Date: April 29, 1997
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60 New Members Chosen by Academy
WASHINGTON -- The National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 60 new members and 15 foreign associates from 11 countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.
The election was held this morning during the business session of the 134th annual meeting of the Academy. Election to membership in the Academy is considered one of the highest honors that can be accorded a U.S. scientist or engineer. Those elected today bring the total number of current active members to 1,773.
Foreign associates are non-voting members of the Academy, with citizenship outside the United States. Today's election brings the total number of foreign associates to 309.
The National Academy of Sciences is a private organization of scientists and engineers dedicated to the furtherance of science and its use for the general welfare. The Academy was established in 1863 by a congressional act of incorporation, signed by Abraham Lincoln, that calls on the Academy to act as an official adviser to the federal government, upon request, in any matter of science or technology.
Additional information about the institution is available on the Internet at <www.nas.edu>.
Newly elected members and their affiliations at the time of election are:
AIZENMAN, Michael; professor of mathematics and physics, department of physics, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
ALLISON, James P.; professor of immunology and director, Cancer Research Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley
ASHCROFT, Neil W.; associate director, Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, and Horace B. White Professor of Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.
ATWATER, Tanya M.; professor of geological sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara
BAHCALL, Neta A.; professor of astrophysical sciences, department of astrophysical sciences, Princeton University
BEACHY, Roger N.; Scripps Family Chair, department of cell biology, and head, division of plant biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif.
BENNETT, Charles H.; IBM Fellow, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.
CAVENEE, Webster K.; director, San Diego branch of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, and professor of medicine, University of California, San Diego
CEYER, Sylvia T.; John C. Sheehan Professor of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
CHEEGER, Jeff; professor of mathematics, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York City
CHEMLA, Daniel S.; director, materials sciences division, E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and professor of physics, University of California, Berkeley
COHEN, Joel E.; head, Laboratory of Populations, and Abby Rockefeller Mauze Professor, Rockefeller University, New York City
CRABTREE, Gerald R.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and professor of pathology and developmental biology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
CROTEAU, Rodney B.; Arthur M. and Kate E. Tode Distinguished Professor of Forest Biochemistry, Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman
CURL, Robert F.; Robert C. and Olga K. Wiess Professor of Natural Science, department of chemistry, Rice University, Houston
DALY, John W.; chief, Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
De BOOR, Carl; P.L. Chebyshev Professor of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, department of computer sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison
DeMARIA, Anthony J.; chairman and chief executive officer, DeMaria Electro-Optics Systems, Bloomfield, Conn.
ENGELMAN, Donald M.; professor, department of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
ENGLANDER, Walter; Jacob Gershon-Cohen Professor of Medical Sciences, department of biochemistry and biophysics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
FREUND, L. Ben; Henry Ledyard Goddard University Professor, division of engineering, Brown University, Providence, R.I.
FRISON, George C.; Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, Laramie; and director, archaeological excavations, State of Wyoming
FULTON, William; professor of mathematics, University of Chicago
GARRUTO, Ralph M.; supervisory research biologist, Laboratory of Central Nervous System Studies, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke; and co-director, Qinghai Project, People's Republic of China, Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Md.
GIMBRONE, Michael A., Jr.; director, vascular research division, department of pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital; and Elsie T. Friedman Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston
GLOECKLER, George; professor, department of physics and astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park
JENCKS, Christopher; professor of public policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
KAY, Paul; Emeritus Professor of Linguistics, department of linguistics, University of California, Berkeley
KEEN, Noel T.; William and Sue Johnson Chair in Molecular Plant Pathology, department of plant pathology, University of California, Riverside
KIM, Peter S.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; member, Whitehead Institute, Cambridge, Mass.; and professor of biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
KREPS, David M.; Paul Holden Professor of Economics, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University
LANDER, Eric S.; professor of biology and director, Whitehead Institute/Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Genome Research, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
LINDQUIST, Susan L.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and professor of molecular genetics and cell biology, department of molecular genetics and cell biology, University of Chicago
LORIMER, George H.; DuPont Fellow, department of central research and development, DuPont Co., Wilmington, Del.
MARCUS, Joyce; curator of Latin American archaeology, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
MATHER, John C.; project scientist and cosmic background explorer, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.
McEWEN, Bruce S.; professor and head, Harold and Margaret Milliken Hatch Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, Rockefeller University
METZENBERG, Robert L.; visiting professor, department of biological sciences, Stanford University; and Professor Emeritus, University of Wisconsin, Madison
MILLER, Lois K.; professor of entomology and genetics, department of entomology, University of Georgia, Athens
MOORE, Peter B.; professor of chemistry, molecular biophysics, and biochemistry, department of chemistry, Yale University
MURAD, Ferid; professor and chair, department of integrative biology, pharmacology, and physiology, Health Science Center, University of Texas, Houston
NEI, Masatoshi; Evan Pugh Professor of Biology, department of biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park
NELSON, Edward; professor, department of mathematics, Princeton University
PHILLIPS, William D.; physicist and NIST Fellow, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md.
RANDALL, Linda L.; professor of biochemistry, department of biochemistry and biophysics, Washington State University, Pullman
RAYMOND, Kenneth N.; professor, department of chemistry, University of California, Berkeley
SCHWARZ, John H.; Harold Brown Professor of Theoretical Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena
SMITH, Kirk R.; professor of public health and environmental health sciences, University of California, Berkeley
SÖLL, Dieter G.; professor of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, department of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, School of Medicine, Yale University
STOSSEL, Thomas P.; American Cancer Society Professor, School of Medicine, Harvard University; and director of experimental medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital
TSIEN, Richard W.; professor of molecular and cellular physiology, Stanford University; and director, Silvo Conte Center of Neuroscience Research, Beckman Center, Stanford, Calif.
TULLY, John C.; professor of chemistry, physics, and applied physics, department of chemistry, Yale University
TUMLINSON, James H., III; research leader, insect chemistry research group, Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, USDA/Agricultural Research Service, Gainesville, Fla.
TURNER, Michael S.; professor, department of astronomy and astrophysics and department of physics, University of Chicago; and Scientist II, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Ill.
TYSON, J. Anthony; Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, N.J.
VERMA, Inder M.; American Cancer Society Professor of Molecular Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, Calif.
WALLACE, John M.; professor, department of atmospheric sciences, and director, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle
WATSON, Edward B.; professor and chair, department of earth and environmental sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N.Y.
WILLIAMS, Lewis T. (Rusty); president, Chiron Technologies, Emeryville, Calif.; and professor of medicine, University of California, San Francisco
WITTE, Owen N.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and professor of microbiology and molecular genetics, University of California, Los Angeles
Newly elected foreign associates, their affiliations at the time of election, and their country of citizenship are:
BARENBLATT, G.I.; Visiting Professor, department of mathematics, University of California, Berkeley (Russia)
BOLIN, Bert R.J.; chair, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and Emeritus Professor of Meteorology, Stockholm University (Sweden)
CONNES, Alain; professor, Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, and professor, Collège de France, Paris (France)
CORY, Suzanne; professor and joint head, molecular biology unit, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria (Australia)
de la CHAPELLE, Albert; professor and chair, department of medical genetics, University of Helsinki (Finland)
DEISENHOFER, Johann; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Regental Professor and professor of biochemistry, Southwestern Medical Center, University of Texas, Dallas (Germany)
DEWEY, John F.; professor of geology, University of Oxford (U.K.)
DOUCE, Roland; professor, University of Grenoble (France)
JORTNER, Joshua; Heinemann Professor of Physical Chemistry, Tel Aviv University (Israel)
LEGGETT, Anthony J.; MacArthur Professor and professor of physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (U.K.)
MAS-COLELL, Andreu; professor of economic sciences, Universitat Ponpeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
NIELSEN, Ebbe S.; principal research scientist, unit leader, and section head, taxonomy and general biology, Australian national insect collection, division of entomology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia (Denmark)
POLGE, Ernest J.C.; co-founder and scientific director, Animal Biotechnology Cambridge Ltd., Cambridge (U.K.)
REUTER, Harald; professor and chair of pharmacology, University of Bern (Switzerland)
SIMONS, Kai L.; coordinator, cell biology program, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany (Finland)