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Project Information

Project Information


The Future of Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Research Directions


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee will review current knowledge about how to effectively deploy and use emergency alert and warning systems and explore related future computing, engineering, and social science research needs.  A workshop will be convened to capture results from recent research to include work sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Directorate and to foster dialog among technologists, social science researchers, and emergency managers.  The study committee's report will summarize results from the DHS research, provide an overview of current knowledge about emergency alerts and warnings and their relationship to citizen interactions and information needs, and set forth an interdisciplinary agenda for research that will highlight gaps and future needs.

Status: Completed

PIN: DEPS-CSTB-15-02

Project Duration (months): 12 month(s)

RSO: Bacon Talati, Virginia

Topic(s):

Behavioral and Social Sciences
Computers and Information Technology



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 07/22/2016

Ramesh R. Rao - (Chair)
University of California, San Diego

Ramesh Rao is Director, UCSD Division of the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, and QUALCOMM Endowed Chair in Telecommunications at UCSD. Prior to assuming his post in 2001, he was director of UCSD's Center for Wireless Communications. In his capacity as UCSD director of the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology, Professor Rao is also involved on a day-to-day basis with a wide variety of research initiatives, including the development and deployment of sensor networks for civilian as well as homeland security initiatives. He also supervises research on the integration of various wireless standards such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi (802.11), CDMA and third-generation (3G) wireless networks (CDMA2000, W-CDMA). As a researcher in the wireless field, Rao's contributions include the development of energy-efficient communication techniques to support mobile multimedia users. Rao served on a U.S. Government panel to review the current status of research, development, and applications in wireless communications in the United States, Japan, and Western Europe, with a view towards evaluating the competitive status of U.S. efforts. Rao is a fellow of IEEE, was publications editor of the IEEE's Information Theory Society, and has served on the society's Board of Governors. He also guest edited the IEEE Journal of Selected Areas in Communications special issue on "Multimedia Network Radios,'' in December 1998. Rao has authored over 100 technical papers and contributed two book chapters, and chaired the technical program of the 2015 IEEE GLOBECOM. Rao joined the UCSD faculty in 1984, after receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland, College Park.
James Caverlee
Texas A&I University

James Caverlee is an Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University. His research focuses on web-scale information management, distributed data-intensive systems, and social computing. Most recently, he's been working on spam and crowdturfing threats to social media and web systems; and geo-social systems that leverage large-scale spatio-temporal footprints in social media. Caverlee is a recipient of the 2010 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Young Faculty Award, the 2012 Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Young Investigator Award, a 2012 NSF CAREER Award, and has been named a Texas A&M Center for Teaching Excellence Montague-CTE Scholar for 2011-2012. Caverlee received his Ph.D. from Georgia Tech in 2007, M.S. degrees in computer science (2001) and in engineering-economic systems & operations research (2000) from Stanford University, and a B.A. in economics from Duke University (1996, magna cum laude).
Roop K. Dave
Information Technology Research Academy, Media Lab Asia

Roop K. Dave is head of government initiatives Media Lab Asia (Government of India) and adviser (ICT and Disaster Management) to various state administrations. He also served as senior specialist for disaster management policy and plans with the Indian National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). His expertise relates to disaster management and applications of IT for disaster management and economic development. Dave has served as a technical expert on various disaster and emergency alert and warning system committees / task force in India. He has also been involved in the development and management of Indian national policies around spectrum management, ICT deployment for eGovernance and disaster management. Dave received his Ph.D. in emergency and disaster management from Gujarat University, an M.S.H.S. in emergency management from Touro International University, an MBA, and a B.E. in electronics and communication.


Eve Gruntfest
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Resilient Communites Institute

Eve Gruntfest is a professional research associate at the Resilient Communities Institute at Cal Poly in San Luis Obispo, CA. She is professor emerita in the Geography and Environmental Studies Program at the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs where she was a faculty member from 1980-2007. She is a Ph.D. geographer who has been working in the field of natural hazard mitigation for 40 years. She has published widely and is an expert in the areas of warning systems, flash flooding and integrating social science into atmospheric science. From 2012- 2013, she was a program officer in the Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences Division at National Science Foundation. In 2014, the Association of American Geographers gave her the Gilbert F. White Service Award, and in 2009 the American Meteorological Society honored her with the Kenneth E. Spengler Award.
From February 2010-July 2011, Dr. Gruntfest was an invited research scholar at the Laboratoire d'étude des Transferts en Hydrologie et Environnement in Grenoble. She served as a member of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Science Advisory Board from 2010-2013. She served on five National Research Council committees. Between 2008 and 2011, she directed the SSWIM initiative (Social Science Woven into Meteorology) at The National Weather Center in Norman, OK. From 2005-2006, Dr. Gruntfest was a research scientist at NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) where she co- founded the WAS * IS movement (Weather and Society Integrated Studies). She has been an invited expert at The Weather Channel and is featured in two flash flood documentaries.

Brooke Liu
University of Maryland

Brooke Liu is an associate professor of communication at the University of Maryland. Her research investigates how effective risk and crisis communication can optimally prepare the public to respond to and recover from disasters. In recent years, her research has focused on the potentially unique roles that governments’ social and mobile media can play in building community resilience. Liu leads the Risk Communication & Resilience Research Program at the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), a U.S. Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence headquartered at the University of Maryland. In 2013, Liu directed the launch of START’s Training in Risk and Crisis Communication (TRACC) program, which aims to enhance community resilience through sharing the science and theories behind effective risk and crisis communication. She has also led START research teams evaluating how individuals use, behave, and interpret disaster information via social and traditional media and the effectiveness of emergency alerts via mobile devices, among other topics. Liu serves as a member of the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Risk Communication Advisory Committee and on the editorial boards for Communication Yearbook, Communication Quarterly, Public Relations Review, Journal of Applied Communication Research, and the Journal of Public Relations Research. Her research has been published in outlets such as Communication Research, Communication Theory, the Handbook of Crisis Communication, Journal of Applied Communication Research, Journal of Communication Management, Journal of Public Relations Research, and Public Relations Review.
Leslie Luke
Los Angeles County Office of Emergency Management

Leslie Luke is the Deputy Director of the Office of Emergency Management for the Los Angeles County Chief Executive Office. As Deputy Director, he’s responsible for coordinating the day to day operations of the office, overseeing disaster recovery operations and emergency response plan development. Mr. Luke joined Los Angeles County in 2013 after spending 25 years in San Diego County where ten of those years were with their Office of Emergency Services. He has been the Recovery Operational Area lead for five federally declared disasters and numerous State of California declared disasters. He was a member of the FEMA Innovation Team and responded twice following Superstorm Sandy. He has coordinated Continuity of Community Programs with schools including childcare resource centers, faith based organizations, Tribal Nations, Farmworker Care Coalition and developed a local business alliance. He developed an Advance Recovery Program that addresses both short and long term recovery activities. Throughout his career he’s served on and participated with numerous Department of Homeland Security/Federal Emergency Management Agency Task Forces, projects and initiatives. He’s worked closely with the California Office of Emergency Services on various statewide initiatives. He’s a member of the California Emergency Services Association (CESA) and the International Association of Emergency Managers (IAEM). He serves on the IAEM Conference Committee, Chair of the IAEM Diversity Ad Hoc Committee, IAEM Region IX Vice Chair and a member of the CESA Legislative Committee. Mr. Luke holds a Bachelor’s Degree from the Union Institute and University; is a graduate of Harvard Kennedy School and Harvard School of Public Health National Preparedness Leadership Initiative and the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s National Disaster Recovery Framework Leadership Academy.
Dennis S. Mileti
University of Colorado Boulder

Dennis S. Mileti is professor emeritus at the University of Colorado, Boulder where he served as director from 1994-2003 of the Natural Hazards Center, which is the United States’ clearinghouse for social and behavioral science research related to hazards and disasters. He is the author of many publications, most of which discuss societal aspects of hazards and disasters. His book, “Disasters by Design”, summarized knowledge in fields of science and engineering regarding natural hazards and disasters, and made recommendations for shifts in national policies and programs. Mileti has worked on a variety of exciting hazards-related projects over the years, including providing oversight to the U.S. Army Corps’ investigation of why the levees failed during Hurricane Katrina and the ensuing societal impacts, for which he was awarded the U.S. Army’s Civilian Medal of Honor. He was a team leader on the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s congressional study of evacuation of the World Trade Center towers on 9/11. He has chaired the Committee on Disasters in the National Research Council of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the Board of Visitors to FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute. Mileti also served as a California Seismic Safety Commissioner, and has worked as a consultant in the private, public and legal sectors in matters of emergency management and public risk communication. Mileti is now working with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to upgrade warning preparedness practices in the nation’s communities located near Corps dams and levees and with the nation of Israel regarding public warnings for operational earthquake forecasts.


Nambirajan Seshadri
Broadcom Corporation

Nambirajan Seshadri NAE) recently retired as senior vice president and chief technology officer for Broadband and Connectivity Business at Broadcom Corporation, Irvine, CA. He has been responsible for many of the wireless strategic initiatives at Broadcom Corporation. Prior to joining Broadcom Corporation, he was with AT&T Shannon Labs and Bell Labs where he and his colleagues made a number of pioneering contributions to wireless technology including invention of Space-Time Codes, a fundamental transmission technology that forms the basis of state of the art wireless and cellular systems. He is a co-recipient of the 1999 IEEE Information Theory Society Best Paper Award. His publication on Space- Time codes was chosen by IEEE Communications Society in 2003 as one of the most influential papers published in the past 50 years in IEEE Communications. He is a fellow of IEEE and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2012.
Douglas Sicker
Carnegie Mellon University

Douglas Sicker is currently the Department Head and Thomas Lord Endowed Professor of Engineering and Public Policy with a joint appointment in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. Doug also serves as the Executive Director of the Broadband Internet Technical Advisory Group (BITAG) and the Chief Strategist of CMMB Vision. Previously, Doug was the DBC Endowed Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Colorado at Boulder with a joint appointment in, and director of, the Interdisciplinary Telecommunications Program. Doug recently served as the Chief Technology Officer and Senior Advisor for Spectrum at the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). Doug also served as the Chief Technology Officer of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and prior to this he served as a senior advisor on the FCC National Broadband Plan. Earlier he was Director of Global Architecture at Level 3 Communications, Inc. In the late 1990s, Doug served as Chief of the Network Technology Division at the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Doug is a member of the IEEE, the ACM and the Internet Society. He served as an advisor to the Department of Justice National Institute of Justice; the Chair of the Network Reliability and Interoperability Council steering committee, an FCC federal advisory committee that focuses on network reliability, wire line spectral integrity and Internet peering and interconnection; and an advisor on the Technical Advisory Council of the FCC. He served as a chair in the IEEE P1900 working group and was involved in developing contributions to the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). He has served as the chair of several conferences as well as on numerous program committees. Doug has published extensively in the fields of networking, wireless systems, network security and network policy and has maintained a well-funded research program through NSF, DARPA and other sources.
Kate Starbird
University of Washington

Kate Starbird is an assistant professor in the Department of Human Centered Design & Engineering and Director of the Emerging Capacities of Mass Participation Laboratory. Her research sits at the intersection of computer science and social science and falls within the fields of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). One major focus of her work examines the use of social media during crisis events, specifically looking at how the converging audience (aka, the "crowd") can contribute—and is already contributing—to crisis response efforts. Using a combination of empirical methods, including qualitative, computational and network analysis, Starbird examines both small group and large scale interaction online within the context of disasters and other mass disruption events, studying how digital volunteers and other members of the crowd work to filter and shape the information space. Recently, she has completed several mixed-method studies on how online rumors propagate and are corrected during crisis events.
Charles L. Werner
ParadeRest and Commonwealth of Virginia

Charles Werner is the executive director of ParadeRest and senior advisor to the Commonwealth of Virginia in the areas of public safety communications, interoperability, GIS, NG911, and unmanned aircraft. He currently serves as a consultant for The Lafayette Group, who provides supports to the Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Emergency Communication, and serves as the Unmanned Aircraft System Program lead for the Albemarle County Sheriff’s Office Search and Rescue team. Prior to his current roles, Werner served with the City of Charlottesville VA Fire Department for 37 years, serving as the fire chief his last ten years with the department. He was appointed as fire chief emeritus upon his retirement. He served on the Regional Public Safety Communications System Task Force from 1995-2006 and worked in the National Emergency Communications Plan (NECP) working group to help develop the nation’s first emergency communications plan. He chaired the Virginia First Responder Interoperability Working Group from 2002-2003, served has the first chair of the International Association of Fire Chiefs Technology Council (of which he is still a member), served two years as chair of the Department of Homeland Security’s SAFECOM Executive committee, and, most recently, was appointed to co-chair the Incident Management Information Sharing Sub Committee. In 2013, he was one of the founders of the National Information Sharing Consortium, where he served two years as Chair of the Board. He is a nationally published author with over 100 published articles and is a subject matter expert and national presenter on issues such as public safety technology, communications, GIS, NG911, interoperability, unmanned aircraft, and leadership.




Events



Location:

Conference Call
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Virginia Bacon Talati
Contact Email:  vbtalati@gmail.com
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
N/A
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Ramesh Rao
Brooke Liu
Dennis Mileti
Eve Gruntfest
James Caverlee
Doug Sicker

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discussed draft report

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Draft of the report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
November 06, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Conference Call
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Janel Dear
Contact Email:  jdear@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Noon - 1:00 Rebecca Resnik and Maiyan Bino, Waze
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

University of California - San Diego
Atkinson Hall
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Virginia Bacon Talati
Contact Email:  VBTalati@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1802

Agenda
COMMITTEE ON THE FUTURE OF EMERGENCY ALERT AND WARNING SYSTEMS: RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
Committee Agenda – January 26
Qualcomm Institute 9500 Gilman Drive La Jolla, CA

8:00 AM Breakfast Available

8:30 Agenda Overview
Ramesh Rao

9:00 Mapping/GIS Data for Alerts/Warnings
Dave Bujak, Weather STEM (participating remotely)
Christopher McIntosh, Esri

9:45 Alert and Warning Supporting Technologies
Karl Kotalik, NC4
John Lawson, AWARN

10:45 Break

11:00 Applications for Emergency Alerting
Brenda Phillips, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

11:30 Service Providers
Brian Daly, AT&T (participating remotely)
Farrokh Khatibi, Qualcomm

12:30 Break

1:00 PM Governance, Technology Guidelines, and Best Practices
Denis Gusty, DHS S&T (participating remotely)

1:30 – 2:00 Lunch

OPEN SESSION ADJOURNS
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Ramesh Rao
James Caverlee
Brook Liu
Eve Gruntfest
Leslie Luke
Dennis Miletti
Nambirajan Seshadri
Kate Starbird
Charles Werner

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee discussed the open session presentations and identified relevant and important information from each to include in the report. The committee reviewed and discussed a draft of the report, made edits, and identified gaps that needed to be addressed. Individual committee members volunteered themselves to draft specific sections or chapters.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Draft of the report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
November 06, 2017
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Computer History Museum
1401 N. Shoreline Blvd.
Mountain View, CA 94043
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Janel Dear
Contact Email:  jdear@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  2023342639

Agenda
COMMITTEE ON THE FUTURE OF EMERGENCY ALERT AND WARNING SYSTEMS: RESEARCH DIRECTIONS

Committee Meeting
November 1, 2016
Computer History Museum
1401 N. Shoreline Blvd.
Mountain View, CA 94043

November 1, 2016

8:00 AM Breakfast Available

9:00 Introduction and Welcome
Jon Eisenberg, Director, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
Ramesh Rao, Chair, Committee on the Future of Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Research Directions; and University of California, San Diego

9: 15 Social Media & Applications
• How is the platform currently used for alerting, either as part of a national system or otherwise? How do individuals interact with the platform, each other, and officials during emergencies?
• What are opportunities and challenges in advancing the use of the platform during emergencies? What research gaps are there in advancing its use?

Pete Giencke, Google
Nelson Daza, Everbridge
Micah Schaffer, Snapchat
Jim Moffitt, Twitter (remotely)
Peter Cottle, Facebook
Alex Kalicki, Facebook


11:15 Break

11:30 Envisioning Future Alert and Warning Systems

Art Botterell, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services


12:30 Lunch


1:30 PM Communication
• How does your research inform the future of alert and warning systems? What do you view as technical gaps in alert and warning systems?
• How do you envision a future alert and warning system? What are opportunities and challenges in achieving this vision?

Deanna Sellnow, University of Central Florida
Julie Demuth, National Center for Atmospheric Research (remotely)
Michele Wood, California State University


2:45 Discussion of Research Needs and Gaps

3:45 Adjourn

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jon Eisenberg
Contact Email:  jeisenbe@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2689

Agenda
COMMITTEE ON THE FUTURE OF EMERGENCY ALERT AND WARNING SYSTEMS: RESEARCH DIRECTIONS

Committee Meeting
September 1, 2016
National Academy of Sciences
500 5th St., N.W.
Keck Center, Room 101
Washington, DC 20001

Goals for the meeting:
• Learn about DHS-sponsored research through presentations by DHS PIs and discussion
• Further explore WEA and EAS programs


OPEN SESSION

8:00 AM Breakfast Available – Keck 101

8:30 Introduction and Welcome
Jon Eisenberg, Director, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
Ramesh Rao, Chair, Committee on the Future of Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Research Directions; and University of California, San Diego

8:45 DHS-Sponsored Research Session 1: Enhancing Public Response
Moderator: Eve Gruntfest

Enhanced Geo-targeting Requirements, Bob Iannucci, Carnegie Melon University Cylab Mobility Research Center
Public Response to WEA Messages, Brooke Liu, National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism
Characterizing Risk Perception and Cognitive Modeling of WEA, Courtney "Court" Corley, Pacific NW National Laboratory
Variations in WEA Message Content in Social Setting, Deborah Glik, University of California, Los Angeles

10:15 Break

10:30 DHS-Sponsored Research Session 2: WEA Cybersecurity
Moderator: Doug Sicker

WEA Cybersecurity Guidelines, Carol Woody, Carnegie Melon University Software Engineering Institute



11:00 DHS-Sponsored Research Session 3: Reaching At-Risk Populations
Moderator: Kate Starbird

Optimizing Receipt from People with Disabilities, Helena Mitchell, Georgia Tech Applied Research Corporation
WEA Messages for At-Risk Communities, Bandana Kar, University of Southern Mississippi
Accessible CAP RDS Demonstration Project for U.S. Gulf Coast States, Rich Rarey, Rareworks, LLC

12:15PM- Lunch – Keck Center Cafeteria
12:45PM

12:45 Further Information on WEA and EAS
Gregory Cooke, Federal Communications Commission
James Wiley, Federal Communications Commission

1:45 DHS-Sponsored Research Session 4: Improving Geotargeting
Moderator: Dennis Mileti

Studying Radio Frequency Propagation Footprints, Dara Ung, TeleCommunication Systems, Inc
Arbitrary-Size, Location-Aware Targeting, Emre Gunduzhan, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
A Diffusion Framework to Describe the Limits on Geo-Targeting Resolution, Andrew Parker, RAND Corporation
Public Benefit and Technology Trade-offs of Future WEA Geo-targeting Capabilities, Dan Gonzales, RAND Corporation

3:15 Discussion of Research Needs and Gaps

4:00 Adjourn



Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Christopher Jones
Contact Email:  cjjones@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2396

Agenda
AUGUST 9, 2016

8:00 AM Breakfast Available – NAS 125

9:00 Introduction and Welcome

Jon Eisenberg, Director, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
Ramesh Rao, Chair, Committee on the Future of Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Research Directions; and University of California, San Diego

9:15 Charge to the Committee

Denis Gusty, Department of Homeland Security

9:30 Federal Agencies
Moderator: Doug Sicker

Denis Gusty, Department of Homeland Security
Mark Lucero, Federal Emergency Management Agency
Tim Schott, National Weather Services
Greg Cooke, Federal Communications Commission

11:00 Break


11:15 Emergency Managers I
Moderator: Charles Werner

R.C. Smith, El Paso County, CO Office of Emergency Management
Benjamin Krakauer, NYC Office of Emergency Management

12:15 PM Lunch

1:15 Social Computing and Crisis Informatics
Moderator: James Caverlee

Karen Freberg, University of Louisville (via WebEx)
Jeanette Sutton, University of Kentucky
Ben Zhao, University of California, Santa Barbara (via WebEx)

2:45 Disaster Response and Risk Communication Research
Moderator: Eve Gruntfest

John Sorensen, Oak Ridge National Lab, retired
Tim Sellnow, University of Central Florida
Matthew Seeger, Wayne State University

4:15 Break

4:30 Emergency Managers II
Moderator: Charles Warner

Francisco Sanchez, Harris County, TX (via WebEx)
Paul Lupe, Fairfax County, VA Office of Emergency Management
Harry Evans, Austin, TX Fire Department, retired (via WebEx)

5:45 Discussion

6:00 Break for Reception

6:45 Dinner
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
August 20, 2016
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office