Rafael L. Bras
Georgia Institute of Technology
RAFAEL L. BRAS (NAE) is the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is also a professor in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering and School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences. He currently holds the K. Harrison Brown Family Chair. His research interests are hydrology, hydroclimatology and hydrometeorology. From 2008-2010, Dr. Bras was Distinguished Professor and Dean of the Henry Samueli School of Engineering of the University of California, Irvine. For 32 years prior to joining UCI he was a professor at MIT. He is past Chair of the MIT Faculty, former head of the Civil and Environmental Engineering department and Director of the Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory at MIT. Dr. Bras has served as advisor to many government and private institutions. Some of the most significant include: Advisory Board, Engineering Directorate, NSF; NRCs Board of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate; Chairman, Earth Systems Sciences and Applications Committee of NASA and the NASA Advisory Committee; Advisor to departments at Cornell University, Princeton University, Johns Hopkins, Technion, RPI, University of Puerto Rico, the University of California-Irvine, Instituto Veneto; the Stockholm Water Foundation and Prize; and Clarke prize. Dr. Bras is on the Board of Directors of the American Geophysical Union and also a member of the Board of Trustees of The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research and of the Foundation for Puerto Rico. Dr. Bras has received many honors and awards, including: honorary degree for the University of Perugia, Italy; Hispanic Engineer Hall of Fame member; NASA Public Service Medal; the Macelwane Medal of AGU; and the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship. In addition to being a member of the NAE, he is also a member of the Academy of Arts and Sciences of Puerto Rico, and the Mexican National Academy of Engineering and Mexican National Academy of Sciences. He is an elected Fellow of AGU and served as past president of the Hydrology section of the AGU, and is also a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the American Meteorological Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received his B.S. and M.S. in civil engineering from MIT and his Sc.D. in water resources and hydrology from MIT. He most recently served on the NRC’s Committee on New Orleans Regional Hurricane Protection Projects, and was also a member of the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, among other NRC service.
Robert E. Dickinson
The University of Texas at Austin
ROBERT E. DICKINSON (NAS/NAE) is professor in the department of geological sciences at the University of Texas at Austin. He is a respected leader in dynamic meteorology, physical climatology and climate modeling for the last four decades. He first delineated the way planetary scale Rossby waves interact with the mean flow--a process central to understanding the general circulation of the atmosphere. He has also established the major role of foliage in climate dynamics and made major contributions to other problems. His areas of interest include the dynamics of atmospheric planetary waves, stratospheric dynamics, models of global structure and dynamics of terrestrial and planetary thermosphere, NLTE infrared radiative transfer in planetary mesopheres, global climate modeling and processes, the role of land processes in climate systems, the modeling role of vegetation in regional evapotranspiration, and the role of tropical forests in climate systems. His recent research has focused on climate variability and change, aerosols, the hydrological cycle and droughts, land surface processes, the terrestrial carbon cycle, and the application of remote sensing data to modeling of land surface processes. He is an elected member of both the US National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, an honorary member of the European Geophysical Society and the European Geo-sciences Union and a Foreign member of Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has been a member of numerous scientific advisory organizations, including the National Research Council. He holds a M.S. and Ph.D. in Meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He currently serves on the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Editorial Board, as well as the NRC’s Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program and Panel on the Review of the Draft 2013 National Climate Assessment (NCA) Report. He has also served on numerous climate and environmental science-related committees for the NRC in the past.
Randall R. Friedl
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
RANDALL R. FRIEDL is manager of the Earth System Science Formulation Office within the Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Earth Science and Technology Directorate. In that role he is responsible for fostering research and mission concepts in response to competitive opportunities. Prior to his current assignment, Dr. Friedl held positions as the Deputy Director for Research in the Engineering and Science Directorate and as Chief Scientist in the Earth Science and Technology Directorate. Dr. Friedl's research interests are focused on gas and particle reactions relevant to the Earth's stratosphere and troposphere. He has participated in a number of international and national assessments, notably, as lead author for the IPCC Special Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere (1999), as contributing author for the IPCC Third Assessment Report on Climate Change (2001). In addition to his JPL activities, Dr. Friedl has served several roles at NASA Headquarters. From 1994 to 1996 he was the Project Scientist for the Atmospheric Effects of Aviation Project. During that tenure, he developed and organized numerous research efforts, including several aircraft field campaigns to study aircraft impacts on the upper troposphere. For his work on the aviation-related issues he received a NASA Exceptional Service Medal in 1997 and a NASA Group Achievement Award in 1999. Dr. Friedl spent a year and a half at NASA Headquarter as the Deputy Chief Scientist for Earth Science within the Science Mission Directorate (SMD) and as the Deputy for Science within the Earth Science Division of SMD. In those roles, Dr. Friedl was the primary advisor on Earth science issues to the NASA Associate Administrator and Earth Science Director and was tasked with formulating internal strategy for the NASA Earth science program as well as joint strategies with other Federal agencies. He also served on the NRC’s Panel on Earth Science Applications and Societal Needs for the 2007 Earth science and applications from space decadal survey.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
LEE-LEUNG FU (NAE) is a JPL Fellow and Senior Research Scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. He has been the Project Scientist for JPL’s satellite altimetry missions since 1988, including TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason, and Ocean Surface Topography Mission/Jason-2. He is currently the Project Scientist for the US/France joint Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT), which is being developed as the next generation altimetry mission for measuring water elevation on Earth. Dr. Fu's research has been focused on the dynamics of ocean waves and currents ranging from small-scale internal gravity waves to ocean basin-scale circulation. He received a B.S. degree in Physics from National Taiwan University (1972) and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1980). He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. Recently he was awarded the COSPAR International Cooperation Medal for his leadership in the development and continuation of satellite altimetry missions.
Chelle L. Gentemann
Remote Sensing Systems
CHELLE L. GENTEMANN is a senior principal scientist at Remote Sensing Systems, a research-oriented business located in Santa Rosa, California. Dr. Gentemann’s research focuses on air-sea interactions; upper ocean physical processes; microwave remote sensing of geophysical variables, including sea surface temperature and sea ice; and multi-sensor data fusion. She has served on many national and international science teams and working groups, including the NASA Sea Surface Temperature Science Team, the NASA Satellite Ocean Atlas team, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) GCOM-W AMSR2 Science Team, the International Group for High Resolution SST Science Team and Advisory Council, and the MIT Educational Council. She is currently chair of the NASA PO.DAAC User Working Group. Dr. Gentemann was principal investigator of the Multi-sensor Improved Sea Surface Temperature (MISST) Project that received the National Oceanographic Partnership Program Excellence in Partnering Award. She was part of the Satellite Ocean Atlas Team that was awarded the NASA Group Achievement Award for outstanding achievement in utilization of multiple observations from space for the study of the global oceans. She currently has 28 peer-reviewed papers published and is a member of the AGU, AMS, and IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society. Dr. Gentemann received her B.S. in earth, atmospheric, and planetary sciences from MIT, her M.S. in physical oceanography from Scripps Institute of Oceanography, and her Ph.D. in meteorology and physical oceanography from the University of Miami. Dr. Gentemann is currently a member of the NRC’s Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space.
Kathryn A. Kelly
University of Washington
KATHRYN A. KELLY is professor in the School of Oceanography at the University of Washington (UW) and principal oceanographer at the Applied Physics Laboratory. Prior to joining the UW faculty, she was a scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for over a decade. Her research focuses on air-sea interaction and the ocean’s transport of various properties. Recently, Dr. Kelly has been studying ocean heat transport in the Atlantic Ocean to understand its impact on oceanic heat fluxes to the atmosphere. Her primary scientific interest is the role of the ocean in climate, which she studies using large data sets, particularly from satellite sensors, in collaboration with numerical modelers and scientists who make in situ measurements. She is a Fellow of the American Meteorological society, and also served as co-chair for the implementation plan for the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation multi-agency initiative. Dr. Kelly received her B.S. in engineering mathematics and statistics from the University of California, Berkeley and her Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in for research into the causes of SST anomalies in the California Current using satellite infrared data. She is a member of NASA’s Ocean Surface Topography and Sea Surface Temperature Science Teams and was a member of NASA’s Ocean Vector Winds Science Team for two decades. She previously served on the NASA Earth System Science and Applications Advisory Committee and on the steering committee of the NRC’s 2007 Earth science and applications from space decadal survey.
Judith L. Lean
Naval Research Laboratory
JUDITH L. LEAN (NAS) is senior scientist for Sun-Earth System Research in the Space Science Division of the Naval Research Laboratory. After completing her Ph.D. she worked for CIRES at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and then joined the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. She is the recipient of a number of NASA research grants, in collaboration with other SSD and U.S. scientists, and is currently a Co investigator on the SORCE, TIMED/SEE, SDO/EVE and GLORY/TIM space missions. The focus of her research is to understand the Sun’s variability using measurements and models, and to determine the impact of this variability on the Earth system, including climate change, the ozone layer and space weather. She has published 116 papers in journals and books, and delivered over 250 presentations documenting her research. A member of the AGU, IAGA, AAS/SPD and AMS, Dr. Lean was elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union in 2002, a member of US National Academy of Sciences in 2003 and a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013. She has served on a variety of NASA, NSF, NOAA and NRC advisory committees. She has a Ph.D. in atmospheric physics from the University of Adelaide, Australia. Dr. Lean most recently completed service as a member of the NRC’s 2012 solar and space physics decadal survey. She also chaired the NRC’s Working Group on Solar Influences on Global Change, and was a member of the Committee on a Strategy to Mitigate the Impact of Sensor De-scopes and De-manifests on the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft, and the Panel on Climate Variability and Change of the 2007 Earth science and applications from space decadal survey, among other committees.
Joyce E. Penner
University of Michigan
JOYCE E. PENNER is the Ralph J. Cicerone Distinguished University Professor of Atmospheric Science and associate chair of the Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences at the University of Michigan. Dr. Penner’s research focuses on improving climate models through the addition of interactive chemistry and the description of aerosols and their direct and indirect effects on the radiation balance in climate models. She is also interested in urban, regional, and global tropospheric chemistry and budgets, cloud and aerosol interactions and cloud microphysics, climate and climate change, and model development and interpretation. Dr. Penner has been a member of numerous advisory committees related to atmospheric chemistry, global change, and Earth science, including the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and, consequently, a co-winner of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. She was the coordinating lead author for IPCC (2001) Chapter 5 on aerosols. She is a member of COSPAR committee formulating an Earth science roadmap. Dr. Penner received a B.A. in applied mathematics from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and her M.S. and Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Harvard University. She is currently a member of the NRC Committee on Assessment of NASA’s Earth Science Program and the U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics and the vice chair of the NRC’s Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space. She previously served as a member of the Space Studies Board, the planning committee for the Workshop on Uncertainty Management in Remote Sensing of Climate Data, and Panel on Climate Variability and Change for the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space.
Michael J. Prather
University of California, Irvine
MICHAEL J. PRATHER is Professor of Earth System Science at the University of California, Irvine. His research focuses on the simulation of the physical, chemical, and biological processes that determine atmospheric composition; development of detailed numerical models of photochemistry and atmospheric radiation; and global chemical transport models that describe ozone and other trace gases. Post-Ph.D., Prather was a research fellow at Harvard University and then a scientist at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, including also managing NASA HQ programs on upper atmosphere and aviation impacts. A fellow of the AGU and a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, he served from 1997 through 2001 as Editor-in-Chief of Geophysical Research Letters. He received a B.A. in mathematics from Yale University, a B.A. in physics from the University of Oxford, and a Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics from Yale University. Prather currently participates in key United Nations’ environmental efforts, including the international ozone assessments (1985, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1994, 2010, 2014) and climate assessments (IPCC: 1992, 1995, 1995, 1999, 2001, 2007, 2013, 2014). Prather has served on numerous NRC committees, most recently as a member of the Assessment of NASA’s Earth Science Programs. He also previously served on the Committee on Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions, the Panel on Climate Variability and Change of the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space, and the Committee for Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan.
University of California, Irvine
ERIC J. RIGNOT is professor of earth system science in the Department of Earth System Science at the University of California, Irvine. He is also a senior research scientist and joint faculty appointee at the California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Dr. Rignot’s primary research interests lie in glaciology, climate change, radar remote sensing, ice sheet numerical modeling, radar interferometry, radio echo sounding, and ice-ocean interactions. His research group focuses on understanding the interactions of ice and climate, ice sheet mass balance, ice-ocean interactions in Greenland and Antarctica, and current/future contributions of ice sheets to sea level change. He has 22 years of experience in glaciology, he has been the advisor of 9 PhD students, 7 postdocs, and has published more than 130 peer-reviewed papers (h-index 48) including 14 in Science, 2 in Nature. He has received numerous awards, including the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medals in 2003 and 2007, NASA Outstanding Leadership in 2012, Nobel Peace Prize attributed to IPCC AR4 authors in 2007, three JPL Director Award for Outstanding Research Publication, and 12 NASA Certificates of Recognition. Dr. Rignot is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and a Member of the International Glaciological Society and IEEE, he is a lead Author of IPCC AR5, and former Editor of Geophysical Research Letters. He received his B.S. in engineering from Ecole Centrale Arts et Manufactures Paris, his M.S. in astronomy and astrophysics from University Paris VI, a double M.S. in Aerospace Engineering and Electrical Engineering from the University of Southern California (USC), and his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from USC.
William L. Smith
WILLIAM L. SMITH is a Distinguished Professor of the Department of Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences at the Hampton University, Hampton Virginia. He is also Professor Emeritus of the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Wisconsin – Madison. Professor Smith was the Principal Investigator of several satellite programs for NOAA; Professor of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison where he also directed the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) and subsequently the positions of Chief, Atmospheric Sciences Division; and Senior Scientist at the NASA’s Langley Research Center until 2004. Dr. Smith is an active satellite and airborne experimentalist. Most notably, Dr. Smith pioneered the hyper-spectral resolution sounding technique that is being used for current and future polar satellite advanced infrared sounding systems (e.g., the Aqua/AIRS, MetOp/IASI, and NPP/NPOESS CrIS). Dr. Smith has published more than 150 papers in the scientific literature and has contributed to books used for scientific research and teaching. He has also received numerous awards for his research accomplishments in the field of atmospheric science. Dr. Smith currently serves on the NRC’s Committee on Evaluating NOAA’s Plan to Mitigate the Loss of Total Solar Irradiance Measurements from Space, and prior to that served on the Telescopes/Observatories and Instruments and Sensors Panel of the Committee for the Review of NASA’s Capability Roadmaps, and the Committee on NOAA NESDIS Transition from Research to Operations.
Compton J. Tucker
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
COMPTON J. TUCKER is a senior scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). His research focus' on Earth systems through the use of satellite remote sensing, including global vegetation dynamics, Landsat Forest Deforestation, and the Famine Early Warning System for Africa via USAID. He is also adjunct professor at the University of Maryland, department of geographical sciences, where he teaches courses on remote sensing. Prior to working at NASA GSFC, Dr. Tucker worked at the Grassland Biome at Colorado State University, and was then a National Academy of Sciences Postdoctoral Fellow. He has received numerous awards, including two NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medals, the Henry Shaw Medal of the Missouri Botanical Garden, the National Air and Space Museum Trophy for Current Achievement and most recently the Galathea Medal of the Royal Danish Geographical Society, among others. Dr. Tucker received his B.S. in biology, M.S. and Ph.D. in forestry, from Colorado State University.
Bruce A. Wielicki
NASA Langley Research Center
BRUCE A. WIELICKI is senior scientist for radiation sciences in the Science Directorate at NASA Langley Research Center. He currently serves as Science Team lead for the CLARREO (Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory) decadal survey mission. He served as Principal-Investigator on the CERES Investigation for 18 years, and as a Co-Investigator on the NASA Cloudsat and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite. For over twenty years, Dr. Wielicki’s research has focused on clouds and their role in the Earth’s radiative energy balance. Specific research interests include the following: remote sensing of single and multiple cloud layer properties from multispectral imagery; validation of remotely-sensed cloud properties; effect of clouds on the Earth’s radiation budget; and cloud radiative transfer modeling. Dr. Wielicki received his B.S. degree in Applied Math and Engineering Physics from the University of Wisconsin - Madison and his Ph.D. degree in Physical Oceanography from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He received a NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award in 1992 and the Henry G. Houghton Award from the American Meteorological Society in 1995. He recently completed service on the NRC’s Committee for Evaluating NOAA’s Plan to Mitigate the Loss of Total Solar Irradiance Measurements from Space.