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Project Information

Project Information


Research Universities and the Future of America


Project Scope:

An ad hoc committee will author a consensus report with findings and recommendations that answers the question: “What are the top ten actions that Congress, the federal government, state governments, research universities, and others could take to assure the ability of the American research university to maintain the excellence in research and doctoral education needed to help the United States compete, prosper, and achieve national goals for health, energy, the environment, and security in the global community of the 21st century?”

 

The study committee will, in carrying out its work, focus on:

 

·         Research and doctoral programs carried out by research universities and associated medical centers;

·         Basic and applied research in research universities, along with collaborative research programs with other components of the research enterprise (e.g., national and federal laboratories, federally-funded research and development centers, and corporate research laboratories);

·         Doctoral education and, to the extent necessary, the pathways to graduate education and research careers; and

·         Fields of study and research that are critical to helping the United States compete, prosper, and achieve national goals for health, energy, the environment, and security, with a focus on science, engineering, and medicine.

 

In carrying out this charge, the study committee will, in addition to other tasks it identifies:

 

·         describe and assess the historical development, current status, trends, and societal impact of research universities and the “ecosystem” of this set of institutions in the United States, placing these institutions in the context of the nation's research, innovation, and industrial enterprises and the nation's system of higher education;

 

·         assess the organizational, financial, and intellectual capacity of public and private research universities in the United States, including reference to research universities internationally to the extent possible with existing data; and

 

·         envision the mission and organization of these diverse institutions 10-20 years into the future and the steps needed to get there.

Status: Completed

PIN: PGA-BHEW-09-01

Project Duration (months): 26 month(s)

RSO: Henderson, Peter

Topic(s):

Education
Industry and Labor
Policy for Science and Technology



Geographic Focus:
North America

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 07/01/2010

Charles O. Holliday, Jr. - (Chair)
Bank of America

CHARLES O. "CHAD" HOLLIDAY [NAE] is former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont) and is now Chairman of the Board of Bank of America.. Prior to becoming DuPont’s CEO on February 1, 1998, and chairman on January 1, 1999, Mr. Holliday rose through manufacturing positions; led DuPont’s global Nomex® and Kevlar® businesses; and, from 1990 until 1997, served in a series of leadership positions in Asia culminating with his appointment as chairman of Asia Pacific. He was elected president of DuPont in 1997. Holliday started at DuPont in the summer of 1970 at the company's Old Hickory site after receiving a bachelor of science degree in Industrial Engineering from the University of Tennessee. He is a licensed professional engineer. Holliday is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering, and he is past chairman of the Business Roundtable's Task Force for Environment, Technology and Economy; the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD); The Business Council; and the Society of Chemical Industry–American Section. Holliday serves on the board of directors of Deere & Co. and is chair of the board of directors of Catalyst. In addition, he is chairman emeritus of the Council on Competitiveness and is a founding member of the International Business Council. He is currently a member of the NRC Committee on America’s Climate Choices and was a member of the Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century which authored Rising Above the Gathering Storm.
Peter C. Agre
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

PETER AGRE is Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Director of the Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute. In 1970, Agre earned his bachelor's degree in chemistry from Augsburg College. He received his medical doctorate from Johns Hopkins in 1974. From 1975 to 1978 he completed his clinical training in Internal Medicine at Case Western University’s Case Medical Center. In 1981, after post-graduate medical training and then a fellowship at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Agre returned to Hopkins, where he progressed through the ranks of the departments of medicine and cell biology. In 1993, he was recruited by then-department director Daniel Lane, Ph.D., to become a professor in the department of biological chemistry. He then served as the Vice Chancellor for science and technology at Duke University Medical Center where he guided the development of Duke's biomedical research. In 2008, he took his current position at Johns Hopkins. Agre was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences in 2000 and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003. He holds two U.S. patents on the isolation, cloning and expression of aquaporins 1 and 5 and is the principal investigator on four current National Institutes of Health grants. He was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The Academy recognized him for his laboratory's 1991 discovery of the long-sought "channels" that regulate and facilitate water molecule transport through cell membranes, a process essential to all living organisms. He is a member of the Committee on Human Rights of the NAS, NAE, and IOM. In February 2009, Agre was inducted as the 169th President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Enriqueta C. Bond
Burroughs Wellcome Fund

ENRIQUETA BOND [IOM] served, from 1994 to 2008, as the first full time President of the Burroughs Wellcome Fund (BWF), a private, independent foundation dedicated to advancing the medical sciences by supporting research and other scientific and educational activities. During her presidency Dr. Bond guided BWF in its transition from a corporate to a private independent foundation and its endowment grew from $400 million to $800 million. Prior to joining the BWF, Dr. Bond served as the Chief Executive Officer for the Institute of Medicine. In 1997, Dr. Bond was elected as a full member to the Institute of Medicine. In 2004, she was elected as a fellow to the American Association for the Advancement of Science for her distinguished contributions to the study and analysis of policy for the advancement of the health sciences. Dr. Bond is Chairman of the NRC’s Board on African Science Academy Development and a member of the Forum on Microbial Threats. She is a past member of the Report Review Committee as well as numerous other study committees. Dr. Bond is the recipient of numerous honors, including the 2008 Order of the Long Leaf Pine award from the state of North Carolina. This is the highest honor the governor can bestow on a citizen and was awarded to Dr. Bond for her efforts to improve science education for children of North Carolina. She has also received the Institute of Medicine Walsh McDermott Medal, in recognition of distinguished service to the National Academies, and the National Academy of Sciences Professional Staff Award. She received her bachelor’s degree from Wellesley College, her M.A. from the University of Virginia, and her Ph.D. in molecular biology and biochemical genetics from Georgetown University.
C. W. Chu
University of Houston

C.W. "PAUL" CHU [NAS] is T.L.L. Temple Chair of Science and professor of physics at the University of Houston and served from 2001 to 2009 as president of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Chu was born in Hunan, China, and received his bachelor of science from Cheng-Kung University in Taiwan. After service with the Nationalist Chinese Air Force, he earned his master of science from Fordham University and his doctorate at the University of California at San Diego. All three degrees were in physics. Chu is a pioneer in the field of high-temperature superconductivity whose groundbreaking research has earned him global recognition. After two years of industrial research with Bell Laboratories, Chu took an academic appointment at Cleveland State University. He stayed there for nine years. He assumed his appointment at the University of Houston in 1979. At various times, he has served as a consultant and a visiting staff member at Bell Labs, Los Alamos National Lab, the Marshall Space Flight Center, Argonne National Lab and DuPont. He is the founding director of the Texas Center for Superconductivity at UH and serves as the center’s senior science adviser. Chu is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Academia Sinica and the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World. He also was elected a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Engineering. Chu has received numerous awards, including the 1988 National Medal of Science, the highest honor possible for a scientist in the United States, for his work on high-temperature superconductivity. The White House appointed Chu to be among 12 distinguished scientists who will evaluate National Medal of Science nominees. He also has been awarded the Bernd Matthias Prize and the John Fritz Medal, which he holds with science and engineering icons such as Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison.
Francisco G. Cigarroa, M.D.
The University of Texas System

FRANCISCO G. CIGARROA [IOM] was appointed the 10th chancellor of The University of Texas System by the UT System Board of Regents on Jan. 9, 2009. He began his service as the UT System’s chief administrative officer on Feb. 2, 2009. As chancellor, Dr. Cigarroa oversees one of the largest public systems of higher education in the nation, with nine universities and six health institutions, an annual operating budget of $11.5 billion (FY 2009), including $2.5 billion in sponsored programs funded by federal, state, local and private sources, and more than 194,000 students and 84,000 employees. Dr. Cigarroa also serves as vice chairman for policy on the Board of Directors of The University of Texas Investment Management Co. (UTIMCO). A nationally renowned pediatric and transplant surgeon, Dr. Cigarroa served as president of the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio from 2000 until his appointment as chancellor. A native of Laredo, Dr. Cigarroa earned a bachelor’s degree from Yale in 1979 and received his medical degree with highest honors from UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas in 1983. He has completed 12 years of postgraduate training. He was chief resident at Harvard’s teaching hospital, Massachusetts General in Boston, and completed a fellowship at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. In 1995, he joined the UT Health Science Center faculty in San Antonio. Dr. Cigarroa was on the surgical team that in 1997 split a donor liver for transplant into two recipients; it was the first operation of its type in Texas. In 2000, he headed the team that performed South Texas’ first successful pediatric small bowel transplant. Immediately prior to his appointment as president, he served as director of pediatric surgery. He serves on the medical staffs of University Hospital, CHRISTUS Santa Rosa Hospital-Downtown, CHRISTUS Santa Rosa Children's Hospital, CHRISTUS Santa Rosa Hospital-Medical Center and the Baptist Health System, and as a consultant at Methodist Children's Hospital. A member of the Institute of Medicine of The National Academies, Dr. Cigarroa is a Fellow of the American College of Surgery and a Diplomate of the American Board of Surgery and has received a certificate in pediatric surgery from the American Board of Surgery. He is an accomplished researcher who has published scientific papers on principles of surgery in infants and children. His many professional affiliations include the American Medical Association, Texas Medical Association and Bexar County Medical Society. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the Greater San Antonio Chamber of Commerce, the San Antonio Hispanic Chamber of Commerce and United Way of San Antonio and Bexar County.
James J. Duderstadt
University of Michigan

JAMES DUDERSTADT [NAE] is President Emeritus and University Professor of Science and Engineering at the University of Michigan. After a year as an Atomic Energy Commission Postdoctoral Fellow at Caltech, he joined the faculty of the University of Michigan in 1968 in the Department of Nuclear Engineering, rising through the ranks to full professor in 1975. In 1981, Dr. Duderstadt became Dean of the College of Engineering and, in 1986, Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs in 1986. He was elected President of the University of Michigan in 1988 and served in this role until July, 1996. He currently holds a university-wide faculty appointment as University Professor of Science and Engineering, co-chairing the University’s program in Science, Technology, and Public Policy and directing the Millennium Project, a research center exploring the impact of over-the-horizon technologies on society. During his career, Dr. Duderstadt has received numerous national awards for his research, teaching, and service activities, including the E. O. Lawrence Award for excellence in nuclear research, the Arthur Holly Compton Prize for outstanding teaching, the Reginald Wilson Award for national leadership in achieving diversity, and the National Medal of Technology for exemplary service to the nation. He has been elected to numerous honorific societies including the National Academy of Engineering, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Phi Beta Kappa, and Tau Beta Pi. Dr. Duderstadt is a past chair of the National Science Board and was a member of the National Commission on the Future of Higher Education (The “Spellings Commission”). He is a current member of the NRC’s Policy and Global Affairs Committee and a former member of COSEPUP. He chaired a series of COSEPUP studies providing observations on the President’s annual federal science and technology budgets and chaired or served on numerous other Academies’ committees. Dr. Duderstadt received a B.Eng. in electrical engineering with highest honors from Yale University in 1964 and a M.S. and Ph.D. in engineering science and physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1967.
Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Cornell University

RONALD G. EHRENBERG is the Irving M. Ives Professor of Industrial and Labor Relations and Economics at Cornell University and a Stephen H. Weiss Presidential Fellow, the highest award for undergraduate teaching that exists at Cornell. He also is Director of the Cornell Higher Education Research Institute and is an elected member of the Cornell Board of Trustees (effective July 1, 2006). In May, 2009, Governor Paterson nominated him for membership on the SUNY Board of Trustees. From July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1998 he also served as Cornell's Vice President for Academic Programs, Planning and Budgeting. Ehrenberg is a founding member of the National Academy of Social Insurance (Unemployment Insurance section), a National Associate of the National Academies, a member of the National Academy of Education, a fellow of the Society of Labor Economists, a fellow of the TIAA-CREF Institute, and a fellow of the American Education Research Association. He is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a research fellow at IZA (Berlin), was a member of the Executive Committee of the American Economic Association, chaired the AAUP Committees on Retirement and the Economic Status of the Profession, and is Past President of the Society of Labor Economists. He also chaired the NRC’s Board of Higher Education and Workforce, served on its committee on Gender Differences in the Careers of Science, Engineering and Mathematics Faculty, and serves on its committee studying the measurement of productivity in higher education. He is the author of Tuition Rising: Why College Costs So Much (Harvard University Press, 2002); a coauthor of Educating Scholars: Doctoral Education in the Humanities (Princeton University Press, (2010), the editor of American University: National Treasure or Endangered Species (Cornell University Press, 1997), Governing Academia (Cornell University Press, 2004), What’s Happening to Public Higher Education? (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007), and the co-editor of Science and the University (University of Wisconsin Press, 2007) and Doctoral Education and the Faculty of the Future (Cornell University Press, 2008). Ehrenberg has supervised the dissertations of 41 Ph.D. students and served on committees for countless more. He is also passionate about undergraduate education, involves undergraduate students in his research, and has co-authored papers with a number of these undergraduates. In 2003, ILR-Cornell awarded him the General Mills Foundation Award for Exemplary Undergraduate Teaching. Ehrenberg received a B.A. in mathematics from Harpur College (SUNY Binghamton) in 1966, M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from Northwestern University in 1970, and an Honorary Doctor of Science from SUNY in 2008.
Bill Frist
Vanderbilt University

WILLIAM FRIST, JR., is both a nationally recognized heart and lung transplant surgeon and former U.S. Senate Majority Leader. He is currently University Distinguished Professor of Health Care at Vanderbilt University and a partner at Cressey & Company LP, a private investment firm focused on the healthcare industry. He recently served as the Frederick H. Schultz Class of 1951 Visiting Professor of International Economic Policy at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Senator Frist majored in health policy as an undergradute at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs before graduating with honors from Harvard Medical School and completing surgical training at Massachusetts General Hospital and Stanford. As the founder and Director of the Vanderbilt Multi-Organ Transplant Center, he has performed over 150 heart and lung transplants. He has authored over 100 peer-reviewed medical articles and chapters, over 400 newspaper articles, and seven books on topics such as bioterrorism, transplantation, and leadership. He is board certified in both general and heart surgery. Dr. Frist represented Tennessee in the U.S. Senate for 12 years where he served on both committees responsible for writing health legislation (Health and Finance). He was elected Majority Leader of the Senate, having served fewer total years in Congress than any person chosen to lead that body in history. His leadership was instrumental in passage of prescription drug legislation and funding to fight HIV at home and globally.
William D. Green
Accenture

WILLIAM GREEN is chairman & CEO of Accenture, a US$21.6 billion global management consulting, technology services and outsourcing company. In addition to chairing the board of directors, Mr. Green is responsible for managing the company, formulating and executing long-term strategies and for all interactions with clients, employees, investors and other stakeholders. Mr. Green is Accenture’s primary decision maker and policy maker, setting the tone for the company’s values, ethics and culture. He has served on Accenture’s board of directors since its inception in 2001. Mr. Green joined Accenture in 1977 and became a partner in 1986. Mr. Green represents Accenture in a number of external venues, including the Business Roundtable, where he serves as chairman of its Education, Innovation and Workforce Initiative, and as chairman of The Springboard Project, an independent commission on workforce issues. He is a member of the Business Higher Education Forum. He attended Dean College and is a member of its Board of Trustees. He received a bachelor of science degree in economics and a master of business administration from Babson College, as well as an honorary doctor of laws.
John L. Hennessy
Stanford University

JOHN L. HENNESSY [NAS/NAE] is President of Stanford University. He joined Stanford’s faculty in 1977 as an assistant professor of electrical engineering. He rose through the academic ranks to full professorship in 1986 and was the inaugural Willard R. and Inez Kerr Bell Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from 1987 to 2004. From 1983 to 1993, Dr. Hennessy was director of the Computer Systems Laboratory, a research and teaching center operated by the Departments of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science that fosters research in computer systems design. A pioneer in computer architecture, in 1981 Dr. Hennessy drew together researchers to focus on a computer architecture known as RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer), a technology that has revolutionized the computer industry by increasing performance while reducing costs. In addition to his role in basic research, Dr. Hennessy helped transfer this technology to industry. In 1984, he cofounded MIPS Computer Systems, now MIPS Technologies, which designs microprocessors. In recent years, his research has focused on the architecture of high-performance computers. He served as chair of computer science from 1994 to 1996 and, in 1996, was named dean of the School of Engineering. In 1999, he was named provost, the university’s chief academic and financial officer. As provost, he continued his efforts to foster interdisciplinary activities in the biosciences and bioengineering and oversaw improvements in faculty and staff compensation. In October 2000, he was inaugurated as Stanford University’s 10th president. In 2005, he became the inaugural holder of the Bing Presidential Professorship. Dr. Hennessy is a recipient of the 2000 IEEE John von Neumann Medal, the 2000 ASEE Benjamin Garver Lamme Award, the 2001 ACM Eckert-Mauchly Award, the 2001 Seymour Cray Computer Engineering Award, a 2004 NEC C&C Prize for lifetime achievement in computer science and engineering and a 2005 Founders Award from the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences, and he is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Association for Computing Machinery, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He is currently a member of the NRC’s Board on Global Science and Technology and the Co-Chair of the Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security. Dr. Hennessy earned his bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Villanova University and his master’s and doctoral degrees in computer science from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
Walter E. Massey
School of the Art Institute of Chicago

WALTER E. MASSEY is the former president of Morehouse College and recently retired chairman of the board of Bank of America. Immediately prior to Morehouse, Massey was provost and senior vice president for academic affairs at the University of California. In this position, the second most senior position in the UC system, he was responsible for academic and research planning and policy, budget planning and allocations, and programmatic oversight of the three national laboratories the University manages for the Department of Energy: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Earlier, Massey held a range of administrative and academic positions. He is former director of the National Science Foundation, a position to which he was appointed by former President George H.W. Bush. Massey also served as vice president for research and professor of physics at the University of Chicago, as director of the Argonne National Laboratory, dean of the College and professor of physics at Brown University and as assistant professor of physics at the University of Illinois. Massey is a past chair of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) and a former member of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He is a Fellow and past president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a Fellow and past vice president of the American Physical Society, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society and the Council on Foreign Relations. Massey’s research has involved the study of quantum liquids and solids. His written work has also addressed science and math education, the role of science in a democratic society, and university-industry interactions and technology transfer in national and international settings. He is the recipient of more than 30 honorary degrees from institutions such as Yale University, Northwestern University, Amherst and the Ohio State University, Massey holds a bachelor of science in physics and mathematics in 1958 from Morehouse and a master’s and doctorate in physics in 1966 from Washington University in St. Louis, MO.
Burton J. McMurtry
Technology Venture Investors

BURTON J. MCMURTRY has been a Silicon Valley venture capital investor since 1969. He co-founded several venture capital partnerships, including Technology Venture Investors (TVI) and Institutional Venture Associates. Portfolio companies included Adaptec, Altera, Compaq, Intuit, KLA-Tencor, Linear Technology Corporation, Microsoft, NBI, Nellcor, PMC Sierra, Quantum, ROLM Corporation, SpectraLink, Sun Microsystems, Synopsys, Triad Systems Corporation, VeriFone, and Visio. Mr. McMurtry formerly chaired the board of trustees of Stanford University and served as a trustee of Rice University and of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. He served as chairman of the National Venture Capital Association and of the Western Association of Venture Capitalists. From 1957 until 1969 he worked for GTE-Sylvania in microwave and laser research and engineering. A native of Houston, Texas, he holds BA and BSEE degrees from Rice University and MS and PhD degrees in electrical engineering from Stanford University.
Ernest J. Moniz
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

ERNEST MONIZ is the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems, Director of the Energy Initiative, and Director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has served on the faculty since 1973. Dr. Moniz served as Under Secretary of the Department of Energy from 1997 until January 2001 and, from 1995 to 1997, as Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President. At DOE, he had oversight of the science and energy programs, led a comprehensive review of nuclear weapons stockpile stewardship, and served as the Secretary’s special negotiator for Russian nuclear materials disposition programs. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and received the 1998 Seymour Cray HPCC Industry Recognition Award for vision and leadership in advancing scientific simulation. He has served on several NRC committees, includiung the Committee on Evaluation of Quantification of Margins and Uncertainty (QMU) Methodology Applied to the Certification of the Nation's Nuclear Weapons Stockpile and the Committee on Transportation of Radioactive Waste. Dr. Moniz received a Bachelor of Science degree summa cum laude in physics from Boston College, a doctorate in theoretical physics from Stanford University, and honorary doctorates from the University of Athens, the University of Erlangen-Nurenberg, and Michigan State University.
Heather Munroe-Blum
McGill University

HEATHER MUNROE-BLUM became 16th Principal (President) and Vice-Chancellor and senior officer of McGill University in 2003. An accomplished scholar in the fields of epidemiology and public policy and a distinguished administrator, Prof. Munroe-Blum is a member of McGill’s Faculty of Medicine and a Professor in the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health. She is the author of the report “Growing Ontario’s Innovation System: The Strategic Role of University Research” that led to the creation of a new framework of science policies and programs in Ontario. Among her main objectives as Principal of McGill is a commitment to strengthen the university’s leadership at the world level with respect to research, graduate education, student experience and positive societal contribution. Prof. Munroe-Blum serves on numerous not-for-profit and private boards. Prior to assuming the position of Principal at McGill, she served at the University of Toronto as a Professor, a Governor, Dean of Social Work, and, as Vice-President, Research and International Relations (1994 to 2002). She has also been a professor at York University and McMaster University. She is President of the Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités du Québec (CREPUQ) and she serves on the Board of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) and the Board and the Executive Committee of the Association of American Universities (AAU). She chairs the AUCC Standing Advisory Committee on University Research (SACUR). Prof. Munroe-Blum is a member of the Board of Governors of the Council of Canadian Academies. She is a member of Canada’s Science, Technology and Innovation Council (STIC) and was a lead contributor in the development of its State of the Nation Report, of the Canada Foundation for Innovation, and, of the Trilateral Commission. She serves on the boards of the Sir Mortimer B. Davis Jewish General Hospital, the Montreal Chamber of Commerce, the Conférence de Montréal, the Yellow Pages Group, and the Canada Forum of Rio Tinto Alcan. She was a founder and a founding director of the Medical and Related Sciences Discovery District (MARS) and Genome Canada (where she also served as Vice-Chair of the Board) and has served on the boards of the former Medical Research Council of Canada, Neurosciences Canada, the Conference Board of Canada, Visible Genetics, the Four Seasons Hotel, Alcan, Hydro One, and the Nestlé Canada Advisory Board, among others. Named an Officer of the Order of Canada for her outstanding record of achievements in science, innovation and higher education policy, Prof. Munroe-Blum holds numerous honorary degrees from Canadian and international universities and is a Specially Elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. She is a Senior Fellow of Massey College. In 2008, she was named a Grande Montréalaise, Montréal’s highest honour and in June 2009 was named an Officer of the National Order of Quebec. Prof. Munroe-Blum holds a Ph.D. with distinction in epidemiology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, in addition to M.S.W. (Wilfrid Laurier University) and B.A. and B.S.W. degrees (McMaster University).
Cherry A. Murray
Harvard University

CHERRY MURRAY [NAS/NAE] is Dean of Harvard University’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) a position to which she was appointed on July 1, 2009. She also holds the the John A. and Elizabeth S. Armstrong Professorship of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Previously, Murray served as principal associate director for science and technology at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, Calif., where she led 3,500 employees in providing core science and technology support for Lawrence Livermore’s major programs. Before joining Lawrence Livermore in 2004, Murray had a long and distinguished career at the famed Bell Laboratories, home to creative researchers who went on to win numerous Nobel Prizes, garner tens of thousands of patents, and invent revolutionary technologies such as the laser and the transistor. She was hired into Bell in 1978 as a staff scientist, marking the beginning of a career that culminated in her position as senior vice president for physical sciences and wireless research. Murray is the current president of the American Physical Society (APS). She was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1999, to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2001, and to the National Academy of Engineering in 2002. She has served on more than 80 national and international scientific advisory committees, governing boards, and the visiting committee for Harvard’s Department of Physics (from 1993 to 2004.) Dr. Murray serves as Chair of the Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences (DEPS) and is a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control and the U.S. National Committee on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (Ex Officio). She was previously a member of the Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century which authored Rising Above the Gathering Storm.
John S. Reed
Citicorp [Retired]

JOHN S. REED is the former chairman and CEO of Citicorp and Citibank. After Citicorp merged with the Travelers Co. in 1998, Reed served as chairman and co-CEO of the new company, Citigroup. He retired in 2000 after 35 years with the company. Reed served as chairman of the New York Stock Exchange from September 2003 until April 2005. He is currently a member of the MIT Corporation, the Institute's governing body, and he is on the board of directors at Altria. He is chairman and a trustee of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and he is a trustee of MDRC, a nonprofit, nonpartisan social policy research organization. He is a fellow of both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the American Philosophical Society. Mr. Reed is a member of The Presidents' Circle and a former member of the Committee on a Strategic Education Research Plan (SERP): Bridging Research and Practice and of the Advisory Board of Issues in Science and Technology. Reed earned joint SB and BA degrees from MIT and Washington & Jefferson College. He received his SM from the MIT Sloan School of Management. He also spent two years as an officer in the US Army Corps of Engineers.
Teresa A. Sullivan
University of Virginia

TERESA A. SULLIVAN was elected eighth President of the University of Virginia, effective Aug. 1, 2010. Ms. Sullivan is currently Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs at the University of Michigan. She is also Professor of Sociology in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts. Prior to coming to the University of Michigan, Ms. Sullivan was Executive Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs for the University of Texas System, a position she held from 2002 until May 2006. In that role, she was the chief academic officer for the nine academic campuses within the University of Texas System. Her responsibilities included developing tuition-setting procedures, initiating and supporting educational and research collaborations among the various campuses, and developing external collaborations. Ms. Sullivan first joined the University of Texas at Austin in 1975 as an instructor and then assistant professor in the Department of Sociology. From 1977-81, she was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. Ms. Sullivan returned to Texas in 1981 as a faculty member in Sociology. In 1986 she was named to the Law School faculty as well. Ms. Sullivan also held several administrative positions at Texas including: Vice President and Graduate Dean (1995-2002), Vice Provost (1994-95), Chair of the Department of Sociology (1990-92), and Director of Women’s Studies (1985-87). Ms. Sullivan’s research focuses on labor force demography, with particular emphasis on economic marginality and consumer debt. The author or co-author of six books and more than 50 scholarly articles, her most recent work explores the question of who files for bankruptcy and why. Ms. Sullivan has served as chair of the U.S. Census Advisory Committee. She is past secretary of the American Sociological Association and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. A graduate of James Madison College at Michigan State University, Ms. Sullivan received her doctoral degree in sociology from the University of Chicago.
Sidney Taurel
Eli Lilly and Company

SIDNEY TAUREL is chairman emeritus of Eli Lilly and Company. Born a Spanish citizen in Casablanca, Morocco, Taurel became an American citizen in November 1995. After graduating from Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales, in Paris, France in 1969, he received a master of business administration degree from Columbia University in 1971. Taurel joined Eli Lilly and Company in 1971 as an international marketing associate. His 37-year career included 15 years in Brazil, France, Eastern Europe, and the UK. He became president of Lilly International in 1986, president of the Pharmaceutical Division in 1993, COO in 1996, CEO in 1998, and chairman of the board in 1999. He retired as chairman and CEO in 2008. Taurel is chairman of the Strategic Advisory Committee for Capital Royalty, LLC. He is also a member of the boards of IBM Corporation, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., and BioCrossroads. He serves on the board of overseers of the Columbia Business School, is a member of the Business Council, and a trustee at the Indianapolis Museum of Art. Taurel is a past president of Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) and a former member of the board of ITT Industries. Taurel received three Presidential appointments: to the Homeland Security Advisory Council (2002-2004), the President’s Export Council (2002-2007), and the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations (2007-2009). He is an officer of the French Legion of Honor. Taurel is fluent in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. He and his wife Kathryn have three grown children and one grandchild.
Lee T. Todd, Jr.
University of Kentucky

LEE T. TODD, JR. became the 11th president of the University of Kentucky (UK) on July 1, 2001. He is a native of Earlington, Ky. and a graduate of UK and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. President Todd is the sixth UK alumnus to hold the presidency. He is a former UK engineering professor; a successful businessman who launched two worldwide technology companies, both based in Kentucky; and a public advocate for research, technology, and an entrepreneurial economy in the Commonwealth. President Todd serves as chair of the Advisory Board for the National Science Foundation’s Directorate for Education and Human Resources Committee. He is immediate past chair of the Board of Directors for the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities (APLU) and is presently chair of the APLU Science Math Teacher Imperative (SMTI). He is President of the Southeastern Conference (SEC) Executive Committee and represents the SEC as a member of the NCAA Division I Board of Directors as well as on the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) Committee. President Todd is a member of the Executive Committee of the Business Higher Education Forum. He serves on the Equitable Resources Board of Directors and is chair of the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education’s STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Task Force. He is chair of the National Consortium for Continuous Improvement in Higher Education’s (NCCI) Leveraging Excellence Award selection panel.
Laura D. Tyson
University of California, Berkeley

LAURA D’ANDREA TYSON is the S.K. and Angela Chan Professor of Global Management at the Haas School of Business, at the University of California Berkeley. She served as Dean of London Business School from 2002-2006, and as Dean of the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley from 1998-2001. Since 2007, Dr. Tyson has served as a Senior Adviser to the McKinsey Global Institute and the Center for American Progress. She is a member of the Brookings Institution Hamilton Project Advisory Council and a member of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Corporation. Dr. Tyson is an advisory board member of Newman’s Own Advisory Board; Generation Investment Management; The Rock Creek Group; and H&Q Asia Pacific. She is a director at LECG (Law and Economics Consulting Group) and she serves on the Board of Directors of Eastman Kodak Company; Morgan Stanley; AT&T, Inc.; the Peter G. Peterson Institute of International Economics; the New America Foundation; and Silver Spring Networks. Dr. Tyson is a member of the President Barack Obama’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board (PERAB). She served in the Clinton Administration from January 1993 to December 1996. Between March 1995 and December 1996 she served as President Clinton’s National Economic Adviser. Prior to her appointment as National Economic Adviser, Dr. Tyson served as the sixteenth Chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, the first woman to hold that post since the Council’s establishment in 1946. She was responsible for providing the President with advice and analysis on all economic policy matters, for preparing the Administration’s economic forecasts and for the annual Economic Report of the President. In January 2003, the UK’s Department of Trade and Industry appointed Dr. Tyson Chair of a special Task Force on Non-Executive Directors, and in June 2003, The Tyson Report on the Recruitment and Development of Non-Executive Directors was submitted to the UK Government. Dr. Tyson has written opinion columns for many publications including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post and the Financial Times. She was a monthly columnist for Business Week between 1998 and 2005 and has made numerous television appearances on economic issues. She is the author of numerous reports, academic papers and books on competitiveness, industrial policy and international trade, including the influential book Who’s Bashing Whom? Trade Conflict in High Technology Industries. Dr. Tyson has a summa cum laude undergraduate degree from Smith College and a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Padmasree Warrior
Cisco Systems Inc.

PADMASREE WARRIOR is Cisco Systems’ Chief Technology Officer. As CTO, she is responsible for helping drive the company’s technological innovations and strategy and works closely with its senior executive team and board of directors to align these efforts with Cisco’s corporate goals. Warrior joined Cisco in 2007. Prior to that, she was the CTO at Motorola, where she led a team of 26,000 engineers and directed Motorola Labs, with an annual R&D budget of $3.7 billion. Over the course of her 23 years at that company, she served in a broad range of roles, including as Corporate Vice President and General Manager of Motorola’s Energy Systems Group, and as Corporate Vice President and Chief Technology Officer for its Semiconductor Products Sector. Under Warrior’s leadership, Motorola was awarded the 2004 National Medal of Technology by the President of the United States, the first time the company had received this honor. Recently, the Economic Times ranked her as the 11th Most Influential Global Indian, and the United States Pan Asian American Chamber of Commerce recognized her with its prestigious Excellence Award. Warrior is also a strong and vocal advocate for women and minorities in math, science and engineering. In 2007, she was inducted into the Women in Information Technology International Hall of Fame, and received the YWCA Metropolitan Chicago Outstanding Woman of Achievement Award. She has been recognized as a role model by many organizations, including the Girl Scouts Illinois Crossroads Council, Notre Dame Girls High School, the South Asian Women Leadership Forum and as a Science Spectrum Trailblazer. In 2001 she was one of six women nationwide selected to receive the "Women Elevating Science and Technology" award from Working Woman magazine. Warrior is also a committed community leader. She has served on the boards of Chicago’s Joffrey Ballet and Museum of Science and Industry, the Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research (ASTAR), the Chicago Mayor’s Technology Council, Cornell University Engineering Council and advisory council of Indian Institute of Technology. She previously served on the Texas Governor's Council for Digital Economy, the White House Fellowships Selection Board, and the Technology Advisory Council for the FCC and on the Advisory Committee for the Computing and Information Science and Engineering of the National Science Foundation (NSF). Warrior holds a M.S. degree in chemical engineering from Cornell University and a B.S. degree in chemical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in New Delhi, India. In 2007 she was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Engineering from New York's Polytechnic University.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

7/1/2010: Please note that there has been a change in the committee membership with the addition of Lee T. Todd, Jr.

May 2011: Please note that Hunter Rawlings resigned from the committee upon assuming the presidency of the Association of American Universities.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sabrina E. Hall
Contact Email:  shall@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202.334.2917

Agenda
This meeting was closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

In Person: Holliday
Agre
Bond
Chu
Cigarroa
Duderstadt
Ehrenberg
Green
Massey
Moniz
Murray
Rawlings
Reed
Sullivan
Todd

By Phone: Hennessy
McMutry
Taurel
Tyson
Warrior

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee reviewed a first draft of the committee report, deliberating:
1) Outline of the draft,
2) Key Findings
3) Recommendations


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Draft of the report.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 01, 2011
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
**Monday, November 22, will be offsite --20 F Street Conference Center (near Union Station), 20 F Street, NW, Washington, DC
Tuesday, Nov. 23 and Wednesday, Nov. 24, will be onsite at the Keck Center.
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sabrina Hall
Contact Email:  shall@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202.334.2700

Agenda
Monday, November 22, 2010

Location:
20 F Conference Center
20 F Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001
Meeting Room B

CLOSED SESSION

8:00 Continental Breakfast

8:30 Welcome and Introductions
Chad Holliday, Committee Chair

8:40 Committee Discussion of Balance and Conflict of Interest

OPEN SESSION

9:30 Welcome to Open Session and Discussion of Meeting Agenda
Chad Holliday, Committee Chair

10:00 Focus groups

1. Institutional Environment: Research University Finance and Administration (Meeting Room A)
2. Knowledge Capital: Academic Research Agendas, Resources, Organization, and Commercialization (Meeting Room B)
3. Human Capital: Doctoral Education, Postdoctoral Training, Labor Markets, and Careers (Board Room)

12:20 Break


12:30 Lunch

1:00 Congressional request
Senator Lamar Alexander (Via teleconference)

1:30 Agency Perspectives
Cora Marrett, Deputy Director, National Science Foundation
Sally Rockey, Director, Office of Extramural Research, National Institutes of Health

3:00 The Great American University: Its Rise to Preeminence, Its Indispensable National Role, Why It Must Be Protected
Jonathan Cole, John Mitchell Mason Professor of the University and Provost and Dean of the Faculties Emeritus, Columbia University

4:00 Break

4:15 Issues in Academic Research:

Finance and Administration
Tony DeCrappeo, President, Council on Government Relations

Managing University Intellectual Property in the Public Interest
Robert Cook-Deegan, Director, Center for Genome Ethics, Law and Policy, Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University; Member, Study Committee, Managing University Intellectual Property

5:30 Adjourn


Tuesday, November 23, 2010, Keck 109

Location:
Keck Center of the National Academies
500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001
Room 109

CLOSED SESSION

8:00 Continental Breakfast

8:00 Committee Discussion of Balance and Conflict of Interest

OPEN SESSION

8:30 Agency Perspecticves (continued)
Steven Koonin, Under Secretary for Science, U.S. Department of Energy

9:15 Technology and the Future of the US Research University
Daniel Atkins, Associate Vice-President for Research Cyberinfrastructure and Kellogg Professor of Community Information, University of Michigan

10:00 Break

10:15 Postdoctoral Training and Doctoral Careers
Stacy Gelhaus, Chair, Board of Directors, National Postdoctoral Association, and Research Associate, Center for Cancer Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania

11:00 The Path Forward: The Future of Graduate Education in the United States
Debra Stewart, President, Council of Graduate Schools
and
William Russel, Arthur W. Marks '19 Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Dean of the Graduate School, Princeton University


CLOSED SESSION

12:00 Lunch

1:00 Closed Session

5:00 Adjourn


Wednesday, November 24, 2010, Keck 109

Location:
Keck Center of the National Academies
500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001
Room 109

CLOSED SESSION

8:00 Closed Session

11:00 Adjourn


Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Chad Holliday - (Chair)
DuPont (retired) and Bank of America

Peter Agre
Johns Hopkins University

Enriqueta Bond
Burroughs Wellcome Fund (retired)

C.W. "Paul" Chu
University of Houston

Francisco Cigarroa
The University Of Texas System

James Duderstadt
University of Michigan

Ronald Ehrenberg
Cornell University

William Frist
Former Majority Leader

William Green
Accenture

John Hennessy
Stanford University

Burton McMurtry
Technology Venture Investments (retired)

Ernest Moniz
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Heather Munroe-Blum
McGill University

Cherry Murray
Harvard University

Hunter Rawlings
Cornell University

John Reed
Citigroup (retired) and MIT Corporation

Teresa Sullivan
University of Virginia

Laura d ‘Andrea Tyson (by phone)
University of California
Berkeley

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Committee Balance and Connflict of Interest Discussion

Prioritization of issues and preliminary identification of findings

Plan for writing first draft of committee report

Discussion of writing and dissemination

Planning for next committee meeting

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Letter to Committee from the National Science Board.

Staff-authored summary of focus group sessions

Staff-authored summary of committee issue identification


Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
November 30, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Sabrina Hall
Contact Email:  shall@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202.334.2700

Agenda
Tuesday, September 21

Open Session: 1:00-2:15
1:00 Welcome and Introductions, Chad Holliday
1:15 Review of charge, Chad Holliday
1:30 Policy Context, Charles Vest

Break: 2:15-2:30

Closed Session: 2:30-4:30

Open Session: 4:30-6:00
4:30 Reception with stakeholders
5:15 Q&A with Committee

Wednesday, Spetember 22

Closed Session: 8:30-9:30

Open Session: 9:30-10:30
9:30 Panel: Robert Berdahl, AAU, and Peter McPherson, APLU

Break 10:30-10:45

Closed Session 10:45-1:30

Open Session 1:30-3:00
1:30 Next steps
3:00 Adjourn

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Chad Holliday
Peter Agre
Enriqueta Bond
Paul Chu
Francisco Cigarroa
James Duderstadt
Ronald Ehrenberg
Heather Munroe-Blum
Teresa Sullivan
Sidney Taurel
Lee Todd
Burton McMurtry
John Hennessy

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

In closed session the committee discussed and deliberated the range of issues in its charge, an approach to identifying potential findings and recommendations, the evidence available for supporting those, and a deliberative process that will lead to an outline of its report.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Members of the 2005 "Rising Above the Gathering Storm" Committee, "Rising Above the Gathering Storm, Revisited: Rapidly Approaching Category 5. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2010.

Copies of Staff-Authored Powerpoint Presentations on Key Issues.

Memo outlining committee work during the period between committee meetings.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
October 01, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications