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Project Information

Project Information


Review of the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration


Project Scope:

An ad hoc panel will carry out a consensus study in response to Section 5211 of the Fixing America’s Transportation (FAST) Act of 2015.  The purpose of this study is to determine as best possible:

  1. The accuracy with which the Behavioral Analysis and Safety Improvement Category (BASIC) safety measures used by the Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) Safety Management System (SMS):
    1. Identify high risk carriers.
    2. Predict or are correlated with future crash risk, crash severity, or other safety indicators for motor carriers, including the highest risk carriers.  
  2. The methodology used to calculate BASIC percentiles and identify carriers for enforcement, including the weights assigned to particular violations, and the tie between crash risk and specific regulatory violations, with respect to accurately identifying and predicting future crash risk for motor carriers.
  3. The relative value of inspection information and roadside enforcement data.
  4. Any data collection gaps or data sufficiency problems that may exist and the impact of those gaps and problems on the efficacy of the CSA program.
  5. The accuracy of safety data, including the use of crash data from crashes in which a motor carrier was free from fault.  
  6. Whether BASIC percentiles for motor carriers of passengers should be calculated separately than for motor carriers of freight.
  7. The differences in the rates at which safety violations are reported to FMCSA for inclusion in the SMS by various enforcement authorities, including States, territories, and Federal inspectors.
  8. How members of the public use the SMS and what effect making the SMS information public has had on reducing crashes and eliminating unsafe motor carriers from the industry.

 The study should also consider:  

  1. Whether the SMS provides comparable precision and confidence, through SMS alerts and percentiles, for the relative crash risk of individual large and small motor carriers.
  2. Whether alternatives to the SMS would identify high risk carriers more accurately.

      c.      The recommendations and findings of the Comptroller General of the United States and the Inspector General of the Department of Transportation, and independent review team reports, issued before the date of the act. 

 
The panel will issue a report with findings and recommendations at the end of the study.

Status: Current

PIN: DBASSE-CNSTAT-15-16

Project Duration (months): 18 month(s)

RSO: Cohen, Michael

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Committee on National Statistics

Topic(s):

Transportation and Infrastructure
Surveys and Statistics


Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 05/09/2016

Dr. Joel B. Greenhouse - (Co-Chair) - (Co-Chair)
Carnegie Mellon University

JOEL B. GREENHOUSE is professor in the Department of Statistics at Carnegie Mellon University. He is also an adjunct professor of psychiatry, and adjunct professor of epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh. Prior to being professor, he was associate and assistant professor in the Department of Statistics at Carnegie Mellon University. He has served as associate dean for academic affairs. His areas of research include meta-analysis, causal inference, and various biostatistical applications. He has been awarded Statistician of the Year by the Pittsburgh Chapter of the American Statistical Association, he is a fellow of the American Statistical Association, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. He has served as editor-in-chief for Statistics in Medicine, Associate Editor for Statistics, Politics, and Policy, associate editor for the Journal of the American Statistical Association, and editor of IMS Lecture Notes – Monograph Series. He has served as a member of the NRC Committee on National Statistics, the NRC Committee on the Assessment of Family Violence Interventions, and the NRC Panel on the Combination of Information. Most recently, he served on the NRC Panel on Recent Methodologies and Statistical Approaches to Understanding Driver Fatigue Factors in Motor Carrier Safety and Driver Health. He received his B.S. in mathematics from the University of Maryland at College Park, and his M.P.H. in biostatistics, his A.M. in statistics, and his Ph.D. in biostatistics from the University of Michigan.
Dr. Sharon-Lise T. Normand - (Co-Chair) - (Co-Chair)
Harvard Medical School

SHARON-LISE T. NORMAND is a professor of health care policy (biostatistics) in the Department of Health Care Policy and in the Department of Biostatistics at the Harvard School of Public Health. She has made important contributions to the use of hierarchical models for various purposes, and she has contributed to understanding of causal inferential techniques. For the current study, she brings an understanding of NRC procedures from her service on several NRC study committees. This includes current or prior service on: 1) the Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics, 2) planning committee for a workshop on observational studies in a learning health system, 3) committee on aerospace medicine and medicine of extreme environments, 4) committee on a national surveillance system for cardiovascular and select chronic diseases, 5) committee on future directions for the national healthcare quality and disparities reports, 6) committee to review NASA’s space flight standards, and 7) subcommittee on performance measures. Further, since 2002 she has served as director of MASS-DAC, the data coordinating center responsible for collecting, analyzing, and reporting on the quality of care for adults discharged following a cardiac procedure from all non-federal hospitals in Massachusetts, which demonstrates familiarity with collecting and using data for large data systems. She is a fellow of the American Statistical Association. She has served as associate editor of several journals, including Circulation, Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, Statistics in Medicine, and Biometrics; as methods editor for Psychiatric Services; and as guest editor for a special issue of Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology. Dr. Normand earned her B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in statistics from the University of Western Ontario and her Ph.D in biostatistics from the University of Toronto.
Dr. Michael H. Belzer
Wayne State University

MICHAEL H. BELZER is associate professor of economics in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Wayne State University and a research scientist at the University of Michigan's Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations. He is also associate director of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation's Trucking Industry Program, one of more than 20 Sloan Industry Centers. The Trucking Industry Program focuses on trucking industry operations and industrial relations, and Dr. Belzer personally directs its Trucking Industry Benchmarking Program. Current Benchmarking efforts include an Owner Operator Cost of Operations Survey, in partnership with the Owner Operator Independent Drivers Association, and a Safety Best Practices Program using the Benchmarking model. Additionally, the Trucking Industry Benchmarking Program offers a firm-level benchmarking exercise for the "LessthanTruckload" (LTL) sector of the trucking industry and additional benchmarking exercises can be developed on request. His research interests include all facets of trucking industry organization and operations, labor management relations, employment policy, and safety. He currently is studying the relationship between truck driver pay (both method and level) and safety, as well as issues related to truck driver hours of work. He has served as a member on nine committees for the NRC’s Transportation Research Board. He is the author of the book Sweatshops on Wheels: Winners and Losers in Trucking Deregulation (Oxford University Press, 2000). He also spent ten years driving trucks. He has a Ph.D. in industrial relations from Cornell University.
Dr. Daniel F. Blower
University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

DANIEL F. BLOWER is associate research scientist with the Vehicle Safety Analytics Group at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. He has extensive experience with all the primary national crash data files, and many state crash data files. Dr. Blower’s primary area of research is traffic crash causation. His past projects included investigating the crash experience of younger truck drivers, developing an event tree for heavy truck accidents, and developing statistical models relating vehicle configuration and operating environment to the probability of accident involvement. He recently served on the Committee on National Statistics’ Panel on Research Methodologies and Statistical Approaches to Understanding Driver Fatigue Factors in Motor Carrier Safety and Driver Health. He is a member of the Michigan Truck Safety Commission, the Transportation Research Board’s Committee for Truck and Bus Safety, the Technical Advisory Group for the American Transportation Research Institute on Truck Drivers Hours of Service study, the Technical Advisory Committee on the National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Study for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the Large Truck Crash Causation Study Committee for the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Dr. Blower received his B.A. and Ph.D. in history from the University of Michigan.
Dr. Linda Ng Boyle
University of Washington

LINDA NG BOYLE is associate professor with the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at University of Washington. Prior to this appointment, she was an associate professor at the University of Iowa and a senior researcher at the U.S. Department of Transportation - Volpe Center. Dr. Boyle's research centers on driving behavior, crash countermeasures, crash and safety analysis, and statistical modeling. Her research work has been funded by the United States Department of Transportation, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, National Institutes of Health, and Toyota. Dr. Boyle is an associate editor for the journal Accident Analysis and Prevention; chairs TRB’s Committee on Statistical Methods and serves on TRB’s Committee on Simulation and Measurement of Vehicle and Operator Performance. Dr. Boyle presented to the Panel on Research Methodologies and Statistical Approaches to Understanding Driver Fatigue Factors in Motor Carrier Safety and Driver Health. Dr. Boyle received her B.S. in industrial engineering from SUNY Buffalo. She received her M.S. in inter-engineering/human factors and Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering from the University of Washington.
Dr. Michael J. Daniels
The University of Texas at Austin

MICHAEL J. DANIELS is professor and chair of the Department of Statistics and Data Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin. His research interests are Bayesian methodology, biostatistics, hierarchical modeling, incomplete data models, and causal inference. He is co-author, with Joe Hogan, of Missing Data in Longitudinal Studies: Strategies for Bayesian Modeling and Sensitivity Analyses (Chapman and Hall, 2008). He has served as corresponding editor of the Bulletin for the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, co-editor for Biometrics, and associate editor for Biometrics, the Journal of the American Statistical Association, Statistics and Probability Letters, and Biostatistics. Dr. Daniels received his A.B. in applied mathematics from Brown University and his Sc.D. in biostatistics from Harvard University.
Dr. Donald Hedeker
The University of Chicago

DONALD HEDEKER is a professor of biostatistics in the Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Chicago. His area of expertise is in the development and dissemination of advanced statistical methods and random effects models (also known as hierarchical models). He has developed several freeware computer programs for statistical analysis of such data (MIXREG for normal-theory models, MIXOR for dichotomous and ordinal outcomes, MIXNO for nominal outcomes, and MIXPREG for counts). Dr. Hedeker has served as associate editor for Statistics in Medicine and the Journal of Statistical Software. He and co-author Robert Gibbons published the book Longitudinal Data Analysis (Wiley-Interscience, 2006). He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute. He received his Ph.D. in quantitative psychology from the University of Chicago.
Dr. Brenda M. Lantz
North Dakota State University

BRENDA M. LANTZ is the associate director of North Dakota State University's Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute (NDSU/UGPTI) as well as the program director for the Transportation Safety Systems Center branch of UGPTI. The Center is responsible for software development for commercial vehicle safety enforcement programs, as well as safety-related research and analysis. Her primary research interests include commercial vehicle safety systems and analysis. She has worked on projects involving the CSA/SMS system, taking part in the following projects: (1) Commercial Vehicle Inspection and Investigative Systems Software Development —as program director of the NDSU/UGPTI Transportation Safety Systems Center, where she led a team responsible for the successful development and delivery of inspection and investigative commercial vehicle safety systems in use by FMCSA; (2) Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Risk Factors Study—this project examined a wide array of driver and situational safety factors and determined the prevalence of these factors and increased crash and incident risk associated with them; and (3) An Evaluation of Commercial Vehicle Drivers’ and Safety Inspector’s Opinions Regarding the MCSAP, the Roadside Inspection Process, and Motor Carrier Safety. Dr. Lantz is chair of the TRB Committee for Truck and Bus Safety, and is a member and secretary of the TRB Committee on Trucking Industry Research. Dr. Lantz received her B.S. in sociology and M.S. in applied statistics from North Dakota State University and her Ph.D. in business administration, supply chain and information systems from Pennsylvania State University.
Dr. Dan MCaffrey
Educational Testing Service

DAN McCAFFREY is principal research scientist at the Educational Testing Service in Princeton, New Jersey. Prior to that, he served as PNC Chair in policy analysis and head of the statistics group at RAND. Besides having broad expertise on a variety of applied statistical problems from his lengthy career at RAND, Dr. McCaffrey has focused his research of late on applications of statistics to education policy issues, especially the effectiveness of value-added models for use in assessing the performance of elementary and secondary teachers. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association. He has served as editor of the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics and Statistics and Public Policy. He has served as associate editor of the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, the Elementary School Journal, the Journal of the American Statistical Association, and the Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics.
Dr. Brisa N. Sanchez
University of Michigan

BRISA N. SANCHEZ is associate professor of biostatistics in the Department of Biostatistics at the University of Michigan. Her areas of research include structural equation and latent variable models, with applications to environmental epidemiology, which can be used to link the results of field inspections to crash risk. Dr. Sanchez has served as associate editor for Statistics in Medicine and the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C. She received her B.S. in mathematics from the University of Texas at El Paso, her M.S. in statistics from the University of Texas at El Paso, her M.Sc. in biostatistics from the Harvard School of Public Health, and her Ph.D. in biostatistics from Harvard University.
Dr. Robert Scopatz
VHB, Inc.

ROBERT SCOPATZ is a senior transportation analyst with the safety practice of VHB, Inc. His work has focused on improving safety behavior and advising states and the federal government on data quality improvement. His work in commercial motor vehicle safety includes projects for FMCSA evaluating hours of service regulations, developing predictive analyses of safety inspections and crashes, and supporting the first round of Safety Data Improvement Program (SaDIP) grants. For the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, Dr. Scopatz conducted an evaluation of large combination vehicle safety and crash data quality. Dr. Scopatz is a member of NRC TRB committee ANB70 (Truck and Bus Safety) and chair of their commercial vehicle data subcommittee (ANB70-4). He also serves as the paper review chair for the committee and as secretary for the NRC TRB Committee on Statistics and Methodology (ABJ80). Dr. Scopatz is also secretary, past president, and long-time executive board member of the Association of Transportation Safety Information Professionals (ATSIP).
Dr. Juned Siddique
Northwestern University

JUNED SIDDIQUE is associate professor in the Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University. His research interests, in addition to medical applications, lie in the treatment of missing data, the use of hierarchical models, and causal inference. He has served as associate editor of Statistics in Medicine. He received his B.S. in economics from the University of Wisconsin, his M.S. in statistics from George Washington University, and his Ph.D. in biostatistics from the University of California at Los Angeles.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20001

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Agnes E. Gaskin
Contact Email:  agaskin@nas.e3du
Contact Phone:  202-334-2240

Agenda
The meeting is closed and open only to committee members and staff
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Joel Greenhouse
Sharon-Lise Normand
Michael Belzer
Dan Blower
Linda Boyle
Michael Daniels
Don Hedeker
Brenda Lantz
Brissa Sanchez
Robert Scopatz and Juned Siddique

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The panel met in closed session to go over the outline for the final report and to discuss each chapter in detail.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 09, 2019


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20001

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Agnes E.Gaskin
Contact Email:  agaskin@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2240

Agenda
AGENDA
Third Meeting of the Panel on Review of the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Thursday-Friday, December 15-16, 2016
The Keck Center of the National Academies, 500 5th St NW, Washington, DC
Room 208


Thursday, December 15
Open Session : 8:45am-Noon
Closed Session—Panel members and staff only: 1:00pm–5:30pm
Room 208, breakfast available

8:45 AM View of Safety Experts
- 8:50 AM : William Voss (ICAO), Jacqueline Duley (Engility Corp.)
- 9:20 AM: Rob Molloy (NTSB)
- 9:50 AM: John Lannen (Truck Safety Coalition)
- 10:20 AM: Shuie Yankelewitz (Central Analaysis Bureau), Jean Gardner (Central Analysis Bureau)
10:50 AM Break

11:05 AM Relative vs. Absolute Measures Joe DeLorenzo, FMCSA

11:30 AM Report of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Eric Teoh, IIHS

12:05 PM Working Lunch to continue morning discussion (3rd Floor Cafeteria)
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20001

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Siri
Contact Email:  msiri@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3113

Agenda
Tuesday, August 30
Room 100
Open Session, 10:00am–5:30pm

10:00 AM View from Australia
Ann Williamson, University of New South Wales

10:45 AM Break

11:00 AM View from Schneider National
Tom DiSalvi , Schneider National
Don Osterberg, Schneider National (retired)

11:45 AM View from Panther
Irwin Shires, Panther Premium

12:00 PM Working Lunch to continue morning discussion (3rd Floor Cafeteria)

1:00 PM Bus Perspective
Rudolph Supina, DATTCO
Al Smith (to be confirmed)
Alex Guariento (to be confirmed)

1:30 PM How CSA treats buses
Joe DeLorenzo, Director, Office of Enforcement and Compliance, FMCSA

2:30 PM View from Truck and Bus Interest Groups
Julie Heckman, American Pyrotechnic Association
Cary Catapano, Sr., National School Transportation Association
Ken Presley, United Motorcoach Association
Tom Weakley, Owner-Operator Drivers Association

3:30 PM Break (refreshments available inside conference room)

3:45 PM Quality of the MCMIS Data
Volpe

4:30 PM Public comment

5:30 PM Public adjournment, panel in recess


Wednesday, August 31
Room 106

This session is closed in its entirety.
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th Street, NW
Washington D.C. 20001

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Siri
Contact Email:  msiri@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3113

Agenda
Wednesday, June 29, 2016
Closed/Deliberative Session—Panel members and staff only: 8:45am–10:30am
Room 201

8:45 AM Introduction to the Study and NAS Process (breakfast available)
- Joel Greenhouse, Co-Chair, Carnegie Mellon University
- Sharon-Lise Normand, Co-Chair, Harvard Medical School

10:15 PM Break (Move to Open Session)

Open Session, 10:30am–5:30pm

10:30 AM Welcome and Introductions
- Connie Citro, Director, Committee on National Statistics
- Jack Van Steenburg, Chief Safety Officer and Assistant Administrator, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)

10:45 AM Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act
- Joe DeLorenzo, Director, Office of Enforcement and Compliance, FMCSA

12:15 PM Working Lunch (3rd Floor Cafeteria)

1:00 PM Review/ Critique of Safety Management System by ATRI
- Daniel Murray, Vice President, American Transportation Research Institute

2:00 PM Review/ Critique of Safety Management System by GAO
- H. Brandon Haller, Assistant Director, Physical Infrastructure Team
- Jeff M. Tessin, Senior Statistician, Applied Research and Methods

3:00 PM Response from FMCSA
- Joe DeLorenzo, Director, Office of Enforcement and Compliance, FMCSA

3:15 PM Break (refreshments available inside conference room)

3:30 PM Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Alliance
- Collin Mooney, Executive Director, CVSA

4:15 PM Additional Questions from Panel Members

4:30 PM Views from Stakeholders

4:45 PM Public Comment

5:30 PM Adjournment

6:00 PM Working Dinner; By invitation; venue (TBD)

Thursday, June 30, 2016
Closed/Deliberative Session—Panel members and staff only: 8:30am–1:00pm
Room 209
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes


Publications

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