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Project Information

Project Information


Options for Strengthening and Expanding the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Program


Project Scope:

The committee will identify options for strengthening and expanding the Department of Defense (DOD) Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program. The study will include an assessment of new CTR initiatives and options and recommendations for strengthening and expanding the CTR program. The legislation calling for the study contains the following objectives for the program, which also define the scope of the study:

(1) the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program should be strengthened and expanded, in part by developing new CTR initiatives;

(2) such new initiatives should--
(A) be well-coordinated with the Department of Energy, the Department of State, and any other relevant United States Government agency or department;

(B) include appropriate transparency and accountability mechanisms, and legal frameworks and agreements between the United States and CTR partner countries;

(C) reflect engagement with non-governmental experts on possible new options for the CTR Program;

(D) include work with the Russian Federation and other countries to establish strong CTR partnerships that, among other things--
(i) increase the role of scientists and government officials of CTR partner countries in designing CTR programs and projects; and
(ii) increase financial contributions and additional commitments to CTR programs and projects from Russia and other partner countries, as appropriate, as evidence that the programs and projects reflect national priorities and will be sustainable;

(E) include broader international cooperation and partnerships, and increased international contributions;

(F) incorporate a strong focus on national programs and sustainability, which includes actions to address concerns raised and recommendations made by the Government Accountability Office, in its report of February 2007 titled `Progress Made in Improving Security at Russian Nuclear Sites, but the Long-Term Sustainability of U.S. Funded Security Upgrades is Uncertain', which pertain to the Department of Defense;

(G) continue to focus on the development of CTR programs and projects that secure nuclear weapons; secure and eliminate chemical and biological weapons and weapons-related materials; and eliminate nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons-related delivery vehicles and infrastructure at the source; and

(H) include efforts to develop new CTR programs and projects in Russia and the former Soviet Union, and in countries and regions outside the former Soviet Union, as appropriate and in the interest of United States national security; and

(3) such new initiatives could include--
(A) programs and projects in Asia and the Middle East; and

(B) activities relating to the denuclearization of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

The project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense.
The approximate start date for the project is March 28, 2008.
The target date for the release of the committee's report is January 2009.

Status: Completed

PIN: ISAC-N-08-01-A

Project Duration (months): 18 month(s)

RSO: Harrington, Anne

Topic(s):

Math, Chemistry, and Physics



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 05/20/2008

David R. Franz - (Co-Chair)
Midwest Research Institute

Dr. Franz served in the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command for 23 of 27 years on active duty and retired as Colonel. He served as Commander of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) and as Deputy Commander of the Medical Research and Materiel Command. Prior to joining the Command, he served as Group Veterinarian for the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne). Dr. Franz was the Chief Inspector on three United Nations Special Commission biological warfare inspection missions to Iraq and served as technical advisor on long-term monitoring. He also served as a member of the first two US-UK teams that visited Russia in support of the Trilateral Joint Statement on Biological Weapons and as a member of the Trilateral Experts’ Committee for biological weapons negotiations. Dr. Franz was Technical Editor for the Textbook of Military Medicine on Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare released in 1997. Current standing committee appointments include the Defense Intelligence Agency Red Team Bio-Chem 2020, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s Threat Reduction Advisory Committee, the Department of Health and Human Services National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity, the Sandia National Laboratories Distinguished Advisory Panel (DAP) for international activities, and the Department of Homeland Security Science & Technology Advisory Committee. He currently co-chairs the National Research Council Committee on Expanding and Strengthening the DoD’s Cooperative Threat Reduction Program. He serves on the Boards of the Federation of American Scientists and the Kansas Bioscience Authority. Dr. Franz holds an adjunct appointment as Professor for the Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, serves on the Dean’s Advisory Council and chairs a university-wide Biosecurity Advisory Committee. The current focus of his activities relates to the role of international engagement in the life sciences as a component of national security policy. Dr. Franz holds a D.V.M. from Kansas State University and a Ph.D. in Physiology from Baylor College of Medicine.

Ronald F. Lehman, II - (Co-Chair)
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Ronald F. Lehman II is the director of the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and also Chairman of the Governing Board of the International Science and Technology Center. He serves on the Department of Defense Threat Reduction Advisory Committee, the Defense Science Board Task Forces on Globalization and Security and on Tritium, and on the National Research Council's Committee on Science, Technology, and Health Aspects of the Foreign Policy Agenda of the United States. In 1995, President Clinton appointed him to the five-member President's Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation Policy. From 1989 to 1993, he was Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Previously, he served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, Department of State's U.S. Chief Negotiator on Strategic Offensive Arms (START 1), and Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs. He has also served as a Senior Director at the National Security Council, and Senior Professional Staff of the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee. Additionally, he headed the U.S. Delegations to the Fourth Review Conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Third Review Conference of the Biological Weapons Convention, and also served as Deputy Head of Delegation for the Chemical Weapons Convention signing.
Robert B. Barker
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory [Retired]

Robert B. Barker retired from Lawrence Livermore National Lab in 1999 after 30 years of service. He was a nuclear weapons designer and held several managerial positions including Assistant to the Director. From 1986 to 1992 he served as Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Atomic Energy. Prior to this he was Deputy Assistant Director of the Bureau of Verification and Intelligence at the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1983 - 1985. Dr. Barker also worked at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory as assistant associate director for arms control, 1982 - 1983; special projects division leader, 1978 - 1982; and evaluation and planning division leader, 1973 - 1978. He has also served on the National Security Advisory Council.
William F. Burns
U.S. Army War College [Retired]

William F. Burns (US Army Major General, retired) is a former director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and former commandant of the U.S. Army War College. He led the U.S. delegation on Safety, Security, and Dismantlement (SSD) of nuclear weapons, serving as ambassador in negotiations on the denuclearization of the former Soviet Union. He is a distinguished fellow at the Army War College and serves on several panels, advisory boards, and boards of trustees of governmental and non-profit organizations. He is judge emeritus of the Court of Judicial Discipline of Pennsylvania. General Burns co-chaired a National Academies study on overcoming impediments to U.S.-Russian cooperation on nuclear nonproliferation and retired at the end of 2007 from the Committee on International Security and Arms Control.
Rose E. Gottemoeller
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Rose Gottemoeller took over as the director of the Carnegie Moscow Center in January 2006. She was previously a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in arms control, nonproliferation and nuclear security issues. From 1998 to 2000, she served in the Department of Energy as Assistant Secretary for Nonproliferation and National Security and then as Deputy Under-secretary for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation. From 1993 to 1994 she was Director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs on the National Security Council in the White House. Ms. Gottemoeller co-chaired a National Academies study on overcoming impediments to U.S.-Russian cooperation on nuclear nonproliferation and is currently a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control.
John J. Hamre
Center for Strategic and International Studies

John Hamre was elected CSIS president and CEO in January 2000. Before joining CSIS, he served as the 26th U.S. deputy secretary of defense. Prior to that, from 1993 to 1997, he served as under secretary of defense (comptroller). As comptroller, he was the principal assistant to the secretary of defense for the preparation, presentation, and execution of the defense budget and management improvement programs. In 2007, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates appointed Dr. Hamre to serve as chairman of the Defense Policy Board. Before serving in the Department of Defense, Dr. Hamre worked for 10 years as a professional staff member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. During that time, he was primarily responsible for the oversight and evaluation of procurement, research, and development programs, defense budget issues, and relations with the Senate Appropriations Committee. From 1978 to 1984, Dr. Hamre served in the Congressional Budget Office, where he became its deputy assistant director for national security and international affairs. In that position, he oversaw analysis and other support for committees in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Robert G. Joseph
National Institute for Public Policy

Robert Joseph (US Ambassador, retired) is currently a Senior Scholar at the National Institute for Public Policy. He also serves as U.S. Special Envoy for Nuclear Nonproliferation. From June 2005 to March 2007, Ambassador Joseph served as the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. Previously, he served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Proliferation Strategy, Counter-proliferation and Homeland Defense, National Security Council. From 1992 until 2001, Dr. Joseph was Professor of National Security Studies and Director/Founder of the Center for Counterproliferation Research at the National Defense University. Prior to that he was U.S. Commissioner to the Standing Consultative Commission and to the U.S.-Russian Consultative Commission on Nuclear Testing, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Forces and Arms Control Policy. Dr. Joseph received his MA from the University of Chicago and his Ph.D. from Columbia University.
Orde Kittrie
Arizona State University

Orde Kittrie is a Visiting Associate Professor at the University of Maryland School of and has been an Associate Professor of Law at Arizona State University since 2004. Prior to joining the ASU law faculty in 2004, Professor Kittrie spent eleven years at the United States Department of State's Office of the Legal Advisor where he served as a Senior Attorney and Adviser to the Under Secretary of State for Public Affairs and Public Diplomacy, as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business & Agricultural Affairs, and as the State Department's Senior Attorney for Nuclear Affairs. In that capacity, he negotiated five nuclear non-proliferation agreements between the United States and Russia and served as counsel for the U.S. Government's sanctions and other responses to the 1998 Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests. Earlier in his State Department career, Kittrie specialized in trade controls governing arms and dual-use items. Kittrie is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a board member of the Phoenix Committee on Foreign Relations.
James W. LeDuc
The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

James LeDuc directs the Program on Global Health within the Institute for Human Infections and Immunity at the University of Texas Medical Branch. He also serves as associate director for program development for the Galveston National Laboratory. Previously he served as the Coordinator for Influenza for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia and was the Director, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases in the National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID), CDC. His professional career began as a field biologist working with the Smithsonian Institution’s African Mammal Project in West Africa. Following that he served for 23 years as an Officer with the United States Army Medical Research and Development Command. He joined CDC in 1992 and was assigned to the World Health Organization as a Medical Officer, later becoming the Associate Director for Global Health at NCID. His research interests include the epidemiology of arboviruses and viral hemorrhagic fevers, and global health. He has participated in a number of NRC studies.
Richard W. Mies
Independent Consultant

Richard W. Mies (US Navy Admiral, retired) is currently a private consultant. He was previously the President and CEO of Hicks and Associates, Inc. and was concurrently the Deputy Group Manager of the Transformation, Training, Test, and Logistics Group at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). Admiral Mies joined SAIC after retiring from the U.S. Navy in February 2002 at the rank of Admiral. During his military career, Admiral Mies served as Commander in Chief, United States Strategic Command, and in a number of senior staff positions. His many service decorations include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal (two awards), Legion of Merit (four awards), and National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. Admiral Mies graduated from the US Naval Academy with a BS and holds a Masters degree in government administration and international relations and an Honorary Doctorate of Law degree from the University of Nebraska.
Judith Miller
Independent Consultant

Judith Miller is an author and a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter formerly with The New York Times. She left the paper in November 2005 after spending 85 days in jail to defend a reporter's right to protect confidential sources. In 2007, she joined the Manhattan Institute as an adjunct fellow and a contributing editor of the Manhattan Institute's City Journal. She writes for several publications -- The Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and New York Sun, among them. She also appears on television as a commentator on national security, focusing on the Middle East and counter-terrorism, and the need to strike a delicate balance between protecting both national security and American civil liberties in a post-9/11 world. She has reported extensively on cooperative threat reduction activities, particularly in Russia. She is the author/co-author of four books and in 2002, was part of a small team that won a Pulitzer Prize for explanatory journalism for her January, 2001 series on Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda. That same year, she won an Emmy for her work on a Nova/New York Times documentary based on articles for her book, "Germs." She was also part of the Times team that won the prestigious DuPont award that year for a series of programs on terrorism for PBS's "Frontline." She has a B.A. from Barnard College and a M.P.A. from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School.
George W. Parshall
E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company [Retired]

George W. Parshall is an advisor to the US Army on neutralization processes used to destroy chemical weapons instead of incineration. Now retired, he joined du Pont’s Central Research Department in 1954, where he rose to Director of Chemical Sciences. He directed the work of 50 to 100 DuPont scientists, including that of Richard Schrock who received the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He was most closely associated with the DuPont processes for making critical polymer intermediates used in producing nylon and polyester and spandex. Parshall coauthored the definitive textbook on “Homogeneous Catalysis” and directed the creation of alternatives to the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Parshall is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the New York Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Lambda Upsilon and Sigma Xi.
Thomas R. Pickering
Hills & Company, International Consultants

Thomas Pickering (US Ambassador, retired) is vice chairman of the consulting firm Hills & Company. He’s the former senior vice president for international relations at the Boeing Company, a position he assumed in January 2001 upon his retirement as United States Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. Ambassador Pickering held the personal rank of Career Ambassador, the highest in the US Foreign Service. In a diplomatic career spanning five decades, he has served as US ambassador to the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. From 1989 to 1993, he served as Ambassador to the United Nations. His service in the US government began in 1956 in the US Navy. On active duty until 1959, he later served in the Naval Reserve to the grade of Lieutenant Commander. Between 1959 and 1961, he served in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the State Department, and in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Ambassador Pickering previously served on the PGA Committee.
Kim K. Savit
University of Denver

Kim Savit is currently a consultant for the Intelligence and Security Group of Science Applications International Corporation. She is also an Adjunct Professor at the University of Denver Graduate School of International Studies. Ms. Savit retired in May 2006 from her position as the Senior Professional Staff Member for the Middle East, Central and South Asia on the Majority Staff of the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Ms. Savit served in the U.S. State Department as the Deputy Coordinator for Security and Law Enforcement Assistance to Europe and Eurasia (Acting- 2002-2003) and as the Director for Security and Law Enforcement Assistance to the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union (1995-2002). Ms. Savit held a number of positions in the U.S. Department of Defense including Director of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program for the Office of the Secretary of Defense and Country Desk Officer for Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Iran and Iraq in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Near East and South Asian Affairs Bureau.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

Judith Miller was added to the Committee Roster on May 20, 2008.
Charles Curtis resigned from the Committee on June 24, 2008.

Events



Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita S. Guenther
Contact Email:  rguenther@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2811

Agenda
November 17, 2008

8:30 am - 6:00 pm CLOSED MEETING
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

David Franz
Robert Barker
Judith Miller
George Parshall


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Those committee members present discussed the draft report.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
November 24, 2008
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Guenther
Contact Email:  rguenther@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2811

Agenda
This meeting will be closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

David Franz
William F. Burns
Orde Kittrie
James LeDuc
Judy Miller
George Parshall
Thomas Pickering
Kim Savit



The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The draft report and the project timeline were discussed during the closed meeting.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
October 14, 2008
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Guenther
Contact Email:  rguenther@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2359

Agenda
July 8, 2008

8:30 - 9:00 am Closed Session

9:00 am Additional views from USG agencies
- National Security Council - Charles Lutes (invited)
- Health and Human Services - William Steiger (invited)
- Homeland Security Council - Robert Kadlec (invited)
- State Department - Susan Koch (invited)

10:15 am Questions and Answers

10:45 am Break

11:00 am Views from other organizations
- Office of Management and Budget (OMB) panel Joe Bowab, Gordon Adams and Emily Miller (now at DOE) (invited)

- Civilian Research and Development Corporation (CRDF) - Cathy Campbell (invited)

- GAO CTR program auditors (invited)

11:45 am Questions and Answers

12:30 - 5:00 pm Closed Session

6:00 pm Committee Working Dinner [Location TBD]
- Senator Richard Lugar and Senator Sam Nunn (invited) or
- House Armed Services Committee Staff




July 9, 2008

8:30 am - 1:30 pm Closed Session

Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Dave Franz
Ron Lehman
Orde Kittrie
Kim Savit
Judy Miller
Bob Joseph
George Parshall
Bob Barker
Bill Burns


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Draft Report Outline
Committee Travel

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 16, 2008
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Rita Guenther
Contact Email:  rguenther@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-2359

Agenda
Committee on Strengthening and Expanding the
Department of Defense’s Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program

Meeting #1: May 21-22, 2008

The National Academies
Room 109
The Keck Center, 500 5th Street, NW, Washington, DC

May 21, 2008, Room 109

8:30 - 12:00 CLOSED SESSION

12:00 Working Lunch with DTRA director James Tegnelia (with LTC David Musgrav). Briefing and discussion will explore DTRA’s thoughts on:

• Historical activities of CTR and lessons learned
• Coordination with other DOD missions, e.g. combatant commands, medical command, etc.
• DOD coordination/cooperation with other USG agencies, other countries, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations

2:00 Views from USG Agencies
• Department of State - Mary Alice Hayward and Philip Dolliff (invited)
• National Security Council - Charles Lutes (invited)
• Department of Defense - Joseph Benkert
• Department of Energy - William Tobey
• Health and Human Services - William Steiger (invited, by phone)
• Homeland Security Council - Bob Kadlec (invited)
(Benkert and Tobey will arrive at 2:30)

3:30 Break

3:45 Views on the Future of CTR from the NGO Community
• Kenneth Luongo - Partnership for Global Security
• Sharron Squassoni - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
• Amy Smithson - Monterey Institute of International Studies
• Elizabeth Turpen - The Henry L. Stimson Center
• Mary Beth Dunham Nikitin - Congressional Research Service

5:00 Questions and Answers

5:30 Adjourn

6:00 Committee Working Dinner [Keck Room 1024]



May 22, 2008, Room 109

8:30 - 2:00 CLOSED SESSION
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

David Franz
Ron Lehman (via phone)
Rose Gottemoeller
Orde Kittrie
Kim Savit
Tom Pickering
Judy Miller
George Parshall
Robert Joseph

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Project and Study Scope
Committee Travel
Draft Study Outline

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
June 05, 2008
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office