GEOFF DAVIS is a senior researcher in the User Experience Group at Google. He earned his Ph.D. degree in applied mathematics from New York University’s Courant Institute in 1994 and has since employed his doctoral education in a variety of capacities. He has been an assistant professor in the Mathematics Department at Dartmouth College, the Texas Instruments visiting assistant professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Rice University, a researcher in the Signal Processing Group at Microsoft Research, a developer at the San Francisco-based startup company 4charity, a visiting scholar at Sigma Xi: The Scientific Research Society, and a Werthheim fellow at the Labor and Worklife Program at Harvard Law School. Dr. Davis’s mathematical research centered around representations of information, with a particular focus on wavelets and related transforms. His work on image coding led to an NSF Mathematical Sciences Postdoctoral Fellowship and the 2000 IEEE Leon K. Kirchmayer Prize Paper Award. He has had a longstanding interest in science education and policy issues. In 1997 he created the PhDs.org website, which currently receives approximately 200,000 visitors each month. He later ran the National Graduate School Survey with NAPGS and the Sigma Xi Postdoc Survey. He is also a past member of the National Bureau of Economic Research's Science and Engineering Workforce Project.
Katharine G. Frase
International Business Machines Corporation
KATHARINE G. FRASE is vice president of Industry Solutions and Emerging Business at IBM Research. Prior to this she was vice president of Technical and Business Strategy at IBM Software Group (SWG). Her team is responsible for technical strategy, business strategy, business development, standards, competitive analysis, and the application of advanced technologies across SWG. Prior to this role, she was vice president of technology at IBM where she was responsible for technical resources, recognition, assessment, and strategy across IBM. In 2006, in recognition of her distinguished contributions to engineering, she was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). Earlier IBM responsibilities included management of process development, design/modeling methodology and production for chip carrier assembly, and final test for IBM silicon products. Her research interests include mechanical properties/structural interactions in composites, high temperature superconductors, solid electrolytes (fast ionic conductors), ceramic powder synthetic methods, and ceramic packaging. She chaired an IBM/NAS workshop on lead solder reduction actions and is an ex officio member of the NRC’s Board on Assessment of National Institute of Standards and Technology Programs. She has an A.B. degree in chemistry from Bryn Mawr College, and a Ph.D. degree in materials science and engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.
Barbara M. Fraumeni
University of Southern Maine
BARBARA M. FRAUMENI is associate dean of research, chair of the Ph.D. program, and professor of public policy at the Muskie School of Public Service of the University of Southern Maine. She previously served as chief economist of the Bureau of Economic Analysis and was a research fellow of the Program on Technology and Economic Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Her areas of expertise and research interests include measurement issues and national income accounting; human and nonhuman capital, productivity, and economic growth; market and nonmarket accounts; investment in education and research and development; and measurement of highway capital stock and the real output of government by function. Currently, she serves on the National Research Council’s Panel on Measuring Higher Education Productivity. She has a B.A. degree from Wellesley College, and a Ph.D. degree from Boston College.
Richard B. Freeman
RICHARD B. FREEMAN is the Herbert Ascherman chair in economics at Harvard University. He is currently serving as faculty director of the Labor and Worklife Program at Harvard Law School. He also directs the National Bureau of Economic Research/Sloan Science Engineering Workforce Projects, and is senior research fellow in labor markets at the London School of Economics’ Centre for Economic Performance. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Science and is currently serving as a member of the AAAS Initiative for Science and Technology. He served on the study on Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. He also served on five panels of the National Academy of Sciences, including the Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists. He received the Mincer Lifetime Achievement Prize from the Society of Labor Economics in 2006. In 2007 he was awarded the IZA Prize in Labor Economics. He has a B.A. degree from Dartmouth College, and a Ph.D. degree from Harvard University.
Frederick D. Gault
United Nations University
FREDERICK D. GAULT is a professorial fellow with the United Nations University–Maastricht Economic and Social Research and Training Centre on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT). He is also a professor extraordinaire at the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) in South Africa and a member of the TUT Institute for Economic Research on Innovation (IERI). He worked with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as a member of the Management Team coordinating the OECD Innovation Strategy delivered in May 2010. Prior to joining UNU MERIT, he held a visiting fellowship at Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Ottawa and, until April 2008, he was at Statistics Canada as the director of the division responsible for the development of statistics on all aspects of science, technology, and innovation. During this time he was chair of the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) (2002 - 2008) and of the Working Party on Indicators for the Information Society (WPIIS) (1997 - 2002). Before joining Statistics Canada, he was senior lecturer in theoretical physics at the University of Durham in the U.K. He has a Ph.D. degree in theoretical physics and a B.Sc. degree in economics from the University of London. He served on the CNSTAT Panel to Review Research and Development Statistics at the National Science Foundation.
Natural Resources Defense Council
DAVID GOLDSTON is a visiting lecturer at the Harvard University Center for the Environment and director of government affairs at the National Resource Defense Council. Previously, he held a one-year appointment as a lecturer in the Science, Technology, and Environment Program at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He also writes the monthly column “Party of One” on Congress and science policy for the journal Nature. From 2001 through 2006, he was the chief of staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, which has jurisdiction over much of the federal research and development budget. He was also a key player in most environmental debates in the House from 1995, when he became legislative director to Representative Sherwood Boehlert of New York, until the end of 2006, when he retired from government service. He has a B.A. degree in American history from Cornell University, and has completed the course work for a Ph.D. degree in U.S. history at the University of Pennsylvania. He is a member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Academies and a member of the Committee to Organize a Workshop on Measuring Economic and Other Returns on Federal Research Investments under the STEP Board. He served on the CNSTAT Panel on Modernizing the Infrastructure of the NSF Federal Funds for R&D Survey.
University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School of
MICHAEL MANDEL is a senior fellow at the Mack Center for Technological Innovation at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. Until 2009 he was chief economist at Business Week, where he won multiple awards for his stories on the U.S. and global economies. His particular areas of expertise include the link between innovation and growth, and the inability of the official economic statistics to properly measure today's economy. He is a senior fellow at both Wharton’s Mack Center for Technological Innovation and the Progressive Policy Institute in Washington, DC. He has written several books, including an introductory economics text, Economics: The Basics. He has a Ph.D. degree in economics from Harvard University.
John E. Rolph
University of Southern California
JOHN E. ROLPH is a professor emeritus of statistics at the Marshall School of Business of the University of Southern California, where he also holds appointments in the mathematics department and the law school. Previously, he spent 24 years as a statistician at the RAND Corporation, 12 of them as head of the statistical research and consulting group. His areas of expertise include statistics and public policy and empirical Bayes estimation. He served as a member of the National Research Council’s (NRC) Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) and as chair of the committee from 1998 to 2004; he has also served on the NRC Committee on Law and Justice. He has served on several NRC panels, on topics including ballistic imaging, statistical and operational test design in defense systems, methods for assessing discrimination, and decennial census methodology. He is an elected member of the International Statistical Institute, a fellow of the American Statistical Association, a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and a lifetime national associate of the National Academies. He is a past editor of CHANCE magazine and has served in many other editorial capacities. He has A.B. and Ph.D. degrees in statistics from the University of California, Berkeley.
SYSTAT Software, Inc.
LELAND WILKINSON is the executive vice president of SYSTAT Software Inc., adjunct professor of statistics at Northwestern University, and adjunct professor of computer science at the University of Illinois Chicago. He wrote the SYSTAT statistical package and founded SYSTAT Inc. in 1984. After the company grew to 50 employees, he sold SYSTAT to SPSS and worked there for 10 years on research and development of visualization systems. SPSS eventually sold SYSTAT to Cranes Software International and then he rejoined SYSTAT in 2008. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association, an elected member of the International Statistical Institute, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has won Best Speaker Award at the National Computer Graphics Association and the Youden Prize for best expository paper in the statistics journal Technometrics. He has served on the Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics of the National Research Council and has been vice-chair of the board of the National Institute of Statistical Sciences (NISS). In addition to authoring journal articles, the original SYSTAT computer program and manuals, and patents in visualization and distributed analytic computing, he is the author (with Grant Blank and Chris Gruber) of Desktop Data Analysis with SYSTAT and The Grammar of Graphics. He has an A.B. degree from Harvard University, an S.T.B. degree from Harvard Divinity School, and a Ph.D. degree in psychology from Yale University.