University of Strathclyde
MALCOLM MACDONALD is the director of the Scottish Centre of Excellence in Satellite Applications, based at the University of Strathclyde. Until 2008, he worked at SciSys (UK) Ltd. on several projects, including ADM-Aeolus and LISA-Pathfinder. His work focuses on the end-to-end development and application of space mission systems to challenge conventional ideas and advance new concepts in the exploration and exploitation of space; the end-to-end philosophy enables new space-derived data product concepts through advances in space technology, including new platforms concepts such as CubeSats. Specific interests are in the use of multiple spacecraft to enable new space science and services through the application of concepts from swarm engineering, combined with astrodynamics and space system design. His outputs are reported in over 110 publications, and have been cited over 820 times. In publication citations since 2009, he has an H-index of 14 and an i10-index of 18. He is currently deputy chair of the UK Space Agency’s Space Programme Review Panel, a member of the UK’s Space Leadership Council, an associate editor of the AIAA’s Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, and a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society. He is also has a Honours degree and a Ph.D. from the University of Glasgow.
ROBYN MILLAN is an associate professor of physics and astronomy at Dartmouth College. Her research includes the use of high-altitude scientific balloon experiments to study Earth’s radiation belts, specifically the loss of relativistic electrons from the outer radiation belts into Earth’s atmosphere. Dr. Millan is principal investigator for the BARREL (Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses) project, which is being planned for flight in association with the Radiation Belt Storm Probe mission. Her prior positions include research appointments at Dartmouth and at the University of California, Berkeley. She received her Ph.D. in physics at the University of California, Berkeley in 2002. Dr. Millan served on the NRC Committee on the Role and Scope of Mission-Enabling Activities in NASA’s Space and Earth Science Missions and on the Panel on Solar Wind-Magnetosphere Interactions for the Committee for a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics).
Charles D. Norton
California Institute of Technology
CHARLES D. NORTON is a program manager and principal technologist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) at the California Institute of Technology. He is the engineering and science directorate formulation lead for Small Satellites at JPL. His research interests are small satellites for spaceborne technology validation, high performance computing for Earth and space science modeling, and advanced information systems technologies. He has managed CubeSat flight projects and co-led a Keck Institute study “Small Satellites: A Revolution in Space Science.” He is a recipient of numerous awards for new technology and innovation including the JPL Lew Allen Award and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, and is a member of IEEE (senior level), AIAA, and AGU, holding a B.S.E from Princeton University in electrical engineering and computer science and M.S and Ph.D. in computer science from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Prior to joining JPL he was an NRC Postdoctoral Fellow.
William H. Swartz
Johns Hopkins University
WILLIAM H. SWARTZ is a senior research scientist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL). He is also assistant research professor at Johns Hopkins University. As a member of JHU/APL’s space sector, Dr. Swartz works to advance the use of small satellites for addressing pressing science questions and to enable novel observation systems. He is the Principal Investigator of a NASA-funded CubeSat mission to develop technologies and measurement techniques that could significantly advance space observation of Earth’s radiation budget. He also conducts research into the response of the atmosphere’s chemistry and temperature to solar variability, using both Earth system modeling and observations. Dr. Swartz holds a PhD in atmospheric chemistry from the University of Maryland, College Park and has previously briefed the NAS’s Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space.
Alan M. Title
Lockheed Martin Space Technology Advanced R&D Labs
ALAN TITLE (NAS/NAE) is a senior fellow at the Lockheed Martin Space Systems Advanced Technology Center (ATC) in Palo Alto, CA. His primary scientific research interest is the generation, distribution, and effects of the solar magnetic field throughout the Sun’s interior and outer atmosphere. At present, he has 200 articles in refereed journals. He is currently the principal investigator for NASA’s solar mission called the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). Title was the principal investigator responsible for the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) launched in 2010, and is a co- investigator for another instrument on SDO, the Helioseismic Magnetic Imager. He was also the principal investigator for NASA's solar telescope on the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) mission, launched in 1998, and the Focal Plane Package on the JAXA/ISAS Hinode mission launched in 2006. Additionally, Title serves as a co-investigator responsible for the Michelson-Doppler Imager (MDI) science instrument on the NASA-European Space Agency Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), launched in 1995. All of these instruments were built under Alan Title’s direction at the ATC. As an engineer, Alan Title designs, develops, builds, and flies new instruments that will gather the data necessary to inform his solar research interests. He led the development of tunable bandpass filters for space-based solar observations, a version of which is currently operating on the JAXA/ISAS Hinode spacecraft. He also invented a tunable variation of the Michelson Interferometer that has been employed on the SOHO spacecraft, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the Global Oscillations Network Group of the National Solar Observatory as well as other ground-based systems. Outside of his research, Dr. Title has supported activities at the Tech Museum, Chabot Observatory, Boston Museum of Science, the National Air and Space Museum, and the Hay- den Planetarium. In addition, his educational outreach funding has supported a yearly summer program for Stanford undergraduates, and the Stanford Hass Center activities that develop science programs for K-12 classrooms. And for two decades, promising students from the Palo Alto High School District have come to work in his laboratory. Among his honors and awards are the 2011 John Adam Fleming Medal, awarded not more than once annually to an individual “for original research and technical leadership in geomagnetism, atmospheric electricity, aeronomy, space physics, and related sciences.” He received his Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology. Most recently, he has served on the NRC’s Board on Research Data and Information and the NASA Technology Roadmap: Instruments and Computing Panel, and he currently serves on the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board.
Thomas N. Woods
University of Colorado Boulder
THOMAS WOODS is the associate director of technical divisions of the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) at the University of Colorado in Boulder. His research is focused primarily on solar irradiance variability and its effects on Earth's atmosphere, climate change, and space weather. Dr. Woods is involved with several NASA and NOAA satellite programs. He is the Principal Investigator (PI) of the TIMED SEE and SDO EVE satellite instrument programs at LASP and is also the PI of the SORCE and MinXSS CubeSat missions. He is first author on 49 papers and co-author on 143 other papers. He obtained his B.S. in physics from Southwestern at Memphis (now Rhodes College) and his Ph.D. in Physics from the Johns Hopkins University. He previously served on the Panel on Solar and Heliospheric physics for the decadal survey for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics).
Edward L. Wright
University of California, Los Angeles
EDWARD L. WRIGHT (NAS) is a David Saxon Presidential Chair in Physics Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). At UCLA, Dr. Wright has been the data team leader on the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE), a co-investigator on the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), an interdisciplinary scientist on the Spitzer Space Telescope, and the principal investigator on the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Dr. Wright is well-known for his Cosmology Tutorial website for the informed public, and his web-based cosmology calculator for professional astronomers. He has served on the NRC’s Beyond Einstein Program Assessment Committee, the committee to study Autonomy Research in Civil Aviation, and the committee to study NASA’s planned Wide Field InfraRed Survey Telescope – Astrophysics Focused Telescope Assets program (WFIRST-AFTA). Dr. Wright currently serves on the committee for Review of the Federal Aviation Administration Research Plan on Certification of New Technologies into the National Airspace System. He earned his Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard University.
A. Thomas Young
Lockheed Martin Corporation [Retired]
A. THOMAS YOUNG (NAE) is executive vice president, retired, at Lockheed Martin Corporation and former chair of the board of SAIC. Mr. Young was previously the president and chief operating officer of Martin Marietta Corporation. Prior to joining industry, Mr. Young worked for 21 years at NASA where he directed the Goddard Space Flight Center, was deputy director of the Ames Research Center, and directed the Planetary Program in the Office of Space Science at NASA Headquarters. Mr. Young received high acclaim for his technical leadership in organizing and directing national space and defense programs, especially the Viking program. He is currently an honorary fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and a fellow of the American Astronautical Society. Mr. Young is a member of the NASA Advisory Council. He earned his engineering degree from the University of Virginia and M.S. in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mr. Young’s NRC service includes current membership on the Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Committee on Survey of Surveys: Lessons Learned from the Decadal Survey Process. His prior NRC membership includes the Committee on the Assessment of the Astrophysics Focused Telescope Assets (AFTA) Mission Concepts, the Planning Committee on Lessons Learned in Decadal Planning in space: A Workshop, the Committee on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey: 2013-2022, the Panel on Implementing Recommendations from New Worlds, New Horizons Decadal Survey, the Committee on the Decadal Survey on Astronomy and Astrophysics 2010, and the Space Studies Board (vice chair).