SAIC. Mr. Young previously was president and chief operating officer of Martin Marietta Corporation. Prior to joining industry. He also has over twenty-one years of experience working at NASA, where he directed the Goddard Space Flight Center, was deputy director of the Ames Research Center, and directed the Planetary Program in the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters. Mr. Young received high acclaim for his technical leadership in organizing and directing national space and defense programs, especially the Viking program. He is currently a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and of the American Astronautical Society (AAS). He received his M.S. in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mr. Young previously served as the vice chair of the National Academies’ Space Studies Board and has extensive NRC experience, and a member on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey steering committee, the Astro2010 Decadal Survey Committee and subsequent Panel on Implementing Recommendations from New Worlds, New Horizons Decadal Survey, and the Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions. He also served on the Mid-decadal Astronomy Committee. He has served on the Standing Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.