Dr. Bhavya Lal - (Co-Chair) - (Co-Chair)
BHAVYA LAL is a research staff member at the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute. Her research and analysis focuses on space technology and policy and is frequently incorporated in national policy documents. Recent and ongoing projects include supporting the Office of Science and Technology Policy and other Federal agencies in developing a national space technology strategy, improving detection of near Earth objects, evaluating a civilian space situational awareness capability, documenting global trends in space, and examining recent commercial activities in space including their legal ramifications related to the Outer Space Treaty. She has previously served on the NRC Committee on Space-Based Additive Manufacturing and the Committee on Achieving Science Goals with CubeSats. Before joining STPI, Dr. Lal was president of C-STPS, LLC, a science and technology policy research and consulting firm in Waltham, Massachusetts. Prior to that, she was a researcher and the Director of the Center for Science and Technology Policy Studies at Abt Associates, Inc., in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Dr. Lal holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), an M.S. from MIT’s Technology and Policy Program, and a Ph.D. from the Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration (concentration in science and technology policy) at George Washington University.
Dr. Paul D. Nielsen - (Co-Chair) - (Co-Chair)
PAUL D. NIELSEN (NAE) is the director and chief executive officer of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), a global leader in advancing software and cybersecurity to solve the nation’s toughest problems through focused research, development, and transition to the broad software engineering community. The SEI is a key innovator in areas central to U.S. Department of Defense and civilian government operation in the cyberspace domain, including software architecture, software product lines, interoperability, the integration of software-intensive systems, network and system resilience, and the increasing overlap of software and systems engineering. The SEI also provides direct support to more than 50 U.S. government entities in their efforts to efficiently and effectively acquire and sustain new software and systems. Nielsen has overseen the development and expansion of CERT, which is responsible for the SEI’s network/cybersecurity efforts, and the growth of the SEI to an organization with more than 700 employees and operating revenues of $145 million annually. In addition, he has overseen an increase in research activities related to software architecture, complex systems, and cybersecurity to address both present and future challenges. In 2012, Nielsen oversaw the successful spinout of the CMMI product suite and its partner network to the CMMI Institute, a subsidiary of Carnegie Innovations, Carnegie Mellon University’s technology commercialization enterprise. Prior to joining the SEI in 2004, Nielsen served in the U.S. Air Force, retiring as a major general and commander of the Air Force Research Laboratory after 32 years of distinguished service. Nielsen is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and a fellow of both the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). In 2011, he received the Aerospace Software Engineering Award from AIAA, and in 2004, AIAA awarded him the Hap Arnold Award for Excellence in Aeronautical Program Management. In 2014, he was recognized by the Pittsburgh Business Times with a Diamond Award as one of the region’s top CEOs. And in 2016, AFCEA awarded him their Distinguished Award for Excellence in Engineering. Nielsen earned a BS in physics from the U.S. Air Force Academy, an MBA from the University of New Mexico, and an MS and a Ph.D. in applied science from the University of California, Davis.
Dr. Arden L. Bement, Jr.
ARDEN L. BEMENT JR. (NAE) is the former inaugural director of the Global Policy Research Institute (2010¬-2012) at Purdue. Prior to this last position, he was the director of the National Science Foundation (2004-¬2010), director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (2001-2004), Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (1979), and director of the DARPA Office of Materials Science (1976-¬-1979). He served in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Reserve)(1954-1992) and retired as a Lieutenant Colonel. He served as a member of the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO and as the vice--chair of the Commission's Natural Sciences and Engineering Committee. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, the European Academy of Science, the Pan American Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He joined NIST from Purdue University, where he was the David A. Ross Distinguished Professor of Nuclear Engineering and head of the School of Nuclear Engineering. He has held appointments at Purdue University in the schools of Nuclear Engineering, Materials Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, as well as courtesy appointments in the Krannert School of Management and School of Industrial Engineering. Bement joined the Purdue faculty in 1992 after a 39-¬year career in industry, government, and academia. His positions included: vice president of technical resources and of science and technology for TRW Inc. (1980-1992); deputy under secretary of defense for research and engineering (1979-1980); director, Office of Materials Science, DARPA (1976-¬1979); professor of nuclear materials, MIT (1970-1976); manager, Fuels and Materials Department and the Metallurgy Research Department, Battelle Northwest Laboratories (1965-1970); and senior research associate, General Electric Co. (1954-1965). He has also been a director of Keithley Instruments Inc. and the Lord Corp. and a member of the Science and Technology Advisory Committee for the Howmet Corp., a division of ALCOA. He currently serves on the science advisory committee for the Skolkovo Foundation and the board of directors for the Skolkovo Council for the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and the board of directors of Radian Research, Inc. Bement holds an engineer of metallurgy degree from the Colorado School of Mines, a master's degree in metallurgical engineering from the University of Idaho, a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from the University of Michigan, and honorary doctorates from Cleveland State University, Case Western Reserve University, Colorado School of Mines, University of Idaho, Michigan Technological University, Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and University of Macau and is an Honorary Professor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Graduate School. He is a recipient of the Distinguished Civilian Service Medal of the Department of Defense. He has been awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star from the Empire of Japan and the Chevalier dans l'Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur from the President of the French Republic.
Dr. James L. Burch
JAMES L. BURCH is the vice president of Southwest Research Institute Space Science and Engineering Division. He was the principal investigator for the NASA Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) mission, which provided the first global images of key regions of the Earth's magnetosphere as they respond to variations in the solar wind. He was elected a Fellow of the AGU in 1995 and was awarded its Fleming Medal in 2010. Dr. Burch is currently principal investigator for the Ion and Electron Sensor for the ESA Rosetta comet mission and principal investigator for the NASA Magnetospheric Multiscale mission.
Dr. Henry B. Garrett
HENRY B. GARRETT is a principal scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) at the California Institute of Technology. He received his bachelors in physics from Rice University in 1970 and his Ph.D. in space physics and astronomy from Rice University in 1974. He has a wide variety of experience and over 135 publications on the space environment and its effects with specific emphasis in the areas of atmospheric physics, the low earth ionosphere, radiation, micrometeoroids, space plasma environments, and effects on materials and systems in space. While on active duty in the Air Force he served as project scientist for the highly successful SCATHA program which studied the effects of charging and radiation on spacecraft for which he was awarded the Harold Brown Award (top Air Force scientist), Air Force Systems Command Officer of the Year, and the AF R&D Award. He retired in 2002 as a full Colonel in the Air Force Reserves and received the Air Force Legion of Merit. He has been at JPL since 1980 and has been responsible for defining the space environment and its effects on reliability for many NASA missions. He has published several textbooks on the space environment and its impact on spacecraft design and reliability and served as an associate editor of the Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. From 1992-1995, he was a JPL IPA to the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization where he acted as the deputy program manager for the DoD/NASA Clementine Lunar Mission and program manager for the Clementine InterStage Adapter Satellite (ISAS) for which he was awarded NASA's Medal for Exceptional Engineering Achievement. From 1985 to 2011, he served as the chief technologist for the Office of Safety and Mission Success. In 2006 Dr. Garrett received NASA’s Exceptional Service Medal for “his achievements in advancing the understanding of space environments and effects.” Recently, Dr. Garrett co-authored with Mr. Albert Whittlesey the primary NASA standard on spacecraft surface and internal charging for earth missions. Dr. Garrett is an international consultant on the terrestrial and interplanetary space environments and spacecraft reliability having worked for INTELSAT, L’Garde, NASDA, Boeing, Loral, CNES, and other organizations. He has no prior National Academies experience.