William F. Brinkman
William F. Brinkman (NAS) is currently a senior research physicist in the Physics Department at Princeton University. He retired as vice president of research from Bell Laboratories/Lucent Technologies on September 30, 2001. In that position his responsibilities included the direction of all research to enable the advancement of the technology underlying Lucent Technologies' products. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has served on a number of NRC committees, and he chaired the NRC’s Physics Survey Committee and the Committee on Solid-State Sciences. He is past president of the American Physical Society and is currently chairman of the Laboratories Operations Board of the Department of Energy. Dr. Brinkman was the recipient of the 1994 George E. Pake Prize. He received a Ph.D. degree in physics from the University of Missouri, Columbia.
Douglas M. Chapin
MPR Associates, Inc.
Douglas M. Chapin (NAE) is principal officer and director, MPR Associates, Inc., Alexandria, Virginia. He has extensive experience in electrical, chemical, and nuclear engineering, with particular application to nuclear and conventional power plant problems and functions, including numerous aspects of power plant systems and associated components. He has worked in such areas as instrumentation and control systems, nuclear fuels, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, pumps, advanced analysis methods, test facility design, and electrical systems and components. Dr. Chapin has worked on a number of efforts including the Japan/Germany/United States research program on loss of coolant accidents, served as project leader for the design, construction, and testing of the loss of fluid test facility, was a member of the Electric Power Research Institute’s (EPRI’s) Utility Review Committee on Advanced Reactor Designs, and worked with the Utility/EPRI Advanced Light Water Reactor Program that defines utility requirements for future nuclear power plants. He was chairman of the NRC’s Committee on Application of Digital Instrumentation and Control Technology to Nuclear Power Plant Operations and Safety. He is currently a member of the NRC’s Committee on Review of DOE’s Nuclear Energy R&D Program, and chair of the NRC’s Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. Dr. Chapin is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). He served as a member of the NAE’s Electric Power/Energy Systems Engineering Peer Committee, and is currently a member of the NAE’s Committee on Membership. He is also a fellow of the American Nuclear Society. He has a B.S. degree in electrical engineering, Duke University, an M.S. degree in applied science, George Washington University, and a Ph.D. degree, nuclear studies in chemical engineering, Princeton University.
Christine A. Ehlig-Economides
Texas A&M University-College Station
Christine Ehlig-Economides (NAE) is a professor in the Harold Vance Department of Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University and is holder of the Albert B. Stevens Chair in Petroleum Engineering. She was previously a tenured professor of chemical engineering at the University of Houston for twenty years. Ehlig-Economides was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2003. She is a distinguished member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) and has held a variety of leadership positions in the society. In 1982, she was named the Alaska SPE Engineer of the Year and received the SPE Distinguished Achievement Award for Petroleum Engineering Faculty. She received the SPE Formation Evaluation Award in 1995 and the society's Lester C. Uren Award in 1997, and was named distinguished lecturer in 1997. Ehlig-Economides is also a member of Sigma Xi, the national research honor society. Her degrees include a bachelor's degree in math-science from Rice University, a master's degree in chemical engineering from the University of Kansas, and a Ph.D. degree in petroleum engineering from Stanford University.
Robert W. Fri
Resources for the Future, Inc.
Robert W. Fri is a visiting scholar and senior fellow emeritus at Resources for the Future, where he served as president from 1986 to 1995. From 1996 to 2001 he served as director of the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution. Before joining the Smithsonian, Mr. Fri served in both the public and private sectors, specializing in energy and environmental issues. In 1971 he became the first deputy administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In 1975, President Ford appointed him as the deputy administrator of the Energy Research and Development Administration. He served as acting administrator of both agencies for extended periods. From 1978 to 1986, Mr. Fri headed his own company, Energy Transition Corporation. He began his career with McKinsey & Company, where he was elected a principal. Mr. Fri is a senior advisor to private, public, and nonprofit organizations. He is currently a member of the National Petroleum Council. Mr. Fri is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi. He received his B.A. degree in physics from Rice University and his M.B.A. degree (with distinction) from Harvard University.
Charles H. Goodman
Southern Company Services, Inc.
Charles H. Goodman had a long career in electric utility research and development -- primarily with regard to developing and improving power generation technologies and in addressing their associated public policy issues. His many contributions span heat transfer, emissions controls, environmental science, and advanced generation technologies. For Southern Company he was the Senior Vice President for Generation Policy. His responsibilities included serving as Chairman of the Board for the FutureGen Industrial Alliance. Prior to 2006 he held the position of Senior Vice President of Research and Environmental Policy. In that position he served as the chief environmental officer for Southern Company. He also directed research & development, environmental policy, environmental research, and compliance strategy development efforts for Southern Company. He served for many years on the Electric Power Research Institute’s (EPRI) Research Advisory Committee and was chair of its Environment Sector Council. He is a member of the National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He served on the NRC Committee on Programmatic Review of DOE’s Office of Power Technology, which reviewed the suite of renewable energy R&D technology programs. He has chaired the Environmental Staff Committee of the Business Roundtable, and was a member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Air Act Advisory Committee. His responsibilities have included oversight of the Power Systems Development Facility in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Dr. Goodman received his MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from Tulane University and his undergraduate degree from University of Texas at Arlington. He is a Fellow in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
John B. Heywood
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
John B. Heywood (NAE) is Sun Jae Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and director of the Sloan Automotive Laboratory. Dr. Heywood's research interests have focused on understanding and explaining the processes that govern the operation and design of internal combustion engines and their fuels requirements. Major research activities include engine combustion, pollutant formation, and operating and emissions characteristics and fuel requirements of automotive and aircraft engines. He has served on a number of NRC committees including the Committee on Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, and he is currently a member of the Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program, Phase 2. He has consulted for Bendix, Ford Motor Company, Jaguar Cars, and Mobil Research and Development Corporation. He has received the Ayreton Premium Award, British Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Ralph R. Teetor Award, Society of Automotive Engineers, among others. He has a Ph.D. degree in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an Sc.D. degree from Cambridge University.
Lester B. Lave
Carnegie Mellon University
Lester B. Lave is currently the Harry B. and James H. Higgins Professor of Economics and University Professor at Carnegie Mellon University. He is also director, Carnegie Mellon Green Design Initiative, and co-director, Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center. His teaching and research interests include applied economics, political economy, quantitative risk assessment, safety standards, modeling the effects of global climate change, public policy concerning greenhouse gas emissions, and understanding the issues surrounding the electric transmission and distribution system. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1983 for his expertise in corporate industry administration, business administration, and economics. Dr. Lave's published papers include, Evaluating Automobile Fuel/Propulsion System Technologies, Predicting Human Carcinogenicity, Market Power in Deregulated Wholesale Electricity Markets, and Bolstering the Security of the Electric Power System. He is a recipient of the distinguished achievement award of the Society for Risk Analysis. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University.
James J. Markowsky
James J. Markowsky (NAE) is retired executive vice president of American Electric Power (AEP) Service Corporation, where he led the power generation group and was responsible for fossil-fueled and hydroelectric generating facilities, affiliate coal mining, coal procurement and transportation, and environmental services. Dr. Markowsky served as chair of the NRC’s Committee to Review DOE’s Vision 21 R&D Program, Phase 1, and the Committee on R&D Opportunities for Advanced Fossil-Fueled Energy Complexes. He also served as the chair of the National Academy of Engineering’s Section 6 Electric Power/Energy Systems. Committee.. He received a B.S. degree in mechanical engineering from the Pratt Institute, master’s degrees from Cornell University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. degree in mechanical engineering from Cornell University.
Richard A. Meserve
Carnegie Institution of Washington
Richard A. Meserve (NAE) is the ninth president of the Carnegie Institution, after stepping down as chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC). As chairman of the USNRC, Meserve served as the principal executive officer of the federal agency with responsibility for ensuring the public health and safety in the operation of nuclear power plants and in the usage of nuclear materials. He served as chairman under both Presidents Clinton and Bush and led the USNRC in responding to the terrorism threat after the 9/11 attacks. Before joining the USNRC, Meserve was a partner in the Washington, D.C., law firm of Covington & Burling, and he now serves as senior of counsel to the firm. Early in his career, he served as legal counsel to the president’s science advisor, and was a law clerk to Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and to Judge Benjamin Kaplan of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. He received his undergraduate degree from Tufts University in 1966. Dr. Meserve has served on numerous legal and scientific committees over the years, including many established by the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering. He also currently serves as chairman of the International Nuclear Safety Group, which is chartered by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Dr. Meserve was elected to serve as a director of PG&E Corporation and Pacific Gas and Electric Company in 2006. Among other affiliations, he is a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Engineering, and he is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, and Phi Beta Kappa. Dr. Meserve serves on the board of directors of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Universities Research Association, Inc., and on the Council of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has a law degree from Harvard and a Ph.D. degree in applied physics from Stanford.
Warren F. Miller, Jr.
Texas A&M University-College Station
Warren F. Miller, Jr. (NAE) serves as associate director of the Nuclear Security Science and Policy Institute, Texas A&M University System. He has expertise in nuclear reactor design, transport and reactor analysis and theory, radioactive waste management, transmutation of materials, and management of R&D programs. From 1974 to 2001, he held a number of positions at Los Alamos National Laboratory including group leader, reactor and transport theory; deputy associate director for nuclear programs; associate laboratory director for energy programs; and deputy laboratory director for science and technology. He has held positions at University of New Mexico, University of Michigan, Howard University, University of California, Berkeley, and Northwestern University. He is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society, State of New Mexico Eminent Scholar (1989), a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and the National Society of Black Engineers 2004 distinguished engineer. He has served on a variety of advisory groups and committees. He was vice chair of the NRC’s Division on Earth and Life Sciences and a member of the Committee on Long Term Environmental Quality Research and Development. He is currently a member of the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board and a member of the Committee on Review on Review of DOE’s Nuclear Energy R&D Program. He served on the Department of Energy’s Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee from 1997-2006. He has a B.S. degree in engineering sciences, U.S. Military Academy, West Point, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in engineering sciences, Northwestern University.
Franklin M. Orr, Jr.
Franklin M. Orr Jr. (NAE) is the Beal Professor and dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford University. His research interests include multicomponent fluid phase equilibrium and its interactions with multiphase flow in porous media. Previously he served as chair of the Petroleum Engineering Department at Stanford University and held positions at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Shell Development Company, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics. He is vice-chair of the board of directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and member of the board of directors of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowships in Science and Engineering. He is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering and served as chair on the NRC Panel for Review of the Energy Resources Program of the U.S. Geological Survey.
Lawrence T. Papay
Lawrence T. Papay is currently CEO and Principal of PQR, LLC, a management consulting firm specializing in managerial, financial, and technical strategies for a variety of clients in electric power and other energy areas. He has held positions including senior vice president for the integrated solutions sector, Science Applications International Corporation, and senior vice president and general manager of Bechtel Technology and Consulting. Dr. Papay also held several positions at Southern California Edison, including senior vice president, vice president, general superintendent, and director of research and development (R&D), with responsibilities for areas including bulk power generation, system planning, nuclear power, environmental operations, and development of the organization and plans for the company’s R&D efforts. His expertise and knowledge range across a wide variety of electric system technologies, from production to transmission and distribution, utility management and systems, and end-use technologies. Dr. Papay was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1987 due to his outstanding leadership in pioneering the research, development and commercialization of electric power generation utilizing alternative and renewable technologies. He served as chair of the NRC committee that produced the report Alternatives to Indian Point Energy Center for Meeting New York Electric Power Needs. Dr. Papay’s professional affiliations have included the Electric Power Research Institute Research Advisory Committee, the Atomic Industrial Forum, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Research Advisory Board, and the Renewable Energy Institute. He holds a B.S. degree in physics from Fordham University, and S.M. and Sc.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Aristides A. Patrinos
Synthetic Genomics, Inc.
Aristides Patrinos is president of Synthetic Genomics. He served on the staff of the Environmental Protection Agency and joined the Department of Energy (DOE) in 1988 and led the development of the DOE's program in global environmental change. From 1995 to 2006, Dr. Patrinos was the associate director for biological and environmental research in DOE’s Office of Science, where he oversaw research activities in the human and microbial genome, structural biology, nuclear medicine, and global environmental change. He also directed the DOE component of the U.S. Human Genome Project and was the DOE representative to the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Climate Change Technology Program. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honorary degrees, including three presidential rank awards for meritorious and distinguished service and two secretary of energy gold medals. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences and the American Meteorological Society, and a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Patrinos received a diploma in mechanical and electrical engineering from the National Technical University of Athens and a Ph.D. degree in mechanical and astronautical sciences from Northwestern University.
Michael P. Ramage
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company [Retired]
Michael P. Ramage is retired Executive Vice President, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previously he was Executive Vice President, Chief Technology Officer, and Director of Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number of positions at Mobil including Research Associate, Manager of Process Research and Development, General Manager of Exploration and Producing Research and Technical Service, Vice President of Engineering, and President of Mobil Technology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects of the petroleum and chemical industries. He has served on a number of university visiting committees and was a member of the Government University Industrial Research Roundtable. He was a Director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and is a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Ramage chaired the recent National Research Council report “The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and Research Needs”. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has served on the NAE Council. Dr. Ramage has B.S., M.S., Ph.D., and HDR degrees in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University.
Maxine L. Savitz
Honeywell Inc. [Retired]
Maxine Savitz (NAE) is a director of the Washington Advisory Group. Dr. Savitz is a former deputy assistant secretary for conservation, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). She received the Outstanding Service Medal from DOE in 1981. Prior to her DOE service, she was program manager for research applied to national needs at the National Science Foundation. Following her government service, Dr. Savitz served in executive positions in the private sector, including: president of Lighting Research Institute, assistant to the vice president for engineering at the Garrett Corporation, and general manager of AlliedSignal Ceramic Components. She recently retired from the position of general manager for technology partnerships at Honeywell. Dr. Savitz is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She was appointed to the National Science Board in 1998. She is a member of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, the DOE’s Laboratory Operations Board, and advisory bodies for Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dr. Savitz also serves on the board of directors of the Electric Power Research Institute and the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. Dr. Savitz received a B.A. degree in chemistry from Bryn Mawr College and a Ph.D. degree in organic chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Robert H. Socolow
Robert H. Socolow is a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Princeton University, where he has been on the faculty since 1971. He was previously an assistant professor of physics at Yale University. Professor Socolow is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He currently codirects Princeton University's Carbon Mitigation Initiative, a multidisciplinary investigation of fossil fuels in a future carbon-constrained world. From 1979 to 1997, Professor Socolow directed Princeton University's Center for Energy and Environmental Studies and contributed significantly to progress in energy efficiency technologies, policy and applications. He has served on many NRC boards and committees, including the Committee on R&D Opportunities for Advanced Fossil-Fueled Energy Complexes, the Committee on Review of DOE’s Vision 21 R&D Program, and the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He has B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Harvard University.
James L. Sweeney
James Sweeney is professor and former chairman, Department of Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research, Stanford University. He has been a consultant, director of the Office of Energy Systems, director of the Office of Quantitative Methods, and director of the Office of Energy Systems Modeling and Forecasting, Federal Energy Administration. At Stanford University, he has been chairman, Institute of Energy Studies; director, Center for Economic Policy Research; and director, Energy Modeling Forum. He has served on several NRC committees including the Committee on the National Energy Modeling System and the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change. He also served on the Committee on Benefits of DOE’s R&D on Energy Efficiency and Fossil Energy, helping to develop the framework and methodology that the committee applied to evaluating benefits. His research and writings address economic and policy issues important for natural resource production and use, energy markets including oil, natural gas and electricity, environmental protection, and the use of mathematical models to analyze energy markets. He has a B.S. degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. degree in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University.
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
G. David Tilman (NAS) is regents professor and director of the Cedar Creek Natural History Area at the University of Minnesota. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He is one of the world's leading ecologists, blending theoretical and experimental work. His research created the benchmark model for determining how different organisms within an ecosystem compete for resources. His field experiments and theoretical insights have helped to alert scientists to the fact that the reduction in the number of plant and animal species on the planet has a profound effect on the way the Earth's ecosystems function. He has been a member of numerous NRC committees and was a member of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Editorial Board and the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. He received his Ph.D. degree in 1976 from the University of Michigan.
C. Michael Walton
The University of Texas at Austin
C. Michael Walton (NAE) is professor of Civil Engineering and holds the Ernest H. Cockrell Centennial Chair in Engineering at the University of Texas. He also has a joint academic appointment in the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs. Dr. Walton is actively involved in developing and defining transportation policy through his research, publications, and national service to government and industry. He has contributed to more than 200 publications in the areas of intelligent transportation systems; freight transport; and transportation engineering, planning, policy, and economics. He is a founding member of the Intelligent Transportation Society of America and currently serves as chair of its board of directors. Dr. Walton is a past chair of the TRB executive committee and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He holds a B.S. degree from the Virginia Military Institute and masters and Ph.D. degrees from North Carolina State University, all in civil engineering.