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Project Information

Project Information


America's Climate Choices


Project Scope:

In response to Public Law 110-161, the National Academies will conduct a series of coordinated activities to study the serious and sweeping issues associated with global climate change, including the science and technology challenges involved, and provide advice on the most effective steps and most promising strategies that can be taken to respond. This work will be led by a Committee on America's Climate Choices responsible for coordinating the work of four panels, convening a Summit on Global Climate Change, convening additional workshops or informal working groups to gather information and address cross-cutting issues, and writing a final report. Collectively, the activities will produce a broad, action-oriented, and authoritative set of analyses to inform and guide responses to climate change across the nation.

To provide detailed analysis of important technical issues, focused panels will be convened to address each of the following four questions:
1. What can be done to limit the magnitude of future climate change?
2. What can be done to adapt to the impacts of climate change?
3. What can be done to better understand climate change and its interactions with human and ecological systems?
4. What can be done to inform effective decisions and actions related to climate change?

Using the panel reports and other information, the Committee on America's Climate Choices(which will be composed of the panel chairs and vice-chairs as well as others selected to provide broad and diverse perspectives) will write a final, integrated report that answers the following four overarching questions:
5. What short-term actions can be taken to respond effectively to climate change?
6. What promising long-term strategies, investments, and opportunities could be pursued to respond to climate change?
7. What are the major scientific and technological advances (e.g., new tools, research priorities, etc.) needed to better understand and respond effectively to climate change?
8. What are the major impediments (e.g., practical, institutional, economic, ethical, intergenerational, etc.) to responding effectively to climate change, and what can be done to overcome these impediments?

Over the course of the study, these eight questions will be expanded to include detailed sub-questions on specific science, technology, and policy issues. The costs, benefits, limitations, tradeoffs, and uncertainties associated with different options and strategies will be described qualitatively and, to the extent practicable, quantitatively. The final report and panel reports should provide targeted, action-oriented, policy-relevant (but not policy-prescriptive) advice on what can be done to respond most effectively to climate change at different levels (e.g., local, state, regional, national, and in collaboration with the international community) and in different sectors (e.g., nongovernmental organizations, the business community, the research and academic communities, individuals and households, etc.).

This project is sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The approximate start date is October 1, 2008.

A final report will be issued at the end of the project.

Status: Completed

PIN: BASC-U-08-04-A

Project Duration (months): 32 month(s)

RSO: Geller, Laurie

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Topic(s):

Environment and Environmental Studies
Policy for Science and Technology



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 11/14/2008

Albert Carnesale - (Chair)
University of California, Los Angeles

Albert Carnesale is Chancellor Emeritus and Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He was Chancellor of the University from 1997 through 2006, and now serves as Professor of Public Policy and of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.
His research and teaching focus on public policy issues having substantial scientific and technological dimensions, and he is the author or co-author of six books and more than 100 articles on a wide range of subjects, including national security strategy, arms control, nuclear proliferation, the effects of technological change on foreign and defense policy, domestic and international energy issues, and higher education. He chairs the National Academies Committees on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Capability and on Nuclear Forensics. In addition, he is a member of the FBI Director’s Advisory Board on National Security and Higher Education; the Mission Committees of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Los Alamos National Laboratory; the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Terrorism, Proliferation and Weapons of Mass Destruction; the Board of Directors of Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; and the Advisory Board of the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security. Prior to joining UCLA, he was at Harvard for 23 years, serving as Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Public Policy and Administration, Dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government, and Provost of the University. Before that, he served in government and in industry. Dr. Carnesale holds bachelor’s and master's degrees in mechanical engineering and a Ph.D. in nuclear engineering. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

William L. Chameides - (Vice Chair)
Duke University

William Chameides is the Dean of the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University, as position he has held since 2007. Prior to joining Duke he spent 3 years as the chief scientist of the Environmental Defense Fund, following more than 30 years in academia as a professor, researcher, teacher, and mentor. Chameides’ research focuses on the atmospheric sciences, elucidating the causes of and remedies for global, regional, and urban environmental change and identifying pathways towards a more sustainable future. Specifically his research helped lay the groundwork for our understanding of the photochemistry of the lower atmosphere, elucidated the importance of nitrogen oxides emission controls in the mitigation of urban and regional photochemical smog, and the impact of regional air pollution on global food production. He has led two major, multi-institutional research projects: the Southern Oxidants Study, a research program focused on understanding the causes and remedies for air pollution in the Southern United States; and CHINA-MAP, an international research program studying the effects of environmental change on agriculture in China. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, fellow of the American Geophysical Union and recipient of the American Geophysical Union’s MacElwane Award. Chameides has served on numerous national and international committees and task forces and in recognition was named a National Associate of the National Academies for “extraordinary service.”
Donald F. Boesch
University of Maryland, Cambridge

Donald F. Boesch is a Professor of Marine Science and President of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. He also leads the University System's Environmental Sustainability Initiative as Vice Chancellor for Environmental Sustainability. Boesch is a biological oceanographer who has conducted research in coastal and continental shelf environments along the Atlantic Coast and in the Gulf of Mexico, eastern Australia and the East China Sea. He has published two books and more than 85 papers on marine benthos, estuaries, wetlands, continental shelves, oil pollution, nutrient over-enrichment, environmental assessment and monitoring and science policy. Presently his research focuses on the use of science in ecosystem management, and he is active in extending knowledge to environmental and resource management at regional, national and international levels. Boesch has served as science advisor to many state and federal agencies and regional, national and international programs, and has chaired numerous committees and scientific assessment teams that have produced reports on a wide variety of coastal environmental and climate change issues. A native of New Orleans, Boesch received his B.S. from Tulane University and Ph.D. from the College of William & Mary. He was a Fulbright Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Queensland and subsequently served on the faculty of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science. In 1980 he became the first Executive Director of the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, where he was also a Professor of Marine Science at Louisiana State University. He assumed his present position in Maryland in 1990.
Marilyn A. Brown
Georgia Institute of Technology

Dr. Marilyn A. Brown is an endowed Professor of Energy Policy in the School of Public Policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology, which she joined in 2006 after a distinguished career at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory. At ORNL, she held various leadership positions and co-led the report, Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future, which remains a cornerstone of engineering-economic analysis of low-carbon energy options for the United States. Her research interests encompass the design of energy and climate policies, issues surrounding the commercialization of new technologies, and methods for evaluating sustainable energy programs and policies. Dr. Brown has authored more than 200 publications including a recently published book on Energy and American Society: Thirteen Myths and a forthcoming book, Climate Change and Energy Security. Dr. Brown has been an expert witness in hearings before Committees of both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate, and she participates on several National Academies Boards and Committees. Dr. Brown has a Ph.D. in Geography from the Ohio State University, a Masters Degree in Resource Planning from the University of Massachusetts and is a Certified Energy Manager.

Jonathan Z. Cannon
University of Virginia

Jonathan Cannon is Professor of Law and Director of the University of Virginia Law School's Environmental and Land Use Law Program. Prior to joining the Law School faculty in 1998, he was at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), where he served as General Counsel from 1995 to 1998 and as Assistant Administrator for Administration and Resources Management from 1992 to 1995. He also held senior management positions at EPA from 1986-1990. Prior to his work with the EPA, Cannon was in the private practice of environmental law. He has written widely in environmental law and policy, with an emphasis on institutional design and adaptive management. He received his J.D. from University of Pennsylvania Law School and his B.A. from Williams College.
Thomas Dietz
Michigan State University

Thomas Dietz is Assistant Vice President for Environmental Research, Director of the Environmental Science and Policy Program, and Professor of Sociology and Crop and Soil Sciences at Michigan State University. His current research examines the human driving forces of environmental change, environmental values and the interplay between science and democracy in environmental issues. Dietz is also an active participant in the Ecological and Cultural Change Studies Group at MSU. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and has been awarded the Sustainability Science Award of the Ecological Society of America, the Distinguished Contribution Award of the American Sociological Association Section on Environment, Technology and Society, and the Outstanding Publication Award, also from the American Sociological Association Section on Environment, Technology and Society. He has chaired and served on numerous National Academies panels and committees, including the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change, and currently sits on the Steering Committee for the Climate Change Exhibition at the Koshland Science Museum. He holds a Bachelor of General Studies degree from Kent State and a PhD in Ecology from the University of California at Davis.
George C. Eads
CRA International

Dr. George C. Eads is a Senior Consultant of CRA International. Prior to joining CRA in 1995, he held several positions at General Motors (GM) Corporation, including Vice President and Chief Economist; Vice President, Worldwide Economic and Market Analysis Staff; and Vice President, Product Planning and Economics Staff. Before joining GM, Dr. Eads was Dean of the School of Public Affairs at the University of Maryland, College Park, where he also was a Professor. Before that, he served as a Member of President Carter's Council of Economic Advisors. He has been involved in numerous projects concerning transport and energy. In 1994 and 1995, he was a member of President Clinton’s policy dialogue on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from personal motor vehicles. He co-authored the World Energy Council's 1998 Report, Global Transport and Energy Development -- The Scope for Change. Over the past four years, Dr. Eads devoted most of his time to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development's Sustainable Mobility Project, a project funded and carried out by 12 leading international automotive and energy companies. Dr. Eads is a member of the Presidents' Circle at the National Academies. He is an at-large Director of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He received a Ph.D. degree in economics from Yale University. He is currently participating in TRB study on “Potential Greenhouse Gas Reductions from Transportation” and recently completed service on the TRB study on “Climate Change and U.S. Transportation”.
Robert W. Fri
Resources for the Future

Robert Fri is a visiting scholar and senior fellow emeritus at Resources for the Future, a nonprofit organization that studies natural resource and environmental issues. He has served as director of the National Museum of Natural History, president of Resources for the Future, and deputy administrator of both the Environmental Protection Agency and the Energy Research and Development Administration. Fri has been director of American Electric Power Company; vice-chair and a director of the Electric Power Research Institute; a trustee and vice-chair of Science Service, Inc.; and a member of the National Petroleum Council. He is active with the National Academies, where he is National Associate, vice-chair of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, and a member of the Advisory Board of the Marion E. Koshland Science Museum. He has chaired studies for the National Research Council on the health standards for the Yucca Mountain repository and on estimating the benefits of applied research programs at the Department of Energy. He currently chairs a study to evaluate the nuclear energy research program at DOE. Fri received his B.A. in physics from Rice University and his M.B.A. from Harvard University, and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi.
James E. Geringer
ESRI, Inc.

James E. "Jim" Geringer was the 30th Governor of Wyoming. From 1967 to 1977, he served in the United States Air Force. After retiring from the Air Force, he worked at the Missouri Basin Power Project's Laramie River Station from 1977 to 1979. During that time, he went into farming and cattle feeding, eventually buying his own farm. In 1982, Geringer successfully ran as a Republican for a seat in the Wyoming House of Representatives. After serving there for six years, he won a seat in the Wyoming Senate. In 1994, State Senator Geringer was elected as Wyoming's governor. Geringer was generally a conservative throughout his political career. As governor, he helped pass laws that regulated class action lawsuits, reformed bankruptcy laws, toughened crime laws, legalized charter schools, and lowered taxes. However, he broke with the Republican Party in supporting environmental rulings and the Equal Rights Amendment.After serving as governor, he joined Redlands, Calif., Environmental Systems Research Institute as director of policy and public sector strategies. Geringer is one of the founding governors of Western Governors University (WGU) and is currently chairman of the WGU Board of Trustees. He has a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Kansas State University.
Dennis L. Hartmann
University of Washington

Dennis L. Hartmann is currently Professor in the Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Senior Fellow and Council Member of the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean at the University of Washington. His research interests include dynamics of the atmosphere, atmosphere-ocean interaction, and climate change. His current research includes the study of climate feedback processes involving clouds and water vapor, which is approached using remote sensing data, in situ data and models, and attempts to take into account radiative, dynamical, and cloud-physical processes. Dr. Hartmann is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has served on numerous advisory, editorial and review boards for NSF, NASA and NOAA, and on multiple NRC committees, including the Committee on Climate Change Feedbacks (chair), Climate Research Committee, and Committee on Earth Sciences. He currently serves on the Board of Reviewing Editors for the magazine Science and is co-editor of the International Geophysics Series of Academic Press. Dr. Hartmann received his Ph.D. in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics from Princeton University.
Charles O. Holliday, Jr.
E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company

Charles O. Holliday Jr., is Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of DuPont. Prior to becoming DuPont’s CEO on February 1, 1998 and chairman on January 1, 1999, Mr. Holliday, rose through manufacturing positions; led DuPont’s global Nomex® and Kevlar® businesses; and, from 1990 until 1997, served in a series of leadership positions in Asia culminating with his appointment as chairman of Asia Pacific. He was elected president of DuPont in 1997. Mr. Holliday started at DuPont in the summer of 1970 at the company's Old Hickory site after receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Engineering from the University of Tennessee. He is a licensed Professional Engineer.

Mr. Holliday is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering, and he is past chairman of: the Business Roundtable's Task Force for Environment, Technology and Economy; the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD); The Business Council; and the Society of Chemical Industry – American Section. Mr. Holliday serves on the board of directors of Deere & Co. and is chair of the board of directors of Catalyst. In addition, he is chairman of the U.S. Council on Competitiveness and is a founding member of the International Business Council. He co-authored Walking the Talk book which details the business case for sustainable development and corporate responsibility.

Diana M. Liverman
University of Oxford

Diana Liverman holds joint appointments between Oxford University (as Senior Research Fellow in the Environmental Change Institute - ECI) and the University of Arizona (where she co-directs the Institute of the Environment). Her research has focused on the human dimensions of global environmental change, including climate impacts, governance and policy; climate and development; and the political ecology of environment, land use and development in Latin America. She has current projects on climate vulnerability and adaptation, climate impacts on food systems, and carbon offsets, and has interest in connecting research to stakeholders and climate science to the arts and creative sector. She has led or coordinated major research programs for the Tyndall Center for Climate Change, the James Martin 21st Century School at Oxford, the Global Environmental Change and Food Systems project (GECAFS), the UK Climate Impacts Program, and the Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS). Her advisory roles have included the NRC Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (chair) and the scientific advisory committees for the InterAmerican Institute (IAI) for Global Change (co-chair). She has a BA in Geography from University College London, an MA from the University of Toronto, and a Ph.D. from UCLA.


Pamela A. Matson
Stanford University

Pamela A. Matson (NAS) is Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University. She is also the Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies and senior fellow in the Woods Institute of Environment and Sustainability. Her research focuses on biogeochemical cycling and biosphere-atmosphere interactions in tropical forests and agricultural systems. Together with hydrologists, atmospheric scientists, economists and agronomists, Matson analyzes the economic drivers and environmental consequences of land use and resource use decisions in developing world agricultural and natural ecosystems, with the objective of identifying practices that are economically and environmentally sustainable. With her students, she also evaluates the response of tropical forests to nitrogen deposition and climate changes. Matson joined the Stanford faculty in 1997, following positions as professor at UC Berkeley and research scientist at NASA. She is a past President of the Ecological Society of America, currently serves on the board of trustees of the World Wildlife Fund, and until recently was the chair of the National Academies’ Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability. She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 1994. In 1995, Dr. Matson was selected as a MacArthur Fellow, and in 1997 was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2002 she was named the Burton and Deedee McMurtry University Fellow in Undergraduate Education at Stanford. She earned her B.S. at the University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, M.S. at Indiana University, and Ph.D. at Oregon State University.
Peter H. Raven
Missouri Botanical Garden

Peter H. Raven, President of the Missouri Botanical Garden, is one of the world’s leading botanists and advocates of conservation and biodiversity. He received the National Medal of Science, the highest award for scientific accomplishment in the United States, in December 2000. Raven has also received numerous other prizes and awards, including the Society for Conservation Biology Distinguished Service Award and the Peter H. Raven Award for Scientific Outreach, which was created to honor him. He also received the prestigious International Prize for Biology from the government of Japan; Environmental Prize of the Institute de la Vie; Volvo Environment Prize; the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, the Sasakawa Environment Prize, and has held Guggenheim and John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Fellowships. Described by Time magazine as a “Hero for the Planet,” Raven champions research around the world to preserve endangered plants and is a leading advocate for conservation and a sustainable environment. For three decades Raven has headed the Missouri Botanical Garden, an institution he nurtured to a world-class center for botanical research, education and horticulture display. He is also the Engleman Professor of Botany at Washington University in St. Louis, Chairman of the National Geographic Society’s Committee for Research and Exploration, and previously served as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and as a member of the President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology. He served for 12 years as Home Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences, is a member of the academies of science in Argentina, China, India, Italy, Russia, and several other countries; belongs to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and was inducted into the American Academy of Achievement. He was first Chair of the U. S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation, a government-established organization that funds joint research with the independent countries of the former Soviet Union. Raven received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1960 after completing his undergraduate work at the University of California, Berkeley. He has received honorary degrees from universities in this country and throughout the world.
Richard L. Schmalensee
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Richard L. Schmalensee is the Howard W. Johnson Professor of Economics and Management. He served as the John C Head III Dean of the MIT Sloan School of Management from 1998 through 2007. He was as a Member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1989 through 1991 and Deputy Dean of MIT Sloan from 1996 through 1998. Professor Schmalensee is the author or co-author of 11 books and over 110 articles in professional journals and books, and he is co-editor of volumes I and II of the Handbook of Industrial Organization. His research has centered on industrial organization economics and its application to managerial and public policy issues, with particular emphasis on antitrust, regulatory, and environmental policies. His recent work has focused on two-sided, platform businesses. Professor Schmalensee is a member of the International Academy of Management and the National Commission on Energy Policy and a fellow of the Econometric Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a Director of the International Securities Exchange and the International Data Group, and Editor in Chief of Competition Policy Internationals. Schmalensee received his S.B. and Ph.D. in Economics from MIT.
Philip R. Sharp
Resources for the Future

Philip R. Sharp became President of Resources for the Future on September 1, 2005. His career in public service includes ten terms as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, beginning in 1975. He was a driving force behind the Energy Policy Act of 1992. He also also helped to develop a critical part of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, providing for a market-based emissions allowance trading system. After leaving Congress, he served on the faculty of the John F. Kennedy School of Government and the Institute of Politics at Harvard University from 1995 to 2005. Sharp was Congressional chair of the National Commission on Energy Policy (2004), the National Research Council's Committee on Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards (2001), and chair of the Secretary of Energy's Electric Systems Reliability Task Force (1998). Sharp is co-chair of the Energy Board of the Keystone Center and serves on the Board of Directors of the Duke Energy Corporation and the Energy Foundation. He is also a member of the Cummins Science and Technology Advisory Council and serves on the Advisory Board of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) and on the MIT Energy Initiative External Advisory Board. He served on the Board of Directors of the Cinergy Corporation from 1995-2006, on the Board of the Electric Power Research Institute from 2002-2006, and on the National Research Council's Board of Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES) from 2001-2007. In addition, he chaired advisory committees for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology studies on the future of nuclear power and the future of coal. Before accepting the RFF presidency, Sharp was senior policy advisor to the Washington law firm of Van Ness Feldman, and a senior advisor to the Cambridge economic analysis firm of Lexecon/FTI. Prior to his service in Congress, Sharp taught political science at Ball State University from 1969 to 1974. Sharp graduated cum laude from Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service in 1964, and received his Ph.D. in government from Georgetown in 1974.
Peggy M. Shepard
West Harlem Environmental Action, Inc.

Peggy M. Shepard is executive director and co-founder of WE ACT for Environmental Justice. Founded in 1988, WE ACT was New York’s first environmental justice organization created to improve environmental health and quality of life in communities of color. She is the recipient of numerous awards for her leadership and advocacy, including the 10th Annual Heinz Award for the Environment and the 2008 Jane Jacobs Medal for Lifetime Achievement. She is a former Democratic District Leader, who represented West Harlem from 1985 to April 1993, and served as President of the National Women’s Political Caucus-Manhattan from 1993-1997. From January 2001-2003, Ms Shepard served as the first female chair of the National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC) to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and is co-chair of the Northeast Environmental Justice Network. She is a former member of the National Advisory Environmental Health Sciences Council of the National Institutes of Health and a member of the Environmental Justice Advisory Committee to the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Ms. Shephard is a former journalist, and was a reporter for The Indianapolis News, a copy editor for The San Juan Star, and a researcher for Time-Life Books. She has served as an editor at Redbook, Essence, and Black Enterprise magazines. Ms. Shepard began a career in government as a speechwriter for the New York State Division of Housing & Community Renewal and Director of Public Information for Rent Administration. She served as the Women’s Outreach Coordinator for the New York City Comptroller’s Office. Ms. Shepard is a board member of the national and NYS Leagues of Conservation Voters, Environmental Defense, NY Earth Day, Citizen Action of NY, the Children’s Environmental Health Network, and Healthy Schools Network, Inc. She is an advisory board member of the Bellevue Occupational and Environmental Medicine Clinic; the Harlem Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention; and Mt. Sinai’s Children’s Environmental Health Center. She is a graduate of Howard University and Solebury and Newtown Friends Schools.
Robert H. Socolow
Princeton University

Robert H. Socolow is a Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Princeton University, where he teaches in both the School of Engineering and Applied Science, and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He was the Director of the University’s Center for Energy and Environmental Studies from 1979 to 1997. His current research focuses on the characteristics of a global energy system that would be responsive to global and local environmental and security constraints. His specific areas of interest include the capture of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels and its storage in geological formations, nuclear power, energy efficiency in buildings, and the accelerated deployment of advanced technologies in developing countries. He was editor of Annual Review of Energy and the Environment from 1992 to 2002. He is a National Associate of the U.S. National Academies and a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was awarded the 2003 Leo Szilard Lectureship Award by the American Physical Society and received the 2005 Axel Axelson Johnson Commemorative Lecture award from the Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden. Socolow earned a B.A. in 1959 and Ph.D. in theoretical high energy physics in 1964 from Harvard University.
Susan Solomon
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Susan Solomon (NAS) is a Senior Scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Boulder, Colorado. She made some of the first measurements in the Antarctic that showed that chlorofluorocarbons were responsible for the stratospheric ozone hole, and she pioneered the theoretical understanding of the surface chemistry that causes it. In March 2000, she received the National Medal of Science, the United States' highest scientific honor, for "key insights in explaining the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole." She is also a recipient of the Blue Planet Prize, the Lemaitre prize, the Rossby Medal of the American Meteorological Society and the Bowie Medal of the American Geophysical Union. Her current research focuses on chemistry-climate coupling, and she served as co-chair of Working Group I of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which seeks to provide scientific information to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Solomon was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1992. She is also a foreign associate of the Academie des Sciences in France and the Royal Society of London. She received her Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in 1981.
Bjorn Stigson
World Business Council for Sustainable Development

Bjorn Stigson is President of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. He began his career as Financial Analyst with the Swedish Kockums Group. From 1971-82, he worked for ESAB, an international supplier of welding equipment, in different positions, being responsible for finance, operations and marketing. In 1983 he became President and CEO of the Fläkt Group, a company listed on the Stockholm stock exchange and the world leader in environmental control technology. Following the acquisition of Fläkt by ABB, in 1991 he became Executive Vice President and a member of ABB Asea Brown Boveri’s Executive Management Group. From 1993-94 he ran his own management consultancy. In 1995 he was appointed President of the WBCSD, a coalition of some 200 leading international corporations. He now serves on the boards of or on committees advising the Chinese government, the Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes, the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, the Clinton Global Initiative and the Global Reporting Initiative. He is a graduate of the Gothenburg School of Business Administration, the Swedish Management Institute and Harvard Business School.
Thomas J. Wilbanks
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Thomas J. Wilbanks is a Corporate Research Fellow at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and leads the Laboratory’s Global Change and Developing Country Programs. A past President of the Association of American Geographers, he conducts research on such issues as sustainable development, energy and environmental technology and policy, responses to global climate change, and the role of geographical scale in all of these regards. Wilbanks has won the James R. Anderson Medal of Honor in Applied Geography, has been awarded Honors by the Association of American Geographers, geography's highest honor, was named Distinguished Geography Educator of the year in 1993 by the National Geographic Society, and is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Co-edited recent books include Global Change and Local Places (2003), Geographical Dimensions of Terrorism (2003), and Bridging Scales and Knowledge Systems: Linking Global Science and Local Knowledge (2006). Wilbanks is Chair of the National Research Council’s Committee on Human Dimensions of Global Change and a member of a number of other NAS/NRC boards and panels. In recent years, he has been Coordinating Lead Author for the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group II, Chapter 7 (Industry, Settlement, and Society), Coordinating Lead Author for the Climate Change Science Program’s Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.5 (Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States), and Lead Author for one of three sections (Effects of Global Change on Human Settlements) of SAP 4.6 (Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems). Wilbanks received his B.A. degree in social sciences from Trinity University in 1960 and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in geography from Syracuse University in 1967 and 1969.
Peter Zandan
Public Strategies

Peter Zandan is chairman of EarthSky, a digital media company advocating science as a vital voice in 21st century decision-making. He is also senior advisor for Public Strategies, Inc., where he directs strategic initiatives and the research practice group. Peter has helped to launch, lead and fund numerous business and nonprofit ventures including: IntelliQuest Information Group (IQST NASDAQ), the world’s fastest growing market research firm in the 1990s; Zilliant, a venture-backed software company; and Evaluation Software Publishing, a K-12 education data analysis software and consulting firm. Peter has also served as a faculty member at the University of Texas at Austin, where he is a lifetime member of the advisory board of the McCombs Graduate School of Business. He has been selected by Interactive Week as one of the “Unsung Heroes of the Internet” and awarded Ernst & Young’s “Entrepreneur of the Year.” He also serves on the management committee of the Explorers Club in New York City. He has been active in community organizations including Austin’s public television station, St. Stephen’s Episcopal School, and Austin’s 360 Summit. For his community activities, he has been recognized by the Austin American Statesman as a “Hero of Democracy,” by the Austin Chronicle as “Best Local Visionary,” and by Austin’s leading environmental group as “Soul of the City.” Peter received his M.B.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin.

Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

Disclosure of Conflict of Interest: Robert Fri

In accordance with Section 15 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the "Academy shall make its best efforts to ensure that no individual appointed to serve on [a] committee has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the functions to be performed, unless such conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed and the Academy determines that the conflict is unavoidable." A conflict of interest refers to an interest, ordinarily financial, of an individual that could be directly affected by the work of the committee. As specified in the Academy's policy and procedures (http://www.nationalacademies.org/coi/index.html), an objective determination is made for each provisionally appointed committee member whether or not a conflict of interest exists given the facts of the individual's financial and other interests and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination of a conflict of interest for an individual is not an assessment of that individual's actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.

We have concluded that for this committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established, its membership must include, among others, at least one individual with expertise in energy and environmental issues and experience in bringing that expertise to bear in leadership positions across the federal, private, and not-for-profit sectors.

To meet these needs, Mr. Robert Fri is proposed for appointment to the committee even though we have determined that he has a conflict of interest because he owns more than a de minimus amount of stock in a major energy company (American Electric Power Company).

As his biographical summary makes clear, Mr. Fri is uniquely well-suited to serve as a member of the Committee on America’s Climate Choices. Mr. Fri has held leadership positions in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors, including five years as director of the National Museum of Natural History, seven years as president of the Energy Transition Company, and ten years as president of Resources for the Future (where he is presently affiliated as a visiting scholar). Fri has also served on numerous boards and advisory committees and is currently a member of the Committee on America’s Energy Future, which will serve as a key resource for the Committee on America’s Climate Choices. This firsthand experience in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors and familiarity with the work of related activities both inside and outside the National Academies is critical for the committee in meeting its task. We believe that Mr. Fri can serve effectively as a member of the committee and that the committee can produce an objective report, taking into account the composition of the committee, the work to be performed, and the procedures to be followed in completing the work.

After an extensive search, we have been unable to find another individual with the equivalent combination of experience and expertise as Mr. Fri who does not have a similar conflict of interest. Therefore, we have concluded that this potential conflict is unavoidable.

Disclosure of Conflict of Interest: James Geringer

In accordance with Section 15 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the "Academy shall make its best efforts to ensure that no individual appointed to serve on [a] committee has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the functions to be performed, unless such conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed and the Academy determines that the conflict is unavoidable." A conflict of interest refers to an interest, ordinarily financial, of an individual that could be directly affected by the work of the committee. As specified in the Academy's policy and procedures (http://www.nationalacademies.org/coi/index.html), an objective determination is made for each provisionally appointed committee member whether or not a conflict of interest exists given the facts of the individual's financial and other interests and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination of a conflict of interest for an individual is not an assessment of that individual's actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.

We have concluded that for this committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established its membership must include, among others, at least one individual who can provide a state and local government perspective on the issues to be addressed by the committee.

To meet the need for this expertise and experience, Mr. James Geringer is proposed for appointment to the committee even though we have concluded that he has a conflict of interest because he owns a more than de minimus amount of stock in two energy companies (Ultra Petroleum and TMA Wind).

As his biographical summary makes clear, Mr. Geringer is uniquely well suited to bring a state- and local- level perspective to the Committee on America’s Climate Choices by virtue of his 12 years of service in the Wyoming House of Representatives and Senate, followed by two terms as state Governor. Since retiring from public office, Mr. Geringer has served as director of policy and public sector strategies for the Environmental Systems Research Institute. This firsthand experience with decision-making at the state level, coupled with his technical expertise, makes Mr. Geringer uniquely well-suited to help the committee meet its task. We believe that Mr. Geringer can serve effectively as a member of the committee and that the committee can produce an objective report, taking into account the composition of the committee, the work to be performed, and the procedures to be followed in completing the work.

After an extensive search, we have been unable to find another individual with the equivalent experience and expertise as Mr. Geringer who does not have a similar conflict of interest. Therefore, we have concluded that this potential conflict is unavoidable.

Disclosure of Conflict of Interest: Philip Sharp

In accordance with Section 15 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the "Academy shall make its best efforts to ensure that no individual appointed to serve on [a] committee has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the functions to be performed, unless such conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed and the Academy determines that the conflict is unavoidable." A conflict of interest refers to an interest, ordinarily financial, of an individual that could be directly affected by the work of the committee. As specified in the Academy's policy and procedures (http://www.nationalacademies.org/coi/index.html), an objective determination is made for each provisionally appointed committee member whether or not a conflict of interest exists given the facts of the individual's financial and other interests and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination of a conflict of interest for an individual is not an assessment of that individual's actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.

We have concluded that for this committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established its membership must include, among others, at least one person who has been actively involved in the development of public policy and legislation pertaining to energy and the environment at the federal level.

To meet the need for this expertise and experience, Mr. Phillip Sharp is proposed for appointment to the committee even though we have concluded that he has a conflict of interest because he currently serves on the Board of Directors of a major energy company (Duke Energy) and owns a more than de minimus amount of company stock .

As his biographical summary makes clear, Mr. Sharp served ten terms as a member of Congress, during which time he was actively involved in the development of several important pieces of legislation, including the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and the Energy Policy Act of 1992. After leaving office, Mr. Sharp served on the faculty at Harvard University and became President of Resources for the Future, a highly respected non-governmental organization, in 2005. He has also served on numerous public, private, and nonprofit sector boards and advisory committees. This firsthand experience working on a variety of energy and environmental issues at the highest levels of the U.S. government is critical for the committee in meeting its task. We believe that Mr. Sharp can serve effectively as a member of the committee and that the committee can produce an objective report, taking into account the composition of the committee, the work to be performed, and the procedures to be followed in completing the work.

After an extensive search, we have been unable to find another individual with the equivalent corporate leadership experience as Mr. Sharp who does not have a similar conflict of interest. Therefore, we have concluded that this potential conflict is unavoidable.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
This meeting is closed session in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale
William Chameides
Marilyn Brown
Jonathan Cannon
Thomas Dietz (by phone)
George Eads
Robert Fri
Dennis Hartmann
Charles Holliday
Diana Liverman
Philip Sharp
Peggy Shepard
Robert Socolow
Bjorn Stigson
Gary Yohe

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Review latest draft CACC report
Discuss report review process
Discuss preliminary report release strategy

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 14, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
Thursday, May 20:
8:30 am - 3:00 pm Closed Session
3:45 pm - 5:15 pm Guest speaker - Kathy Jacobs, OSTP
5:15 pm Adjourn

Friday, May 21:
8:30 am - 5:00 pm Closed Session

Must RSVP to attend. Space is very limited.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Carnesale
Chameides
Boesch
Brown
Cannon
Dietz
Eads
Fri
Geringer
Hartmann
Liverman
Matson
Schmalensee
Sharp
Socolow
Solomon
Stigson
Wilbanks

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Panel report release and pre-release activities, structure and contents of committee report, final release and dissemination plans.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Advancing the Science of Climate Change, Limiting the Magnitude of Future Climate Change, Adapting to the Impacts of Change, and four-page "reports in brief" for each of these three reports.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 01, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
This meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale
William Chameides
Jonathan Cannon
Donald Boesch
Richard Schmalensee (via phone)

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Responses to most current draft and progress on the report outline.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 03, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
This meeting is closed session in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale (Chair)
William L. Chameides (Vice Chair)
Donald F. Boesch
Marilyn A. Brown
Jonathan Cannon
Thomas Dietz
George C. Eads
Robert W. Fri
James E. Geringer
Dennis L. Hartmann (phone)
Charles O. Holliday
Jr.
Diana M. Liverman
Pamela A. Matson
Peter H. Raven
Richard L. Schmalensee
Philip R. Sharp
Peggy M. Shepard
Robert H. Socolow
Susan Solomon (phone)
Bjorn Stigson (phone)
Thomas J. Wilbanks

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

• current status of the ACC panel reports and other relevant academies activities
• recent developments in climate change politics and science that might affect the framing and content of the CACC report
• develop consensus on lists of the key information and messages to be covered in each section of the CACC report
• workplan for moving forward during the next few months (meeting plans, delegation of writing responsibilities, etc).


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 19, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

W Hotel Los Angeles - Westwood
930 Hilgard Avenue
Los Angeles, California, 90024
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
Wednesday, 13 January 2010:
0830 - 1630: Closed Session (Studio 3)
1630 - 1800: Open Session: (Studio 1) Public Dicussion of America's Climate Choices with UCLA Community
1800: End open session

Thursday, 14 January 2010
0830 - 1730: Closed session (Studio 3)
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale
William L. Chameides
Donald F. Boesch
Marilyn A. Brown
Jonathan Cannon
Thomas Dietz (by phone)
Dr. George C. Eads
Robert W. Fri
James E. Geringer
Charles O. Holliday
Jr
Thomas R. Karl
Diana M. Liverman
Pamela A. Matson (by phone)
Peter H. Raven
Richard L. Schmalensee (by phone)
Philip R. Sharp
Peggy M. Shepard (by phone)
Robert H. Socolow
Susan Solomon
Bjorn Stigson (by phone)
Thomas J. Wilbanks

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

1. Develop outline and contents of CACC final report;
2. Discuss panel reports and other relevant activities;
3. Refine schedule and plans for report completion and release;


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 21, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  APurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
This meeting is closed session in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Boesch
Brown
Carnesale
Cannon
Chameides
Dietz
Fri
Geringer
Jacobs
Matson
Schmalensee
Shepard
Solomon
Stigson
Wilbanks
Zandan

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Draft panel reports
Preliminary outline and topics for committee report
Other NRC reports released in the past year
Results of previous brainstorming and public sessions


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Panel report draft summaries and tables of contents
Summaries of recent and ongoing NRC reports

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 24, 2010
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
Saturday, 29 August - Sunday, 30 August:
Closed Session

Monday, 31 August 2009:
0830-1200: Closed session
1200-1300: Lunch
1300-1730: Open session
The Context for America’s Climate Choices: Ethical and Environmental Justice Issues
1:00 P.M. Origin and purpose of the session: Peggy Shepard and Bill Chameides
1:15 P.M. Ethics / philosophical perspective: Stephen Gardiner, University of Washington
2:00 P.M. Environmental political theory perspective: Steven Vandenheiden, University of Colorado
2:45 P.M. Break
3:00 P.M. Environmental justice perspective: Manuel Pastor, University of Southern California
3:45 P.M. Environmental justice/sustainability perspective: Michel Gelobter, Cooler, Inc.
4:30 P.M. Open discussion
5:30 P.M. Adjourn (end of open session)

Tuesday, 1 September 2009:
0830-1230: Closed session
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale (Chair)
William L. Chameides (Vice Chair)
Donald F. Boesch
Marilyn A. Brown
Thomas Dietz
Dr. George C. Eads
Robert W. Fri
James E. Geringer
Katharine L. Jacobs
Diana M. Liverman
Pamela A. Matson
Peter H. Raven
Richard L. Schmalensee
Philip R. Sharp
Peggy M. Shepard
Thomas J. Wilbanks
Peter Zandan
Inez Fung
John Weyant
Susi Moser
Ed Rubin
Francisco de la Chesnaye
Ann Carlson
Linda Mearns
Joel Smith
Dan Barstow


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Identify cross-cutting issues, especially potential conflicts, inconsistencies, and gaps, among the four ACC panel reports.
Work in small groups to reconcile cross-cutting issues.
Set up mechanisms to continue coordination as panel reports are finalized.
Review panel report progress, with an emphasis on cross-cutting issues;
Participate in discussion of ethics and environmental justice;
Review/revisit public input and main messages;
Refine plans for remainder of 2009 and 2010.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
September 24, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
Monday July 13
(Committee meets in closed session from 0830-1200)
1200 - 1300: Lunch, Open session begins at 1300 ET
1300 – 1330: Overview of international context for America’s climate choices:
Björn Stigson (World Business Council for Sustainable Development)
1330 – 1500: U.S. Perspectives on international negotiations:
Todd Stern and/or Jonathan Pershing (U.S. Department of State)
Chad Holliday (DuPont)
Peter Goldmark (Environmental Defense), via telecon
1430 – 1445: Break
1445 – 1530: Long-term global emission pathways, including EMF-22 results:
John Weyant (Stanford University)
Francisco de la Chesnaye (EPRI)
1530 – 1730: International perspectives, focus on mitigation policies and institutions:
Anand Patwardhan (Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay), via video
Richard Suttmeier(University of Oregon)
1730 Adjourn for the day

Tuesday, July 14
0830 – 1030: International (primarily EU) perspectives, focus on science and policy
Nicole DeWandre (European Commission)
Rik Leemans (Wageningen University), via video
Yvo de Boer (UNFCCC), via video
1030 – 1045: Break
1045 – 1200: Perspectives on adaptation, with a focus on institutions
Franklin Moore (USAID)
Ian Noble (World Bank)
1200 – 1300: Lunch
1300 – 1430: Discussion of institutions:
Scott Barrett (Johns Hopkins)
Michael Grubb (UK Carbon Trust)
Glenn Prickett (Conservation International)
1430 – 1500: Break
1500 End of open session
(Committee meets in closed session from 1500-1730)

Wednesday, July 15
(Committee meets in close session from 0830-1230)
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale
William Chameides
Jonathan Cannon
Donald Boesch
Marilyn Brown
Thomas Dietz
Robert Fri
Charles Holliday
Katharine Jacobs
Thomas Karl
Diana Liverman
Pamela Matson
Richard Schmalensee
Philip Sharp
Peggy Shepard
Robert Socolow
Susan Solomon
Bjorn Stigson


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

1. Review geo-engineering workshop and costs of inaction discussion;
2. Participate in international context discussion and discuss how to apply it to ACC reports;
3. Revisit main messages and other cross-cutting issues;
4. Refine future meeting plans for 2009-2010.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 21, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Washington DC
Washington Court Hotel
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Amanda Purcell
Contact Email:  apurcell@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1504

Agenda
Monday, June 15

8:30 Welcome

8:45 Meeting Overview – Day 1: “Getting the Issues on the Table” - Pam Matson, Stanford Univ.

9:00 Survey of Geoengineering Options (including estimates of effectiveness, risk, and cost) - Ken Caldeira, Carnegie Institution

9:40 Engineering: Important questions, state of knowledge, and major uncertainties related to selected geoengineering options - David Keith, Univ. of Calgary

10:20 Break

10:50 Physical Science: Important questions, state of knowledge, and major uncertainties related to selected geoengineering options - Dan Schrag, Harvard Univ.

11:30 Terrestrial Ecosystems, Complexity, and Geoengineering - Tony Janetos, Univ. of Maryland

12:00 Informal Discussions over Lunch

12:45 From Research to Field Testing and Deployment: Ethical Issues Raised By Geoengineering Panel Discussion Moderated by Martin Bunzl, Rutgers Univ.
Panelists: Stephen Gardiner, Univ. of Washington; Dale Jamieson, NYU; and William Travis, Univ. of Colorado

14:00 Governance and Geoengineering: Who Decides and How Panel Discussion Moderated by Granger Morgan, Carnegie Mellon Univ.
Panelists: John Steinbruner, Univ. of Maryland (inv.) Jason Blackstock, IIASA; Jay Apt, Carnegie Mellon Univ.

15:00 Assignments/Instructions to breakout groups and 20 min Break

15:30 Breakout session 1. Breakouts will consider critical questions about a geo-engineering research agenda. Detailed instructions will be provided at the meeting.

17:30 Reconvene in plenary: Emerging issues and questions to be addressed tomorrow

17:45 Adjourn for the day



Tuesday, June 16

8:30 Summary of Day 1 / Plan for Day 2 “The way forward” - Pam Matson, Stanford Univ.

8:45 Report back from breakout groups (5-10 minutes each)

9:45 Reactions / Perspectives on Geoengineering - Rob Socolow, Princeton Univ., moderator

• Michael Oppenheimer, Princeton Univ.
• Alan Robock, Rutgers Univ.
• Brian Toon, Univ. of Colorado
• Tom Schelling, Univ. of Maryland

10:45 Instructions for Breakout Session 2 and 15 min Break

11:15 Breakout session 2. Return to discussion groups; each group addresses a new set of questions, informed by the feedback from the first set of breakouts and morning discussion. Detailed instructions will be provided at the meeting.

12:15 Working Buffet Lunch – Breakout groups continue discussions

13:30 Report back from breakout groups (5-10 minutes each)

14:30 Open discussion

15:15 Conclusions and next steps

15:30 Workshop Adjourns

(Note: ACC committee and panel members will continue to meet in closed session from 15:30 – 17:30)
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Jim Buizer
Kathy Jacobs
William Chameides
Rob Socolow
Tony Leiserowitz
V. Ramaswamy
Doug Arent
Bob Fri
Mack McFarland
George Eads
Robert Keohane
Genevieve Giuliano
Bruce McCarl
Marilyn Brown
David Whelan
Susi Moser
Tom Dietz
Billie Turner
Ken Caldeira
Pam Matson
Tony Busalacchi
A. R. Ravishankara
Ray Schmitt
Waleed Abdalati
Steve Gaines
John Weyant
Maria Carmen Lemos
Richard Moss
Edward Parson


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Members of the committee discussed how workshop discussions on geoengineering would fit into the America's Climate Choices suite of activities.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 22, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Virginian Suites
Conference Room
1500 Arlington Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22209
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Gaskins
Contact Email:  rgaskins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2597

Agenda
May 13

08:30-13:00 Closed session (committee and NRC staff only)

13:00 Open session begins

13:00 Discussion on "costs of inaction"

13:15 Invited speaker: Gary Yohe, Yale University

14:00 Invited speaker: Steve Seidel, Pew Center

14:30 Discussion

15:30 Break - Open session adjourns

15:45 - 17:30 Closed session


May 14

08:30-14:30 Closed session

If you wish to attend the meeting please RSVP to Rita Gaskins (rgaskins@nas.edu, 202-334-2597)
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale
William L. Chameides
Donald F. Boesch
Marilyn Brown
Robert Fri
James E. Geringer
Charles O. Holliday
Jr.
Katherine Jacobs
Thomas Karl
Diana M. Liverman
Richard Schmalensee
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Philip R. Sharp
Robert H. Socolow
Susan Solomon
Bjorn Stigson
Thomas Wilbanks
Peter Zandan



The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Reviewing panel progress and plans
Reviewing other NRC related activities
Discuss study communications, key messages, and cross-cutting issues
Refine plans for remainder of 2009 and start planning for 2010


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 05, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ian Kraucunas
Contact Email:  ikraucunas@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2546

Agenda
This meeting was closed session in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Carnesale
Boesch
Brown
Cannon
Dietz
Fri
Geringer
Holliday
Jacobs
Liverman
Matson
Raven
Schmalensee
Sharp
Shepard
Socolow
Solomon
Zandan

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Updates from panel chairs
Agenda for May 13-14 meeting
Planning for future meetings

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
April 23, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Gaskins
Contact Email:  rgaskins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-3512

Agenda
For additional information on America's Climate Choices please go to: http://www.americasclimatechoices.org

Note: This agenda is tentative and is subject to change.

SUMMIT ON AMERICA'S CLIMATE CHOICES
March 30 -- March 31, 2009
The National Academy of Sciences Building
PROGRAM -- REVISED MARCH 21

March 30, 2009

8:30 AM: WELCOME AND GOALS
Albert Carnesale, Chancellor Emeritus, UCLA and Chair, Committee on America's Climate Choices
Ralph Cicerone, President, National Academy of Sciences

9:15 AM: SESSION 1: WHY IS THIS STUDY NEEDED? PERSPECTIVES FROM STUDY SPONSORS
The Honorable Alan Mollohan (D-WV), Chair, House Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies
Jane Lubchenco, Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator

10:00 AM: BREAK

10:30 AM: SESSION 2: KEYNOTE PERSPECTIVES ON CLIMATE CHANGE
John Holdren, Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy (Invited)
James J. Mulva, Chairman and CEO, ConocoPhillips

11:30 AM: SESSION 3: WHAT INFORMATION DOES CONGRESS NEED? VIEWS FROM THE HILL
The Honorable Bart Gordon (D-TN), Chair, House Committee on Science and Technology

12:00 PM: Lunch

1:30 PM: SESSION 4: THE CLIMATE CHALLENGE
Moderator: Diana Liverman*, University of Oxford & University of Arizona
Certainty and Uncertainty in Climate Science--Framing a Basis for Decisions: Susan Solomon*, NOAA
Impacts--The Avoidable and the Unavoidable: Stephen Schneider, Stanford University
Panel discussion: Acting on the certain and the uncertain
Henry Jacoby, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fred Krupp, Environmental Defense Fund
Charles Holliday*, DuPont

3:30 PM: Break

4:00 PM: SESSION 5: THE AMERICA'S CLIMATE CHOICES STUDY: ARE WE ASKING THE RIGHT QUESTIONS?
Overview of tasks from the Committee and four Panels
Question/comment cards will be collected throughout this session.
Panel on Limiting the Magnitude of Future Climate Change: Robert Fri, Resources for the Future
Panel on Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change: Katharine Jacobs, Arizona Water Institute
Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change: Pamela Matson, Stanford University
Panel on Informing Effective Decisions and Actions Related to Climate Change: Peter Raven, Missouri Botanical Garden
Committee on America's Climate Choices: Albert Carnesale
Panel Chairs respond to questions from the audience. Moderator: Albert Carnesale.

5:30 PM: Informal Discussion with ACC Members in the Great Hall
Refreshments provided.

Tuesday, March 31

8:30 AM: SESSION 6: KEYNOTE PERSPECTIVES ON RESPONDING TO CLIMATE POLICY
Introductions: Albert Carnesale
Mary Nichols*, California Air Resources Board
Lorents G. Lorentsen, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

9:45 AM: Break

10:15 AM: SESSION 7: WHAT SPECIAL CHALLENGES AWAIT US?
Moderator: William Chameides, Duke University and Vice Chair, Committee on America's Climate Choices
Integrating a National Response into a Global Framework: The Honorable Eileen Claussen, Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Vulnerable Ecosystems: Carter Roberts, World Wildlife Fund
Vulnerable Populations & Human Health: Howard Frumkin, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Threats to National Security: R. James Woolsey, VantagePoint Venture Partners

12:15 PM: Lunch

1:30 PM: SESSION 8: WHAT TOOLS ARE AVAILABLE TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF CLIMATE CHANGE?
Moderator: Thomas Wilbanks*, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Technology Levers: Robert Socolow*, Princeton University
Policy and Economic Levers: Jonathan Wiener, Duke University
Regional Impacts & National Assessments: Jerry Melillo, Marine Biological Laboratory
Panel discussion
Representative of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Steve Nicholas, Institute for Sustainable Communities
Heidi Cullen, Climate Central

4:00 PM: Break

4:30 PM: SESSION 9: ARE WE ASKING THE RIGHT QUESTIONS? (TAKE 2)
Moderator: William Chameides
Committee and Panel Chairs and Vice-Chairs take comments and questions from the audience: Albert Carnesale, Robert Fri, Marilyn Brown, Katharine Jacobs, Thomas Wilbanks, Pamela Matson, Thomas Dietz, Peter Raven, Diana Liverman

5:15 PM: CLOSING REMARKS: William Chameides

7:00PM - 9:00PM Closed Session
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Al Carnesale
Diana Liverman
Bill Chameides
Tom Karl
Marilyn Brown
Bob Fri
Pam Matson
Susan Solomon
Peter Zandan
Dick Schmalensee
Phil Sharp
Peter Raven
Tom Dietz
Jim Geringer
Kathy Jacobs
Rob Socolow
Don Boesch

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Plans for future workshops.
Crosscutting issues.
Committee's role with the study panels.
Plans for future committee meetings

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
April 07, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Conference Call
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Gaskins
Contact Email:  rgaskins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2597

Agenda
This meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Al Carnesale
Bill Chameides
Wayne Clough
Don Boesch
Marilyn Brown
Tom Dietz
Bob Fri
Jim Geringer
Chad Holliday
Kathy Jacobs
Tom Karl
Diana Liverman
Dick Schmalensee
Peggy Shepard
Rob Socolow
Bjorn Stigson
Tom Wilbanks
Peter Zandan.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Worksop proposals, summit, town halls, committee schedule

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Workshop proposals, summite agenda, committee schedule

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 02, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Via Phone
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ian Kraucunas
Contact Email:  ikraucunas@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2546

Agenda
This meeting is closed in it entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Al Carnesale
Bill Chameides
Don Boesch
Marilyn Brown
Jon Canon
Tom Dietz
Jim Geringer
Chad Holliday
Kathy Jacobs
Tom Karl
Diana Liverman
Pam Matson
Peter Raven
Dick Schmalensee
Susan Solomon
Peter Zandan.

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Communications plan, study schedule, summit, overview of panel meetings, committee coordination

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

Meeting summaries from panel meetings, study schedule

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 02, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Gaskins
Contact Email:  rgaskins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2597

Agenda
Tentative agenda:

Monday, January 5, 2009

1:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. Closed session
3:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. Open session
Topics: review and discussion of guidance to panels
Invited speaker: Rob Lempert, RAND

Tuesday, January 6, 2009

9:00 a.m. - 12:00 noon Closed session
12:15 p.m. - 1:15 p.m. Working lunch
1:15 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. Open session
Topics: review and panel guidance and scenarios of future change
3:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. Closed session

RSVP required to attend open sessions
Contact Rita Gaskins (rgaskins@nas.edu) to RSVP
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale
William Chameides
Thomas Wilbanks
Kathy Jacobs
Pamela Matson
Thoms Karl
Phil Sharp
Richard Schmalensee
Donald Boesch
Jonathan Cannon
Diana Liverman
Robert Fri
Peter Raven
Peggy Shepard
Susan Solomon
Robert Socolow
Peter Zandan
Charles Holiday
Marilyn Brown
James Geringer


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Committee on America’s Climate Choices

Meeting #2: January 5-6, 2009

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center, Irvine, CA (Board Room)

Monday January 5, 2009


CLOSED SESSION:

Welcome and introductions
Update on committee membership and other activities
Supplemental composition and balance discussion
Review/discuss committee task, responsibilities, and plans

Tuesday, 6 January 2009

CLOSED SESSION

Review of agenda
Update on Congressional and incoming Administration interests
Summit planning
Other communication and outreach activities
Finalize guidance to study panels
Future committee activities
Summary of action items



The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
January 14, 2009
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Gaskins
Contact Email:  rgaskins@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2597

Agenda
Tuesday, November 18
National Academy of Sciences Building
2100 C Street NW, Washington DC
Room 150

8:30 A.M. - 10:30 A.M. Closed session

10:30 A.M. Open session begins
***Space is limited, RSVP required***
RSVP to Rita Gaskins (rgaskins@nas.edu, 202-334-2597)

10:30 A.M. Welcome and introductions
Albert Carnesale, Committee Chair
William Chameides, Committee Vice-chair

10:45 A.M. Federal perspective
Mary Glackin (via telecon), Deputy Undersecretary for Oceans and Atmosphere, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

11:15 A.M. Congressional perspective
TBD

11:30 P.M. Discussion of committee task, responsibilities, and plans

12:00 P.M. Working lunch

1:00 P.M. Overview of panel responsibilities, membership, and plans

2:00 P.M. Discussion of panel tasks, boundaries, and interactions

2:30 P.M. Break - end of open session

2:45 P.M. - 5:00 P.M. Closed session

Wednesday November 19, 2008
Georgetown Suites Hotel
1111 30th Street NW, Washington DC 20007

8:30 A.M. - 12:30 P.M. Closed session
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Albert Carnesale
William Chameides
Robert Fri
Marilyn Brown
Thomas Wilbanks
Pamela Matson (only 18th)
Thomas Dietz
Susan Solomon
Thomas Karl (only 18th)
Donald Boesch
Richard Schmallensee (only 18th)
Jonathan Cannon
James Geringer
Bjorn Stigson
Robert Socolow (only 18th)
Peggy Shepard

Committee Members by phone

Kathy Jacobs
Peter Raven
Diana Liverman
Phil Sharp


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Committee orientation
Discussion of goals, task, and plans
Composition and Balance discussion
Planning of Climate Summit
Discussion of Communication and outreach plans
Guidance to study panels
Future committee meetings




The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 01, 2008
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office