Dr. Carlos Martin
Dr. Carlos Martín is a senior fellow in the Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center at the Urban Institute where he leads research and evaluations on the physical qualities of housing and communities and the industry that builds them. Martín, a trained architect and construction engineer, uses his technical training to connect the nuts and bolts of housing—technology, design, workers, and materials—to its social outcomes for residents and the cities in which they live. His areas of expertise include green housing policies, disaster mitigation, low-income housing quality, the construction workforce, and development regulations. He has experience with descriptive analysis, qualitative implementation studies, evaluation technical assistance, and experimental evaluations for public, nonprofit, and philanthropic clients in the United States and abroad. Recent work includes evaluations of HUD’s post-Sandy Rebuild by Design formation; the National Disaster Resilience Competition’s Resilience Academies; home rebuilding rates with Community Development Block Grants for Disaster Recovery; and the Rockefeller Foundation’s 100 Resilience Cities. Publications from his past research projects include Housing Recovery on the Gulf Coast, Phase II and The State of the Residential Construction Industry. Before joining the Urban Institute, Martín was assistant staff vice president at the National Association of Home Builders for Construction Codes and Standards, SRP Professor for Energy and the Environment at Arizona State University's Del E. Webb School of Construction and School of Architecture, and coordinator for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing. Martín received his BSAD in architecture from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his MS and PhD in civil and environmental engineering from Stanford University.
Dr. Lauren Alexander-Augustine - (Staff Officer) - (Staff Officer)
Dr. Lauren Alexander Augustine is the Director of the Program on Risk, Resilience, and Extreme Events in the Office of Special Projects in the Division of Policy and Global Affairs, and she serves as the Associate Executive Director of the Division of Earth and Life Studies. In this role, she directs the Resilient America Roundtable and the International Forum on CBRN Resilience. She also is the staff lead for the cross-Academies Resilience Working Group. She serves on the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Risk and Resilience, and she is a member of the Advisory Board for the American Geophysical Union’s Thriving Earth Exchange program. Dr. Augustine joined the Academies in 2002. In her tenure at the Academies, Dr. Augustine was a study director on the Water Science and Technology Board; from 2007-2014, she served as the Country Director for the African Science Academy Development Initiative (ASADI), a cross-academies program that builds scientific capacity in national academies of science in eight African countries. From 2008-2013, she directed the Disasters Roundtable. Her most recent positions entail her developing a portfolio on natural disasters and ways that science can inform policy to reduce the risk and elevate society’s resilience to them. Dr. Augustine earned her B.S. in applied mathematics and systems engineering and her Master’s degree in environmental planning and policy from the University of Virginia; she completed her Ph.D. in an interdisciplinary program that combined hydrology, geomorphology, and landscape ecology from Harvard University.
ADM Thad W. Allen, (USCG, Ret.) - (Co-Chair) - (Co-Chair)
Adm. Thad Allen is Executive Vice President in Booz Allen’s Departments of Justice and Homeland Security business in the civil market, leading the development of thought leadership and client engagement regarding the future direction of law enforcement and homeland security. He is known for his expertise in bringing together government and non-government entities to address major challenges in a “whole of government” approach designed to achieve a unity of effort. Allen completed his distinguished career in the U.S. Coast Guard as its 23rd Commandant. In 2010, President Barack Obama selected Mr. Allen to serve as the National Incident Commander for the unified response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Working closely with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; DHS; the Departments of Defense, Interior, Commerce, and Health and Human Services; state and local entities; and BP, he sought to bring a unity of effort to response operations. Prior to his assignment as Commandant, Allen served as Coast Guard Chief of Staff. During his tenure in that position, in 2005 he was designated Principal Federal Official for the U.S. government’s response and recovery operations in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita throughout the Gulf Coast region. Other Coast Guard assignments included Commander, Atlantic Area where in 2001 he led the Coast Guard’s Atlantic Area forces following the September 11 attacks. He previously served as Commander, Seventh Coast Guard District, where he oversaw all operations in the southeastern United States and in the Caribbean. Prior to joining Booz Allen, Allen served with the Rand Corporation. He is a fellow in the National Academy of Public Administration and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He also currently serves as a director on the Coast Guard Foundation and Partnership for Public Service. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo appointed Allen to the New York State Respond Commission tasked with finding ways to ensure that New York State is ready to respond to future weather-related disasters. Allen is a 1971 graduate of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. He holds a Master’s in Public Administration from The George Washington University from which he received the Alumni Achievement Award in 2006. He also holds an M.S. degree in management from the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mr. Allen has been awarded honorary doctorate degrees from George Mason University, the National Defense University, and the National Graduate School.
Dr. Gerald E. Galloway, Jr. - (Co-Chair) - (Co-Chair)
Dr. Gerald E. Galloway, Jr. (NAE) is a Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Maryland, a Faculty Fellow of the Texas A&M University Institute for Advanced Study and a visiting professor at the Galveston Campus. His 38-year career in the military included positions such as commander of the Army Corps of Engineers District in Vicksburg, Mississippi, member of the Mississippi River Commission, and professor and founding head of the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering and dean of the Academic Board at the U.S. Military Academy. A civil engineer, public administrator, and geographer, Dr. Galloway’s current research focuses on the development of U.S. national water policy and disaster resilience in general and national floodplain management policy and the potential impacts of climate change on national security in particular. He currently serves as a consultant to several federal and state and non-governmental agencies on water resources policy development and flood risk management including the Louisiana Governor’s Advisory Commission on Coastal Protection, Restoration and Conservation, the Maryland Coast Smart Council, an international panel of experts examining the flooding threats to Florence, and a panel of experts advising on sea-level rise challenges Singapore. Prior to joining the University of Maryland, he was vice president of Geospatial Strategies for the ES3 Sector of the Titan Corporation. He was a six-year member of the National Research Council’s Water Science and Technology Board and has served as chair or member of 13 National Research Council Committees. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Public Administration and the National Academy of Construction. After he retired from the Army in 1995 as a Brigadier General, Dr. Galloway earned his M.S.E. at Princeton, M.P.A. at Penn State (Capitol Campus) and his Ph.D. in geography (specializing in water resources) from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Dr. Michael Beck
Dr. Michael W. Beck is the lead marine scientist for The Nature Conservancy and an adjunct Professor in Ocean Sciences at the University of California Santa Cruz, where he is based. Beck works on coastal marine conservation in five continents across science, business, and policy to bring clear tools and results to decision-makers. He focuses on building coastal resilience in the interface between adaptation and conservation, working to reduce risks to people, property, and nature. Beck has authored more than 60 peer-reviewed science articles. His work covers topics from the role of coral reefs in reducing risks from storms to the effects of people on extinctions of Pleistocene mammals. He was a Fulbright Fellow and an Australian Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Sydney. He has served on advisory boards and panels for NOAA, EPA and the National Academy of Sciences. In 2012, Beck was selected as a Pew Marine Conservation Fellow. His main areas of work include coastal hazards mitigation and climate adaptation in the U.S., Caribbean, and Micronesia; habitat restoration and oyster reefs at risk; marine spatial planning in the U.S. and internationally; restoration investments following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill; and continued work on the nursery role of near-shore habitats such as kelp forests and on marine conservation agreements, including the lease and ownership of submerged lands. Beck has an MS in Environmental Sciences from the University of Virginia and a PhD in Biological Sciences from Florida State University.
Dr. Anita Chandra
Dr. Anita Chandra is director of RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment (JIE). Prior to her position as JIE director, she served as director of RAND's Behavioral and Policy Sciences Department. She also leads studies on civic well-being and urban planning; community resilience and long-term disaster recovery; effects of military deployment; health in all policies; and child health and development. Throughout her career, Chandra has engaged government and nongovernmental partners to consider cross-sector solutions for improving community well-being and to build more robust systems and evaluation capacity. This work has taken many forms, including engaging with federal and local government agencies on building systems for emergency preparedness and resilience both in the U.S. and globally; partnering with private sector organizations to develop the science base around child systems; and collaborating with city governments and foundations to reform data systems and measure sustainability, well-being, and civic transformation. Chandra has also partnered with community organizations to conduct broad-scale health and environmental needs assessments, to examine the integration of health and human service systems, and to determine how to address the needs of historically vulnerable populations in human service systems. These projects have occurred in partnership with businesses, foundations, and other community organizations. Chandra earned a Dr.P.H. from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Dr. Melanie Gall
Dr. Melanie Gall is a faculty member of the Arizona State University (ASU) Emergency Management and Homeland Security program and the ASU School of Community Resources and Development. Prior to joining ASU, she worked as a researcher at the Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute at the University of South Carolina as well as in the Disaster Science and Management program at Louisiana State University. Gall's research combines a mixed-method approach to explore the impacts of extreme events on society. Her expertise lies in risk metrics (e.g., disaster losses, vulnerability indices), hazard mitigation and climate change adaptation planning as well as environmental modeling. The applied nature of Gall's work allows her to work closely with emergency management agencies and non-profit organizations. She has conducted post-disaster field work in Mozambique, Haiti, New Jersey, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Her publications appeared in journals such as Natural Hazards Review, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, and Nature Climate Change. She is a Certified Floodplain Manager (CFM) and received her geography degrees from the University of South Carolina (Ph.D.), University of Salzburg in Austria (M.S.), and University of Heidelberg in Germany (B.S.).
Mr. Chris D. Poland
Mr. Chris Poland is an internationally recognized authority on earthquake engineering and champion of disaster resilience. His passion for vibrant, sustainable, and healthy communities drives his consulting practice. He focuses on community resilience and the buildings and systems that contribute to it. Poland is currently a Community Resilience Fellow at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and member of the NIST Community Resilience Panel. Poland is the past Chair of the Advisory Committee to the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, and current Chairman of the Advisory Committee on Structural Safety of Department of Veterans Affairs Facilities. As Chair of the 100th Anniversary Earthquake Conference in San Francisco in April 2006, he shared the stage with California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and Senator Dianne Feinstein in an internationally covered event that brought the nation to think proactively about earthquake danger. He served as the Chair of the American Society of Civil Engineers Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings Standards Committee completing both ASCE 31 and ASCE 41, standards for the evaluation and rehabilitation of existing buildings that are used worldwide. Poland served on the Board of Directors for SPUR, co-chaired their Resilient City Initiative, and led the publication of “The Disaster Resilient City.” He serves on the Board of the ASCE Structural Engineering Institute, has a leadership position in the ASCE Infrastructure Resilience Division, and is a member of the Board of the US Resiliency Council. He served on the Board for the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce and was the co-chair of the San Francisco Lifelines Council with City Administrator Naomi Kelly. Poland was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering in 2009. He received EERI’s Alquist Award in 2006 and the Housner Medal in 2017. He is a Fellow of the American Council of Engineering Companies and the American Society of Civil Engineers Structural Engineering Institute. He is an honorary member of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the Structural Engineers Association of California. His structural engineering career spans 40+ years and includes new design work, seismic analysis and strengthening of existing buildings, structural failure analysis, and historic preservation. Until his retirement, he was a Senior Principal, Chairman and CEO of Degenkolb Engineers during his 40 years with the firm from 1974 through 2014. Poland received his M.S. in structural engineering from Stanford University.
Dr. Liesel A. Ritchie
Dr. Liesel Ritchie is Associate Director of the Natural Hazards Center at the University of Colorado Boulder and a research professor with joint appointments in CU Boulder’s Institute of Behavioral Science and Environmental Studies Program. During her career, Ritchie has studied a range of disaster events, including the Exxon Valdez and BP Deepwater Horizon oil spills; the Tennessee Valley Authority coal ash release; Hurricane Katrina; and earthquakes in Haiti and New Zealand. Since 2000, her focus has been on the social impacts of disasters and community resilience, with an emphasis on technological disasters, social capital, and renewable resource communities, and she has published widely on these topics. Ritchie has more than 20 years of experience in evaluation and research. Prior to joining CU, she was a Senior Research Associate at the Evaluation Center (Western Michigan University) and served for six years as Coordinator for the Social Science Research Center's Evaluation & Decision Support Laboratory (Mississippi State University). Ritchie has served as PI or co-PI on more than 80 projects and authored or coauthored more than 70 technical reports working with agencies including NASA, NSF, U.S. Department of Education, USGS, FEMA, U.S. Department of Agriculture, NOAA, and U.S. Department of the Interior. She has also conducted evaluations for state departments of health. Ritchie is a National Institute of Standards and Technology Disaster Resilience Fellow and currently serves as a member of the National Academy of Sciences Gulf Research Program Advisory Board. She earned her B.A. in History, Summa Cum Laude, in 1989; her M.A. in History in 1994; and her Ph.D. in Sociology in 2004 (Dissertation Title: “Voices of Cordova: Social Capital in the Wake of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.”), all from Mississippi State University.
The Honorable Kathryn D. Sullivan
Dr. Kathryn Sullivan was the Smithsonian’s Lindbergh Fellowship in Aerospace History in January, 2017. Prior to this award, she served from 2013-2017 as the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator. She is a distinguished scientist, renowned astronaut, and intrepid explorer. Prior to her service as Under Secretary and NOAA Administrator, Sullivan held the position of Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction and Deputy Administrator, and also performed the duties of NOAA's Chief Scientist, a vacant position. As Assistant Secretary, Sullivan played a central role in directing Administration and NOAA priority work in the areas of weather and water services, climate science and services, integrated mapping services, and Earth-observing capabilities. She also provided agency-wide direction with regard to satellites, space weather, water, and ocean observations and forecasts to best serve American communities and businesses. As Deputy Administrator, she oversaw the smooth operation of the agency. Sullivan is the U.S. Co-chair of the Group on Earth Observations, an intergovernmental body that is building a Global Earth Observation System of Systems to provide environmental intelligence relevant to societal needs. Sullivan’s impressive expertise spans the frontiers of space and sea. An accomplished oceanographer, she was appointed NOAA’s Chief Scientist in 1993, where she oversaw a research and technology portfolio that included fisheries biology, climate change, satellite instrumentation and marine biodiversity. She was the inaugural Director of the Battelle Center for Mathematics and Science Education Policy in the John Glenn School of Public Affairs at Ohio State University. Prior to joining Ohio State, she served a decade as President and CEO of the Center of Science and Industry (COSI) in Columbus, Ohio, one of the nation's leading science museums. Sullivan joined COSI after three years of service as Chief Scientist. She was one of the first six women selected to join the NASA astronaut corps in 1978 and holds the distinction of being the first American woman to walk in space. She flew on three shuttle missions during her 15-year tenure, including the mission that deployed the Hubble Space Telescope. In February 2016, Sullivan was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She was also named a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the nation’s premier scientific and professional organization promoting and disseminating information about the atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrologic services. Sullivan has also served on the National Science Board (2004-2010) and as an oceanographer in the U.S. Navy Reserve (1988-2006). She holds a bachelor's degree in earth sciences from the University of California at Santa Cruz and a doctorate in geology from Dalhousie University in Canada.