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Project Information

Project Information


Advancing Desalination Technology


Project Scope:

The National Research Council's (NRC) Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) proposes to undertake a study on Advancing Desalination Technology. A committee formed by the WSTB would conduct the study that would produce recommendations for action and research to the community of federal, state, and local governmental and private entities concerned with advancing desalination technologies. Specifically, the NRC study would address the following questions:

1. Contributing to the nation¿s water supplies. What is the potential for both seawater and inland brackish water desalination to help meet anticipated water supply needs in the U.S.? How do the costs and benefits of desalination compare with other alternatives, including non-technical options such as water conservation or market transfers of water?

2. Assessing the state of technology and setting goals. What is the current state-of-the-science in desalination technology? What have the recent trends been (both for sea water and for brackish water) in terms of total cost per unit of water produced and also in the energy efficiency of the process? Are there theoretical limits to the efficiency of existing technologies and is there good reason to think that significant advancement can be made towards reaching those limits? What are reasonable long-term goals for advancing desalination technology?

3. Research strategy. Following up on a recommendation in NRC (2004) calling for the development of a national research agenda, what research is needed to reach the long-term goals for advancing desalination technology? What technical barriers should be resolved with existing desalination technologies (including concentrate disposal) and what innovative technologies should be considered? In the long-term research agenda for desalination, what balance should be crafted between high-risk research in novel technologies and research that could yield incremental improvements in current technologies?

4. Practical aspects of implementation. What important issues related to implementation must be addressed to significantly improve the applicability of technology for desalination to help meet the nation's water needs (e.g., economics, financing, regulatory, institutional, public acceptance)? What are the true economic costs? What factors are likely to affect the availability of financing? What are the likely regulatory issues and how easy or difficult will it be to deal with them? Are there other institutional issues? What problems, if any, may arise in ensuring public acceptability of desalinization technologies?

5. Resources and roles. What order of magnitude of research funding is needed to significantly advance the field of desalination technology and what are appropriate roles for governmental and non-governmental entities, including the private sector?

The project is sponsored by the Department of the Interior, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation.
The approximate start date for the project is January 26, 2006
A report will be issued at the end of the project in approximately 22 months.

Update 4-9-08: The project duration has been extended. The report is expected to be issued by late April 2008.

Status: Completed

PIN: WSTB-U-04-05-A

Project Duration (months): 22 month(s)

RSO: Johnson, Stephanie

Board(s)/Committee(s):

Water Science and Technology Board

Topic(s):

Environment and Environmental Studies



Geographic Focus:

Committee Membership

Committee Post Date: 10/23/2006

Amy K. Zander - (Chair)
Clarkson University

Amy K. Zander is the associate dean of engineering for academic programs at Clarkson University, NY. Her research interests include drinking water treatment, treatment process design, membrane systems in environmental separations, life cycle assessment, and industrial ecology. Dr. Zander has received numerous awards for her research and teaching, including the 2003 Samuel Arnold Greeley Award from ASCE for the paper that makes the most valuable contribution to the environmental engineering profession, the 2000 AEESP/McGraw Hill Award for Outstanding Teaching in Environmental Engineering and Science, and the 2001 Boeing Outstanding Educator Award. Prior to joining the faculty at Clarkson, she was a water quality specialist with the Texas Water Commission and an engineer with James M. Montgomery Consulting Engineers. Dr. Zander served on the NRC Committee on Small Water Supply Systems and the Committee on Assessment of Water Resources Research. She received her B.S. in biology and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in civil engineering from the University of Minnesota.
Menachem Elimelech
Yale University

Menachem Elimelech (NAE) chairs the Department of Chemical Engineering and directs the Environmental Engineering Program of Yale University. He is also the Roberto C. Goizueta Professor of Environmental and Chemical Engineering. His research interests include fouling mechanisms of reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes, a novel forward osmosis desalination process, concentration polarization of interacting solute particles in crossflow membrane filtration, removal of natural hormones and pharmaceuticals by reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes, and membrane surface characteristics on membrane fouling. Dr. Elimelech is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and was awarded the 2005 Clark Prize for outstanding achievement in water science and technology. He received his B.S. and M.S.degrees from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and his Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the Johns Hopkins University.
David H. Furukawa
Separation Consultants, Inc.

David H. Furukawa is the president of Separation Consultants, Inc., a desalination consulting company. He has provided technical, management, and strategic assistance to institutions, communities, municipalities, nations, and private companies on desalination projects. Previously, he headed the saline water and demineralization section of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation in the 1960s. He worked in various positions for UOP Fluid Systems, Boyle Engineering Corporation, Resources Conservation Corporation/Ionics, Inc., and FilmTech/Dow Chemical Company before heading Separation Consultants. Mr. Furukawa has served as president and director of the International Desalination Association and president of the American Desalting Association. Currently, he is chair of the Research Advisory Board for the National Water Research Institute and vice-moderator of the Research Advisory Council for the Middle East Desalination Research Center. He has authored more than 60 publications and is patented in the field. He received his B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Colorado.
Peter Gleick
Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security

Peter Gleick (NAS) is co-founder and president of the Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security in Oakland, California, a non-partisan policy research group addressing global environmental and development issues, especially in the area of fresh water resources. Dr. Gleick’s research and writing address the hydrologic impacts of climate change, sustainable water use, desalination, privatization and globalization, and international conflicts over water resources. He is an internationally recognized water expert, and in 2003 he was named a MacArthur Fellow. He is a former member of the Water Science and Technology Board and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2006. He received his B.S. in engineering and applied science from Yale University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in energy and natural resources from the University of California, Berkeley.
Kenneth R. Herd
Southwest Florida Water Management District

Kenneth Herd is water supply program director of the resources projects department of the Southwest Florida Water Management District. Formerly, he was the director of operations and facilities of Tampa Bay Water in Clearwater, Florida. He headed the operation and maintenance of a 250 million gallon per day water system, which has groundwater, surface water, and desalinated seawater components. He also oversaw facility construction, instrumentation and control, water quality, and other functions. From 2001-2008, he headed the Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination project, the largest seawater desalination plant in North America. Prior to this position, he managed engineering and project development efforts at Tampa Bay Water including the development of Tampa Bay Water’s master water plan. He is a licensed professional engineer in Florida. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from the University of Kentucky in Lexington.

Kimberly L. Jones
Howard University

Kimberly L. Jones is associate professor of civil engineering at Howard University. Her research interests include methods for optimizing membrane processes for water treatment and biomedical applications, methods to reduce membrane fouling, mass transport, interfacial phenomenon, water and wastewater treatment plant design, and water quality. She is currently Deputy Director of the Keck Center for the Design of Nanoscale Materials for Molecular Recognition. Dr. Jones served on the NRC Committee to Review the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap and is currently serving on the Committee on Environmental Decision Making: Principles and Criteria for Models. She will join the Water Science and Technology Board as a member on July 1, 2006. Dr. Jones received her B.S. and M.S. degrees in civil engineering from Howard University and the University of Illinois, respectively, and her Ph.D. in environmental engineering from the Johns Hopkins University.
Philip Rolchigo
Pentair, Inc.

Philip Rolchigo is the Vice President of Water Technologies at Pentair, Inc. Prior to this position he led the Global Separation Technologies section of General Electric, Water and Process Technologies. Formerly he was the chief technology officer and led the research and development division of Osmonics, Inc., a global manufacturer of high-technology water purification and separation technologies, which was later acquired by General Electric. He was also vice president of research, development, and engineering for Membrex, where he helped develop leading-edge membrane and filtration technologies. Dr. Rolchigo received his B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Rochester in New York and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemical and biochemical engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.
Sandeep Sethi
Carollo Engineers

Sandeep Sethi is a project manager and Southeast region R&D lead at Carollo Engineers. His work experience spans over 15 years in desalination, membrane technology, and concentrate management projects.. He has served as project manager, principal investigator, technical advisor, and lead process/project engineer on over 20 membrane technology projects that span diverse expertise including pilot, demonstration, and full-scale testing; pre-design and design; process engineering; applied research; and planning and feasibility investigations. He has served as principal investigator and project manager on two AwwaRF projects on concentrate management and desalination/membrane technology. He has served on numerous professional committees and organizations focused on membrane technology that influence technology development, technical standards, and future regulations. He received his B.E. in civil engineering from Birla Institute of Technology and Science in Pilani, India, and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in environmental science and engineering from Rice University in Houston, TX.

John Tonner
Water Consultants International

John Tonner is a senior consultant at Water Consultants International. He has over 18 years of experience in the design, engineering, and operations of both thermal and membrane desalination processes. Mr. Tonner has expertise in the technical basis of commercially viable desalination processes with experience from four continents and almost 50 countries and some of the world’s largest and most technically advanced seawater desalination projects. He is a member of the board of directors of the International Desalination Association. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Paisley, Scotland.
Henry J. Vaux, Jr.
University of California, Berkeley

Henry J. Vaux, Jr. is professor emeritus of resource economics at both the University of California in Berkley and Riverside. He is also associate vice president emeritus of the University of California system. He also previously served as director of California's Center for Water Resources. His principal research interests are the economics of water use, water quality, and water marketing. Prior to joining the University of California, he worked at the Office of Management and Budget and served on the staff of the National Water Commission. Dr. Vaux has served on the NRC committees on assessment of water resources research, western water management, and ground water recharge, and currently, sustainable underground storage of recoverable water. He was chair of the Water Science and Technology Board from 1994 to 2001. He received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan.
Judith S. Weis
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick

Judith S. Weis is a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Rutgers University, Newark. Her research has focused on estuarine ecology and ecotoxicology, mainly on stresses in the estuarine environment and their effects on organisms, populations, and communities. Particular areas of interest have been the effects of metal contaminants on growth, development, and behavior; development of tolerance to contaminants in populations living in contaminated areas; effects of invasive marsh plant species on estuarine ecology, and on fate of metal contaminants. Much of her research has been focused on estuaries in the NY/NJ Harbor area. Dr. Weis served as a AAAS/American Society of Zoologists Congressional Science Fellow with the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, and she was a Program Director at the National Science Foundation. She has been a visiting scientist at EPA, both at the research lab at Gulf Breeze FL and in the Office of Water’s Ocean and Coastal Protection Division. She has been a member of the Marine Board of the National Research Council, and currently serves on the National Sea Grant Review Panel of NOAA. She received her bachelor’s degree from Cornell University and her M.S. and Ph.D. from New York University.
Warren W. Wood
Michigan State University

Warren Wood is the John Hannah Professor of Integrative Studies at the Department of Geological Science, Michigan State University. His research interests include groundwater and geomorphology of arid lands, hydrogeology, and groundwater geochemistry. Prior to joining the faculty of Michigan State University, he was as a research hydrologist at the USGS until his retirement. His research experience includes the origin of salinity in the Sabkhas in the United Arab Emirates. He had also worked for many years in the High Plains area of Texas on a wide range of groundwater issues, including recharge and salinization and the origin of saline lakes. He received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in geology and hydrology from Michigan State University.

Committee Membership Roster Comments

On 10/23/06 Judith S. Weis was added to the committee to lend expertise in the area of marine ecology.

Events



Location:

Chicago Marriott O’Hare
8535 West Higgins Road
Chicago, IL 60631

Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Stoever
Contact Email:  mstoever@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1889

Agenda
This meeting is closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Amy K. Zander
Menachem Elimelech
David H. Furukawa
Peter Gleick
Kenneth Herd
Kimberly L. Jones
Philip Rolchigo
Sandeep Sethi
John Tonner
Henry J. Vaux
Judith S. Weis
Warren W. Wood

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee worked to advance the framework of its report. Much time was spent reviewing and discussing chapters, discussing information gathering needs, going over assignments, and assigning deadlines.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
October 05, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

J. Erik Jonsson Woods Hole Center
314 Quissett Ave.
Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Stoever
Contact Email:  mstoever@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1889

Agenda
This meeting was closed in its entirety.
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Amy K. Zander
Menachem Elimelech
David H. Furukawa
Peter Gleick
Kenneth Herd
Kimberly L. Jones
Philip Rolchigo
Sandeep Sethi
Henry J. Vaux
Judith S. Weis
Warren W. Wood


The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee worked to advance the framework of its report. Much time was spent reviewing and discussing chapters, discussing information gathering needs, going over assignments, and assigning deadlines. The committee also discussed plans for its sixth meeting to be held in September.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
August 21, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Denver, CO
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Stoever
Contact Email:  mstoever@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1889

Agenda
AGENDA

Committee on Advancing Desalination Technology
Fourth Committee Meeting
May 7-9, 2007

Four Points by Sheraton

Denver, CO

Monday, May 7, TBD


Closed Session


8:30–5:00



Tuesday, May 8, TBD


Closed Session

8:30–5:00




Wednesday, May 9, Room ???


Open Session

8:30–8:40 Introductions and overview of meeting agenda
Amy Zander, Chair


8:40–9:20 Case Studies of Inland Desalination
Dave Stewart, Stewart Environmental Consultants, Inc.


9:20–10:00 Groundwater Desalination at La Junta, CO
Rick Arber, Arber and Associates


10:00–10:15 Break


10:15–10:50 State regulatory issues with concentrate management
Dave Akers, Colorado Water Quality Protection Division (invited)


10:50–11:30 Desalination R&D Sponsored by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
Chuck Hennig, USBR


Closed Session

11:30–12:00
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Amy K. Zander
Menachem Elimelech
David H. Furukawa
Peter Gleick
Kenneth Herd
Kimberly L. Jones
Philip Rolchigo
Sandeep Sethi
Henry J. Vaux
Judith S. Weis
Warren W. Wood

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee worked to advance the framework of its report. Much time was spent reviewing and discussing chapters, discussing information gathering needs, going over assignments, and assigning deadlines. The committee also discussed plans for its fifth meeting to be held in August.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
May 15, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

The Belleview Biltmore Resort
25 Belleview Blvd.
Clearwater, FL 33765
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Stoever
Contact Email:  mstoever@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1889

Agenda
AGENDA

Wednesday, February 28, Candlelight Ballroom


Open Session

8:30–8:45 Introductions and overview of meeting agenda
Brief review of charge, scope, schedule, status of report
Amy Zander, Chair

8:45–9:30 Desalination Research and Development at Sandia
Richard Kottenstette, Sandia National Laboratories

9:30–10:15 Environmental Impacts of Desalination
Rob Reiss, Reiss Environmental, Inc.


10:15–10:30 Break


10:30–12:00 Panel of Users of Desalination
Jorge Arroyo, Texas Water Development Board
Barbara Vergara, St. John’s River Watershed Management District
Gregg Jones, Southwest Florida Watershed Management District (unconfirmed)
Jim Kundell, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, GA


12:00–1:00 Working Lunch (in the meeting room)

12:00–1:00 Communications Lessons from the Frontline of Desalination Plant Development in the U.S.
Michelle K. Robinson, APR
Field Trip

1:00–2:00 Drive to Tampa Bay Desalination Facility

2:00–4:00 Field Trip of the Tampa Bay Desalination Facility
Ken Herd

4:00–5:00 Drive back to meeting site


Closed Session

5:00–8:00




Thursday, March 1

Closed Session

8:30–8:00


Friday, March 2

Closed Session

8:30–12:00
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Amy K. Zander
Menachem Elimelech
Peter Gleick
Kenneth Herd
Sandeep Sethi
John Tonner
Henry J. Vaux
Judith S. Weis
Warren W. Wood

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee worked to advance the framework of its report. Much time was spent reviewing and discussing chapters, discussing information gathering needs, going over assignments, and assigning deadlines. The committee also discussed plans for its fourth meeting to be held in May.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
March 06, 2007
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
100 Academy Way, Irvine, CA 92617
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Stoever
Contact Email:  mstoever@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1889

Agenda
AGENDA

Committee on Advancing Desalination Technology
Second Committee Meeting
December 4–6, 2006

Huntington Room
Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center
National Academies of Sciences and Engineering
100 Academy Drive
Irvine, CA 92612-3002


Monday, December 4

7:30 Cars depart hotel lobby for Beckman Center

7:45–8:30 Breakfast (at Center)


Open Session

8:30–8:45 Introductions and overview of meeting agenda
Brief review of charge, scope, schedule, status of report
Amy Zander, Chair

8:45–9:30 Dana Point Ocean Desalination Project
Richard Bell

9:30–10:15 Desalination in the Inland Empire
Richard Atwater

10:15–10:45 Break


10:45–11:30 El Paso Desalination Facility
Ed Archuleta

11:30–12:15 Desalination and Other Water Supply Options in San Diego
Robert Yamada
12:30–1:30 Lunch (at Center)


1:30–2:30 Questions for the Panelists


2:30–3:00 Drive to Long Beach


3:00–4:30 Field Trip of the Long Beach Desalination R&D Facility
Robert Cheng

Tuesday, December 5

7:30 Cars depart hotel lobby for Beckman Center

7:45–8:30 Breakfast (at Center)


Open Session

8:30–9:45 Environmental Effects of Desalination
Scott Jenkins and Jeff Graham, Scripps Institute

9:45–10:30 California’s Prop 50 Initiative
Fawzi Karajeh, California Office of Water Use Efficiency and Transfers

10:30–10:45 Break


Closed Session

10:45–5:00

Wednesday, December 6


Closed Session

8:15–12:00
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Amy Zander
Menachem Elimelech
David Furukawa
Peter Gleick
Kenneth Herd
Philip Rolchigo
Sandeep Sethi
John Tonner
Henry Vaux
Judith Weis
Warren Wood

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee worked to advance the framework of its report. Much time was spent reviewing and discussing chapters, discussing information gathering needs, going over assignments, and assigning deadlines. The committee also discussed plans for its third meeting to be held in March.


The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
December 12, 2006
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-


Location:

National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, DC 20418
Event Type :  
-

Registration for Online Attendance :   
NA

Registration for in Person Attendance :   
NA


If you would like to attend the sessions of this event that are open to the public or need more information please contact

Contact Name:  Michael Stoever
Contact Email:  mstoever@nas.edu
Contact Phone:  202-334-1889

Agenda
Thursday, September 14, Room 180
OPEN SESSION

11:15 – 11:30 a.m. Welcome and Introductions
Amy Zander, Chair


11:30 – 12:15 p.m. Sponsor Presentations
Maryanne Bach, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
Robert Bastian and others, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency


12:15 – 1:15 p.m. Lunch (in NAS cafeteria)


1:15 – 1:45 p.m. Overview of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap
Maryanne Bach, USBR


1:45 – 2:15 p.m. Update on Roadmap Implementation efforts
Chris Rayburn, AwwaRF


2:15 – 3:15 p.m. Overviews of major national research initiatives related to desalination
Maryanne Bach, USBR
Paul Armisted, Office of Naval Research
Chris Rayburn, AwwaRF


3:15 – 3:30 p.m. Break


3:30 – 4:00 p.m. Overviews of major national research initiatives related to desalination (cont.)
Robert Hirsch, USGS
Robert Hirsch and Maryanne Bach, Subcommittee on Water Availability and Quality


4:00 – 5:00 p.m. Panel Discussion: What needs to be considered in the development of a national desalination research agenda?
Panel discussion to include all of the day’s speakers

5:00 – 5:15 p.m. Public Comment Session
(Members of the public interested in addressing the committee for 2-3
minutes should sign up at the meeting)

5:15 p.m. Adjourn
Supporting File(s)
-
Is it a Closed Session Event?
Yes

Closed Session Summary Posted After the Event

The following committee members were present at the closed sessions of the event:

Amy Zander
Menachem Elimelech
David Furukawa
Peter Gleick
Kenneth Herd
Kimberly Jones
Philip Rolchigo
Sandeep Sethi
John Tonner
Henry Vaux
Warren Wood

The following topics were discussed in the closed sessions:

The committee was introduced to the NRC and its study process, discussed the roles and responsibilities of the committee members and staff, held its bias and conflict of interest discussion, and began to outline and develop its report. The committee also discussed plans for its second meeting in December.

The following materials (written documents) were made available to the committee in the closed sessions:

None.

Date of posting of Closed Session Summary:
September 27, 2006
Publication(s) resulting from the event:

-

Publications

  • Publications having no URL can be seen at the Public Access Records Office