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Project Information

Project Information


Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee under the oversight of COSEPUP will undertake a revision of the Responsible Science study first issued in 1992.  The committee will be charged with addressing the following questions:

 

What is the state of current knowledge about modern research practices for a range of disciplines, including trends and practices that could affect the integrity of research?  What is the impact of modern technology such as image enhancement, the internet, and data storage systems?

 

What are the impacts on integrity of changing trends in the dynamics of the research enterprise, such as globalization, the treatment of intellectual property, handling of materials and specimens, university oversight and IRBs, and demands of government regulation?

 

What are the advantages and disadvantages of enhanced educational efforts and explicit guidelines for researchers and research institutions?  Can the research community itself define and strengthen basic standards for scientists and their institutions?  How is this impacted by increased collaboration among researchers, in the US and internationally?

 

What roles are appropriate for government agencies, research institutions and universities, and journals in promoting responsible research practices?  What can be learned from institutional and journal experiences with current procedures for handling allegations of misconduct in science?

 

What should the definition of research misconduct include?  Should it only include the criteria of “falsification, fabrication and plagiarism” (drawn from the 1992 edition of Responsible Science) or should it be broadened to include elements of questionable research practices and research impropriety?

 

Should existing unwritten practices be expressed as principles to guide the responsible conduct of research?  The committee is encouraged to prepare model guidelines and other materials if it deems that would be useful.

 

Status: Completed

PIN: PGA-DSC B-09-02

Project Duration (months): 12 month(s)

RSO: Arrison, Tom

Topic(s):

Policy for Science and Technology



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 02/12/2012

Robert M. Nerem - (Chair)
Georgia Institute of Technology

Dr. Nerem is an Institute Professor and Parker H. Petit Distinguished Chair Emeritus at Georgia Institute of Technology. He also serves as the Director of the Georgia Tech/Emory Center (GTEC) for Regenerative Medicine. He is a member of the NAE and the IOM. His research focus is cellular and tissue engineering as applied to the vascular system. He received his B.S. from the University of Oklahoma, and received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from The Ohio State University.
He is nominated to chair the committee as a leading active researcher, with deep experience in international and interdisciplinary research collaborations. He has served on and chaired a wide range of National Academies standing and study committees.
Ann M. Arvin
Stanford University

Dr. Arvin is the Lucile Packard Professor in Pediatrics and Professor of Microbiology & Immunology, and the Vice Provost and Dean of Research at Stanford University. She is a member of the IOM. Arvin received her bachelor’s degree from Brown University, an M.A. in philosophy from Brandeis University and her M.D. degree from the University of Pennsylvania. She has done groundbreaking research on the varicella zoster virus (VZV), a herpes virus that causes chicken pox and shingles. She was nominated as a leading researcher in her field, with significant adminstrative responsibilities and experience related to the study charge. She has extensive National Academies committee experience.
Rebecca M. Bergman
Medtronic, Inc.

Mrs. Bergman is Vice President, New Therapies and Diagnostics, Cardiac Rhythm Disease Management at Medtronic, Inc. She is a member of the NAE. She received her BS in Chemical Engineering from Princeton University. She is nominated as an expert on industrial research, and has significant National Academies committee experience.
Moses H. Chan
Pennsylvania State University

Dr. Chan is Evan Pugh Professor of Physics at Pennsylvania State University. He is a member of the NAS. He received a B.A. from Bridgewater College and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Cornell University. His research interests are phase transitions, particularly quantum fluids and solids at cryogenic temperatures, reduced dimensionalities, and the presence of disorder. He is nominated as a leading researcher in his field. He is a member of the NAS-NAE-IOM Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy.
R. A. Charo
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Professor Charo is Warren P. Knowles Professor of Law & Bioethics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Law. She is a member of the IOM. She was on leave 2009-2011 to serve as a senior policy advisor on emerging technology issues in the Office of the Commissioner at the US Food & Drug Administration. She received a AB in Biology from Radcliffe College and JD from Columbia University. She has focused on various areas of biomedical ethics and related policies. She is nominated as a leading bioethics and legal scholar.
C.K. (Tina) Gunsalus
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Professor Gunsalus is Director of the National Center for Professional and Research Ethics, Professor Emerita of Business, and Research Professor at the Coordinated Sciences Laboratory at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. She received an AB in History and a JD from the University of Illinois. She is nominated as a leading expert on responsible conduct of research training and education, as well as institutional policies related to research integrity.
Deborah G. Johnson
University of Virginia

Dr. Johnson is Anne Shirley Carter Olsson Professor of Applied Ethics at the University of Virginia. She was previously at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute. She has focused on computer ethics and engineering ethics. She received her B.Ph. from Monteith College, Wayne State University, and her M.Phil. M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Kansas. She is nominated as a leading expert on engineering ethics. She has significant National Academies committee experience.
Michael A. Keller
Stanford University

Mr. Keller is the Ida M. Green University Librarian, Director of Academic Information Resources, Publisher of HighWire Press, and Publisher of the Stanford University Press. As of January 2009, HighWire Press has grown to support over 1,200 high-impact STM journals among more than 130 major scholarly societies, over 1.8 million articles of which are available free online. Keller was educated at Hamilton College (B.A. Biology, Music 1967), SUNY Buffalo (M.A., Musicology, 1970)), SUNY Geneseo (M.L.S., 1971), and SUNY Buffalo (a.b.d. Ph.D., Musicology). He is nominated as an expert on scholarly communications and scientific publishing. He has significant National Academies committee experience.
W. Carl Lineberger
University of Colorado Boulder

Dr. Lineberger is the E.U. Condon Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and a fellow at JILA, a joint University of Colorado-NIST facility. He is a member of the NAS. He received his B.E.E., M.S.E.E., and Ph.D. from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Colorado, Dr. Lineberger held various positions including that of research physicist at the U.S. Army Ballistic Research Laboratory and chair of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics. He is nominated as a leading researcher in his field. He has served on numerous National Academies committees.
Brian C. Martinson
HealthPartners Research Foundation

Dr. Martinson is a Senior Research Investigator at Health Partners Research Foundation. He received a B.A. in Sociology from the University of Minnesota, and M.S. and Ph.D. degreees in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He has focused on studying research integrity among biomedical and social scientists to better understand determinants of ideal scientific behavior, questionable research practices, and misconduct. He is nominated as a leading expert on responsible conduct of research training and education.
Roger A. Pielke, Jr.
University of Colorado Boulder

Dr. Pielke is a Professor in the Environmental Studies Program and a Fellow of the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He received his B.A. in mathematics, M.A. in public policy, and Ph.D. in political science from the University of Colorado at Boulder. His interests include understanding the politicization of science, decision making under uncertainty, and policy education for scientists in areas such as climate change, disaster mitigation, and world trade. He is nominated as a social scientist focused on the interaction between scientists and the public. He has served on several National Academies committees.
Robert Proctor
Stanford University

Dr. Proctor is Professor of the History of Science at Stanford University. He received a Ph.D. and MS from the Department of History of Science at Harvard University, and a B.S. in Biology from Indiana University. He specializes in 20th century science, technology, and medicine, especially the history of controversy in those fields. He is nominated as a leading science historian.
Victoria Stodden
Columbia University

Dr. Stodden is Assistant Professor of Statistics at Columbia University. She serves as a member of the National Science Foundation's Advisory Committee on Cyberinfrastructure (ACCI) and is a Science Commons fellow. Dr. Stodden received a Bachelor's degree in Economics from the University of Ottawa, a Master's degree in Economics from the University of British Columbia, a Ph.D. in Statistics from Stanford University and a Master's in Legal Studies from Stanford Law School. She is nominated as a young faculty member with extensive knowledge of how new technologies are impacting the research enterprise.
Sara E. Wilson
University of Kansas

Dr. Wilson is an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at The University of Kansas. She received Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She obtained a B.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Her research interests include biomechanics and control of spinal motion, examining the risk of age-related vertebral fracures during falls and controlled activities, assessing kinematics of spinal motion in scoliosis and low back pain, and investigating position sense and proprioception in the low back. She is nominated as a young faculty member with deep interest in research ethics issues.
Paul R. Wolpe
Emory University

Dr. Wolpe is the Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Bioethics, the Raymond F. Schinazi Distinguished Research Chair in Jewish Bioethics, a Professor in the Departments of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Sociology, and the Director of the Center for Ethics at Emory University. Previously, he was at the University of Pennsylvania. He received a B.A. degree in in the sociology and psychology of religion at the University of Pennsylvania, and a Ph.D. in Medical Sociology from Yale University. He is nominated as a leading bioethicist.
Levi Wood
Massachusetts General Hospital

Dr. Wood completed the requirements for the Ph.D. degree in October 2011 (the degree will be awarded in February 2012) in the mechanical engineering department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is a postdoctoral fellow in the molecular pathology department at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). He received his B.S. in Mechanical Enginering from Oregon State University. He is nominated as a postdoctoral fellow with a deep interest in research ethics issues.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

Note (11/19/2013): There has been a change in committee membership with the resignation of Dr. Ulrike Beisiegel.

Events



Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Tom Arrison
Contact Email:  tarrison@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3755

Agenda
No open sessions
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Robert Nerem
Ann Arvin (by teleconference)
Rebecca Bergman
Moses Chan
C.K. Gunsalus
Michael Keller
Carl Lineberger
Brian Martinson
Victoria Stodden
Sara Wilson
Paul Root Wolpe
Levi Wood


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Draft report, findings, recommendations.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
November 05, 2013
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Tom Arrison
Contact Email:  tarrison@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 3755

Agenda
Meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Robert Nerem
Ann Arvin
Rebecca Bergman
Moses Chan
C.K. Gunsalus
Deborah Johnson
Michael Keller
W. Carl Lineberger
Brian Martinson
Roger A. Pielke
Jr.
Victoria Stodden
Sara Wilson
Paul Root Wolpe
Levi Wood


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Chapter drafts and outlines from drafting groups
Best practices, findings and recommendations
Plans and schedule for completing report



The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Drafts of chapters 1-4, outline of chapters 5-6

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
February 01, 2013
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Neeraj Gorkhaly
Contact Email:  ngorkhaly@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1358

Agenda
Fostering Responsible Research: A Roundtable Discussion with Societies

December 13, 2012 (Thursday)

National Academies Keck Center
500 Fifth Street, NW, Room 110
Washington, DC

AGENDA


8:30 AM Breakfast in Meeting Room

9:00 Welcome, Introductions, and Update on the Responsible Science Study (Bob Nerem)

9:20 General Perspectives on Responsible Science

10:00 Societies and Standards

10:40 Break

11:00 Society Participation in National Academies Studies

11:30 Societies and Scholarly Communication

12:30 PM Lunch

1:00 Societies and Education, Training, and Mentorship

1:40 Concluding Discussion and Possible Next Steps

2:30 Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Neeraj Gorkhaly
Contact Email:  ngorkhaly@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1358

Agenda
Committee on Responsible Science

August 14-15, 2012

National Academies Keck Center
500 Fifth Street, NW, Room 201
Washington, DC

AGENDA

Tuesday, August 14, 2012

OPEN SESSION

8:30 Chairman’s Opening Remarks

8:40 Industry Perspectives on Research Integrity-Part One

Ellen Williams, BP (by videoconference)
Gillian Woollett, Avalere Health LLC

9:45 Research Misconduct: Discovery, Reporting, and Assessing Impacts

Carolyn Phinney, Consultant-Counselor of Whistle-Blowers
Thomas Evans, Montana State University
Mary Allen, University of Colorado

11:10 Break

11:25 Institutional Perspective

Claude Canizares, MIT (by videoconference)

12:15 PM Working Lunch: Funder Perspectives

Rod Ulane, NIH
James Kroll, NSF-IG (invited)
Susan Garfinkel, ORI
Brendan Godfrey, DoD

2:15 Break

2:30 Industry Perspectives on Research Integrity-Part Two

Richard Kuntz, Medtronic
Mark Wegman, IBM

3:35 Society and Association Effort to Foster Research Integrity

Mark Frankel, AAAS
Daniel Denecke, CGS
Cathee Johnson Phillips, NPA

5:15 Adjourn to Closed Session

Wednesday, August 15

CLOSED SESSION
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Robert Nerem
Rebecca Bergman
R. Alta Charo
C.K. Gunsalus
Deborah Johnson
Michael Keller
W. Carl Lineberger
Brian Martinson
Victoria Stodden
Sara Wilson
Paul Root Wolpe



The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Issues raised during the August 14 open session. Draft report outline. Future drafting plans and assignments.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
August 21, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Neeraj Gorkhaly
Contact Email:  ngorkhaly@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1358

Agenda
Committee on Responsible Science

Palo Alto, California
July 8-10, 2012

Monday, July 9, 2012

OPEN SESSION

Location: Stanford University, Green Library
557 Escondido Mall, Room 232A (SSRC Conference Room)

8:30 Chairman’s Opening Remarks

8:45 Challenges and Tasks for Scientific Journals in Ensuring Research Integrity

Drummond Rennie, UCSF (former editor, JAMA)
Donald Kennedy, Stanford University (former editor, Science)
Philip Campbell, Nature (by videoconference)

10:30 Break

10:45 Learning from the Duke Case and the IOM Translational Omics Report

Keith Baggerly, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Gilbert Omenn, University of Michigan
Robert Califf, Duke University Medical Center (by videoconference)

12:30 PM Working Lunch: IOM Conflict of Interest study

Bernard Lo, Greenwall Foundation

2:00 Digitization and New Scientific Methods: Implications for Research Integrity

Mark Liberman, University of Pennsylvania
David Donoho, Stanford University (invited)
Sergey Fomel, University of Texas at Austin

4:00 Lessons and experiences from the project: A collegial defense against irresponsible science

Joan Sieber, California State University-East Bay

5:00 The Federal Research Misconduct Definition

Arthur Bienenstock, Stanford University

6:00 Shuttle Leaves for Restaurant

Dinner Location: Donato Enoteca
1041 Middlefield Road
Redwood City, CA 94063

6:30 Working Dinner: Perspectives on Research Integrity

Keith Yamamoto, UCSF

8:30 Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Robert Nerem
Ann Arvin
Rebecca Bergman
Moses Chan
R. Alta Charo
C.K. Gunsalus
Deborah Johnson
W. Carl Lineberger
Brian Martinson
Roger A. Pielke
Jr.
Robert Proctor
Victoria Stodden
Sara Wilson
Paul Root Wolpe
Levi Wood


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

-Completion of bias/conflict of interest discussion
-Draft report outline and next steps

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 17, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Teleconference
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Tom Arrison
Contact Email:  tarrison@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3755

Agenda
This teleconference meeting was closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Robert Nerem
Ann Arvin
Rebecca Bergman
Moses Chan
C.K. Gunsalus
Deborah Johnson
Michael Keller
Carl Lineberger
Brian Martinson
Roger Pielke
Jr.
Robert Proctor
Victoria Stodden
Sara Wilson
Paul Root Wolpe
Levi Wood

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee discussed the study plan and provided updates on small group activities.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 15, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Neeraj P. Gorkhaly
Contact Email:  ngorkhaly@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202.334.1358

Agenda
Committee on Responsible Science: First Meeting

March 19, 2012 (Monday)

The National Academies
Keck Center Room 204
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001

OPEN SESSION

1:00 PM Discussion of Study Goals with Sponsors

Joel Kupersmith, Chief Research and Development Officer, Office of Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs

Patrick Glynn, Senior Technical Policy Advisor, Office of the Deputy Director for Science Programs, Office of Science, Department of Energy

Linda Gundersen, Director, Office of Science Quality and Integrity, U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior

Allison Lerner, Inspector General, and James Kroll, Head of Administrative Investigations, Office of the Inspector General, National Science Foundation

John Galland, Director, Division of Education and Integrity, Office of Research Integrity, Department of Health and Human Services

3:00 Break

3:15 Discussion with Invited Experts

Carrie Wolinetz, Associate Vice President for Federal Relations, Association of American Universities

Heather Pierce, Senior Director, Science Policy and Regulatory Counsel, Association of American Medical Colleges

Francesca Grifo, Senior Scientist and Director, Scientific Integrity Program, Union of Concerned Scientists

Ivan Oransky, Executive Editor, Reuters Health, and Co-Founder, Retraction Watch

5:00 Comments from Other Experts and the Public (if needed)

5:30 Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Robert Nerem
Ulrike Beisiegel
Rebecca Bergman
Moses Chan
R. Alta Charo
C.K. Gunsalus
Deborah Johnson
Michael Keller
W. Carl Lineberger
Brian Martinson
Roger A. Pielke
Jr.
Victoria Stodden
Sara Wilson
Paul Root Wolpe
Levi Wood

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee members held the conflict-of-interest and bias discussion; reviewed the statement of task and scope; discussed the committee composition, study challenges and requirements, as well as additional information resources that will be needed to complete the study. The committee members also reviewed the project timeline and next steps.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 22, 2012
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office