Date: May 2, 2000

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60 New Members Chosen by Academy

WASHINGTON -- The National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 60 new members and 15 foreign associates from 9 countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.

The election was held this morning during the business session of the 137th annual meeting of the Academy. Election to membership in the Academy is considered one of the highest honors that can be accorded a U.S. scientist or engineer. Those elected today bring the total number of active members to 1,843.

Foreign associates are non-voting members of the Academy, with citizenship outside the United States. Today's election brings the total number of foreign associates to 320.

The National Academy of Sciences is a private organization of scientists and engineers dedicated to the furtherance of science and its use for the general welfare. The Academy was established in 1863 by a congressional act of incorporation, signed by Abraham Lincoln, that calls on the Academy to act as an official adviser to the federal government, upon request, in any matter of science or technology.

Additional information about the institution is available on the Internet at A full directory of NAS members can be found online at

Newly elected members and their affiliations at the time of election are:

ABRIKOSOV, Alexei A.; Distinguished Argonne Scientist and condensed matter theory group leader, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Ill.

AGRE, Peter C.; professor of medicine and biological chemistry, department of biological chemistry, and director, Markey Graduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore

ANGEL, J. Roger P.; Regents Professor, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson

BERGER, Marsha J.; professor of computer science and mathematics and associate director, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York City

BRENNER, Howard; Willard H. Dow Professor, department of chemical engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

BRIGGS, Steven P.; president and chief executive officer, Novartis Agribusiness Discovery Unit, San Diego

BYER, Robert L.; professor of applied physics and director, Center for Nonlinear Optical Materials, Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.

CHAN, Moses H.W.; Evan Pugh Professor of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

COLWELL, Rita R.; director, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Va.

CORNELL, Eric A.; staff scientist, National Institute of Standards and Technology, and professor adjoint, department of physics and Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, University of Colorado, Boulder

COUSINS, Robert J.; director, Center for Nutritional Sciences, and Boston Family Professor of Human Nutrition, department of food science and human nutrition, University of Florida, Gainesville

DAHLEN, Francis A., Jr.; professor of geophysics, department of geological and geophysical sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.

DIXON, Jack E.; Minor J. Coon Professor and chair, department of biological chemistry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor

EISENTHAL, Kenneth B.; professor, department of chemistry, Columbia University, New York City

FIELDS, Stanley; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, departments of genetics and medical genetics, University of Washington, Seattle

FRECHET, Jean M.J.; professor, department of chemistry, University of California, Berkeley

GLEITMAN, Lila R.; Steven and Marcia Roth Professor of Psychology and professor of linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

HAKOMORI, Sen-itiroh; head, division of biomembrane research, Pacific Northwest Research Institute, and professor of pathobiology and microbiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle

HANSON, Susan E.; professor of geography, Clark University, Worcester, Mass.

HAYNES, Martha P.; professor, department of astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.

JAFFE, Arthur M.; professor of physics and Landon T. Clay Professor of Mathematics and Theoretical Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

JANEWAY, Charles A., Jr.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of pathology, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.

JURY, William A.; professor of soil physics, department of soil and environmental sciences, University of California, Riverside

KAAS, Jon H.; Centennial Professor of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.

KAILATH, Thomas; Hitachi America Professor of Engineering, department of electrical engineering, Stanford University

KENNETT, James P.; professor, department of geological sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara

KOLODNER, Richard D.; professor of medicine and head, laboratory of cancer genetics, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla

KRAICHNAN, Robert H.; president and principal investigator, Robert H. Kraichnan Inc., Santa Fe, N.M.

LEVIN, Simon A.; associate faculty, program in applied and computational mathematics, and George M. Moffett Professor of Biology, department of ecology and evolutionary biology, Princeton University

MacKINNON, Roderick; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, laboratory of molecular neurobiology and biophysics, Rockefeller University, New York City

MAHLEY, Robert W.; professor of pathology and medicine, University of California, San Francisco, and director, Gladstone Foundation Laboratories for Cardiovascular Disease, San Francisco

MASSAGUE, Joan; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York City

MEYER, Barbara J.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of genetics and development, department of molecular and cell biology, University of California, Berkeley

MINCER, Jacob; Buttenweiser Professor of Economics, emeritus, Columbia University

MOSELEY, Michael E.; professor of anthropology and director, Institute for Archaeology and Paleo-Environmental Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville

NEWSOME, William T., III; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of neurobiology, School of Medicine, Stanford University

NYGREN, David R.; Distinguished Scientist, E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif.

OLSON, Eric N.; professor of molecular biology and oncology and Nancy B. and Jake L. Hamon Distinguished Chair in Basic Cancer Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas

PALESE, Peter; professor and chair, department of microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City

PALMER, Jeffrey D.; Distinguished Professor of Biology and chair, department of biology, Indiana University, Bloomington

PAPANICOLAOU, George C.; Robert Grimmett Professor of Mathematics, Stanford University

PITMAN, Walter C., III; Special Research Scientist, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, N.Y.

PORTES, Alejandro; professor of sociology, Princeton University

RAVISHANKARA, Akkihebal R.; chief, atmospheric chemical kinetics group, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colo.

REES, Douglas C.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of chemistry, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

RIBET, Kenneth A.; professor of mathematics, University of California, Berkeley

SCHELLER, Richard H.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of molecular and cellular physiology, Stanford University

SCHLESSINGER, Joseph; The Milton and Helen Kimmelman Professor of Pharmacology and director, Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine, New York University Medical Center, New York City

SHOOTER, Eric M.; professor of neurobiology, School of Medicine, Stanford University

SILVERSTEIN, Robert M.; professor of chemistry, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, Syracuse

SOLOMON, Sean C.; director, department of terrestrial magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.

STANG, Peter J.; Distinguished Professor, department of chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City

SUSSKIND, Leonard; professor, department of physics, Stanford University

UNGERLEIDER, Leslie G.; chief, laboratory of brain and cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Md.

WAHBA, Grace; Bascom Professor of Statistics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

WATERSTON, Robert H.; James S. McDonnell Professor and chair, department of genetics, School of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis

WEISS, Rainer; professor of physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

WELSH, Michael J.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of internal medicine, physiology, and biophysics, department of internal medicine, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City

WHITE, Tim D.; research associate, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, and Distinguished Professor of Human Evolution Studies, department of integrative biology, University of California, Berkeley

WICKNER, Reed B.; chief, laboratory of biochemistry and genetics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Newly elected foreign associates, their affiliations at the time of election, and their country of citizenship are:

DONALDSON, Simon K.; professor of mathematics, Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine, University of London, London (U.K.)

GENZEL, Reinhard; director, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching (Germany)

JEFFREY, Shirley; chief research scientist, marine research, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Hobart (Australia)

KAZIRO, Yoshito; professor, faculty of bioscience and biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama (Japan)

LEVELT, Willem J.M.; professor of psycholinguistics and Max Planck Society Chair, Nijmegen University, and director, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

NAKANISHI, Shigetada; professor, faculty of medicine, Institute for Immunology, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan)

NARASIMHA, Roddam; director, National Institute of Advanced Studies, and ISRO K.R. Ramanathan Distinguished Professor, Indian Institute of Science and Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore (India)

NEVO, Eviatar; professor of biology and director, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa (Israel)

PARODI, Armando J.; professor of biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

SENGOR, A.M. Celal; professor of geology, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul (Turkey)

SHACKLETON, Nicholas J.; Ad hominem professor, University of Cambridge, and director, Godwin Institute for Quaternary Research, Cambridge (U.K.)

SRINIVASAN, T.N.; Samuel C. Park Jr. Professor and chair, department of economics, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. (India)

STILLMAN, Bruce W.; director, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. (Australia)

TONOMURA, Akira; senior chief research scientist, Advanced Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd., Saitama (Japan)

VELTMAN, Martinus; MacArthur Professor of Theoretical Physics, emeritus, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Netherlands)