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Project Information

Project Information


Future Air Force Needs for Defense Against High-Speed Weapon Systems


Project Scope:

The National Academies will appoint an ad hoc study committee to review US efforts to counter foreign high speed weapon system threats and make recommendations to the USAF on potential courses of action.  The committee will:

1) Review the current and evolving threats, and the current and planned U.S. efforts & capabilities to counter these threats.

2) Identify current gaps and future opportunities where the USAF could provide significant contribution to the US effort to counter high-speed threats.

3) Recommend actions the USAF could take in terms of materiel, non-materiel, and technology development to address the identified opportunities and gaps in US effort‎s to address these threats.

 

 

Status: Current

PIN: DEPS-AFSB-15-01

Project Duration (months): 12 month(s)

RSO: Fuller, Joan

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Air Force Studies Board DEPS

Topic(s):

Math, Chemistry, and Physics


Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 11/24/2015

Dr. Mark J. Lewis - (Co-Chair)
IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute

Dr. Mark J. Lewis is director of the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI) at the Institute for Defense Analyses. He went to the STPI directorship from the University of Maryland, College Park, where he was the Willis Young Professor and Chair of the Aerospace Engineering Department. He was Chief Scientist of the U.S. Air Force in 2004 and held this position until 2008, making him the longest-serving Chief Scientist in Air Force history. During his tenure as Chief Scientist, Lewis expanded basic research support, focused efforts on high-speed flight, sustainment, launch vehicle technologies and operational space, established major international programs and was a co-author of the Presidential National Aeronautics Executive Order. Lewis is the author of some 300 technical publications and is active in national and international professional societies with responsibilities for research and educational policy and support. His research has contributed directly to several programs in the areas of high-speed vehicle and aircraft design. He was also the founder of the Center for Hypersonics Education and Research and later the NASA-Air Force Constellation University Institutes Project. In addition to his service on various advisory boards, Lewis also served as the president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He holds an SC.D. in aeronautical engineering from MIT. Dr. Lewis is a member of the NRC’s Air Force Studies Board.
Dr. Thomas R. Bussing
Advanced Missile Systems

Dr. Thomas R. Bussing is vice president of the Advanced Missile Systems (AMS), Raytheon . Before joining Raytheon in 2010 as deputy of AMS, Bussing served in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Tactical Technology Office. In that position, he acted as a government venture capitalist responsible for establishing and building virtual companies around enabling technologies and funded programs. While at DARPA, he established programs with a combined value exceeding $400 million. Previously, Bussing was general manager of Pratt & Whitney’s Seattle Aerosciences Center and Pulsedyne, where he was responsible for all financial and technical oversight of the two subsidiaries of the United Technologies Corporation. Before joining Pratt & Whitney, Bussing was a vice president/general manager with Adroit Systems, Inc. where he was responsible for conceiving, developing, managing, securing capital, managing finances, executing programs, negotiating deals and transitioning key technologies/products to the Department of Defense. Bussing started his career in the defense industry in 1985 with Boeing, where he served on several programs, including the national aerospace plane program, the Boeing 777 program, and various classified programs. Bussing has a Bachelor of Science with honors in mechanical engineering from McGill University and a master’s degree and Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Bussing has been awarded 14 U.S. patents and more than 30 international patents. Bussing was elected October 1, 2010, as a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (SAB). He was a member of the 2011 SAB summer study committee evaluating Air Force munitions requirements for 2025 and beyond.
Dr. Richard P. Hallion
Science and Technology Policy Institute

Dr. Richard Hallion is consultant with Science and Technology Policy Institute. Dr. Hallion received his B.A. and Ph.D. in history from the University of Maryland. He also graduated from executive training programs at the Federal Executive Institute, and the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. He has been a Curator at the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution; a Historian with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the U.S. Air Force; a Policy Analyst for the Secretary of the Air Force; Senior Advisor for Air and Space Issues, for the Air Force’s Directorate for Security, Counterintelligence, and Special Programs; and Special Advisor for Aerospace Technology, for the Air Force Chief Scientist. He also serves as a Research Associate in Aeronautics for the National Air and Space Museum, and is a member of the Board of Trustees of Florida Polytechnic University. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.
Mr. Terry J. Jaggers
Decisive Analytics Corporation

Mr. Terry J. Jaggers is Chief Scientist at Decisive Analytics. Terry J. Jaggers is a former Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering (DASD/SE) and former Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Science, Technology & Engineering (SAF/AQR). He graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces with a Master’s Degree in National Security, the Florida Institute of Technology with a Master’s Degree in Business Administration, the University of Illinois with a Bachelor’s Degree in Aerospace Engineering, and Western Illinois University with a Bachelor’s Degree in Mathematics. He serves on numerous professional societies and advisory boards including the University of Illinois Aerospace Engineering Department, the University of Maryland System Research Institute, and the Institute for Defense Analysis’ Science & Technology Policy Institute where he provides science, technology, engineering, and STEM workforce advice to the White House Office of Science & Technology Policy. Mr. Jaggers is the Owner/President of Excela Ventures Group providing technical and management consultation to select national security clients, and currently supports Decisive Analytics as Chief Scientist, where he provides strategic advice on systems engineering for major defense acquisition programs the application of target discrimination algorithms for missile defense, battle space awareness, and space situational awareness. Prior to this, he was the Director for the Air Force Studies Board and Intelligence Community Programs at the National Academies where he led experts and staff to develop unclassified and classified study reports on a host of strategic national security topics for senior Air Force and Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Mr. Jaggers has been responsible for overseeing the Air Force Research Laboratory’s X-51 hypersonic program, launching the inaugural defense against high speed weapons workshop at the National Academies, participating in a review of U.S. hypersonic test infrastructure for the DoD, and deploying algorithms for real-time joint battle space awareness and fusion of intelligence, surveillance & reconnaissance.
Mr. Eric D. Knutson
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company

Mr. Eric Knutson is the Director, Lockheed Martin Skunk Works - Advanced Projects.
Responsible for maturing seedling programs through executable production programs of both prototype and operationally capable product lines. This is inclusive of all hypersonic vehicle programs such as HTV-2, high speed programs such as RATTLRS, UAS program and classified efforts. Additional responsibilities are the creation and deployment of program management processes and leadership development throughout Advanced Development Programs (Skunk Works) distributed sites. He is responsible for the execution of classified prototype and production programs. Primary focus area is in the inception, creation, design, fabrication, and fielding of specialized high technology systems. In this role, he has created and produced of 11 different aircraft systems which are currently operational and several additional systems which have been transferred to other areas of Lockheed Martin for continued production and operation. Additional contracts and technologies have been spun off of core work to create several projects
and programs, one of which was nominated by the USAF for the Collier trophy award. The success of these programs has been pivotal in Skunk Works receiving the presidents Nation Medal for Innovation. He is a recipient of unit meritorious service award from the United States Government and the Distinguished Engineering Achievement Award from the national Engineering Council. Awarded Engineer of the Year. Featured on The Military Channel “Skunk Works” and Discovery Channel “Jet Engines” M.S. Aeronautics – Embry Riddle Aeronautical University.

Adm. Richard W. Mies
The Mies Group, Ltd.

ADM Richard W. Mies (USN, Ret.) completed a distinguished 35-year career in the U.S. Navy. He commanded U.S. Strategic Command for four years prior to retirement. As Commander in Chief, he was directly responsible for the command and control of the Nation’s strategic nuclear forces supporting the national security objective of strategic deterrence. Admiral Mies has a unique breadth and depth of operational and policy experience in undersea and strategic warfare. He has held both U.S. and Allied commands at senior military levels. After completing training for submarine duty, he served on two nuclear attack submarines and a ballistic missile submarine before commanding the nuclear attack submarine, USS SEA DEVIL. He subsequently served in a wide range of distinctive command positions including Commander Submarine Development Squadron TWELVE, Commander, Submarine Group EIGHT and Commander, Allied Submarines, Mediterranean, and Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Commander, Submarine Allied Command, Atlantic. Admiral Mies is one of a few flag officers to complete qualification as both a submariner and naval aviation observer. In addition to unit and service awards, his decorations include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal (two awards), Legion of Merit (four awards), National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, Meritorius Service Medal (two awards), Navy Commendation Medal (four awards), Navy Achievement Medal, and Secretary of Energy Gold Medal. Admiral Mies is a native of Chigcago, Illinois. A distinguished scholor and athelete, he graduated first in his class with highest honors from the U.S. Naval Academy. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree with majors in mechanical engineering and mathematics. An intercollegiate wrestling champion and an all-conference lightweight football player, he was awarded the Thompson Trophy for contributing the most to the promotion of athletics at the Naval Academy. He has completed post-graduate education at Oxford University, England, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Harvard University. He holds a Masters degree in government adminsitration and international relations; he also holds an Honorary Doctorate of Law degree from the University of Nebraska. His professional education includes the Flag Officers’ Capstrone course, the program for Senior Executive in National and International Security at Harvard Unviersity, and the Joint Flag Officer Warfighting course. Following retirement from the Navy, Admiral Mies served as a Senior Vice President and Deputy Group President of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) and as the President and Chief Executive Officer of Hicks and Associates, Inc, a wholly owned subsidiary of SAIC. He presently serves as the CEO and President of The Mies Group, LTD. Admiral Mies served as the Chairman of the Department of Defense Threat Reduction Advisory Committee from 2004-2010 and Chairman of the Board of the Navy Mutual Aid Association from 2003-2011. He presently serves as the Chairman of the Strategic Advisory Group for U.S. Strategic Command and Chairman of the Board of the Naval Submarine League. He is a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Scineces, the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, the Board of Governors of Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and the Board of Directors of BWX Technologies Company, Exelon Corporation, the U.S. Naval Academy Foundation, and the U.S. Naval Institute. He also serves on numerous other advisory boards.
Mr. Gary O'Connell
SAIC - Frederick, Inc.

Mr. Gary O’Connell is a consultant/program manager at SAIC. Gary A. O'Connell served as a Defense Intelligence Senior Leader in the position of Chief Scientist for the National Air and Space Intelligence Center, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio. As Chief Scientist, Mr. O'Connell guided the 3,000-person center’s analytic production mission, ensuring timely delivery of relevant intelligence data products and services to Air Force and joint operational warfighters, acquisition and force modernization communities, and senior defense and intelligence community policy-making customers. Mr. O’Connell began his government career as a co-op student with the Naval Surface Weapons Center in Dahlgren, Va. Upon graduation from the University of Cincinnati, he started work as an air-to-air missile analyst for the Foreign Technology Division, now NASIC. Prior to his appointment as Chief Scientist, he was the Associate Chief Scientist of the Air and Electronics Directorate, NASIC. Mr. O’Connell received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1981 in aerospace engineering for the University of Cincinnati and a Master of Science in aeronautical engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology in 1986. In 1997 he received a Master of Science degree in national resource strategy from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C. and in 2004 completed the Intelligence Community Senior Leadership Program.

The Honorable Malcolm R. O'Neill
United States Army (Retired)

The Honorable Malcolm O’Neill (NAE) resigned recently as Assistant Secretary of the Army, (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology); Army Acquisition Executive, and Chief Scientist of the Army. Previously, Dr. O’Neill was the Chief Technical Officer of Lockheed Martin Corporation. He served thirty four years in the US Army, including two tours of duty in Vietnam. His assignments included: DARPA Project Manager, Talon Gold Space Experiment; Deputy Project Manager, NATO Patriot Air Defense System; Project Manager, Army Multiple Launch Rocket System; Chief of Staff, Army Missile Command; and Commander of the Army Laboratory Command. He retired as an Army Lieutenant General. In his last uniformed position he served as the Director of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (“Star Wars”). He holds a Ph.D. in Physics from Rice University and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Dr. Brian R. Shaw
National Intelligence University

Dr. Brian Shaw is the dean of the School of Science and Technology Intelligence at the National Intelligence University in Washington, DC. The School is the focus for S&T analytic education, research and external engagement across the intelligence and international national security communities. He joined the University in 2007 to organize the University’s S&T Intelligence program, and developed and established the S&T School in 2010. The National Intelligence University was chartered by the Department of Defense in 1962, and the University’s degrees — the Master of Science of Strategic Intelligence and the Bachelor of Science in Intelligence — are authorized by Congress. Dr. Shaw received his B.S. from Western Michigan University in 1973, M.S. from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 1975, and a Ph.D. from Syracuse University in 1978. His principal areas of study were geology and mathematics. After serving briefly as a lecturer at the University College at Syracuse University, he joined the petroleum industry in a variety of research, development and exploration positions. He later formed and was the managing partner of an energy-consulting firm in Houston, Texas. In 1991 Dr. Shaw joined the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington and Washington, DC. Dr. Shaw was a senior advisor in the Field Intelligence Element where he managed several research and special programs. Dr. Shaw served as a senior analyst in the DCI Environmental Center and was subsequently appointed as deputy national intelligence officer for Science and Technology to the National Intelligence Council. He also served as senior advisor in the Analysis Group of the CIA Information Operations Center. Dr. Shaw’s primary research focus is on threats to national security arising from globalization of science and technology, evaluating disruptive consequences of adversarial technology adaptations, examining geostrategic resource issues, and identifying frameworks for effective collection, warning, and analysis.
Mrs. Suzanne Vautrinot
Kilovolt Consulting, Inc.

MGen Suzanne Vautrinot (USAF Ret.) is currently president of Kilovolt Consulting, Inc., a cyber security strategy and technology consulting firm located in San Antonio, Texas. She retired from the United States Air Force in October 2013 after 31 years of distinguished service, including as Major General and Commander, 24th Air Force, Air Forces Cyber and Air Force Network Operations from April 2011 to October 2013 where she oversaw a multi-billion dollar cyber enterprise responsible for operating, extending, maintaining, and defending the Air Force portion of the Department of Defense global network. Ms. Vautrinot also served as director of Plans and Policy, U.S. Cyber Command and Deputy Commander, Network Warfare, U.S. Strategic Command (June 2008 to December 2010), and Commander, Air Force Recruiting Service (July 2006 to June 2008). She has been awarded numerous medals and commendations, including the Defense Superior Service Medal and Distinguished Service Medal. Ms. Vautrinot is a member of the boards of directors of Ecolab, Inc., Symantec Corporation, Parsons Corporation and the Uniformed Services Benefit Association. She earned her Bachelor of Science degree from the U.S. Air Force Academy and a Master of Science in systems management from the University of Southern California, and was a National Security Fellow at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
Dr. David A. Whelan
The Boeing Company

Dr. David Whelan is vice president of engineering with Boeing Defense, Space and Security. David Whelan has responsibility to create, seek out and explore new technology and business growth vectors for the Boeing Company. Boeing's technology and systems span a wide range of government missions ranging from space systems to airborne systems to ground systems to undersea system. Both manned and unmanned systems have been developed to solve Boeing's customer challenges. Leveraging his in-depth knowledge of science, technology, systems and future customer requirements David enables Boeing to find new solutions to world's most challenging problems. He serves as a member of the Board of Directors for Boeing's Madrid Research and Technology Center and HRL Laboratories, the legacy R&D laboratory of the former Hughes Aircraft Company, a LLC jointly owned by Boeing and GM. Prior assignments include the Vice President-General Manager and Deputy to the President of Boeing Phantom Works, the advanced research and development organization of The Boeing Company and started his career with Boeing as the Chief Technology Officer for the Space & Communications Group (S&C) of Boeing. Before joining Boeing, Dr Whelan served as Director of the Tactical Technology Office (SES-5) of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Department of Defense's venture capital like organization dedicated to creating new systems and technologies to support our nation's air, land, and naval forces. While at DARPA David created many legacy joint programs with the Air Force, Navy and the Army, most notably, the Discoverer II Space Radar Program, the Army's Future Combat System and the Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle. Previously he worked at the Hughes Aircraft Company as Program Manager and Chief Scientist for the B-2 Bomber Air-to-Air Radar Imaging Program. He also worked as a Physicist for the DOE"s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) on X-ray lasers and the Advanced Nuclear Weapons program, and he started his career at Northrop where he was one of the key designers of the B-2 Stealth Bomber and contributed to the YF-23Advanced Tactical Fighter. David earned his Ph.D. ('83) and MS ('78) in physics from UCLA; He received his B.A. ('77) from UCSD. He has numerous publications on electromagnetic radiation, laser plasma phenomena and Defense systems. He holds 14 patents on navigation systems, radar systems, antenna, and low-observable technology. He is currently a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and the Naval Studies Board of the National Research Council. He is standing member of the American Physical Society, the IEEE, and the AIAA. Dr. Whelan was honored for his government service and received Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Civil Service in 2001 and the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service in 1998.

Events



Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  -
Contact Phone:  -

Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dr. Mark Lewis
Dr. Thomas Bussing
Dr. Richard Hallion
Mr. Terry Jaggers
Mr. Eric Knutson
Mr. Gary O’Connell
The Honorable Malcolm O’Neill
Dr. Brian Shaw
MGen Suzanne Vautrinot

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

finalize the report

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

N/A



Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  -
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Note: The data gathering sessions of this meeting to be held on May 17, 2016, from 1:00 pm – 3:00 pm EDT., and May 18, 2016, from 11:00 am – 12:00 noon, EDT, and 1:00 pm – 3:00 pm, EDT, will not be open to the public under Subsection 15(b)(3) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. The Academy has determined that to open these sessions to the public would disclose information described in 5 U.S.C. 552(b).
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dr. Mark Lewis
Dr. Richard Hallion
Mr. Terry Jaggers
Mr. Eric Knutson
Mr. Gary O’Connell
The Honorable Malcolm O’Neill
ADM Richard Mies
Dr. Brian Shaw
MGen Suzanne Vautrinot

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discuss draft set of findings and recommendations for Report.
Finalize plans for reviewing final draft of report.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

N/A

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 24, 2016


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  -
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Note: The data gathering sessions of this meeting to be held on April 27, 2016, from 9:00 am – 11:00 am, EDT, April 28, 2016, from 9:00 am – 12:00 noon, EDT, and 1:00 pm – 4:00 pm, EDT, and April 29, 2016, from 1:00 pm -3:00 pm, will not be open to the public under Subsection 15(b)(3) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. The Academy has determined that to open these sessions to the public would disclose information described in 5 U.S.C. 552(b).
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dr. Mark Lewis
Dr. Thomas Bussing
Dr. Richard Hallion
Mr. Terry Jaggers
Mr. Eric Knutson
Mr. Gary O’Connell
The Honorable Malcolm O’Neill
Dr. Brian Shaw
MGen Suzanne Vautrinot
Dr. David Whelan

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discuss and develop initial findings and recommendations for Report.
Plan for Meeting 4


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

N/A

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 24, 2016


Location:

NAISIC, Dayton,Ohio
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  -
Contact Email:  -
Contact Phone:  -

Agenda
Note: The data gathering sessions of this meeting to be held on March 22, 2016, from 10:00 am – 12:00 noon, EDT, and 1:00 pm – 3:00 pm, EDT, March 23, 2016, from 9:00 am – 12:00 noon, EDT, and 1:00 pm – 5:00 pm, EDT, and March 24, 2016, from 10:00 am – 12:00 noon, EDT and 1:00 -2:00 pm, EDT, will not be open to the public under Subsection 15(b)(3) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. The Academy has determined that to open these sessions to the public would disclose information described in 5 U.S.C. 552(b).
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dr. Mark Lewis
Dr. Thomas Bussing
Dr. Richard Hallion
Mr. Terry Jaggers
Mr. Eric Knutson
Mr. Gary O’Connell
The Honorable Malcolm O’Neill
Dr. Brian Shaw
MGen Suzanne Vautrinot
Dr. David Whelan

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discuss and develop initial findings and recommendations for Report.
Plan for Meeting 3.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

N/A

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 24, 2016


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Dr. Joan Fuller
Contact Email:  jfuller@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3455

Agenda
Note: The data gathering sessions of this meeting to be held on December 15, 2015, from 1:00 pm – 3:00 pm, EST, December 16, 2015, from 9:00 –am – 12:00 noon, EST, and 1:00 pm – 3:00 pm EST, and December 17, 2015, from 9:00 am – 12:00 noon, EST, will not be open to the public under Subsection 15(b)(3) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App. The Academy has determined that to open these sessions to the public would disclose information described in 5 U.S.C. 552(b).
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dr. Mark Lewis
Dr. Thomas Bussing
Mr. Joaquin Castro
Dr. Richard Hallion
Mr. Terry Jaggers
Mr. Eric Knutson
Mr. Gary O'Connell
ADM Richard Mies
Dr. Brian Shaw
Dr. David Whelan

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Review, modify, and simplify terms of reference.
Discuss and develop initial findings and recommendations for Report.
Plan for Meeting 2.



The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

N/A

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 22, 2015

Publications

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