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Project Information

Project Information


A Study of Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Africa and South Asia


Project Scope:

A multinational, multidisciplinary committee will study the potential for new scientific information and technological tools to assist farmers in Africa and South Asia in the production of food and fiber. The study will consider the potential impacts of existing and nascent technologies and explore novel, possibly far-reaching, solutions to problems facing developing country farmers, including research pursuits that are only in a conceptual stage. The committee will organize workshops to bring agricultural scientists together with scientists working on advanced technologies and technological systems in different disciplines. The study committee will develop a framework for ranking the ideas that emerge from the workshops and prepare a consensus report that presents its findings, including categories of specific needs and the scientific and technological breakthroughs that could address those needs. The report will discuss the relative merits of different research approaches and technological directions, including the probable time frame and level of effort required to achieve particular breakthroughs and applications, and the relative potential of different technologies to positively impact farming in the developing world.

This project is sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
The start date for the project is 12/01/06.
A report will be issued at the end of the project in approximately 14 months.

For more information on this project, please see the following website:

http://dels.nas.edu/banr/emerging_technologies.shtml

(copy and paste link into your browser).

Update 5-8-08: The project duration has been extended. The report is expected to be issued by 6/30/08.

Status: Current

PIN: BANR-O-06-04-A

Project Duration (months): 14 month(s)

RSO: Schoen, Robin



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 03/07/2007

Brian A. Larkins - (Chair)
University of Arizona

Brian A. Larkins is the Associate Vice Chancellor for Research and Distinguished University Professor of Life Sciences at the University of Nebraska – Lincoln. He previously was the Porterfield Professor of Plant Sciences at the University of Arizona. Dr. Larkins is an expert in seed biology. He characterized the zein seed protein genes of maize and illuminated the events leading from gene expression through deposition of zein proteins into protein bodies of the maize kernel, with significant implications for protein nutrition of humans worldwide. Dr. Larkins was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1996. He was a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Environmental Impacts Associated with Commercialization of Transgenic Crops: Issues and Approaches to Monitoring. Dr. Larkins was an associate editor of Plant and Cell Physiology from 2002-2005. From 1991–1992, he was President of the International Society for Plant Molecular Biology and from 1998–1999, the president of the American Society of Plant Physiologists. Dr. Larkins earned a B.S. (1969) in biology and a Ph.D. (1974) in botany, both from the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, and he was a Postdoctoral Research Associate in Biochemical Genetics and Plant Physiology at Purdue University from 1975–76.
Steven P. Briggs
University of California, San Diego

Steven P. Briggs is a professor of cell and developmental biology at the University of California, San Diego. His research looks at post-transcriptional determinants of plant innate resistance to infectious disease using protein profiling by tandem mass spectrometry combined with plant gene engineering. His formal training is in plant biology, but his interests encompass the broader issues of systems biology and regulatory problems in a variety of organisms. Dr. Briggs was elected to the National Academy of Sciences for being the first to isolate and characterize the mode of action of a plant disease resistance gene, Hm1, from maize. Before joining the UC San Diego faculty, Dr. Briggs was the Senior Vice President for R&D Platforms at Diversa Corporation, and before that, the President and Chief Executive Officer of Novartis Torrey Mesa Research Institute, and global Head of Genomics at Syngenta AG. Dr. Briggs received his Ph.D. and M.S. in plant pathology from Michigan State University, and his B.S. in botany from the University of Vermont.
Deborah P. Delmer
University of California, Davis

Deborah P. Delmer recently retired from her position as the associate director of food security at the Rockefeller Foundation, where she was the science and policy advisor for research related to the advancement of agriculture in developing countries. The focus of her work with the Rockefeller Foundation was agricultural development in Africa. She particularly highlighted abiotic stresses, such as poor soil quality, metal toxicity, and drought, and biotic stresses such as pests, pathogens, and parasitic organisms, as two central problems facing African farmers. She has discussed the need for plant biologists to devote more energy to the realm of translational science, much like the health sciences have recently done. Dr. Delmer was formerly a professor and chair of the Department of Plant Biology at the University of California, Davis (1997–2001). She identified the first cellulose synthase gene in flowering plants. Her research has provided fundamental insights into the enzymatic mechanisms by which cellulose and other complex cell wall polysaccharides are synthesized. Dr. Delmer was elected into the National Academy of Sciences for work that pioneered research in cellulose biosynthesis. Dr. Delmer received her Ph.D. (1968) in cellular biology from the University of California, San Diego, and A.B. (1963) in bacteriology from Indiana University.
Richard P. Dick
The Ohio State University

Richard P. Dick joined Ohio State University’s College of Natural Resources as an Eminent Scholar in Soil Microbial Ecology in 2004. His research interests are focused on soil ecology and the role of management in affecting soil functions within ecosystems. Dr. Dick studies the biochemical properties and processes in the soils in combination with microbial community analysis by using techniques that measure enzyme activities, microbial biomass, functional diversity, stable isotope probing, and phospholipid profiling (PLFA) of the microbial community structure. Dr. Dick’s research has led to the development of soil-enzyme assays that can be used as rapid indicators of the effects of soil management and pollution on soil biology. Land managers and public and regulatory personnel can use those assays to identify degraded soils and to determine when remediation of soils is complete. He has supervised many graduate students from developing countries and had a leadership role in a large USAID ag. capacity building project in Seneagal. Dr. Dick is currently working on a large NSF grant (Biocomplexity) on the regulation of hydrologic and C cycles by native shrubs in sub-Sahelian Africa. Dr. Dick earned his doctorate in soil science from Iowa State University in 1985. He joined Oregon State University as an assistant professor in that year and attained the rank of associate professor in 1991 and of professor in 1996. In 2004 he was awarded an endowed chair as an Ohio Eminent Scholar. and where he is currently a professor of soil microbial ecology. He is a Fellow of the Soil Science Society of America and the American Society of Agronomy and was awarded the Senior Research Fulbright Scholar Award in 2000 to conduct research in West Africa.
Richard B. Flavell
Ceres, Inc.

Richard B. Flavell is the Chief Scientific Officer of Ceres, Inc., a California-based plant genomics company. He also is currently an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology at the University of California, Los Angeles. From 1987 to 1998, he was the Director of the John Innes Centre in Norwich, England, a premier UK plant and microbial research institute. Dr. Flavell is an expert in cereal plant genomics, having produced the first molecular maps of plant chromosomes to reveal their constituent sequences. In 2004, he chaired a scientific and management review of the International Rice Research Institute in the Phillipines. He currently serves on the International Biofortification Program Advisory Committee of the World Bank’s Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). He served previously as Secretary to the Board and Executive Committee of ISAAA (International Service for the Acquistion of Agri-biotech Applications). In 1999, Dr. Flavell was named a Commander of the British Empire for his contributions to plant and microbial sciences. Dr. Flavell received his Ph.D. from the University of East Anglia and is a Fellow of EMBO and of The Royal Society of London.
Jonathan Gressel
Weizmann Institute of Science

Jonathan Gressel is professor emeritus of plant sciences at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. He and his research group are actively developing crops, biocontrol agents, and agrotechnologies to facilitate control of parasitic weeds (such as Striga) with colleagues in Mexico and Kenya. He is the author of over 265 scientific papers and book chapters and author, co-author, or editor of 6 books. His most recent books are the Molecular Biology of Weed Control (2002), and Genetic Glass Ceilings: Transgenics for Crop Biodiversity, to be released in 2007. Dr. Gressel is a past-president of the International Weed Science Society. He was chairman of the scientific program committee for the 3rd International Weed Science Congress, held in June 2000 in Brazil. Dr. Gressel received his Ph.D. (1963) in botany and horticulture and M.Sc. in botany from the University of Wisconsin, and his B.Sc. from Ohio State University.
Tsegaye Habtemariam
Tuskegee University

Tsegaye Habtemariam is the Dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health at Tuskegee University. Prior to his appointment as dean, Dr. Habtemariam served as associate dean for Research and Graduate Studies; director of the Center for Computational Epidemiology, Bioinformatics, and Risk Analysis; director of Biomedical Information Management Systems; and professor of Epidemiology and Biomedical Informatics. Dr. Habtemariam has conducted more than a dozen international workshops in Africa, the Caribbean, and the United States in order to train scientists in science-based risk analysis of animal disease. He has served as a consultant for the Pan American Health Organization and the World Health Organization; was elected honorary member of the American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (2004); and served on the National Advisory Committee in Microbiological Criteria in Foods (2000-2002). Dr. Habtemariam received his Ph.D. (1979) in epidemiology and MPVM degrees from the University of California, Davis, a D.V.M. (1970) from Colorado State University, and B.S. in animal sciences from H.S.I. University, Ethiopia. Dr. Habtemarian has a broad knowledge of animal diseases that affect developing countries.
Rattan Lal
The Ohio State University

Rattan Lal is a professor of soil sciences at Ohio State University (OSU). He also directs the OSU Carbon Management and Sequestration Center and the South Asia Initiative. Dr. Lal worked for 17 years at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture in Ibadan, Nigeria, where he chaired the International Committee on Tropical Deforestation and Land Development. He is the chief editor of the Encyclopedia of Soil Science, and he has received numerous awards for his work on soils, including the American Society of Agronomy’s Environmental Quality Research Award (2004). Dr. Lal received his Ph.D. (1968) in soils at Ohio State University, M.Sc. (1965) in soils at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi, India, and B.Sc. (1963) in agriculture at Punjab Agricultural University in Ludhiana, India. He grew up on a farm in Punjab, India. Dr. Lal has a vast understanding of the soil conditions in many regions of the world, in particular South Asia and Africa.
Alice N. Pell
Cornell University

Alice N. Pell is the director of the Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development (CIIFAD). As director of CIIFAD, most of her research focuses on tropical farming systems, with an emphasis on Africa, and the centerpiece being an interdisciplinary project on the relationship between poverty and environmental degradation in the densely populated Kenyan highlands. Prior to that appointment, she was a Professor in the Department of Animal Sciences at Cornell University. Dr. Pell’s research areas and teaching fields include rumen microbiology, forage evaluation, modeling and nutrient cycling. Dr. Pell recently completed two-terms as a member of the NRC’s Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources. She served as a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Dairy Cattle Nutrition and the Committee on Animal Nutrition. Dr. Pell received her undergraduate degree and a summa cum laude on her thesis in architectural science from Radcliffe College at Harvard University, her master’s degree in education from Harvard Graduate School of Education; and her master’s and Ph.D. degrees in animal science from the University of Vermont.
Raymond J. St. Leger
University of Maryland, College Park

Raymond J. St. Leger is a professor of entomology at the University of Maryland. His research focuses on understanding the fundamental biology of insect pathogenic fungi and exploiting their entomopathogenic properties for agricultural benefit. In 1996, he supervised a Centro Nacional de Investigaciones de Café (CENICAFE) project on coffee pest management in Columbia. In 2001, he collaborated with the Biocontrol Institute of China to develop effective mycoinsecticides against grasshopper pests. He currently works with the coffee federation of Columbia to produce a fungus that targets the broca beetle, a major pest of coffee. Dr. St. Leger is a member of the Society of Microbiology (UK), American Mycological Society, American Society of Microbiology, and the Genetics Society of America. In 1998 he was a finalist for the Office of Technology Liason’s Invention of the year for a Novel Insecticide. He received his B.S. (1978) in Biology from Exeter University (UK), his M.S. (1980) in Entomology from the University of London (UK), and his Ph.D. (1985) from University of Bath (UK) Dr. St. Leger is an expert on insect biology and novel methods to protect plants from insect pests.
Robert J. Wall
U.S. Department of Agriculture

Robert J. Wall is a research physiologist with the Biotechnology and Germplasm Laboratory at the U.S. Department of Agriculture and an adjunct faculty member at the University of Maryland. Dr. Wall’s work in genetic engineering has focused on producing healthy transgenic animals by efficient means. His lab has produced genetically engineered cattle that are resistant to infection by a mastitis causing bacterium, demonstrated that a synthetic genetic switch can be used to turn off an oncogene (thus reversing the hyperplasia caused by a virally induced cancer), and included matrix attachment region (MARs) sequences in gene constructs to double the production of functional transgenic animals. In 1988, Dr. Wall was a member of NRC’s Panel for Review of Agricultural Sciences Research Proposals Under the A.I.D. Research Grants Program for the Historically Black Colleges and Universities. In 2005, Dr. Wall was recognized with the Beltsville Area Senior Research Scientist Award for his outstanding research accomplishments in the introduction of recombinant DNA molecules into the genome of agricultural animals. Dr. Wall received his Ph.D. in 1981 from Cornell University.

Events



Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

Public Briefing September 29, 2008

National Academy of Sciences (Lecture Room)
2100 C Street NW
Washington, DC 20037

PRELIMINARY AGENDA

9:15 – 9:30 am
Welcome and Report Overview
Brian A. Larkins, University of Arizona
Chair of the NRC committee A Study of Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

9:30 – 9:40
Soil Management Techniques
Rattan Lal, Ohio State University, committee member

9:40 – 9:50
Tools for Predicting Weather and Climate Change
Brian Larkins, University of Arizona, committee chair

9:50 – 10:00
Modern Crop Breeding
Richard B. Flavell, Ceres, Inc., committee member

10:00 – 10:10
Metagenomics of the Rumen
Alice N. Pell, Cornell University, committee member

10:10 – 10:20 Break

10:20 – 10:45
Commentary and questions from Respondents
Soils: Leigh Winowiecki, Earth Institute
Weather: Curtis Barrett, NOAA
Crops: Judy St John, USDA
Metagenomics: Ari Patrinos, Synthetic Genomics

10:45 – 11:05
Response from committee members

11:05 – 11:50
General Discussion and Q&A from the Audience
Nina V. Fedoroff, U.S. Department of State (moderator)

11:50 – 12:00 pm
Closing Remarks
Brian A. Larkins

12:00 pm
Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
This meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Brian Larkins
Steve Briggs
Deborah Delmer
Richard Dick
Richard Flavell
Jonathan Gressel
Rattan Lal
Alice Pell
Raymond St. Leger
Robert Wall


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Progress on writing assignments
Missing items and additional writing assignments/editorial changes
Identified and prioritized the most promising technologies for animal health and nutrition, soils, water, energy, and plants
Findings and recommendations

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 05, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
TENTATIVE AGENDA

MONDAY, October 15, 2007
Keck 101

8:15 – 8:30 a.m.
Welcome and Introduction
Brian Larkins, Chair

SESSION 1: Animal Health

8:30 – 9:00
Nutrition: Forage Plant Characteristics
Jess D. Reed, University of Wisconsin-Madison

9:00 – 9:30
Rumen Microbiology
Bryan White, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

9:30 – 10:00
Animal Stem Cells (via videoconference)
Ina Dobrinksi, University of Pennsylvania

10:00 – 10:30
Genetic Modification Technologies
Kevin Wells, University of Missouri–Columbia

10:30 – 10:45
Break

10:45 – 11:15
Animal Disease Diagnostics (via videoconference)
Terry McElwain, Washington State University

11:15 –11:45
Safety of the Animal Food Supply (via videoconference)
Martin Wiedmann, Cornell University

11:45 – 12:15
Integrative Modeling
Charles Nicholson, Cornell University

12:15 – 1:00 p.m.
Lunch

SESSION 2: Soils

1:00 – 1:30 p.m.
Nitrogen Fixation Microorganisms
Eric Triplett, University of Florida

1:30 – 2:00
Mycorrhizal Fungi (via video or teleconference)
Paul Schreiner, USDA–Corvalis

2:00 – 2:30
Metagenomics of Soils and Microbes
Jo Handelsman, University of Wisconsin, Madison

2:30 – 2:45
Break

2:45 – 3:45
Use of Remote Sensing Technologies to Detect Plant and Soil Health
John B. Solie, Oklahoma State University

3:45 – 4:15
Bioengineering of Plant Root Architecture and Physiological Responses to Abiotic Stress
Philip Benfey, Duke University

4:15 – 4:45
General Discussion

4:45 – 5:00
Wrap-Up

5:00 p.m.
Adjourn for the day

TUESDAY, October 16

8:30 – 8:45 a.m.
Welcome and Introduction
Brian Larkins, Chair

SESSION 3: Water

8:45 – 9:15
Remote sensing to understand hydrology, forecast climate, and predict rainfall
Dev Niyogi, Purdue University

9:15 – 9:45
Zeolites for water purification and storage, environmental remediation, and soil amendments
Raul Lobo, University of Delaware

9:45 – 10:00
Break

10:00 - 10:30
Cloud Seeding (via teleconference)
Roelof Bruintjes, National Center for Atmospheric Research

10:30 – 11:00
Rainfall Monitoring and Weather Prediction (via teleconference)
Roelof Bruintjes, National Center for Atmospheric Research

11:00 – 11:30
Subsurface irrigation (via teleconference)
Donald Slack, University of Arizona

11:30 – 12:00 p.m.
Desalinization (via teleconference)
David Furukawa, Separation Consultants, Inc.

SESSION 4: Energy

12:00 – 12:30 p.m.
Energy Systems in Developing Countries
Vijay Modi, Columbia University

12:30 – 12:45
General Discussion

12:45 - 1:45
Lunch

1:45 – 2:15
Present Status and Future Prognosis for Direct Solar Photon Conversion
to Electricity and Fuels: An overview (via videoconference)
Arthur Nozik, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

2:15 – 2:45
Photosynthetic Organisms for Biofuels Production
Wim Vermaas, Arizona State University

2:45 – 3:15
Break

3:15 – 3:45
Artificial Photosynthesis: Combining Technology with Biology for
Efficient Solar Energy Conversion
Wim Vermaas, Arizona State University

3:45 – 4:15
Wind: low-velocity wind power
Robert Thresher, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

4:15 – 4:45
Energy Storage: Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Ultra-capacitors (via teleconference)
Joel Schindall, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

4:45 – 5:00
Wrap-up

5:00
Adjourn open session


CLOSED SESSION (Committee and staff only)
6:00 p.m. – 8:00 p.m.

WEDNESDAY, October 17

CLOSED SESSION (Committee and staff only)
8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Brian Larkins
Alice Pell
Robert Wall
Tsegaye Habtemariam
Rattan Lal
Richard Dick
Jonathan Gressel
Raymond St. Leger
Deborah Delmer

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Revised report outline
Identified the most promising technologies for animal health and nutrition, soils, water, energy, and plants
Discussed criteria for prioritizing technologies
Discussed writing assignments


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
October 22, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Virtual Meeting
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
Advance registration is required for this meeting. If you wish to be added to the teleconference, you must contact Ruthie Arieti by Wednesday, September 19, 2007.

Tentative Agenda

Monday, September 24, 2007
Virtual (teleconference)

OPEN SESSION

10:00 – 10:20 am (EDT)
Vaccine Development and Delivery Mechanisms
Hans Draayer and Raja Krishnan, Pfizer

10:20 – 10:30
Q&A

10:30 – 10:50
DNA Vaccines
Guy Palmer, Washington State University

10:50 – 11:00
Q&A

11:00 – 11:20
Plant-Based Vaccines
Vidadi Yusibov, Fraunhofer USA Center for Molecular Biotechnology

11:20 – 11:30
Q&A

11:30 - 11:50
Food Borne Diseases
Roy Curtiss, Arizona State University Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology

11:50 - 12:00 p.m.
Q&A

12:00 – 12:30
Discussion
• Technological gaps
• Technologies with greatest impact
• Pie-in-the-sky ideas

12:30 – 12:45
Wrap Up and Summary

12:45
Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Virtual Meeting
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
Advance registration is required for this meeting. If you wish to be added to the teleconference, you must contact Ruthie Arieti by Monday, September 17, 2007.

Tentative Agenda

Tuesday, September 18, 2007
Virtual (teleconference)

OPEN SESSION: Animal Genomics

4:00 – 4:20 p.m.
Overview of Genome Sequencing and Existing Genome Technology
--current state of sequencing in cattle and other economically important animals, such as water buffalo, sheep, and goats
Ronnie Green and Debora Hamernik
4:20 – 4:30 p.m.
Q&A

4:30 – 5:00 p.m.
New Genome Technologies
--resequencing technologies, functional genomics, infomatics, and high throughput genotyping
Harris Lewin, Daniel Pomp, and Curt Van Tassell
5:00 – 5:15 p.m.
Q&A

5:15 – 5:45 p.m.
Discussion
--technological gaps
--technologies that would have the greatest impact
--pie-in-the-sky ideas

5:45 – 6:00 p.m.
Wrap-up

6:00 p.m.
Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
No

Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
OPEN SESSION (contact Ruthie Arieti if you wish to attend)
THURSDAY, August 16

8:30 – 9:00 a.m.
Welcome and introductions
Description of study charge and goals for the workshop
Brian Larkins, Chair

SESSION 1: GENOMICS

This session will examine the current research developments in functional genomics, metagenomics, and metabolomics and the direction for future research in these areas. Speakers will discuss the possible use of genomic tools to improve agronomic conditions and improve traits in plants and animals.

Panel 1: Crops and their constraints – Moderator: Ray Bressan, Purdue

9:00 – 9:20
Maize
Richard Flavell, Ceres, Inc.

9:20 – 9:40
Rice
Jan Leach, Colorado State University

9:40 – 10:00
Tomato
Harry Klee, University of Florida

10:00 – 10:20
Wheat (via teleconference)
Jorge Dubcovsky, University of California, Davis

10:20 – 10:35
Q&A

10:35 – 10:55
Break

10:55 – 11:15
Sorghum
John Mullet, Texas A&M University

11:15 – 11:35
Cowpea
Anthony Hall, University of California, Riverside

11:35 – 11:55
Cassava
Richard Sayre, Ohio State University

Claude Fauquet (via teleconference), Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (tentative)

11:55 – 12:15
Q&A

12:15 – 1:00
Lunch

Panel 2: Emerging Tools to Overcome Constraints and Introduce New Properties –

1:00 – 1:20
Sequencing, Genomics, and Computational Biology
Patrick Schnable, Iowa State University

1:20 – 1:40
Association Mapping
Patrick Schnable

1:40 – 2:00
Gene Targeting and Efficient Transformation (via teleconference)
William Gordon-Kamm, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Int.

2:00 – 2:20
Improving Plant Composition and Nutrition (via teleconference)
Paul Anderson, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Int.

2:20 – 2:40
Q&A

2:40 – 3:00
Break

3:00 – 3:20
Anti-Apoptotic Genes
Marty Dickman, Texas A&M University

3:20 – 3:40
Biological Control
Jonathan Gressel, Weizmann Institute of Science

3:40 – 4:00
RNAi, micro RNAs, and gene suppression and silencing
Vicki Vance, National Science Foundation

4:00 – 4:20
Regulatory Factors for Crop Improvement
James Zhang, Mendel Biotechnology

4:20 – 5:00
Q&A

5:00 – 6:00
General Discussion – Most Promising?

6:00
Open session adjourns

CLOSED SESSION
(Committee and staff only)
6:30 p.m. – 8:15 p.m.

OPEN SESSION (contact Ruthie Arieti if you wish to attend)
FRIDAY, August 17

8:00 – 8:05 a.m.
Welcome
Brian Larkins, Chair

8:05 – 8:35 a.m.
Artificial Chromosomes
Daphne Preuss, Chromatin, Inc.

SESSION 2: NANOTECHNOLOGY

This session will examine the current research developments in nanotechnology and the direction for future research in this area. Speakers will discuss the potential use of nanotechnology tools to monitor and/or improve soil, plant, and animal health and agronomic conditions.

8:35 – 9:05
Nanotechnology: State of Science and Technology
Michael R. Ladisch, Purdue University (invited)

9:05 – 9:35
Nanosensors for detecting plant pathogens and nanostructures for energy storage
Peter Kofinas, University of Maryland

9:35 – 10:05
Nanostructures for nutrient enrichment and food preservation
Jochen Weiss, University of Massachusetts (invited)

10:05 – 10:15
Additional Q&A

10:15 – 10:30
Break

10:30 – 11:00
In vivo biochemical nanosensors (via videoconference)
Raoul Kopelman, University of Michigan

11:00 – 11:30
Nanobiosensors for water and food safety and quality
Evangelyn C. Alocilja, Michigan State University

11:30 – 12:00
Nanoparticles to enhance soil quality and filter environmental toxins (via videoconference)
Alexandra Navrotsky, University of California, Davis

12:00 – 12:15p.m.
Additional Q&A

12:15 – 12:30
Workshop Wrap-up
Brian Larkins, Chair

CLOSED SESSION
(Committee and staff only)
12:30 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Brian Larkins
Alice Pell
Robert Wall
Richard Dick
Jonathan Gressel
Richard Flavell

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discussed presentations from workshop
Commented on new study timeline
Discussed plans for upcoming animal and soil workshops
Discussed report outline

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
August 21, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Teleconference
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
This meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Brian Larkins
Deborah Delmer
Richard Flavell

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

List of Invitees for August 16 & 17 meeting

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 24, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Teleconference
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
This meeting, a teleconference, is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Brian Larkins
Steven P. Briggs
Deborah P. Delmer
Richard B. Flavell
Jonathan Gressel


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Agenda of the third meeting
Individuals to invite to the third meeting
Future meetings


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 20, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Keck Center
500 5th St NW, Washington, DC 20001
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202 334 2856

Agenda
Please note that space for this workshop is extremely limited. All attendees MUST contact Ruthie Arieti by Friday, June 29, 2007 for admittance.

TENTATIVE AGENDA:

Day 1

8:45
Introduction and Overview - Brian Larkins

9:10
Presentation by Willem Janssen and Eija Pehu, World Bank: Four Scenarios of the Indian Agriculture Sector in the Future

9:40
Discussion

10:20
Break

10:30
Presentation: Visions of Indian Agriculture Production in 10 years

11:10
Q&A

11:25
Facilitated Discussion (Michael Tomczyk, Wharton Business School): Identifying High level Needs and Opportunities

12:45
Break

1:45
Discussion of Working Group Assignments - Describing High Impact Solutions

2:00
Move into Working Groups

4:00
Report Back in Plenary

5:30
Break for dinner

Day 2

8:45
Discuss Working Group Assignments in Plenary - Michael Tomczyk

9:00
Working Groups - Technology Visioning and Scanning

10:30
Break

10:45
Report in Plenary

12:00
Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Brian Larkins
Deborah Delmer
Richard Dick
Richard Flavell
Robert Wall
Rattan Lal
Raymond St. Leger
Tsegaye Habtemariam
Steve Briggs
Alice Pell
Jonathan Gressel

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

Discussed conflict of interest and bias for Raymond St. Leger and Richard Flavell
Reviewed outcomes of the workshop
Discussed topics of future workshops
Created report outline
Discussed framework to prioritize recommended technologies


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
July 09, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Ruthie Arieti
Contact Email:  rarieti@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  (202) 334-2856

Agenda
Sunday, April 15
Closed Session – 4:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m.

Monday April 16, 2007
Closed Session – 7.30 a.m. to 9.00 a.m.

Monday April 16, 2007
Open Session – 9.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m.

9:00 a.m.
Discussion with Don Doering, Program Officer, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (by videoconference)
Q&A committee with Gates Foundation

10:00 a.m.
Refreshment break

10:15 a.m.
Logistics
Ruthie Arieti, Michael Ma, Brian Larkins, Committee Members
Travel expense forms; committee website; timelines, dates and locations for future meetings

10:30 a.m.
Presentations on agricultural problems, constraints, issues in South Asia and SubSaharan Africa, that are possible targets for technological solutions

10:30 a.m.
Presentation 1–Deborah Delmer: Challenges of Agriculture in SubSaharan Africa and South Asia
11:00 a.m.
Discussion

11:15 a.m.
Presentation 2–Jonathan Gressel: Examples of Intractable Breeding Problems in Africa and Asia and Possible Solutions
11:45 p.m.
Discussion

12:00 p.m.
Presentation 3–Alice Pell: Major Problems and Constraints on Animal Production in Africa and Asia
12:30 p.m.
Discussion

12:45 p.m.
Working lunch

1:45 p.m.
Presentations continue

1:45 p.m.
Presentation 4–Rattan Lal: Unique Soil Problems Affecting Agriculture in Africa and South Asia
2:15 p.m.
Discussion

2:30 p.m.
Presentation 5–Wes Wallender: Water-Related Poverty: Scale-Dependent Understanding and Intervention
3:00 p.m.
Discussion

3.15 p.m.
Presentation 6–Jian-kang Zhu: Understanding Drought and Salt Tolerance in Plants
3:45 p.m.
Discussion

4:00 p.m.
Refreshment break

4:15 p.m.
Presentations Continue

4:15 p.m.
Presentation 7– Tilahun Yilma: Sharing Sustainable Technologies Among Developing Countries and Barriers to their Implementations
4:45 p.m.
Discussion

5:00 p.m.
Break

6:00 p.m.
Working dinner at a local restaurant

8:00 p.m.
Adjourn


Tuesday, April 17
Closed Session – 7:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.

Tuesday, April 17
Open Session – 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.(Tentative Plan)

1:30 p.m.
Discussion of involving scientists from fields outside of agriculture (chemistry, materials, engineers, etc.)

2:30 p.m.
Discussion of soliciting ideas from other groups

3:30 p.m.
Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Brian Larkins
Steve Briggs
Deborah Delmer
Richard Dick
Jonathan Gressel
Tsegaye Habtemariam
Rattan Lal
Alice Pell
Robert Wall




The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The NRC process and role of the committee
The statement of task and plan of action
Potential conflict of interest and bias
Study timeline and goals
Potential workshop topics
Sources of information
Future meeting dates and locations
Individual writing assignments


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

none

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
April 25, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office