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Project Information

Project Information


The Science of Team Science


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee will conduct a consensus study on the science of team science to recommend opportunities to enhance the effectiveness of collaborative research in science teams, research centers, and institutes. The Science of Team Science is a new interdisciplinary field that empirically examines the processes by which large and small scientific teams, research centers, and institutes organize, communicate, and conduct research.  It is concerned with understanding and managing circumstances that facilitate or hinder the effectiveness of collaborative research, including translational research. This includes understanding how teams connect and collaborate to achieve scientific breakthroughs that would not be attainable by either individual or simply additive efforts.

The committee will consider factors such as team dynamics, team management, and institutional structures and policies that affect large and small science teams. Among the questions the committee will explore are:
•    How do individual factors (e.g., openness to divergent ideas), influence team dynamics (e.g., cohesion), and how, in turn, do both individual factors and team dynamics influence the effectiveness and productivity of science teams?
•     What factors at the team, center, or institute level (e.g., team size, team membership, geographic dispersion) influence the effectiveness of science teams?   
•    How do different management approaches and leadership styles influence the effectiveness of science teams? 
•    How do current tenure and promotion policies acknowledge and provide incentives to academic researchers who engage in team science?
•    What factors influence the productivity and effectiveness of research organizations that conduct and support team and collaborative science, such as research centers and institutes?  How do such organizational factors as human resource policies and practices and cyberinfrastructure affect team and collaborative science?
•    What types of organizational structures, policies, practices and resources are needed to promote effective team science, in academic institutions, research centers, industry, and other settings?

Status: Current

PIN: DBASSE-BBCSS-12-05

Project Duration (months): 27 month(s)

RSO: Wanchisen, Barbara

Topic(s):

Behavioral and Social Sciences
Policy for Science and Technology



Geographic Focus:
North America

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 03/08/2013

Nancy J. Cooke - (Chair)
Arizona State University

Nancy J. Cooke is a professor of applied psychology at Arizona State University and is science director of the Cognitive Engineering Research Institute in Mesa, AZ. Dr. Cooke is also a section editor of Human Factors and serves on the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board. Currently, she supervises post doctoral, graduate and undergraduate research on team cognition with applications in design and training for military command-and-control systems, emergency response, medical systems, and uninhabited aerial systems. In particular, Dr. Cooke specializes in the development, application, and evaluation of methodologies to elicit and assess individual and team cognition. Her most recent work includes the development and validation of methods to measure team coordination, team communication, and team situation awareness and research on the impact of cross training, distributed mission environments, intact vs. mixed teams, workload stress on attention and memory, as well as team knowledge, process, and performance more generally. Dr. Cooke is the 2006 recipient of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's O. Keith Hansen Outreach Award. Dr. Cooke has served as member of Board of Human-Systems Integration since 2007 and is currently chair of the board. She is also a member of the Soldier Systems Panel in the Division of Engineering and Physical Sciences. Previously, she served as a member of the National Research Council panels on Human-System Design Support for Changing Technology and the Safety and Security of Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage. Dr. Cooke received a B.A. in psychology from George Mason University and received her M.A. and Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from New Mexico State University.
Roger D. Blandford
Stanford University

ROGER D. BLANDFORD (NAS) is Luke Blossom Professor in the School of Humanities and the Sciences at Stanford University, where he also serves as Director of the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology. His research interests cover many aspects of particle astrophysics and cosmology. His honors include the Eddington Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the Heineman Prize of the American Astronomical Society, and most recently, in 2013, the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Science in recognition of his extraordinary lifetime achievement in Astronomy. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of both the Royal Astronomical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Professor Blandford was an undergraduate and research student at Cambridge University and held postdoctoral positions at Cambridge University, Princeton University and the University of California at Berkeley before joining the Caltech faculty in 1976. In 2003, he moved to Stanford University to become the first director of the Kavli Institute.
Jonathon Cummings
Duke University

Jonathon Cummings is an associate professor of management at the Fuqua School of Business, Duke University. After completing his dissertation and post-doc at Carnegie Mellon University, he spent three years at the MIT Sloan School of Management as an assistant professor, where he received an NSF Early Career Award for his research on innovation in geographically dispersed teams and networks. His subsequent research has focused on virtual teams in corporations as well as collaboration in science, and his publications have appeared in outlets across a number of fields, including organizational behavior (e.g., Management Science, Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review), information systems (e.g., MIS Quarterly, Information Systems Research), human-computer interaction (e.g., CHI, CSCW, CACM), and science policy (e.g., Social Studies of Science, Research Policy). He earned his B.A. in psychology from University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, his A.M. in psychology from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in organization sciences from Carnegie Mellon University.
Stephen M. Fiore
University of Central Florida

Stephen M. Fiore is an associate professor of cognitive sciences at the University of Central Florida’s department of philosophy and director of the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory at UCF’s Institute for Simulation and Training. He also serves as the current president of the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research and is a founding program committee member for the annual Science of Team Science conference. Dr. Fiore’s primary area of research is the interdisciplinary study of complex collaborative problem solving. He has taken a leadership role in the development of the field of team cognition, a melding of cognition with understanding how humans interact socially and with technology. He maintains a multidisciplinary research interest that incorporates aspects of the cognitive, social, and computational sciences in the investigation of learning and performance in individuals and teams. He is co-editor of recent volumes on Shared Cognition, (2012), Macrocognition in Teams (2008), Distributed Learning (2007), Team Cognition (2004), and he has co-authored over 150 scholarly publications in the area of learning, memory, and problem solving at the individual and the group level. His prior National Research Council service includes co-authoring and presenting a paper on “Assessment of Interpersonal Skills” for the Board on Testing and Assessment’s workshop on “Assessment of 21st Century Skills”. Dr. Fiore provided intellectual and practical assistance to the National Research Council staff in developing the project on the Science of Team Science. He has a Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from the University of Pittsburgh, Learning Research and Development Center.
Kara Hall
National Institutes of Health

Kara Hall is a health scientist, the director of the Science of Team Science Team, and co-director of the Theories Project in the Science of Research and Technology Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences at the National Cancer Institute. During her career, Dr. Hall has participated in a variety of interdisciplinary clinical and research endeavors. Her research has focused on the development of behavioral science methodologies such as the design of survey protocols, meta-analytic techniques for health behavior theory testing, as well as on applications of health behavior theory to multiple content areas and the development of computerized tailored interventions to foster health promotion and disease prevention behaviors. Since arriving at NCI, Dr. Hall has focused on advancing dissemination and implementation research and the science of team science as well as promoting the use, testing, and development of health behavior theory in cancer control research. Furthermore, Dr. Hall works to champion areas including systems science approaches and teams/groups in health and healthcare. Notably, Dr. Hall helped launch the field of the Science of Team Science by serving as a co-chair for the 2006 conference "The Science of Team Science: Assessing the Value of Trans-disciplinary Research" and co-editor for the recent American Journal of Preventive Medicine Special Supplement on the Science of Team Science. Dr. Hall earned her Master’s and Doctoral degrees in psychology with specializations in clinical psychology, neuropsychology, and behavioral science at the University of Rhode Island.
James S. Jackson
University of Michigan

James Jackson (IOM) is the Daniel Katz distinguished university professor of psychology, professor of health behavior and health education, School of Public Health, and director and research professor of the Institute for Social Research, at the University of Michigan. He is the past chair of the Social Psychology Training Program and director of the Research Center for Group Dynamics, the Program for Research on Black Americans, and the Center for Afroamerican and African Studies, all at the University of Michigan. He is past-chair of the section on Social, Economic, and Political Sciences of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He is a former chair of the section on Social and Behavioral Sciences, the task force on Minority Issues of the Gerontological Society of America, the Committee on International Relations, and the Association for the Advancement of Psychology of the American Psychological Association. He is a former national president of the Black Students Psychological Association and the Association of Black Psychologists. He is the recipient of the Distinguished Career Contributions to Research Award, Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues, American Psychological Association, the James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award for Distinguished Career Contributions in applied psychology, the Association for Psychological Sciences, Presidential Citation, American Psychological Association, and the Medal for Distinguished Contributions in Biomedical Sciences, New York Academy of Medicine. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He earned his Ph.D. in social psychology from Wayne State University.
John L. King
University of Michigan

John L. King is W.W. Bishop Professor of Information, former dean of the School of Information and former vice provost at the University of Michigan. He came to Michigan in 2000 after twenty years on the faculty of the University of California at Irvine. He has published widely from his research on the relationship between changes in information technology and changes in organizations, institutions, and markets. He has been Marvin Bower Fellow at the Harvard Business School, distinguished visiting professor at the National University of Singapore and at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, and Fulbright Distinguished Chair in American Studies at the University of Frankfurt. From 1992-1998 he was Editor-in-Chief of the INFORMS journal Information Systems Research, and has served as associate editor of many other journals. He has been a member of the Board of the Computing Research Association (CRA), the Council of the Computing Community Consortium (run by the CRA for the National Science Foundation), and NSF advisory committees for Computer and Information Science and Engineering, Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences, and Cyberinfrastructure. He also has served on a number of National Research Council studies. He is a fellow of the Association for Information Systems and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He holds a PhD in administration from the University of California, Irvine, and an honorary doctorate in economics from Copenhagen Business School.
Steve W. Kozlowski
Michigan State University

Steven Kozlowski is professor of organizational psychology at Michigan State University. His research is focused on the design of active learning systems and the use of “synthetic experience” to train adaptive skills, systems for enhancing team learning and team effectiveness, and the critical role of team leaders in the development of adaptive teams. The goal of his programmatic research is to generate actionable theory, research-based principles, and deployable tools to facilitate the development of adaptive individuals, teams, and organizations. He is the editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology, and he has served on the editorial boards of several other journals. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, the Association for Psychological Science, the International Association for Applied Psychology, and the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. He was a member of the NRC Committee on Behavioral and Social Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security. He holds a B.A. in psychology from the University of Rhode Island and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in organizational psychology from Pennsylvania State University.
Judith S. Olson
University of California, Irvine

Judith S. Olson is the Bren Professor of Information and Computer Sciences in the Informatics Department at the UC Irvine, with courtesy appointments in the School of Social Ecology and the Merage School of Business. She has researched teams whose members are not collocated for over 20 years, summaries of which are found in her most cited paper, “Distance Matters,” and in her key theoretical contribution in the book Scientific Collaboration on the Internet. Her current work focuses on ways to verify her theory’s components while at the same time helping new scientific collaborations succeed. She has also been studying the adoption of the new suite of collaboration tools in Google Apps, both the general adoption on campuses and a detailed look at how people collaborate inside documents over time. She is a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery and with her husband and colleague, Gary Olson, holds the Lifetime Achievement award from the Special Interest Group in Computer Human Interaction. She has served on a number of NRC committees, including the Committee on Authentication Technologies and Their Privacy Implications, the Committee on Human-Systems Integration, and as a member of the Steering Group for a Symposium on Human Factors Research Needs in Space Station Design. In 2011, she was awarded the ACM-W Athena Lecture, the equivalent of the Woman of the Year in Computer Science. She holds a B. A. from Northwestern University and a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan.
Jeremy A. Sabloff
Santa Fe Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology

Jeremy Sabloff (NAS) is the president of the Santa Fe Institute. Before coming to the Santa Fe Institute, he taught at Harvard University, the University of Utah, the University of New Mexico (where he was chair of the department), the University of Pittsburgh (where he also was chair), and the University of Pennsylvania (where he was the Williams Director of the University of Pennsylvania Museum from 1994-2004 and Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Anthropology). He also was an overseas visiting fellow at St. John's College, Cambridge, England. He is a past president of the Society for American Archaeology and past editor of American Antiquity. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (elected in 1999). He was the American Anthropological Association's Distinguished Lecturer in 2010 and received the Society for American Archaeology's inaugural Award for Excellence in Latin American and Caribbean Archeology in 2011. He is the author or co-author of 9 books, has edited or co-edited 12 books, and has published more than 130 articles, book chapters, and reviews. His principal scholarly interests include: ancient Mayan civilization, pre-industrial urbanism, settlement pattern studies, archaeological theory and method, the history of archaeology, and the relevance of archaeology in the modern world. Dr. Sabloff earned a B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and his Ph.D. from Harvard University.
Daniel Stokols
University of California, Irvine

Daniel Stokols is research professor and chancellor’s professor emeritus in psychology and social behavior and planning, policy, and design at the University of California, Irvine. He holds courtesy appointments in public health, epidemiology, and nursing sciences at UCI. Dr. Stokols served as director and founding dean of the School of Social Ecology at UC Irvine from 1988-1998. He is co-author of Behavior, Health, and Environmental Stress (1986) and co-editor of the Handbook of Environmental Psychology (1987), Environmental Simulation (1993) and Promoting Human Wellness (2002). Dr. Stokols is recipient of the Career Award from the Environmental Design Research Association and UCI’s Lauds & Laurels Faculty Achievement Award. Stokols served as scientific consultant to the National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences and as a member of NCI’s Science of Team Science team from 2005-2011. He is currently a team science consultant for the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative. Stokols' research interests include: (1) the science of team science and factors that influence the success of transdisciplinary research and training programs; (2) the environmental psychology of the internet, especially the ways in which qualities of virtual life affect people's behavior and well-being; (3) the health and behavioral impacts of environmental stressors such as traffic congestion, crowding, and information overload; (4) the application of environmental design research to urban planning and facilities design; and (5) the design and evaluation of community health promotion programs. He earned his BA at the University of Chicago and his Ph.D. in social psychology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Brian Uzzi
Northwestern University, Kellogg School of

Brian Uzzi is a distinguished scientist, teacher, consultant and speaker on leadership, social networks and media, and big data analysis. He is the Richard L. Thomas Distinguished Professor of Leadership at the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University. At Northwestern University, he also directs the Northwestern University Institute on Complex Systems and is a professor of sociology and management science at the McCormick School of Engineering. His award winning and highly referenced research examines social networks and outstanding human achievement. Dr. Uzzi has won 10 teaching awards, lectured internationally, and been on the faculty of Harvard University, INSEAD, University of Chicago, and UC Berkeley where he was the Warren E. and Carol Spieker Professor of Leadership. Media reports of his work appear worldwide in the WSJ, Newsweek, on Television, and in the New Yorker Magazine. He has a B.A. in business economics from Hofstra University, and a Ph.D. in sociology from State University of New York, Stony Brook.
Hannah Valantine
Stanford University

Hannah Valantine is a professor of cardiovascular medicine and senior associate dean for diversity and leadership at the Stanford University School of Medicine and a former Clayman Research Fellow. Currently, Dr. Valantine is a professor of cardiovascular medicine at Stanford University. She is also the director of clinical transplant research. Her current research interests include pathophysiology of transplant related atherosclerosis, with a focus on the role of infection and lipids; heart disease in women; and conduct of clinical trials. She has been the recipient of several research grants from the AHA and NIH, for which she was Co-Principal Investigator for an NIH - funded Program Project Grant in transplant arteriosclerosis. In November 2004 Dr. Valantine was appointed as senior associate dean for diversity and leadership in the Stanford University School of Medicine. In this role, Dr. Valantine is responsible for development and implementation of new strategies to expand faculty diversity, and provide opportunities for leadership development. Dr. Valantine is author of 160 peer-reviewed publications, 10 book chapters, and has been invited to be a presenter at over 200 lectures. Originally from Gambia, West Africa, she grew up in England, and is a graduate of St. George’s Hospital, London University. She earned her M.D. from London University, London, completed her residency at St. George’s Hospital, Brompton Hospital and Guys Hospital London, and her cardiology fellowship training at Royal Postgraduate Medical School in Hammersmith London.

Events



Location:

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Jatryce Jackson
Contact Email:  jjackson@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  2023343868

Agenda
The meeting was closed in its entirety
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Nancy Cooke
Roger Blandford
Jonathon Cummings
Stephen Fiore
Kara Hall
John King
Steve Kozlowski
Judith Olson
Jeremy Sabloff
Daniel Stokols
Brian Uzzi


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

--Review of the draft report
--Timeline for the report review

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 23, 2014
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Mickelle Rodriguez
Contact Email:  mrodriguez@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3876

Agenda
DIVISION OF BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATION 500 Fifth Street, NW
Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences Washington, DC 20001
Phone: 202 334 2678
Fax: 202 334 2210
Email: bbcss@nas.edu
www.nationalacademies.org


SCIENCE OF TEAM SCIENCE
COMMITTEE MEETING #4—THURSDAY, JANUARY 30, 2014

AGENDA

Meeting Goals: The purposes of the meeting are to review and discuss draft text for the report and to hear about NSF goals for the study

All Times are EST

12:00 noon- 3:25 p.m. Closed Session (by WebEx)

3:25 p.m. Open Session (by WebEx):

Log in using the following link:

https://nationalacademies.webex.com/mw0307l/mywebex/default.do?service=1&siteurl=nationalacademies&nomenu=true&main_url=%2Fmc0806l%2Fe.do%3Fsiteurl%3Dnationalacademies%26AT%3DMI%26EventID%3D234933997%26UID%3D501936202%26Host%3D8de9190a3239000411%26FrameSet%3D2

Please use the “call me” feature to join the audio link

3:30 Introductions, Nancy Cooke, Arizona State University, Committee Chair

3:35 NSF Perspectives, Kevin Crowston, Program Director, Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) Research Infrastructure

3:50 Questions, Discussion

4:00 Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Nancy Cooke
John King

The following committee members attended virtually (via WebEx)
Roger Blandford
Jonathon Cummings
Stephen Fiore
Kara Hall
James Jackson
Steve Kozlowski
Judith Olson
Jeremy Sabloff
Daniel Stokols
Hannah Valantine

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

--The draft report
--The timeline for finishing draft

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 23, 2014
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Mickelle Rodriguez
Contact Email:  mrodriguez@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3876

Agenda
8:00 a.m. Introductions, Sign-in, and Badge Pick-up (Working Breakfast)

8:30 a.m. Welcoming Remarks
Barbara Wanchisen, NRC Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences
Nancy Cooke, Arizona State University, Chair, NRC Committee on the Science of Team Science

8:40-9:45 a.m. Lessons From University-Industry and Industry Partnerships
Steve W.J. Kozlowski, Michigan State University

8:40 Introductions and Session Overview

8:45 Presentation: An Evidence-Based Study of Effective Research Collaboration and Team Science: Patterns in Industry and University-Industry Partnerships, by Barry Bozeman, Arizona State University and Craig Boardman, Ohio State University
Susan J. Winter, University of Maryland

Questions to be addressed include:

• What does the available research on university-industry research partnerships and within-industry team science tell us about effective research management approaches and partnership models that support positive team processes and successful scientific and translational outcomes?
• What is known about effective management approaches and models for both types of team science (university-industry partnerships and within-industry science teams) when the participating scientists are geographically dispersed?
• What is known about the reasons for failure in both types of collaborations?
• How do intellectual property and conflict of interest concerns affect the collaborative processes and scientific and translational outcomes of both types of collaborations?
• What are effective solutions to intellectual property and conflict of interest concerns?
• What are the implications for team science practice and what further research is needed to improve our understanding of these two types of team science?

9:05 Response
Gary Mastin, Lockheed Martin

9:20 Questions, Discussion

9:40 Moderator Reflections
Steve W.J. Kozlowski

9:45-10:00 Break

10:00-11:25 a.m. Technology and Design for Team Science
Moderator: Nancy Cooke, Arizona State University

10:00 Introductions and Session Overview
Nancy Cooke

10:05 Presentation: Design of Physical Environments for Team Science
Jason Owen-Smith, University of Michigan

Questions to be addressed include:

• What is known about how design influences the processes and outcomes of team science? For example, does building layout (including the locations of offices, research laboratories, and other facilities) affect scientists’ participation in interdisciplinary collaborative research projects? What is the role of design in supporting communication and exchange of ideas, data, and information between scientists?
• What principles of design support effective communication and positive team dynamics within existing science teams and/or foster new research collaborations?
• What additional research is needed to improve our understanding of how to design physical environments to support team science?

10:25 Presentation: A Technology Framework to Support Team Science
Judith Olson, University of California, Irvine

Questions to be addressed include:

• What suite of technologies is needed to support collaboration in virtual science teams?
• What groups of technologies are needed (e.g., communication tools, coordination tools, shared databases)?
• What factors should be considered in purchasing and implementing particular technologies?

10:45 Responses
Kevin Crowston, National Science Foundation
Steve Whittaker, University of California, Santa Cruz

11:00 Questions, Discussion

11:20 Moderator Reflections

11:25—11:40 a.m. Break to pick up boxed lunch and return to meeting room

11:40 a.m.-1:35 p.m. University Policies and Practices (Working Lunch)
Moderator: James Jackson, University of Michigan

11:40 Introductions and Session Overview
James Jackson

11:45 Presentation: Fostering Interdisciplinary Research at Northwestern University
Henry Bienen, Northwestern University President Emeritus

Questions to be addressed include:

• What types of organizational structures, policies, practices and resources helped to promote effective team science at Northwestern University overall?
• What types of organizational structures, policies, practices and resources were effective to support team science within interdisciplinary research centers and institutes and university-industry partnerships?

12:15 Presentation: Disciplines and Interdisciplinarity in Research Universities
Jerry A. Jacobs, University of Pennsylvania

Questions to be addressed include:

• What is the relationship between teamwork and interdisciplinary communication?
• What assumptions underlie recent efforts by funding agencies, private foundations, scholars, and university leaders to advance interdisciplinary research and team science?
• What evidence is available on the validity of these assumptions?
• What is known about the extent of communication and collaboration across disciplines at present, within the current organization of science and research universities?
• What additional research is needed to improve our understanding of the costs and benefits of interdisciplinary research collaboration?

12:30 Response
Eileen Murphy, Rutgers University

12:40 Questions, Discussion

1:00 Presentation: Influence of the NSF Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) Program
Maura Borrego, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

1:15 Questions, Discussion

1:30 Moderator Reflections

1:35-1:45 p.m. Break

1:45-3:25 p.m. Incentives and Disincentives for Team Science
Moderator: Hannah Valantine, Stanford University Medical School

1:45 p.m. Introductions and Session Overview
Hannah Valantine

1:50 p.m. Presentation: Incentives for Team Science
Jeffrey L. Furman, Boston University

The paper will explore what is known about how the following factors may act as incentives or disincentives to team science:
• Advances in scientific instrumentation, data collection and data-sharing
• The “burden of knowledge,” created by the rapid pace of scientific discovery, which may encourage scientists to collaborate with others to gain needed expertise and increase research productivity
• The assessment and allocation of credit in scientific publications
• The costs of collaboration (e.g., travel costs, coordination costs), which may discourage collaboration

2:05 Promotion and Tenure Issues

Questions to be addressed include:

• How do current tenure and promotion policies acknowledge and provide incentives to academic researchers who engage in team science?

2:05 Presentation: Survey of Promotion and Tenure Policies
Kara Hall, National Cancer Institute

2:15 Presentation: Literature Review on Promotion and Tenure Policies
Julie Thompson Klein, Wayne State University

2:25 Responses from Panel of Academic Leaders
Elizabeth Garrett, Provost, University of Southern California
John L. King, Emeritus Dean and Member of the Committee on Academic Personnel, University of California-Irvine School of Information and Computer Science; Emeritus Dean, University of Michigan School of Information
Barry Ritchie, Vice Provost, Arizona State University

Questions to be addressed by the panelists:

• How do promotion and tenure policies at your institution consider participation in team science projects?
• What steps have university leaders taken to convey these policies to the committees that make decisions on promotion and tenure?
• To what extent do individuals across your university follow the written policies? Have you taken steps to change the culture of the university to support implementation of these policies?
• In what other areas (besides promotion and tenure) does team science challenge the traditional structures, policies, and culture of your university, and how can these challenges be addressed?
• What steps have you taken to enhance the productivity and effectiveness of interdisciplinary research centers and institutes?
• What fundraising and/or financial management strategies can help to obtain and effectively deploy the resources (financial resources, personnel, cyber infrastructure) required for effective team science?
• What human resources policies and practices (not limited to promotion and tenure policies) can best support faculty participation in and leadership of team science?

3:05 Questions, Discussion

3:20 Moderator Reflections
Hannah Valantine, Stanford University Medical School

3:25-3:40 p.m. Break

3:40-4:40 p.m. Funding Issues for Team Science
Moderator: Daniel Stokols, University of California, Irvine

3:40 Introductions and Session Overview
Daniel Stokols

3:45 Presentation: Peer Review Mechanisms and Team Science
J. Britt Holbrook, Georgia Institute of Technology

Questions to be addressed include:

• What are the general peer review procedures and mechanisms in federal scientific agencies, and how well-aligned are these procedures and mechanisms with the unique characteristics of team science?
• What challenges does team science pose to current peer review processes (e.g., difficulties recruiting a large enough pool of reviewers to reflect the multiple disciplines while avoiding conflicts of interest)?
• What existing peer review mechanisms (e.g., the NSF broader impacts requirement) and/or new mechanisms (e.g., NCI funding of transdisciplinary centers) may facilitate funding and oversight of team science projects?
• What peer review mechanisms are other nations using to foster team science?
• How should peer review procedures and mechanisms be designed to facilitate the funding and effective government oversight of team science?

4:00 Presentation: Evaluating the Outcomes of Team Science
Gretchen Jordan, 360 Innovation, LLC

Questions to be addressed include:

• What are the important near-term, middle-term, and longer-term outcomes of team science, including intellectual as well as translational and commercial outcomes?
• What metrics and methods can be used to assess levels of innovation and impact of a particular science team or research center within the context of a particular field and its existing theories, methods, and empirical insights?
• What is the current state of the art in evaluation of team science and what further research is needed to more accurately measure the outcomes of team science?

4:15 Questions, Discussion

4:35 Moderator Reflections
Daniel Stokols, University of California-Irvine

4:40-5:05 p.m. Reflections on the Day
Moderator: Nancy Cooke, Arizona State University (Committee Chair)

4:40 Sponsor Reflections
Keith Marzullo, National Science Foundation

4:50 Questions, Discussion

5:05 Adjourn Workshop
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Nancy Cooke
Roger Blandford
Jonathon Cummings
Stephen Fiore
Kara Hall
James Jackson
John L. King
Steve W. J. Kozlowksi
Judith S. Olson
Jeremy Sabloff
Daniel Stokols
Brian Uzzi
Hannah Valantine

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Reflections on the public workshop and the commissioned papers. Discussion of the report structure and writing assignments.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

No written documents were made available to the committee.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 27, 2014
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Manu Sharma
Contact Email:  msharma@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1747

Agenda
DIVISION OF BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATION 500 Fifth Street, NW
Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences Washington, DC 20001
Phone: 202 334 2678
Fax: 202 334 2210
Email: bbcss@nas.edu
www.nationalacademies.org

BOARD ON BEHAVIORAL, COGNITIVE, AND SENSORY SCIENCES

Committee on the Science of Team Science

Workshop on Science Team Dynamics and Effectiveness

Monday, July 1, 2013
Keck Center, Room 100

Goal: This workshop will explore the large body of research on team dynamics and management that has important implications for the effectiveness of collaboration within large and small scientific teams. It will consider the research literature related to these topics, including the research focusing specifically on science teams and the research on teams in other types of organizational settings. It will address the following questions in the study charge:

• How do individual factors (e.g., openness to divergent ideas), influence team dynamics (e.g., cohesion), and how, in turn, do both individual factors and team dynamics influence the effectiveness and productivity of science teams?
• What factors at the team, center, or institute level (e.g., team size, team membership, geographic dispersion) influence the effectiveness of science teams?
• How do different management approaches and leadership styles influence the effectiveness of science teams? For example, different approaches to establishing work roles and routines and to the division of labor may influence team effectiveness.


Prepared papers, responses, and presentations are available at the study webpage: http://nationalacademies.org/teamscience


8:00 a.m. Sign-in and Badge Pick-up

8:30 a.m. Welcoming Remarks
Mary Ellen O’Connell, NRC Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Mimi McClure, National Science Foundation, Office of Cyberinfrastructure
Nancy Cooke, Arizona State University, Committee Chair

9:00 a.m. Education and Training for Team Science
Moderator: Hannah Valantine, Stanford University School of Medicine

9:00-9:05 Introductions

9:05-9:25 Eduardo Salas, University of Central Florida: Presentation of draft paper

9:25-9:40 Respondents
Maura Borrego, National Science Foundation
Michelle Bennett, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH)

9:40-10:00 Questions, discussion

10:00-10:05 Moderator Reflections: Hannah Valantine, Stanford University

10:05- 10:20 a.m. Break

10:20 a.m. Exploring 3 Factors related to Team Processes and Outcomes
Moderator: Stephen M. Fiore, University of Central Florida

10:20-10:25 Introductions

10:40-10:55 Team Assembly
Noshir Contractor, Northwestern University

10:25-10:40 Social Relationships and Scientific Creativity
Jill Perry-Smith, Emory University

10:55-11:10 Understanding and Addressing “Fault Lines.”
Yekaterina Bezrukova, Santa Clara University

11:10-11:40 Questions, Discussion

11:40-11:45 Moderator Reflections: Stephen M. Fiore, University of Central Florida

11:45 a.m.- 1:10 p.m. Working Lunch: Why Team Science?
Moderator: Kara Hall, National Cancer Institute, NIH

11:45-12:00 Break and pick up box lunch

12:00-12:30 Keynote address: Convergence, Cancer Research, and the Koch Institute Experience at MIT
Tyler Jacks (NAS, IOM), the David Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology.

12:30-12:50 Questions, discussion

12:50-12:55 Moderator Reflections: Kara Hall, NIH

12:55-1:10 Break

1:10 p.m. Team Leadership
Moderator: Jonathon Cummings, Duke University

1:10-1:15 Introductions

1:15-1:35 Presentation of draft paper by David Day, University of Western Australia
Brian Uzzi, Northwestern University

1:35-1:50 Respondents
George Cody, Carnegie Institution for Science
T.W. Fraser Russell (NAE), University of Delaware, Emeritus

1:50-2:10 Questions, discussion

2:10-2:15 Reflections on the Session: Jonathon Cummings, Duke University

2:15 p.m. Virtual Science Teams
Moderator: Judith S. Olson, University of California, Irvine

2:15-2:20 Introductions

2:20-2:40 Bradley Kirkman, North Carolina State University: Presentation of draft paper

2:40-2:55 Responses
Charles Christopher Hinnant, Florida State University
Gary Olson, University of California, Irvine

2:55-3:15 Questions, discussion

3:15-3:20 Moderator Reflections: Judith Olson, University of California, Irvine

3:20- 3:35 p.m. Break

3:35 p.m. Multi-team Systems
Moderator: Jeremy Sabloff (NAS), Santa Fe Institute

3:35-3:40 Introductions

3:40-4:00 Leslie DeChurch, Georgia Institute of Technology and Stephen Zaccaro, George Mason University: Presentation of draft paper

4:00-4:10 Response: Joseph Incandela, University of California, Santa Barbara and CERN (by WebEx)

4:10-4:20 Response: Jay Goodwin, Army Research Institute

4:20-4:40 Questions, Discussion

4:40-4:45 Moderator Reflections: Jeremy Sabloff, Santa Fe Institute

4:45 p.m. Reflections on the Day

4:45-4:55 Nancy Cooke, Arizona State University (Committee Chair)

4:55-5:30 General Perspectives on the Workshop
Moderator: Nancy Cooke, Arizona State University
Questions, Discussion

5:30 p.m. Adjourn

NOTE FOR PUBLIC MEETINGS: This meeting is being held to gather information to help the committee conduct its study. This committee will examine the information and material obtained during this, and other public meetings, in an effort to inform its work. Although opinions may be stated and lively discussion may ensue, no conclusions are being drawn at this time; no recommendations will be made. In fact, the committee will deliberate thoroughly before writing its draft report. Moreover, once the draft report is written, it must go through a rigorous review by experts who are anonymous to the committee, and the committee then must respond to this review with appropriate revisions that adequately satisfy the Academy's Report Review Committee and the chair of the National Research Council before it is considered a National Research Council report. Therefore, observers who draw conclusions about the committee's work based on today's discussions will be doing so prematurely.
Furthermore, individual committee members often engage in discussion and questioning for the specific purpose of probing an issue and sharpening an argument. The comments of any given committee member may not necessarily reflect the position he or she may actually hold on the subject under discussion, to say nothing of that person's future position as it may evolve in the course of the project. Any inferences about an individual's position regarding findings or recommendations in the final report are therefore also premature.


This meeting and activity is sponsored by:
The National Science Foundation
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Manu Sharma
Contact Email:  msharma@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1747

Agenda
Monday, April 15, 2013

CLOSED SESSION
8:00 a.m - 11:45 am

OPEN SESSION

12:00 Informal Discussion of Study Charge (lunch available in the cafeteria)

1:00 Discussion of the Study Charge
• Jacqueline Meszaros, National Science Foundation (by WebEx): Sponsor Perspective on the Charge and Need for the Study
• Susan Winter, University of Maryland (by WebEx): The Scientific Community’s Perspective on the Charge and Need for the Study
• M. Mimi McClure, Program Manager for the Study, National Science Foundation (by WebEx)

Questions and discussion

2:15 When does Team Science Add Value?
• Gregory Feist, San Jose State University--The nature and nurture of creativity in science

Discussion Questions
• How does solitude foster scientific discovery?
• Under what conditions does teamwork support scientific discovery?
• What are the advantages and disadvantages of individual vs. team approaches?

3:00 Adjourn Open Session


NOTE FOR PUBLIC MEETINGS: This meeting is being held to gather information to help the committee conduct its study. This committee will examine the information and material obtained during this, and other public meetings, in an effort to inform its work. Although opinions may be stated and lively discussion may ensue, no conclusions are being drawn at this time; no recommendations will be made. In fact, the committee will deliberate thoroughly before writing its draft report. Moreover, once the draft report is written, it must go through a rigorous review by experts who are anonymous to the committee, and the committee then must respond to this review with appropriate revisions that adequately satisfy the Academy's Report Review Committee and the chair of the National Research Council before it is considered a National Research Council report. Therefore, observers who draw conclusions about the committee's work based on today's discussions will be doing so prematurely.
Furthermore, individual committee members often engage in discussion and questioning for the specific purpose of probing an issue and sharpening an argument. The comments of any given committee member may not necessarily reflect the position he or she may actually hold on the subject under discussion, to say nothing of that person's future position as it may evolve in the course of the project. Any inferences about an individual's position regarding findings or recommendations in the final report are therefore also premature.


Tuesday, April 16
CLOSED SESSION

8:00 am- 2:00 pm
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Nancy Cooke
Roger Blandford
Jonathon Cummings
Stephen Fiore
Kara Hall
James Jackson
John L. King
Steve W. J. Kozlowksi
Judith S. Olson
Jeremy Sabloff
Daniel Stokols
Brian Uzzi
Hannah Valantine
STEVE W. J. KOZLOWSKI



The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Introduction to the NRC, the consensus study process, and the committee charge. Defining key terms.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

No written documents were made available to the committee.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 27, 2014
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office