Mark C. Cheung
MARK C. M. CHEUNG is a staff physicist at Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center with research interests in astrophysical plasmas, radiative magnetohydrodynamics, solar and stellar activity, and the origins of space weather in the near-Earth environment. Committed to STE(A)M education and outreach, he has appeared in television documentaries and given public lectures in venues such as Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles. As principal investigator (PI) for the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) onboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) mission, PI for one of NASA's Heliophysics Grand Challenges Research grants, and mentor for NASA’s Frontier Development Lab (FDL), he leads teams of scientists and engineers who operate space telescopes, perform data mining and data analysis on terabyte- and petabyte-scale data archives, develop massively parallel numerical simulation codes for supercomputers, and apply machine learning techniques for scientific discovery. He is a visiting scholar at Stanford University. Previously he was a visiting associate professor at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (Tokyo) for two month-long visits. He earned his Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics from the Univesrity of Gottingen, Germany. He has no prior Academies service.
Christina M. Cohen
CHRISTINA M. COHEN is a staff scientist at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). Her work at Caltech involves the design, calibration, and analysis of several energetic particle instruments; she is the principal investigator on the Ultra Low Energy Isotope Spectrometer (ULEIS) on Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) mission as well as co-investigator on the High-energy Ion Telescope (HIT) on the Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP) mission, the Energetic Particle Instrument - High (EPI-Hi) on Parker Solar Probe, and the Sun Radio Interferometer Space Experiment (SunRISE; a small satellite). She is also a team member of the Solar Isotope Spectrometer (SIS) on ACE, the Low Energy Telescope (LET) on the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) mission, and the Heavy Ion Counter (HIC) on the Galileo mission. Her research currently focuses on the acceleration, transport, and properties of solar energetic particles in the heliosphere and their space weather implications; and previously has included energetic particle populations in the Jovian magnetosphere and the heavy ion composition of the solar wind. She routinely combines in-situ particle measurements with remote sensing of flares, radio bursts, and coronal mass ejections in her analysis. She is currently the space physics editor for Eos and the president of the Space Physics and Aeronomy section of the AGU. She earned her Ph.D. in physics from the University of Maryland, College Park. She is a member of the Academies’ U.S. Liaison Committee for the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics and the Panel on Physics of the Associateship Programs of the Policy and Global Affairs Committee.
YUE DENG is associate professor of physics at University of Texas at Arlington. Previously, Dr. Deng was a research associate at the University of Colorado at Boulder and on the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the center of Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES). Dr. Deng is leading the Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) project to develop next generation simulation capability in ionosphere/thermosphere coupling at multiple scales for environmental specification and prediction. Her professional experience in space physics has involved developing a new three dimensional non-hydrostatic ionosphere/thermosphere general circulation model (GCM) and investigating the non-hydrostatic processes in the upper atmosphere. Her research interests include global 3-D modeling of complex system, solar and geomagnetic energy input uncertainty into the upper atmosphere, gravity-acoustic wave propagation, ionosphere-thermosphere coupling in multiple scales, data analysis, and planetary atmospheres. She is serving as a member of the NSF sponsored CEDAR Science Steering Committee. She is a recipient of a NSF Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award and of a Robert S. Hyer Research Award from the Texas Section of the American Physical Society. She earned her Ph.D. in space science from the University of Michigan. She has previously served on the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
Mary K. Hudson
MARY K. HUDSON is the Eleanor and A. Kelvin Smith Distinguished Professor of Physics at Dartmouth College, where she also served for eight years as chair of physics and astronomy. She is also an affiliate scientist at HAO/NCAR. Dr. Hudson was one of the principal investigators with the Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling, where researchers study the weather patterns that originate from a solar eruption, following the energy and mass transfer through the interplanetary medium, all the way to the Earth’s ionosphere. Current areas of investigation include the evolution of the radiation belts; how the ionized particle outflow known as the solar wind and the magnetic field of the Sun interact with the magnetic field of the Earth, producing electrical currents in the ionosphere; and the effects of solar cosmic rays on radio communications near the Earth’s poles. She is a co-investigator on NASA’s Van Allen Probes Mission. Dr. Hudson is a fellow of the AGU, and has received the AGU’s Macelwane Award. Dr. Hudson has served on Heliophysics Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council and numerous other NASA advisory committees. Dr. Hudson received her Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Hudson previously served as co-chair of the Academies Standing Committee on Solar and Space Physics and as a member of the Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics).
ROBYN MILLAN is an associate professor of physics and astronomy at Dartmouth College. Her research includes the use of high-altitude scientific balloon experiments to study Earth’s radiation belts, specifically the loss of relativistic electrons from the outer radiation belts into Earth’s atmosphere. Dr. Millan is principal investigator for the BARREL (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses) project, which is being planned for flight in association with the Radiation Belt Storm Probe mission. Her prior positions include research appointments at Dartmouth and at the University of California, Berkeley. She received her Ph.D. in physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Millan served on the Academies Standing Committee on Solar and Space Physics, the Committee on the Role and Scope of Mission-Enabling Activities in NASA’s Space and Earth Science Missions, and on the Panel on Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Interactions for the Committee for a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics).
Tai D. Phan
TAI D. PHAN is a senior fellow at the the University of California, Berkeley in the Space Sciences Laboratory. He is a co-investigator of the NASA Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) mission and is a science co-investigator of the FIELDS instrument on the Solar Probe Plus mission. He leads an Inter-Disciplinary Science team of the NASA Magnetospheric Multiscale mission. His research interests include solar wind interaction with Earth’s magnetosphere and the magnetic reconnection process. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Phan earned his Ph.D. in engineering from Dartmouth College. He previously served as a member of the Academies Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Interactions Panel as part of the Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), and the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
TUIJA I. PULKKINEN, NAS, is chair and professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor in the Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering. Her research interests cover widely solar wind - magnetosphere - ionosphere coupling, storm and substorm dynamics, energy and plasma transport from the solar wind into the magnetosphere - ionosphere system, and auroral region electrodynamics and its coupling to the magnetosphere. Previously, she served as professor, vice president, and dean of the School of Electrical Engineering at the Aalto University in Espoo, Finland. Prior to her time time at Aalto University, she was a scientist, unit head, and research professor at the Finnish Meteorological Institute in Helsinki, Finland. She received her Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Helsinki in 1992. She has been awarded the EGU Julius Bartels Medal, the AGU Fellowship and James B. Macelwane Medal, Academia Europaea, associate of the Royal Astronomical Society, and Finnish Academy of Sciences and Letters. She earned her Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Helsinki. She has previously served on the Academies’ Arctowski Medal Selection Committee.
JIONG QIU is an associate professor at Montana State University in the Department of Physics. Her research interests include magnetic reconnection and energy release in solar eruptive events and the evolution of solar flares and coronal mass ejections. Previously, Dr. Qiu served as a researcher in the Department of Physics at New Jersey Institute of Technology, conducting research in solar physics as well as earthshine measurements of global atmospheric properties. She is a member of the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope science working group. Dr. Qiu was the recipient of the Karen Harvey Prize of the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society and was a recipient of a National Science Foundation’s Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award. She earned her Ph.D. in astrophysics form Nanjing University in China. She previously served on the Academies’ Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
JOSHUA SEMETER is an associate professor at Boston University in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. He is also director of the Center for Space Physics. He was previously a senior research engineer at SRI International, and a scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics. His research interests revolve around ionospheric and space plasma physics, spectroscopy of atmospheric airglow and the aurora borealis, image processing, and radar systems and radar signal processing. Dr. Semeter was associate editor of the Journal of Geophysical Research. He won the Boston University Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Teaching Award and was a recipient of the NSF Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award. Dr. Semter graduated from Boston University with a Ph.D. in electrical engineering. Dr. Semeter previously served on the Academies Standing Committee on Solar and Space Physics and on the Panel on Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Interactions.
Howard J. Singer
HOWARD J. SINGER is chief scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Space Weather Prediction Center. He is an adjunct professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Previously, he served as the chief of the Research and Development Division of the Space Environment Center (SEC). Dr. Singer has been the project leader for the current and future NOAA Space Environment Monitor instruments on the GOES spacecraft and the magnetometer responsible scientist on numerous GOES satellites and the joint USAF-NASA Combined Release and Radiation Effects satellite. His research is in the area of solar-terrestrial interactions, ultra-low frequency waves, Earth’s radiation belts, geomagnetic disturbances, storms, and substorms. He has received awards from the Air Force, NASA, and NOAA, including the Department of Commerce Gold Medal for Leadership, and he is the recipient of the Antarctica Service Medal for spending more than one year at South Pole Station, Antarctica, where he has a geographic feature named for him. He is currently on the NSF Geospace Environment Modeling Steering Committee, recently served as editor and Editor’s Choice editor of Space Weather: The International Journal of Research and Applications. Dr. Singer has served on various NASA and NSF committees, including service on the NASA Living with a Star Geospace Mission Definition Team and NSF’s Geospace Section Portfolio Review. Dr. Singer received his Ph.D. in space physics and geophysics from the UCLA. He previously served on the Academies’ Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) and the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
Leonard Strachan, Jr.
LEONARD STRACHAN, JR, is an astrophysicist at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington, DC. At NRL, Dr. Strachan is the principal investigator for the Ultraviolet Spectro-Coronagraph (UVSC) Pathfinder, an instrument that will demonstrate a new capability for early detection of space weather events. His research interests include developing techniques and instrumentation for the remote sensing of the solar corona and source regions of the solar wind. Previously, Dr. Strachan was at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics where he was a member of the team which developed the ultraviolet coronagraphs for the Spartan 201 shuttle missions and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). For this work, he received three NASA group achievement awards (Spartan 201). He earned his Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard University. Dr. Strachan previously served on the Committee on Solar and Space Physics, the Committee on the Societal and Economic Impacts of Severe Space Weather Events Workshop, and the Workshop Organizing Committee on Solar Systems Radiation Environment, and on a committee for NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration.
Barbara J. Thompson
BARBARA J. THOMPSON is an astrophysicist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in the Heliophysics Science Division. Dr. Thompson has devoted the majority of her research efforts to the study of solar eruptions and associated phenomena. Her current research efforts focus on the field of space weather, understanding how the Sun’s magnetic variations affect geospace. She serves as deputy project scientist for the Solar Dynamics Observatory mission, is a senior forecaster at Goddard's Space Weather Research Laboratory, and serves as principle investigator of Goddard's Data Analytics and Machine Learning task group. She has a great deal of experience in analyzing data from multiple sources, and authored or co-authored more than 100 refereed papers, including dozens of papers combining observations with model interpretations. Previously, Dr. Thompson served as the executive secretary for the International Living With a Star program and the director of operations for the International Heliophysical Year program. She has received more than a dozen NASA awards for mission development, operations, science and community service. She earned her Ph.D. in physics from the Unviersity of Minnesota, Minneapolis. She previously seved on the Academies’ Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
Gary P. Zank
GARY P. ZANK, NAS, is the director of the Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR), University of Alabama Board of Trustees Trustee professor and Aerojet/Rocketdyne chair in Space Science, an Eminent Scholar and distinguished professor, and chair of the Department of Space Science (SPA) at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. Dr. Zank’s research interests extend across space physics, plasma astrophysics, and plasma physics. Although his research is related primarily to theory, modeling, and simulations, Dr. Zank is involved in numerous experimental and observational programs. Some areas of research include the interaction of the solar wind with the partially ionized interstellar medium. He and colleagues introduced models that include the coupling of the partially ionized interstellar gas with heliospheric plasma, which led to the prediction and subsequent observation of the so-called hydrogen-wall. He has been recognized in his field through the receipt of numerous honors and awards throughout his career. In 2017, he was named the University of Alabama Board Of Trustees Trustee Professor, the first and only University of Alabama System faculty member to achieve this position. This appointment was, in part, in recognition of Dr Zank being elected as a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine – the only person in the University of Alabama System to be elected a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He was recognized internationally with the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS) Axford Medal, the highest honor given by the AOGS. Other awards include his being a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the American Physical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was also elected an AOGS Honorary Member and was chosen by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) to be the 2017 Johannes Geiss Fellow. One of his publications has been recognized as one of the twelve “classic papers” ever published in the Journal of Plasma Physics. Dr. Zank received his Ph.D in applied mathematics from the University of Natal in South Africa in 1987. Dr. Zank has served on the Academies’ Committee on a Decadal Assessment of Plasma Science, and the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.