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Project Information

Project Information


Ecological Risk Assessment Under FIFRA and ESA


Project Scope:

 A committee of the National Research Council (NRC) will examine scientific and technical issues related to the methods and assumptions used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to conduct scientific assessments of ecological risks from pesticides registered by EPA under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) to species listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).  The range of scientific studies needed to make such assessments will be considered, including ecological, agricultural, hydrological, toxicological, and exposure studies.  The committee will develop conclusions reflecting the use of scientific principles and to facilitate a more holistic approach to assessing risks across the agencies, considering the intent of the ESA and of FIFRA.  The expectation is that the NRC's conclusions would also be applied to the methods and assumptions used for scientific assessment of federal actions under the Clean Water Act to species listed under the ESA.  Policy issues related to decision making will not be addressed.  Specific topics that the committee will consider to the extent practicable include the following: 

 

·        Best available scientific data and information. The Services and EPA approach the identification of “best available scientific information” using a variety of differing protocols pertaining to the type and character of scientific information that may be appropriate for these evaluations.  Some of these approaches pertain to the character of the information as consensus information, peer-reviewed information, regulatory studies supporting pesticide registrations, or other published and unpublished information.  The NRC will evaluate those protocols with respect to validity, availability, consistency, clarity, and utility.

 

·        Sub-lethal, indirect, and cumulative effects. The ESA requires the consideration of direct, indirect, and cumulative effects on listed species and habitats in the consultation process. The Services and EPA have used differing approaches on how to characterize indirect, sub-lethal, and cumulative effects.  The NRC will review the best available scientific methods for projecting these types of effects and consider options for the development of any additional methods that are likely to be helpful.

 

·        Mixtures and Inerts.  Assessing the effects of the use of chemical mixtures, either in formulated products or as used at the field level, remains a complex and difficult challenge, as is assessing the effects of mixtures of pesticides and other environmental contaminants.  Projecting the effects of inert ingredients such as adjuvants, surfactants, and other pesticide product additives is also an area of continuing challenge.  The NRC will consider the scientific information available to assess the potential effects of mixtures and inert ingredients.

 

·        Models.  There is a range of approaches to the development and use of modeling to assist in analyzing the effects of actions such as using pesticides or alternatives to that use, and active issues remain about the use of unpublished models or the assumptions used in the choice of the available models for any particular analysis of effects. The NRC will assess the protocols governing the development of assumptions associated with model inputs, the use of certain models (e.g., spray drift), and the use of sensitivity analyses to evaluate the impact of multiple assumptions on the interpretation of model results.

 

·        Interpretation of Uncertainty.  There are a variety of methods for documenting and interpreting uncertainties and evaluating the extent to which uncertainties impact confidence in the scientific conclusions associated with a jeopardy decision.  In particular, the NRC will consider the selection and use of uncertainty factors to account for lack of data on formulation toxicity, synergy, additivity, etc., and how the choice of those factors affects the estimates of uncertainty.

 

·        Geospatial Information and Datasets.  Location of the habitat is an important component of successfully protecting the impacted species.  Much variability in datasets, geospatial layers, and scale contributes to uncertainty.  The NRC will consider what constitutes authoritative geospatial information, including spatial and temporal scale, that most appropriately delineates habitat of the species and the duration of potential effects.

 

 

In its deliberations, the NRC will focus on the scientific and technical methods and approaches the agencies use in determining risks to endangered and threatened species associated with the use of pesticides.  The NRC will provide conclusions as appropriate about techniques the agencies might apply or use to improve those methods and approaches using scientific principles to support their decision-making. 

 

As examples, the NRC will consider three recent consultations between NOAA and EPA on the effects of EPA’s proposed FIFRA actions on Pacific salmonids as reference points for its work. The NRC will use the consultations as examples of the various agencies’ scientific approaches and methods, but will not evaluate the consultations themselves, or the decisions resulting from them, and it will not limit its considerations strictly to aquatic species.

  

 

Status: Completed

PIN: DELS-BEST-11-01

Project Duration (months): 21 month(s)

RSO: Policansky, David

Topic(s):

Environment and Environmental Studies



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 09/08/2011

Judith E. McDowell - (Chair)
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Judith E. McDowell is a senior scientist and former biology department chair at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Her research interests include physiological ecology of marine animals, developmental and energetic strategies of marine animals, physiological effects of pollutants on marine animals, and invertebrate nutrition. She has served on several National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Oil in the Sea: Phase I -- Update of Inputs and the Committee on Research and Peer Review in EPA. Dr. McDowell earned a PhD in zoology from the University of New Hampshire.
H. R. Akcakaya
Stony Brook University

H. Resit Akcakaya is a professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolution at Stony Brook University. Currently, his research focuses on a variety of methods and approaches for assessing the vulnerability of species to extinction, evaluating the effects of landscape dynamics on species persistence, projecting human land use on the basis of human population trends, and predicting the vulnerability of species to global climate change. He worked as a senior scientist at Applied Biomathematics where he was one of the principal architects of the RAMAS library of software and developed models for risk assessment and modeling of metapopulations, for integrating metapopulation dynamics with geographic information systems, and for incorporating uncertainty into IUCN criteria for threatened species. Dr. Akcakaya has also been involved in both practical and theoretical research on problems of species conservation, including several population viability analysis studies. He has over 100 publications in conservation biology and theoretical ecology, including four books, and is the co-author of two widely used textbooks (Risk Assessment in Conservation Biology and Applied Population Ecology). In addition, Dr. Akcakaya serves on the editorial boards of Conservation Biology and Population Ecology and is currently chair of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. Dr. Akcakaya earned a PhD in ecology and evolution from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
Mary Jane Angelo
University of Florida

Mary Jane Angelo is Professor of Law and Director of the Environmental and Land Use Law Program at the University of Florida’s Levin College of Law. Her research focuses on environmental law, water law, agricultural law, pesticide law, endangered species law, biotechnology law and the integration of law and science. Before joining the faculty, Ms. Angelo served as an attorney in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of General Counsel and as senior assistant general counsel for the St. Johns River Water Management District. In addition, she has served on the National Research Council Committee on Independent Scientific Review of Everglades Restoration Progress. Ms. Angelo earned an M.S. in Entomology and JD from the University of Florida.
Patrick Durkin
Syracuse Environmental Research Associates, Inc.

Patrick Durkin is co-founder and principal scientist of Syracuse Environmental Research Associates (SERA), a small business engaged in chemical and biological risk assessment and documentation. He has been responsible for developing safety evaluations for chemical and biological agents based on a synthesis of toxicological data, environmental persistence, and exposure estimates. Dr. Durkin has conducted numerous risk assessments and risk assessment method development tasks for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dr. Durkin earned a PhD in environmental and forest zoology from SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry.
Anne Fairbrother
Exponent, Inc.

Anne Fairbrother is a principal scientist for Exponent’s ecosciences practice. She has more than 30 years of experience in ecotoxicology, wildlife toxicology, contaminated site assessment, and regulatory science for existing and emerging chemicals in the United States and Europe. Dr. Fairbrother has participated in or led the development of guidance documents for ecological risk assessments, such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Framework for Metals Risk Assessment, the British Columbia Ministry of Environment’s guidance for implementing Tier 1 ecological risk assessments of contaminated sites, and EPA’s Ecological Soil Screening Levels. Recently, she served on a science advisory panel to the state of Utah and as a consultant to the British Columbia Ministry of Environment to set site-specific water quality standards for selenium that protect fish and wildlife. Dr. Fairbrother has served as president of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, and Wildlife Disease Association. In addition, she has been a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Animals as Monitors of Environmental Hazards. Dr. Fairbrother earned a DVM in veterinary medicine from the University of California, Davis and a PhD in veterinary science from the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Erica Fleishman
University of California, Davis

Erica Fleishman is a researcher in the John Muir Institute of the Environment at the University of California, Davis. Her research focuses on integration of conservation science with management and policy, especially in the intermountain western United States and California. Her work focuses on predictive modeling of occupancy and faunal responses to changes in climate, land cover, land use, and connectivity. Dr. Fleishman has co-authored curricula on applications of remote sensing to environmental sciences and ecological modeling. She has convened multidisciplinary teams to analyze and synthesize concepts and data on diverse topics and has facilitated or advised the science process for multiple Habitat Conservation Plans and Natural Community Conservation Plans in California. Dr. Fleishman is editor in chief of Conservation Biology and serves on the editorial boards of Global Ecology and Biogeography and Ecography. Dr. Fleishman earned a PhD in ecology, evolution, and conservation biology from the University of Nevada, Reno.
William L. Graf
University of South Carolina

William L. Graf is University Foundation Distinguished Professor Emeritus of the Department of Geography at the University of South Carolina, and Regents Professor Emeritus in Geography at Arizona State University. His research interests include fluvial geomorphology and hydrology, as well as policy for public land and water with an emphasis on river channel and habitat change, human impacts on rivers, contaminant transport and storage in rivers, and the downstream impacts of large dam. He has served as a science policy advisor on more than 40 committees for federal, state, and local agencies and organizations. In addition, Dr. Graf has chaired and been a member of many National Research Council committees, including those focused on the Klamath River, Platte River, the Everglades, Missouri River, and watershed management. He is chair of the NAS/NRC Geographical Sciences Committee, a National Associate of the National Academy of Science, and an American Association for the Advancement of Sciences Fellow. Dr. Graf earned his PhD in physical geography from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, with a certificate in water resources management.
Philip M. Gschwend
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Phillip M. Gschwend is a professor of civil and environmental engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research interests are environmental organic chemistry, phase exchanges and transformation processes, modeling fates of organic pollutants, roles of colloids and black carbons, and passive sampling for site evaluation. The overall objective of his research is to develop means to predict the fate of organic chemicals in natural and engineered environments. His research includes the study of such processes as sorption, air-water exchange, and biodegradation. In addition, Dr. Gschwend conducts field observations in water and sediments of groundwater, lakes, estuaries, and the ocean to validate the predictions. Dr. Gschwend earned a PhD in geochemistry from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Bruce K. Hope
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

Bruce K. Hope is a senior environmental toxicologist for the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality. His expertise includes preparation and review of human, ecological, and probabilistic risk assessments; exposure modeling; development of air toxics benchmarks; identification and management of persistent and bioaccumulative chemicals; and evaluation and communication of health and environmental risk associated with chemical releases. Dr. Hope has served on a number of EPA Science Advisory Board committees, including Ecological Risk Assessment – An Evaluation of the State-of-the-Practice and EPA’s Regulatory Environmental Modeling Guidance Advisory Panel. In addition, he was a member of the National Research Council Committee on Improving Risk Analysis Approaches Used by the U.S. EPA. Dr. Hope earned a PhD in biology from the University of Southern California.
Gerald A. LeBlanc
North Carolina State University

Gerald A. LeBlanc is Department Head and Professor with the Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology at North Carolina State University. His research interests include environmental signaling, sex determination and differentiation, and toxicity assessment of chemical mixtures. Dr. LeBlanc has been a member of the Executive Committee, Research Triangle Environmental Health Collaborative; the FIFRA National Science Advisory Panel on the potential for atrazine to affect amphibian gonadal development; and the NIEHS Expert Panel, Hazards of Bisphenol A to Humans and the Environment. Dr. LeBlanc earned a PhD in biology from the University of South Florida.
Thomas P. Quinn
University of Washington

Thomas P. Quinn is a professor in the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences at the University of Washington. His research interests focus on the behavior, ecology, evolution, and conservation of salmon, trout, and related fishes. Dr. Quinn’s research blends a variety of approaches including tagging, telemetry, direct observations, laboratory experiments, and other techniques. He is currently studying the patterns of spawning site selection and reproductive behavior of salmon, movements and migration patterns, evolutionary adaptations of salmon to their environments, and predator-prey ecology. In addition, he has served on the National Research Council Committee on Protection and Management of Pacific Northwest Anadromous Salmonids. Dr. Quinn earned a PhD in fisheries from the University of Washington.
Nu-May R. Reed
California Environmental Protection Agency

Nu-May Ruby Reed recently retired as a staff toxicologist with the California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA) Department of Pesticide Regulation, where she was the lead scientist on risk assessment issues. Her research interests were evaluating health risks and developing risk assessment guidelines for pesticides. She has been on several Cal/EPA working groups that initiate, research, and revise risk assessment guidelines and policies, and she represented her department in task forces on community concerns and emergency response, risk management guidance, and public education. Dr. Reed was a member of several past National Research Council Committees, including the Committee on Risk Analysis and Reviews, and is a current member of the Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels. Dr. Reed earned a PhD in plant physiology from the University of California at Davis.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

10/4/2011: Usha Varanasi was provisionally appointed to the committee but will not be serving

2/6/2012: Committee membership changed with the resignation of Peter M. Kareiva

6/8/2012: Committee membership changed with the resignation of Jim Cowles

9/14/2012: Committee membership changed with the resignation of Scott McMurry

11/30/2012: The National Research Council has been informed that Daniel Goodman is deceased as of 11/15/2012


Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

Statement of Committee Composition

Disclosure of Conflict of Interest: Anne Fairbrother

In accordance with Section 15 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the "Academy shall make its best efforts to ensure that no individual appointed to serve on [a] committee has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the functions to be performed, unless such conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed and the Academy determines that the conflict is unavoidable." We have concluded that for the committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established its membership must include among others, at least one person who has experience with the Environmental Protection Agency’s Pesticide Registration Program from both EPA and industry perspectives.

To meet the need for this expertise and experience, Dr. Anne Fairbrother is proposed for appointment to the committee even though we have concluded that she has a potential conflict of interest because, as principal scientist of the Ecosciences Practice at Exponent, Inc., her clients include various agro-chemical firms that manufacture pesticides subject to EPA regulation under FIFRA, particularly with respect to the compilation and review of data to meet U.S. regulatory requirements.

Dr. Fairbrother is a nationally recognized expert in wildlife toxicology, immunotoxicology, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and ecological risk assessment. A veterinarian and Certified Wildlife Biologist, Dr. Fairbrother is currently a consultant to both industry and government agencies. She was a scientist at EPA for more than 14 years. She serves on numerous scientific boards, expert panels, and editorial boards addressing scientific and regulatory issues. She has been President of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, the American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, and the Wildlife Disease Association (WDA). She is the recipient of the WDA Distinguished Service Award (2002), and a gold medal for Commendable Service from EPA.

Dr. Fairbrother’s familiarity with the regulatory and scientific aspects of assessing the ecological risks of pesticides from both a theoretical and practical perspective is critical to the committee’s ability to fulfill its task. We believe that Dr. Fairbrother can serve effectively as a member of the committee, taking into account the composition of the committee, the work to be performed, and the procedures to be followed in completing the work.

After an extensive search, we have been unable to find another individual with the equivalent combination of current practical experience and expertise who does not have a similar conflict of interest. Therefore, we have concluded that this potential conflict is unavoidable.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Craig Philip
Contact Email:  cphilip@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1942

Agenda
This meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Judith McDowell (chair)
Resit Akcakaya
Mary Jane Angelo
Patrick Durkin
Anne Fairbrother
Erica Fleishman
Daniel Goodman
Philip Gschwend
Bruce Hope
Gerald LeBlanc
Thomas Quinn
Nu-May Ruby Reed (via teleconference).

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

1) Revised report and report organization.
2) Committee conclusions and recommendations.
3) Writing assignments, deadlines, and the review schedule.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

51. Letter from Mike Leggett, CropLife America, to Ellen Mantus, dated July 2, 2012, with Comments Regarding Responses from Agency and Services and CD containing 7 files.

52. Letter and document dated July 19, 2012 from Mike Leggett, CropLife America, regarding The Conservative Assumptions Used by EPA and the Service in ERA, to Ellen Mantus, received on July 23, 2012.

53. Email from Donald Brady, EPA, to Ruby Reed, dated July 31, 2012, regarding EPA response to committee question regarding use of foreign language articles.

54. Email and PowerPoint presentation regarding nutrient stressors sent on September 11, 2012, from Stuart Z. Cohen, Environmental & Turf Services, Inc., to David Policansky.

55. Comments on Agency responses to NAS panel questions from Bernalyn McGaughey, Compliance Services International, to David Policansky, on September 13, 2012.


Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
September 24, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Craig Philip
Contact Email:  cphilip@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1942

Agenda
This meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Judith McDowell (chair
)
Resit Akcakaya
Mary Jane Angelo
Patrick Durkin
Anne Fairbrother
Erica Fleishman
Daniel Goodman
William Graf
Philip Gschwend
Bruce Hope
Gerald LeBlanc
Scott McMurry
and Nu-May Ruby Reed (via teleconference).

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

1) Draft report and report organization.
2) Committee conclusions and recommendations.
3) Writing assignments, schedule, and agenda for last meeting.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

45. EPA responses to committee questions and relevant Federal Register Notice. Received April 11, 2012 from Anita Pease, Associate Director, Environmental Fate and Effects Division, OPP, EPA.

46. Email from Sunny Snider, Endangered Species Act Interagency Cooperation Division, Office of Protected Resources, NOAA Fisheries Service, to David Policansky, received on April 17, 2012, with one attachment regarding responses to questions from Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA.

47. Email from Rick Sayers, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program, to David Policansky, received on April 23, 2012 regarding clarification on “cumulative effects.”

48. Letter and dissertation from Jerome Joseph Schleier III, Montana State University, received from NMFS Mosquito Control on May 9, 2012.

49. Email from Scott Slaughter, to Ellen Mantus, David Policansky, and Jim Reisa received on May 18, 2012 with the attachment Briefing on the Government-Wide Data Quality Protocols and Standards that EPA, NMFS and FWS Must Meet During Pesticide ESA Consultations.

50. Dubus, I.G., C.D. Brown, and S. Beulke. 2003. Sources of uncertainty in pesticide fate modeling. The science of the total environment. 317: 53-72.


Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 03, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

20 F Street Conference Center
Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Craig Philip
Contact Email:  cphilip@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1942

Agenda
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
THIRD MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE ON ECOLOGICAL RISK
ASSESSMENT UNDER FIFRA AND ESA

20 F Street Conference Center
20 F Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
PH: 202-672-1515 / FAX: 202-337-4271


OPEN SESSION AGENDA


WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2012

1:00 Purpose of Public Session and Introduction of Committee Members
Judith E. McDowell
Chair, Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA
Senior Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA

1:10 Committee Discussion with Sponsors
NRC Committee and Staff from Environmental Protection Agency, Fish and Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, and Department of Agriculture

3:30 Open Microphone – Comments from the Audience

4:00 END PUBLIC SESSION
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Judith McDowell (chair
via teleconference)
Resit Akcakaya
Mary Jane Angelo
Jim Cowles
Patrick Durkin
Anne Fairbrother
Erica Fleishman
Daniel Goodman
William Graf
Philip Gschwend
Bruce Hope
Gerald LeBlanc
Scott McMurry
Thomas Quinn
and Nu-May Ruby Reed.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

1) Agency responses to committee questions and other public access material.
2) Information presented in open session and need for additional open sessions.
3) Draft report, report organization, and committee writing assignments.
4) Schedule and agendas for future meetings.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

36. Email from Sheryl Kunickis, Director, USDA Office of Pest Management Policy, to David Policansky, received on February 28, 2012 with two attachments regarding the USDA response to comments made by Aimee Code, Northwest Center for Alternatives to Pesticides, during the committee meeting on January 31, 2012.

37. Email from Steve Mashuda, Earthjustice, to Ellen Mantus, received on March 5, 2012, with one attachment that includes his written remarks from the presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 31, 2012, his PowerPoint presentation, and a copy of a court decision that summarizes many of the same points in his presentation.

38. Email from Rob Pastorok, Senior Science Advisor at Integral Consulting, Inc., to Ellen Mantus, received on March 12, 2012, with one attachment entitled Comments of Dr. Robert A. Pastorok of Integral Consulting, Inc. on the National Marine Fisheries Service Biological Opinions on Organophosphate and Carbamate Pesticides (NMFS 2008, 2009, and 2010).

39. Email from Angela Beehler, District Manager, Benton County Mosquito Control, to Craig Philip, received on March 28, 2012, with one attachment of comments for the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA.

40. Email from Rick Sayers, Chief, Division of Consultation, HCPs, Recovery, and State Grants, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program, to David Policansky, received on March 28, 2012, with two attachments containing responses to questions from the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA.

41. EPA responses to NAS questions received on March 28, 2012.

42. Email from Sunny Snider, Endangered Species Act Interagency Cooperation Division, Office of Protected Resources, NOAA Fisheries Service, to David Policansky, received on March 29, 2012, with one attachment containing responses to questions from the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA.

43. Email from Scott Hecht, NOAA, to David Policansky, received on March 30, 2012, with one attachment with responses to questions from the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA.

44. Annotated bibliography from Bernalyn McGaughey, President, Compliance Services International, received on April 4, 2012.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
April 11, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

The Renaissance Seattle Hotel

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Craig Philip
Contact Email:  cphilip@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1942

Agenda
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
COMMITTEE ON ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT UNDER FIFRA AND ESA

The Renaissance Seattle Hotel
515 Madison Street
Seattle, WA 98104
PH: (206) 583-0300 / FAX: (206) 447-0992
Second Public Session: January 31, 2012

PUBLIC AGENDA

1:00 Purpose of Public Session and Introduction of Committee Members
Judith E. McDowell
Chair, Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA
Senior Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA

1:10 Perspectives on the ESA and FIFRA
Steve Mashuda
Attorney, Earthjustice

1:40 Tribal Perspectives on Pesticides, ESA, and Ecosystem Services
Barbara Harper
Toxicologist, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

2:10 Growers, Pesticides, and Endangered Species: A Perspective from the Minor Crop Farmer Alliance
Mike Willett
Vice President for Scientific Affairs, Northwest Horticultural Council

2:40 Practical Considerations in Evaluating Pesticides under FIFRA and ESA.
Aimee Code
Northwest Center for Alternatives to Pesticides

3:10 BREAK

3:30 Ecological Risk Assessment of Pesticides and the ESA
Bernalyn McGaughey
President/CEO, Compliance Services International

4:00 Estimating Pesticide Exposures and Evaluating Effects of Sublethal Exposures
Jeffrey Jenkins, Oregon State University

4:30 Models for Ecological Risk Assessment
John Stark, Washington State University

5:00 Ecological Risk Assessment: From the Laboratory to the Field
Christian Grue, University of Washington

5:30 Open Microphone – Comments from the Audience

6:00 END PUBLIC SESSION
___________________________________________________________________________________

If you cannot attend but would like to listen in on the meeting, please contact Craig Philip at cphilip@nas.edu.

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Judith McDowell (chair)
Resit Akcakaya
Jim Cowles
Patrick Durkin
Anne Fairbrother
Erica Fleishman
Daniel Goodman
William Graf
Philip Gschwend
Bruce Hope
Gerald LeBlanc
Scott McMurry
Thomas Quinn
and Nu-May Ruby Reed.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

1) Standard NRC discussion of policies, procedures, potential bias, and conflict of interest for members who were not present at first meeting.
2) Information presented in public session and need for additional public sessions.
3) Draft report outline and committee writing assignments.
4) Schedule and agendas for future meetings.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

15. Email from Sheryl H. Kunickis, Director, USDA Office of Pest Management Policy, to David Policansky received on November 7, 2011 with one attachment regarding USDA Responses to NAS Questions.

16. Remarks from Jason Rylander, Senior Attorney, Defenders of Wildlife at the first meeting of the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA received on November 10, 2011.

17. Comments submitted by Edward M. Ruckert of McDermott Will & Emery LLP on behalf of Daniel Botts of the Minor Crop Farmer Alliance. November 15, 2011.

18. Letter from Mike Leggett, CropLife America, to Ellen Mantus, received on November 22, 2011, regarding suggestions for presenters at the second meeting of the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA.

19. Landis, W.G. and P.M. Chapman. 2011. Well past time to stop using NOELs and LOELs. Int. Environ. Assess. Mgmt. 7(4):vi-viii. Received on November 25, 2011 from Paul Souza, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

20. Letter from William Meredith, President, American Mosquito Control Association, to Judith McDowell, Chair, Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA, dated January 9, 2012.

21. MCFA ESA Workshop Summary sent from Mike Willett, Vice President for Scientific Affairs, Northwest Horticultural Council, to David Policansky, received on January 9, 2012.

22. Email from Bernalyn McGaughey, President, Compliance Services International, to Jim Reisa, Ellen Mantus, and David Policansky received on January 26, 2012 with one attachment: FIFRA Endangered Species Task Force Data Use in the Assessment of the Risk of FIFRA-Regulated Pesticides to Species Regulated by the ESA.

23. Letter from Mike Leggett, CropLife America, to Ellen Mantus, dated January 27, 2012, regarding NAS FIFRA and ESA project with attached bibliography and CD with references.

24. Videos and Power Point received from National Council for Air and Stream Improvement on January 30, 2012.

25. Three sets of written comments from George G. Ice, Vickie Tatum, Larry Irwin, and Bently Wigley, National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, Inc. received on January 30, 2012.

26. Bernalyn McGaughey, President/CEO, Compliance Services International. Ecological Risk of Pesticides and the ESA. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA with bibliography and references.

27. Aimee Code, Northwest Center for Alternatives to Pesticides. Practical Considerations in
Evaluating Pesticides under FIFRA and ESA. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA.

28. Christian Grue, Washington Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, School of Aquatic & Fishery Sciences, University of Washington. Ecological Risk Assessment: On the Need to Evaluate Leaps of Faith and Pious Hopes. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA.

29. Barbara Harper, CTUIR Department of Science and Engineering. Tribal Ecosystem Services – FIFRA, ESA, and Federal Trusteeship. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA.

30. Jeffrey Jenkins, Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University. Salmon & Pesticides in the Pacific NW – Sublethal Effects and Exposure Estimates. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA.

31. Mike Willett, Northwest Horticultural Council. Growers, Pesticides, and Endangered Species: A Perspective from the Minor Crop Farmer Alliance. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA.

32. John Stark, Washington State University. Models for ecological risk assessment. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA.

33. Steve Mashuda, Attorney, Earthjustice. Understanding Relationships between the ESA and FIFRA. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on January 30, 2012, in Seattle, WA.

34. Poletika, N.N, M. Teply, L.G. Dominguez, S.P. Cramer, M.J. Schocken, C. Habig, M. Kern, H. Ochoa-Acuna, and G.C. Mitchell. 2012. A Spatially and Temporally Explicit Risk Assessment for Salmon from a Prey Base Exposed to Agricultural Insecticides. In Press. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. Received from Steven P. Cramer, Founding Scientist, Cramer Fish Sciences on January 30, 2012.

35. Teply, M., S.P. Cramer, and N.N. Poletika. 2012. A Spatially and Temporally Explicit Model for Determining the Exposure of Juvenile Salmon to Agricultural Pesticides in Freshwater. In Press. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. Received from Steven P. Cramer, Founding Scientist, Cramer Fish Sciences on January 30, 2012.


Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
February 13, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Craig Philip
Contact Email:  cphilip@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1942

Agenda
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
COMMITTEE ON ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT UNDER FIFRA AND ESA

Open Session: November 3, 2010
National Academies Keck Center, Room 201
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
PH: 202-334-2017 / FAX 202-334-2752


AGENDA

1:00 Purpose of Open Session and Introduction of Committee Members
Judith E. McDowell
Chair, Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA
Senior Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA

1:10 The FIFRA Registration Process and Ecological Risk Assessment at EPA
Steven Bradbury
Director, Office of Pesticide Programs, USEPA
Edward Odenkirchen
Senior Scientist, Environmental Fate and Effects Division, Office of Pesticide Programs, USEPA

2:20 The ESA and Ecological Risk Assessment at the Services
Scott Hecht
Toxicologist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Nancy Golden
Pesticide Consultation Toxicologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Nathaniel Scholz
Supervisory Research Zoologist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

3:30 BREAK

3:45 Ecological Risk Assessment Issues – Perspective from the USDA
Ann Bartuska
Deputy Undersecretary, Research, Education and Economics, Department of Agriculture
David Epstein
Entomologist, Office of Pest Management Policy, Department of Agriculture
Harold Thistle
Program Manager, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Department of Agriculture

4:25 Discussion of Key Issues

4:55 Open Microphone – Comments from the Audience

5:30 END PUBLIC SESSION
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Judith McDowell (chair)
Resit Akcakaya
Mary Jane Angelo
Jim Cowles
Patrick Durkin
Anne Fairbrother
Erica Fleishman
Daniel Goodman
Philip Gschwend
Bruce Hope
Gerald LeBlanc
Scott McMurry
Thomas Quinn
and Nu-May Ruby Reed (via teleconference).

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

1) Standard NRC discussion of policies, procedures, potential bias, and conflict of interest.
2) Committee’s statement of task and its approach to its task.
3) Information presented in public session and need for additional public sessions.
4) Schedule and agendas for future meetings.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

1. CDs received on October 18, 2011, from Donald Brady, Director of the Environmental Fate and Effects Division, Office of Pesticides Programs, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, containing background materials for the study with an attached list of the materials.

2. Background materials received on October 20, 2011 from Keith Paul, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: (a) 50 CFR Part 402 – Interagency Cooperation – Endangered Species Act of 1973, as Amended; (b) Brosi, B.J. and E.G. Biber. 2009. Statistical inference, type II error, and decision making under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Front. Ecol. Environ. 7(9):487-494; (c) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1973. Endangered Species Act of 1973. As Amended through the 108th Congress. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC; (d) U.S Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service. Endangered Species Consultation Handbook: Procedures for Conducting Consultation and Conference Activities Under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act. March 1998; (e) Letter from Marjorie A. Nelson, USFWS to Arthur-Jean B. Williams, USEPA. RE: Request for Initiation of Formal Consultation on the Effects of Reregistration of Pesticides. January 14, 2009; (f) McGarvey, D.J. 2007. Merging precaution with sound science under the Endangered Species Act. BioScience. 57(1):65-70; (g) NRC (National Research Council). 1995. Science and the Endangered Species Act. Chapter 8 excerpt, pages 159-170. Washington, DC. National Academies Press; (h) Letter from Marjorie A. Nelson, USFWS to Arthur-Jean B. Williams, USEPA. RE: Informal Consultation on the Effects of Diazinon and Racemic Metolachlor Reregistration on the Endangered Barton Springs Salamander. January 14, 2009; (i) Letter from Marjorie A. Nelson, USFWS to Arthur-Jean B. Williams, USEPA. RE: Informal Consultation of the Effects of Atrazine Reregistration on the Endangered Alabama Sturgeon and Endangered Dwarf Wedgemussel. February 11, 2008; (j) Relyea, R. and J. Hoverman. 2006. Assessing the ecology in ecotoxicology: a review and synthesis in freshwater systems. Ecol. Lett. 9:1157-1171; (k) Sublethal effects in Section 7 consultations: The Services’ Perspective; (l) Washington Toxics Coalition vs. U.S. Department of the Interior. August 24, 2006.

3. NOAA background materials received on October 25, 2011 from Anita Pease, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: (a) NOAA-provided background briefing documents memo. October 21, 2011; (b) NOAA NMFS Approach to this Assessment; (c) Carbamate Opinion Description of the Proposed Action; (d) Macneale, K.H., P.M. Kiffney, and N.L. Scholz. 2010. Pesticides, aquatic food webs, and the conservation of Pacific salmon. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8(9):475-482; (e) NRC (National Research Council). 1995. Science and the Endangered Species Act. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; (f) Gilliom, R.J. 2007. Pesticides in U.S. streams and groundwater. Environ. Sci. & Tech. 41(10):3408-3414; (g) Laetz, C.A., D.H. Baldwin, T.K. Collier, V. Hebert, J.D. Stark, and N.L. Scholz. 2009. The synergistic toxicity of pesticide mixtures: Implications for risk assessment and the conservation of endangered Pacific salmon. Environ. Health Perspect. 117(3):348-353; (h) Sandahl, J.F., D.H. Baldwin, J.J. Jenkins, and N.L. Scholz. 2005. Comparative thresholds for acetylcholinesterase inhibition and behavioral impairment in coho salmon exposed to chlorpyrifos. Environ. Tox. Chem. 24(1):136-145; (i) Sandahl, J.F., D.H. Baldwin, J.J. Jenkins, and N.L. Scholz. 2007. A sensory system at the interface between urban stormwater runoff and salmon survival. Environ. Sci. Tech. 41:2998-3004; (j) Relyea, R.A. and N. Diecks. 2008. An unforeseen chain of events: lethal effects of pesticides on frogs at sublethal concentrations. Ecol. Appl. 18(7):1728-1742; (k) Baldwin, D.H., J.A. Spromberg, T.K. Collier, and N.L. Scholz. 2009. A fish of many scales: extrapolating sublethal pesticide exposures to the productivity of wild salmon populations. Ecol. Appl. 19(8):2004-2015; (l) NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 2008. National Marine Fisheries Service Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation Biological Opinion: Environmental Protection Agency Registration of Pesticides Containing Chlorpyrifos, Diazinon, and Malathion; (m) Turner, L. 2003. Chlorpyrifos analysis of risks to endangered and threatened salmon and steelhead. Environmental Field Branch. Office of Pesticide Programs; (n) Turner, L. 2002. Diazinon analysis of risks to endangered and threatened salmon and steelhead. Environmental Field Branch. Office of Pesticide Programs; (o) Martinez, J and J. Leyhe. 2004. Malathion analysis of risks to endangered and threatened salmon and steelhead. Environmental Field Branch. Office of Pesticide Programs; (p) Federal Register. Vol. 64, No. 215. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Definition of ‘‘Harm’’; (q) CFR Part 402 – Interagency Cooperation – Endangered Species Act of 1973, as Amended; (r) U.S Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service. Endangered Species Consultation Handbook: Procedures for Conducting Consultation and Conference Activities Under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act. March 1998; (s) EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998. Guidelines for Ecological Risk Assessment. Washington, DC; (t) NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 2000. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-42: Viable Salmonid Populations and the Recovery of Evolutionarily Significant Units; (u) Relyea, R. and J. Hoverman. 2006. Assessing the ecology in ecotoxicology: a review and synthesis in freshwater systems. Ecol. Lett. 9:1157-1171; (v) Clements, W.H. and J.R. Rohr. 2009. Community responses to contaminants: using basic ecological principles to predict ecotoxicological effects. Environ. Tox. Chem. 28(9):1789-1800; (w) NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 2000. National Marine Fisheries Service Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation Biological Opinion: Environmental Protection Agency Registration of Pesticides Containing Carbaryl, Carbofuran, and Methomyl; (x) Erickson, W. and L. Turner. 2003. Carbaryl analysis of risks to endangered and threatened salmon and steelhead. Environmental Field Branch. Office of Pesticide Programs; (y) Tarkowski, G.M. 2004. Carbofuran analysis of risks to endangered and threatened salmon and steelhead. Environmental Field Branch. Office of Pesticide Programs; (z) Erickson, W. and L. Turner. 2003. Methomyl analysis of risks to endangered and threatened salmon and steelhead. Environmental Field Branch. Office of Pesticide Programs.

4. USDA background materials received on October 25, 2011 from Anita Pease, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: (a) List of Suggested Reading for Modeling; (b) Teske, M.E. H.W. Thistle, W.C. Schou, P.C.H. Miller, J.M. Strager, B. Richardson, M.C. Butler Ellis, J.W. Barry, D.B. Twardus, and D.G. Thompson. 2011. A review of computer models for pesticide deposition prediction. Trans. ASABE. 54(3):789-801.

5. Scientific Issues in Conducting Ecological Risk Assessment for ESA Section 7 FIFRA Consultations. Received on October 31, 2011 from Anita Pease, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

6. Letter from Michael Leggett, CropLife America, dated October 31, 2011, containing questions for NAS panel considerations.

7. RE: FIFRA Endangered Species Task Force Data Contributing to the Assessment of the Risk of FIFRA-Regulated Pesticides to Species Regulated by the ESA. Letter from Bernalyn McGaughey, Project Manager, FIFRA Endangered Species Task Force, dated November 1, 2011.

8. Letter from Michael Leggett, CropLife America, dated November 3, 2011, regarding CropLife America comments to NAS panel on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA.

9. Steven Bradbury and Edward Odenkirchen, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Ecological Risk Assessment Process in EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on November 3, 2011, in Washington, DC.

10. Scott Hecht and Nat Scholz, NOAA and Nancy Golden, USFWS. Ecological Risk Assessments for Pesticides in the Context of the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on November 3, 2011, in Washington, DC.

11. Ann Bartuska, David Epstein, and Harold Thistle, USDA. Ecological Risk Assessment Issues - Perspective from the USDA. Presentation to the Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA on November 3, 2011, in Washington, DC.

12. NOAA’s Questions to the panel. Received November 3, 2011.

13. Letter from Senator Edward Markey, Ranking Member, Committee on Natural Resources, to Judith McDowell, Chair, Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA, dated November 3, 2011.

14. Letter from Congressmen Doc Hastings and Frank Lucas to Committee on Ecological Risk Assessment under FIFRA and ESA dated November 3, 2011, with attachment containing five letters that have been sent to various federal agencies over the past two years that express concerns regarding the scientific basis and lack of economic impacts of biological opinions that have been released on impact of certain pesticides on endangered salmon in the Pacific Northwest.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
November 08, 2011
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office