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Project Information

Project Information


Progress, Challenges, And Opportunities For Converting U.S. And Russian Research Reactors From Highly Enriched To Low Enriched Uranium Fuel


Project Scope:

The U.S. National Academies and Russian Academy of Sciences will organize a joint symposium to discuss progress, challenges, and opportunities for conversion of research reactors from highly enriched uranium to low enriched uranium fuel. The symposium will address the following topics:

 

·         Recent progress on conversion of research reactors, with a focus on U.S.- and Russian-origin reactors.

·         Lessons learned for overcoming conversion challenges, increasing the effectiveness of research reactor use, and enabling new reactor missions. 

·         Future research reactor conversion plans, challenges, and opportunities.

·         Actions that could be taken by U.S. and Russian organizations to promote conversion.

 

 

 

Status: Completed

PIN: DELS-NRSB-09-01

Project Duration (months): 12 month(s)

RSO: Crowley, Kevin

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board

Topic(s):

Conflict and Security Issues
Engineering and Technology
Math, Chemistry, and Physics
Policy for Science and Technology



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 10/27/2010

Richard A. Meserve - (Chair)
Carnegie Institution for Science

Richard A. Meserve (NAE) was appointed the ninth president of the Carnegie Institution for Science in December 2002. Dr. Meserve was the chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) from October 1999 until March 2003 when he assumed the Carnegie presidency. He is currently senior of counsel in the Washington, D.C. law firm of Covington & Burling, where he was a partner before joining the USNRC. He devoted his legal practice to technical issues arising in environmental and toxic tort litigation, counseling scientific societies and high-tech companies, and nuclear licensing. Dr. Meserve also served as an adviser to the President’s Science and Technology Advisor from 1977-81, and as a law clerk to Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and Judge Benjamin Kaplan of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Among other affiliations, he is a member of the American Philosophical Society, and an elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and the American Physical Society. He serves on the Board of Directors of the AAAS and has served as chairman or a member of numerous committees of the National Academies, including the Science, Technology and Law Program Panel in 2003, the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems in 1999, the Board on Radioactive Waste Management from 2004-2005, and the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board from 2006 to the present. He also was chair of the Committee on Upgrading Russian Capabilities for Controlling Highly Enriched Uranium and Plutonium. He received his bachelor’s degree from Tufts University in 1966, a law degree from Harvard in 1975, and his Ph.D. degree in applied physics from Stanford in 1976. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2003.
David J. Diamond
Brookhaven National Laboratory

David J. Diamond is Chief Scientist in the Nuclear Science and Technology Department at Brookhaven National Laboratory. He is also acting leader of the Nuclear Analysis Group. He has extensive experience in nuclear reactor safety, primarily through his work for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). He has also worked on safety issues with regulatory bodies in more than a half dozen countries as well as the International Atomic Energy Agency. His technical contributions are through the application of neutronics and thermal-hydraulics models, and the combining of deterministic and statistical analyses. The applications have been to problems in light

and heavy water power and non-power reactors. For research and test reactors (RTRs) he has led a team providing support in reactor analysis and other disciplines for the research reactor at the NIST Center for Neutron Research. The team also provides support to the USNRC staff responsible for RTR licensing. An example of the latter work has been the review of the safety reports for conversion (HEU to LEU fuel) of the NRC licensed university reactors. He has been asked to chair various international panels addressing safety issues. Dr. Diamond has been asked to chair various international panels addressing safety issues. Dr. Diamond received his PhD from M.I.T., is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) and a recipient of the ANS’ Tommy Thompson Award recognizing contributions to nuclear installation safety.

James L. Snelgrove
Argonne National Laboratory

James L. (Jim) Snelgrove received his B.S. in physics from Tennessee Technological University in 1964 and his M.S. in physics in 1966 and Ph.D. in experimental nuclear physics in 1968 from Michigan State University. He then joined Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), from which he retired as senior physicist in February 2007. During his first ten years, he worked in the areas of fast reactor critical experiments and test reactor analysis and design. He worked on the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) program from its inception in 1978 until he retired, mainly in the areas of high-density fuel and Mo-99 target development and testing. He led the fuel development and testing effort from late 1981 until mid-2004 and coordinated the program’s collaboration on fuel development with the Russian RERTR program from 1996 until his retirement. From 2005 through 2008, he coordinated the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) effort to produce a document on “Good Practices for Qualification of High Density LEU Research Reactor Fuels,” which was published as a Nuclear Energy Series document in 2009. Since late 2009, he has been coordinating preparation of another IAEA document on the properties of uranium molybdenum alloy research reactor fuels. Currently he works part time at ANL for the RERTR program as a senior advisor for research reactor fuels, and he occasionally consults with agencies and companies around the world in the area of research reactor fuel development and qualification.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

Note: The NRC committee whose membership is presented above will plan and conduct the symposium as a joint activity with a counterpart committee appointed by the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). The names, affiliations, and bio-sketches of the RAS committee members are available upon request to the NRC project staff via the “Feedback” function at the top of this page.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Erin Wingo
Contact Email:  ewingo@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3066

Agenda
n/a
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Richard Meserve
Jim Snelgrove
David Diamond

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

report content and style

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

draft report

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 01, 2011
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Moscow, Russia
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Erin Wingo
Contact Email:  ewingo@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3066

Agenda
June 6, Monday

Meet in lobby of the Marriott Tverskaya for transportation to Obninsk

Tour of research reactor at Karpov Scientific Research Institute of Physical Chemistry (Obninsk)

Return to hotel

(Exact times TBA)

June 7, Tuesday

Meet in lobby of the Marriott Tverskaya for transportation to Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering

Tour of research reactor at Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering

Return to hotel

(Exact times TBA)


June 8, Wednesday

SESSION 1: WELCOME, PURPOSES, AND TASKS OF SYMPOSIUM

10:00 Welcome and opening remarks
Academician N.G. Laverov, the co-chair of symposium (Russian Academy of Sciences)

10:10 Welcome from Rosatom
S.V. Kiriyenko (Rosatom)

10:25 Welcome from Russian Federation Ministries of Formation and Science
S.N. Mazurenko (Ministries of Formation and Science)

10:40 Tasks and purpose of symposium
Richard Meserve, co-chair of symposium, USA

COFFEE BREAK (11:00 – 11:20)

11:20 Keynote briefing: Non-proliferation and the reduction of commercial traffic in HEU
P. Adelfang (International Atomic Energy Agency)

12:00 Types, purposes and conversion potential of Russian origin research reactors
U.G. Dragunov (NIKIET)

12:30 Challenges associated with converting reactors to low enriched fuel: history
and prospects
N.V. Archangelsky (Rosatom)

LUNCH (1:00 – 2:30 pm)

2:30 Welcome from U.S. Department of Energy
T. D’Agostino (U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration)

2:40 Types, purposes and conversion potential of U.S. origin research reactors
J. Roglans (Argonne National Lab)


SESSION 2: OVERVIEW OF TECHNICAL CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH CONVERSION AND POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS

Panel 2.1: Technical challenges associated with conversion and potential solutions

3:00 LEU fuel design for research reactors
D. Wachs (Idaho National Laboratory)

3:20 Reduced enrichment in research reactors: Current status and prospects
U.S. Cherepnin (NIKIET)

3:40 Core modifications (U.S. viewpoint)
J. Stevens (Argonne National Lab)

4:00 Core modifications (Russian viewpoint)
I.T. Tretyakov (NIKIET)

COFFEE BREAK (4:20 – 4:40)

4:40 Maintaining performance and missions (U.S. viewpoint)
J.Roglans (Argonne National Lab)

5:00 Maintaining performance and missions (Russian viewpoint)
M.N. Svyatkin (NINAR)

5:20 Discussion and question and answer period
Led by James Snelgrove, Committee member

6:00 Closing remarks

6:30 Transportation to hotel provided.

Optional dinner upon return to hotel, Location TBA.

June 9, Thursday

SESSION 2: OVERVIEW OF TECHNICAL CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH CONVERSION AND POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS, CONTINUED

Panel 2.2: Other technical challenges associated with conversion

10:00 Aging and obsolescence of research reactors
Hans-Joachim Roegler (Siemens, ret.)

10:15 Aging and obsolescence of research reactors
E.P. Ryazantzev (Kurchatov Institute)

10:30 Regulatory challenges (U.S. viewpoint)
A. Adams (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission)

10:45 Regulatory challenges (Russian viewpoint)
V.S. Bezzubtzev (ROSTEXNADZOP)

11:00 Challenges posed by research reactors that cannot be converted (U.S. viewpoint)
J. Chamberlin (U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration)

11:15 Challenges posed by research reactors that cannot be converted (Russian viewpoint)
A.V. Zrodnikov (FEI)

COFFEE BREAK (11:30 – 11:50)

11:50 Discussion and question and answer period
Led by Valentin Ivanov, Committee Member

Panel 2.3: How challenges associated with previously converted reactors were overcome

12:20 Experience with solutions to conversion challenges (U.S. viewpoint)
J. Matos (Argonne National Lab)

12:40 Experience with solutions to conversion challenges (Russian viewpoint)
U.S. Cherepnin (NIKIET)

LUNCH (1:00 – 2:30)

2:30 Discussion and question and answer period
Led by Robert Bari, consultant to the committee


SESSION 3: TECHNICAL CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH CONVERSION OF SPECIFIC U.S. AND RUSSIAN REACTORS (CASE STUDIES)

Panel 3.1: Converting two U.S. reactors

3:00 Challenges associated with the conversion of American reactor MITR
T. Newton (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

3:20 Challenges associated with the conversion of American reactor HIFR
D. Cook (Oak Ridge National Lab)

3:40 Discussion and Question and Answer period
Led by Richard Meserve, U.S. Chair


COFFEE BREAK (4:00 – 4:20)

Panel 3.1: Converting Two Russian Reactors of the six intended for conversion under the recent U.S.-Russian agreement

4:20 Concrete challenges and solutions
A.L. Injutov (NINIAR)

4:40 Classification of reactors according to type of decided tasks
V.A Pavshuk (Kurchatov Institute)

5:00 Discussion and question and answer period
Led by Nikolay Laverov, R.F. Chair

Panel 3.2: Converting Training Research Reactors

5:20 Conversion of the U.S. training research reactors
P. Wilson (University of Wisconsin, Madison)

5:40 Problems with conversion of reactor IR-8
V.A. Nasonov (Kurchatov Institute)

6:00 Challenges associated with converting training research reactor MIFI
E. F. Kruchkov (MIFI)

6:20 Challenges associated with converting training research reactor TPU
(Tomsk)
U.A. Tzibulnikov (TPU)

6:40 Discussion and Question and Answer period
Led by Anatoly Zrodnikov, Committee member


June 10, Friday

SESSION 4: FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONVERSION (continued)

10:00 Estimation of the risks of the propagation of fissionable elements with the operation of the research reactors
A.N. Chebeskov (FEI)

10:20 Estimation of risk for research reactors
B. Bari (Brookhaven National Lab)

10:40 Desires of reactor users and the future tasks which cannot be solved today on the existing types of the research reactors
A.V. Zrodnikov (FEI)

11:00 Design and engineering of future LEU fuel for research reactors: Application to Jules Horowitz Reactor project
P. Lemoine (Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique, France)

COFFEE BREAK (11:20 – 11:40)

11:40 Discussion and question and answer period
Led by Boris Myasoedov, Committee member

12:10 Discussion of the actions which Russian and American organizations could undertake for the realization of the conversion of research reactors

12:40 Summary of symposium results
Richard Meserve, co-chair (U.S.)
Nikolai Laverov, co-chair (Russia)

1:00 Adjourn symposium

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Erin Wingo
Contact Email:  ewingo@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202/334-3066

Agenda
10:00 am Welcome, Introductions, and Objectives for the Open Session
Richard Meserve, U.S. Chair (host) and Nikolay Laverov, Russian Chair

10:15 am The U.S. Department of Energy’s Efforts in Conversion of Research Reactors from HEU to LEU and Objectives for the NAS/RAS Project
Jeffrey Chamberlin, Deputy Director, Office of European and African Threat Reduction
U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Energy
• Status of Conversions
• Objectives for the symposium

10:45 am Questions and Discussion

11:15 am Challenges for Research Reactor Conversion
Jim Matos, Argonne National Laboratory

11:45 pm Questions and Discussion

WORKING LUNCH (available at 12:15 pm in the meeting room.)

12:30 pm Technical Challenges for Conversion of U.S. High-Performance Reactors
John Stevens
Argonne National Laboratory
• Current barriers to conversion
• Likely extent of performance penalty
• Applications precluded by performance penalty

1:00 pm Questions and Discussion

1:30 pm Status of and Challenges for LEU Fuel Development Program
Daniel Wachs, Global Threat Reduction Initiative Technical Lead for Fuel Development
Idaho National Laboratory (Invited)
• Overview of fuel technologies under development to address remaining barriers to conversion for remaining research reactors in U.S. and Russia
• Status of and remaining science and engineering challenges for this effort

2:00 pm Questions and Discussion

2:30 pm Technical Challenges for Conversion of the NIST Reactor
Sean O’Kelly, Chief, Reactor Operations and Engineering
National Institute for Standards and Technology
• Current barriers to conversion for NIST reactor
• Likely extent of performance penalty for NIST reactor
• Applications precluded by performance penalty for NIST reactor

3:00 pm Research Reactors in Russia: Status and Prospects for Reducing the Fuel Enrichment
Valentin Ivanov, Russian Academy of Sciences*

3:30 pm Opportunity for Public Comment

3:45 pm Adjourn Open Session

*Note: Dr. Ivanov presentation was a last minute addition to the agenda during the meeting.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Richard Meserve
David Diamond
James Snelgrove
Boris Myasoedov
Valentin Ivanov
Yuri Shiyan

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discussed presentations made during open session and logistical and scheduling plans for upcoming symposium.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

RERTR Internation Meeting on Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors Technical Programs, 2008-2010, IAEA International List of Research Reactors (see PAF)

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 02, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office