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Project Information

Project Information


Polar Icebreaker Cost Assessment


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee
 “(a) shall:
(1) describe current and emerging requirements for the Coast Guard's polar icebreaking capabilities, taking into account the rapidly changing ice cover in the Arctic environment, national security considerations, and expanding commercial activities in the Arctic and Antarctic, including marine transportation, energy development, fishing, and tourism;
(2) identify potential design, procurement, leasing, service contracts, crewing, and technology options that could minimize life-cycle costs and optimize efficiency and reliability of Coast Guard polar icebreaker operations in the Arctic and Antarctic; and
(3) examine:
    
(A) Coast Guard estimates of the procurement and operating costs of a Polar icebreaker capable of carrying out Coast Guard maritime safety, national security, and stewardship responsibilities including:
        (i) economies of scale that might be achieved for construction of multiple vessels; and
        (ii) costs of renovating existing polar class icebreakers to operate for a period of no less than 10 years.
    (B) the incremental cost to augment the design of such an icebreaker for multiuse capabilities for scientific missions;
    (C) the potential to offset such incremental cost through cost-sharing agreements with other Federal departments and agencies; and
    (D) United States polar icebreaking capability in comparison with that of other Arctic nations, and with nations that conduct research and other activities in the Arctic. 

(b) Included Costs:  For purposes of subsection (a), the assessment shall include costs incurred by the Federal Government for:
(1) the lease or operation and maintenance of the vessel or vessels concerned;
(2) disposal of such vessels at the end of the useful life of the vessels;
(3) retirement and other benefits for Federal employees who operate such vessels; and
(4) interest payments assumed to be incurred for Federal capital expenditures.

(c) Assumptions:  For purposes of comparing the costs of such alternatives, the Academy shall assume that:
(1) each vessel under consideration is
    (A) capable of breaking out McMurdo Station and conducting Coast Guard missions in the Antarctic, and in the United States territory in the Arctic (as that term is defined in section 112 of the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4111)); and
    (B) operated for a period of 30 years;
(2) the acquisition of services and the operation of each vessel begins on the same date; and
(3) the periods for conducting Coast Guard missions in the Arctic are of equal lengths.”

Status: Completed

PIN: TRB-SASP-16-03

Project Duration (months): 12 month(s)

RSO: Hutchins, Mark



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 12/07/2016

Richard West, Ret. - (Chair)
U.S. Department of the Navy [Retired]

Rear Admiral Richard "Dick" D. West, Chair (US Navy, Retired) served as President and CEO of the Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education (CORE)/Ocean Leadership from 2002-2008. As President of this DC-based non-profit organization, he led efforts to promote ocean research and education within the U.S. federal government on behalf of the academic and private ocean research community. He has testified before the U.S. Congress on marine related policy issues and has addressed the United Nations on Safety of Life at Sea. Admiral West was also actively involved in three congressionally-mandated Federal Advisory Committees. He was a founding member of the Hydrographic Services Review Panel for two terms from 2003-11, a member of a federal investment in research review team and a member and past Chairman of the National Sea Grant College Program Advisory Board. He co-Chaired a U.S. Navy navigation accident review panel in 2012, chaired a review of a NSF program and co-Chaired an independent review of NOAA’s fleet. He is a member of the Transportation Research Board's Marine Board, a Board member of the Center for Coastal Studies, Provincetown, Massachusetts, serves on the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography Dean’s Advisory Council, on the U of Connecticut Sea Grant Program and a founding Board member of a charter high school. He helped establish the Sampson Veteran’s Memorial Cemetery in upstate New York and serves on the committee to bring the Viet Nam Traveling Memorial Wall to upstate New York in 2017.
Admiral West retired from the US Navy in 2002. He served as Oceanographer and Navigator of the Navy providing oceanographic, meteorological, geospatial and navigation support to the U.S. Navy, from 1999 to 2002. As the first Navigator of the Navy, he led the Navy’s transition to electronic navigation. As Oceanographer of the Navy, he was the Department of Defense representative to the U.S. Ocean Commission. Admiral West was a career Surface Warfare Officer serving on several ships and senior staffs in Washington DC and overseas. Admiral West served in Vietnam with the riverine forces and was Commanding Officer of three ships, two during hostilities in the Persian Gulf. He also served as Commanding Officer of the US Navy’s Surface Warfare Officers School, Newport, RI, where all US Navy officers going to sea, from Division Officer to Commanding Officer, are trained.
Carin Ashjian
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Dr. Carin J. Ashjian is a Senior Scientist in the Department of Biology and the Henry Bryant Bigelow Senior Scientist Chair at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). She graduated with a Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Rhode Island in 1991. She did postdoctoral work at Brookhaven National Laboratory, the University of Miami, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution before joining the scientific staff at WHOI in 1996. Her research has focused on oceanography, zooplankton ecology, and biological-physical interactions in a range of the world’s oceans. Her recent work focuses on the impact of climate change on polar ecosystems and the greater Arctic system, including the human dimension. She has extensive seagoing experience (60 research cruises) on a range of research vessel types, including USCG icebreakers (Polar Sea, Healy) the NSF icebreaker Nathaniel B. Palmer, and the UNOLS ice capable R/V Sikuliaq, serving as Chief Scientist on three cruises on USCGC Healy and two cruise on R/V Sikuliaq as well as on other UNOLS vessels. She has service on several national committees focusing on science mission requirements, design, acquisition, or testing of UNOLS research vessels and icebreakers. She was a member, and then Chair, of the UNOLS Arctic Icebreaker Coordinating Committee for which she received the USCG Meritorious Public Service Award.
Jay Carson
Jay P. Carson is a naval architect and independent management consultant with more than 40 years of progressively responsible positions in challenging business and professional environments. Mr. Carson specializes in early stage ship design; requirements definition and deployment; functional engineering; and planning, scheduling, and budgeting. From 2002 to 2007 he worked at General Dynamics National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, where he held various technical and management positions before retiring as Vice President, Engineering. Mr. Carson earned a BS in naval architecture and marine engineering from Webb Institute and an MBA from Boston University. He is a Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME) Fellow and winner of SNAME’s Vice Admiral E. L. Cochrane Award and William M. Kennedy Award.
Roberta Marinelli
Oregon State University

Dr. Roberta R. Marinelli serves as Dean for the College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences. Prior to coming to Oregon State University, she was the Executive Director of the University of Southern California, Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies. She played a leadership role in planning and implementing an expansion of academic and research programs in environmental studies at USC’s University Park Campus, and directs the Philip K. Wrigley Marine Science Center on Santa Catalina Island. Dr. Marinelli also oversaw the George and Mary Lou Boone Center for Science and Environmental Leadership, a nexus where scientists and policy makers can meet to resolve environmental challenges.
Dr. Marinelli was the Vice Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Consortium for Ocean Leadership, the President of the Board of Directors of the Southern California Marine Institute, a member of the Executive Committee of the Western Association for Marine Laboratories, and served on the Governing Board of the Southern California Coastal Ocean Observing System.
Prior to her arrival at USC, Dr. Marinelli was the Director of the Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems Program in the National Science Foundation’s Antarctic Sciences section, where she helped to lead the development of collaborative, interdisciplinary programs across the Foundation, including the International Polar Year, Climate Research Investments, and SEES (Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability). She was a tenured associate professor on the faculty at the University of Maryland’s Center for Environmental Science, and an assistant professor at the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography. Dr. Marinelli received her master’s and doctoral degrees in marine science from the University of South Carolina, and her bachelor’s degree from Brown University. She is a member of the American Geophysical Union, the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, and The Oceanography Society.

R. Keith Michel
Webb Institute

R. Keith Michel, NAE, is president of Webb Institute. Prior to this appointment in 2013, he worked for the Herbert Engineering Company (HEC), a naval architecture firm, for 38 years where he served as President and Chairman of the Board. At HEC he worked on design, specification development, and contract negotiations for containerships, bulk carriers, and tankers. Mr. Michel has served on numerous industry advisory groups developing guidelines for alternative tanker designs, including groups advising the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the U.S. Coast Guard, and served as chair of the IMO’s BLG committee tasked with developing regulations concerning the subdivision of tankers, including criteria for the acceptance of alternative designs to double-hull tankers. His work has included development of methodology, vessel models, and oil outflow analysis. He was a project engineer for the U.S. Coast Guard report on oil outflow analysis for double-hull and hybrid tanker arrangements, which was part of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s technical report on the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 to Congress. He has also worked on the development of salvage software used by the U.S. and Canadian Coast Guards, the U.S. Navy, the National Transportation Safety Board, the Maritime Administration, the American Bureau of Shipping, Lloyd’s, and numerous oil and shipping companies. Mr. Michel was Chair of the Marine Board of the NRC/TRB from 2002 through 2004 and has served on several NRC committees. In 2011 Mr. Michel was awarded the W. Selkirk Owen Award for distinguished service by the Alumni Association of Webb Institute. He is a past-president of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME). In 2002 he was the recipient of SNAME’s highest award, the David W. Taylor Medal; he is a Fellow and Honorary Member of SNAME, a National Associate of the National Research Council of the NAS, and past Chairman of the Webb Institute Board of Trustees. In 2014, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering. Mr. Michel holds a B.S. degree in naval architecture and marine engineering from the Webb Institute of Naval Architecture.
Steven T. Scalzo
Independent Consultant

Steven T. Scalzo, of Scalzo Marine Services, LLC, is the former Chief Operating Officer of Foss Marine Holdings, Inc. and former President and CEO of Foss Maritime. Steve joined Foss Maritime, a subsidiary of Foss Marine Holdings, Inc. in 1975. In his career at Foss Maritime, he held a variety of executive positions. In 2005, Steve assumed the position of Chief Operating Officer of Foss Marine Holdings, Inc., a holding and support company for investments in tug, barge, shipyards, terminals and ancillary marine service companies.
He is a graduate of the United States Merchant Marine Academy and received a Master’s degree in Law and Commerce from Gonzaga University. Steve is a past member of the Marine Board of the National Research Council and he is active in International, National and local public policy, legislative and regulatory issues effecting Marine transportation’s safety, including service as past chairman of the U.S. Department of Transportation Towing Safety Advising Committee, the State of Washington Puget Sound Marine Safety Committee, was a member of the Executive Committee of the National Academies’ Transportation Research Board, and a Board member for the Webb Institute. Steve has also served as the Chairman of the American Waterway Operators, the tug & barge industry national trade association. Steve is currently a Board member of the American P&I Club, Seattle University and a Trustee for the Coast Guard Foundation.
Mr. Scalzo is author of several tug escort technical papers including Escort Tug Performance Results for the International Tug & Salvage Convention, Seattle, WA, 1996; The Way Ahead, Experience with the Design and Operation of an Escort Tug; for RINA, 1994; Rational Selection of Tug Type and Power for the International Tug Convention, Sydney, Australia, 1988; North America’s First Commercial Operation of Cycloidal Propeller Tractor Tugs; and Foss Tractor Tugs in North Puget Sound Tanker Escort/Assist Service. Mr. Scalzo is co-author of Polar Icebreakers in a Changing World: An Assessment of U.S. Needs, for the National Research Council of the National Academies, 2007
David G. St. Amand
Navigistics Consulting

David G. St. Amand, President of Navigistics Consulting, has over 40 years of maritime industry experience, the last thirty of which has been as a management consultant. Mr. St. Amand holds a B.S. in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering from Webb Institute and an M.B.A. from the Amos Tuck School of Business Administration at Dartmouth College. He previously served on National Academies’ Committees Assessing the U.S. Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Roles and Future Needs and the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (Section 4115) Implementation Review. He also served on the U.S. Coast Guard’s Towing Safety Advisory Committee (TSAC) and has received U.S. Coast Guard’s Public Service Commendation and Certificate of Merit for his work on TSAC.
Eugene A. Van Rynbach
Herbert Engineering Corporation

Eugene A. Van Rynbach, is a Vice President at Herbert Engineering Corp. (HEC), and manager of the Annapolis, MD office. He joined HEC in 2005 after an extensive background in the ship operation and engineering fields. At HEC he has worked on projects including managing the concept design for the National Security Multi-mission Vessel (new state maritime academy training vessel) for MARAD, preparation of a suite of RoRo vessel designs for MARAD and other organizations for American Marine Highways, deputy engineering manager for the FPSO EnQuest Producer major at B+V Shipyard in Hamburg, LNG propulsion system design, conversion of a RoRo ship to partial containership, several newbuilding projects, vessel life extension studies, tanker piping system modifications, tanker barge construction cost estimates, technical support and plan approval management for a floating dry dock being built in China and evaluation of steel renewals for ships undergoing repairs. Prior to joining Herbert Engineering, Mr. Van Rynbach worked for 15 years as Manager of Technical Services for the container ship operator Sea-Land Service and its offshoot U. S. Ship Management. His areas of responsibility included vessel new construction, conversions, major modifications, technical engineering, development of procedures for complex repairs, evaluation of vessel capabilities and potential improvements and providing technical advice to management. Prior to working for Sea-Land Service, in the 1980’s Mr. Van Rynbach was a principal with the consulting firm J. D. Van Rynbach & Associates, Inc., for a seven year period. Before that, he worked for a two-year period for American President Lines in Oakland, CA, as a staff engineer in the Marine Operations department and was involved with energy conservations efforts, vessel modifications, and vessel capability evaluations and improvements. From 1979 through 1980 he worked for Sea-Land Service. Prior, Mr. Van Rynbach worked for several years as a ship operating marine engineer, obtaining a US marine engineer’s license as a 3rd Engineer, motor vessel, and unlimited horsepower. In his early years after graduation, Mr. Van Rynbach worked for several years as a Hull Technical Engineer for the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) at its headquarters in NY, doing plan approval for new construction of ships and mobile drilling rigs and worked on the engineering staff at a small shipping company in New York. Mr. Van Rynbach earned a B.Sc. degree, with honors, in mechanical engineering with a specialization in Naval Architecture from the University of California, Berkeley in 1974. In 1992 he received a M. Sc. degree, with honors, in transportation management from SUNY Maritime College, Ft. Schuyler, NY. He is a member of ABS and SNAME, and received the Linnard Prize from SNAME for presenting the best paper at the 1995 SNAME Annual Meeting.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

Note: 06/05/2017: Committee membership changed with the resignation of David P. Pekoske

Events



Location:

J. Erik Jonsson Woods Hole Center
314 Quissett Ave.
Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Claudia Sauls
Contact Email:  csauls@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
This meeting will be closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

RADM Richard D. West (chair)
Dr. Carin J. Ashjian
Jay P. Carson
Dr. Roberta R. Marinelli
R. Keith Michel
VADM David P. Pekoske
David G. St. Amand
Steve Scalzo
Eugene A. Van Rynbach

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee's letter report

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

draft report material

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 13, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Hyatt at Olive 8
1635 8th Ave,
Seattle, WA 98101
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Mark Hutchins
Contact Email:  mhutchins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334-3794

Agenda
Committee on Polar Icebreaker Cost Assessment

Hyatt at Olive 8
1635 8th Ave,
Seattle, WA 98101

Second Meeting Agenda
April 11-13, 2017

Tuesday, April 11, 2017 (CYAN room)
Hyatt at Olive 8, 1635 8th Ave, Seattle, WA 98101
Open Session

10:00AM Opening Remarks and Introductions
Dick West, Committee Chair

10:10AM Shipbuilders Panel

12:00PM Lunch

1:15PM Icebreaker Design and Science Operations

3:00PM End of open session


Wednesday, April 12, 2017 (CYAN room)
Hyatt at Olive 8, 1635 8th Ave, Seattle, WA 98101
Open Session

2:30PM Ice Breakers: Policy Considerations:
Brendan P. Kelly, Executive Director, Study of Environmental Arctic Change, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks

3:30PM End of open session


Thursday, April 13, 2017
U.S. Coast Guard, Seattle Base
1519 Alaskan Way S, Seattle, WA 98134
Tour of Healy and Polar Star

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

RADM Richard D. West (chair)
Dr. Carin J. Ashjian
Jay P. Carson
Dr. Roberta R. Marinelli
R. Keith Michel
VADM David P. Pekoske
David G. St. Amand
Steve Scalzo
Eugene A. Van Rynbach

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee's task statement, study approach, and project schedule.
Information presented to the committee during the public-information gathering sessions held on April 11-13.
Identification of additional information needs.
Future meeting.
Development of the committee's letter report.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
April 21, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

USCG HQ
St Elizabeths Ave SE & Ash St SE, Washington, DC 20032
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Mark Hutchins
Contact Email:  mhutchins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334-3794

Agenda
Agenda:
1000-1130: Background on Ship Design, etc.
1130-1230: Lunch
1230-1400: Background on Cost Estimation

Note: The data gathering session of this meeting to be held on March 24, 2017, from 10:00 am – 2:00 pm, EDT, will not be open to the public under Subsection 15(b)(3) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. The Academy has determined that to open this session to the public would disclose information described in 5 U.S.C. 552(b).
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
February 13-14: 201
February 15: 106
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Mark Hutchins
Contact Email:  mhutchins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Committee on Polar Icebreaker Cost Assessment
The Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001

First Meeting
February 13-15, 2017

Public Meeting Agenda

Monday, February 13, 2017 (Keck 201)
Open Session

8:50AM Opening Remarks and Introductions
Dick West, Committee Chair

9:00AM Statement of Task Discussion
John C. Rayfield, Staff Director, Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, U.S. House of Representatives

9:45AM Break

10:00AM Polar Icebreaker Strategy and Remarks
ADM Charles D. Michel, Vice Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard

10:30AM Strategic Requirements
VADM Charles W. Ray, Deputy Commandant for Operations, U.S. Coast Guard

12:00PM Lunch

1:15PM Acquisition Strategies
RDML Michael J. Haycock, Director of Acquisition Programs & Program Executive Officer, U.S. Coast Guard
Mr. Jay Stefany, Executive Director, Amphibious, Auxiliary and Sealift Office, Program Executive Office, Ships, U.S. Navy

2:15PM Discussion: Revisit Statement of Task
Dick West, Committee Chair

3:00PM End of open session


Tuesday, February 14, 2017 (Keck 201)
Open Session

10:00AM Opening Remarks and Introductions
Dick West, Committee Chair

10:10AM CDR Kelly E. Taylor, Deputy Director, Task Force Climate Change, (OPNAV N2N6E6), U.S. Navy

11:10AM RADM David A. Score, Director, Commissioned Officer Corps and Office of Marine and Aviation Operations, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

12:10PM Lunch

1:15PM End of open session


Wednesday, February 15, 2017 (Keck 106)*
*Please note new room number
Open Session

10:30AM Opening Remarks and Introductions
Dick West, Committee Chair

10:35AM Dr. Kelly K. Falkner, Director, Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation

11:35AM Evan T. Bloom, Director, Office of Ocean and Polar Affairs, U.S. Department of State

12:35PM End of open session
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

RADM Richard D. West (chair)
Dr. Carin J. Ashjian
Jay P. Carson
Dr. Roberta R. Marinelli
R. Keith Michel
VADM David P. Pekoske
David G. St. Amand
Eugene A. Van Rynbach

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee's task statement, study approach, and project schedule.
Information presented to the committee during the public-information gathering sessions held on February 13-15
Identification of additional information needs.
Future meetings.
Development of the committee's letter report.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
February 22, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Conference call
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Mark Hutchins
Contact Email:  mhutchins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
The meeting was held entirely in closed session.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

RADM Richard D. West (chair)
Dr. Carin J. Ashjian
Jay P. Carson
Dr. Roberta R. Marinelli
R. Keith Michel
VADM David P. Pekoske
David G. St. Amand
Eugene A. Van Rynbach

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Overview of Academies’ Study Policies and Procedures.
Committee Members’ Backgrounds and Potential Sources of Bias and Conflict of Interest.
Committee's Task, Study Approach, and Project Schedule.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Statement of Task
Preliminary Project Schedule
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization-Background and Issues for Congress_Nov 10 2016_CRS-RL34391


Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 05, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office