Dr. David M. Van Wie - (Chair)
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
DAVID M. VAN WIE is the chief technologist of the John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) Precision Engagement Business Area with responsibility for identifying, maturing, and developing innovative technologies in the areas of fluid dynamics; structural sciences; detection system information fusion; signal and information processing; guidance, navigation, and control; command and control instrumentation and analysis; and radio frequency technologies. Dr. Van Wie also holds a research faculty position in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at JHU and lectures in the Department of Aerospace Engineering at the University of Maryland in the areas of space propulsion, aerodynamics, and high-temperature gas dynamics. He has served as a member of the USAF Scientific Advisory Board (SAB), where he conducted studies on hypersonic systems, small precision weapons, virtual training technologies, future launch vehicles, and munitions for the 2025+ environment, and served as the vice chair and chair for the 2010 and 2011 AFRL Science and Technology Reviews, respectively. Dr. Van Wie serves on the Airbreathing Propulsion Subcommittee Technical Steering Group of the Joint Army, Navy, NASA, Air Force Interagency Propulsion Committee and was elected a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) in 2010. He attended the University of Maryland and received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in aerospace engineering. Dr. Van Wie has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Capability, the Steering Committee on the Decadal Survey of Civil Aeronautics, and the Committee on Future Air Force Needs for Survivability.
Edward H. Bock
Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company
EDWARD H. BOCK is a consultant who retired from Lockheed Martin in 2000 as vice president and director of the Atlas Recurring Program. During his 5 years in this position, he was responsible for 42 launches, 40 of Atlas/Centaur and 2 Atlas E vehicles, all of which were successful. As the Atlas Program vice president, he became a champion of continuous improvement, incorporating many features into Atlas II vehicles that were flight proven and became standard in Atlas III and Atlas V. Major operational initiatives during his tenure were elimination of out-of-sequence work at the launch sites and streamlining of launch processing, which reduced vehicle on-stand time at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station by ~50%. From July 1991 to late 1999, Mr. Bock was program director for the conversion of launch site SLC-3E at Vandenberg Air Force Base to accommodate the Atlas IIAS. He directed this activity through the proposal phase, design completion, and early phases of construction. Before this, he was deputy director for the General Dynamics (GD) Advanced Launch System Study (ALS), which included an assessment of booster recovery and reuse. Results of the GD and Boeing ALS work led directly to the Atlas V and Delta IV Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicles for the USAF. During the earlier part of his 40 year career, he was director of systems engineering for GD, worked in preliminary design on advanced space concepts, designed and tested Centaur cryogenic components, and designed and implemented installation of Ground Support Equipment for Atlas. Mr. Bock became a registered professional engineer, mechanical, in the State of California in 1965. After retirement, he was recognized by the University of Washington’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics as their 2005 Distinguished Alumnus. He received his BSAE degree from the University of Washington and MSME degree from San Diego State College. Mr. Bock has no prior NRC experience.
Ms. Yvonne C. Brill
YVONNE C. BRILL (NAE) is an aerospace consultant specializing in space propulsion systems and satellite technology. Her career as a rocket engine specialist ranges in roles from mathematician doing trajectory calculations, to research analyst deriving rocket propellant performance, and to propulsion manager building, qualifying and launching spacecraft propulsion systems. Ms. Brill began her career at Douglas Aircraft eventually joining RCA AstroElectronics where she had the responsibility for launch vehicles and on-board spacecraft propulsion systems. She also spent time at NASA Headquarters as Manager of the Solid Rocket Motor on Shuttle as NASA began ramping up production for increasing flight rates. She was with the International Maritime Satellite Organization in London until her retirement. Among many honors, Ms.Brill is the recipient of a 2010 National Technology and Innovation Award, a member of the NAE, and an honorary fellow of the AIAA. She earned a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Manitoba, Canada, and an M.S. in chemistry from the University of Southern California. She has served on many NRC committees, including the Committee on Air Force/Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion, the Committee to Review the NASA Astrobiology Institute, and the Committee on the Role and Scope of Mission-Enabling Activities in NASA’s Space and Earth Science Missions. She currently serves as a member of the Space Studies Board.
Dr. Allan V. Burman
Jefferson Consulting Group, LLC
ALLAN V. BURMAN is president of Jefferson Solutions, the government-consulting practice of the Jefferson Consulting Group, LLC, where he provides analysis, evaluation, program management, and acquisition assistance and assessment services to many government departments and agencies. Prior to joining the firm, Dr. Burman served in policy positions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and in the White House’s Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Dr. Burman is chairman of the Procurement Round Table, a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration, a fellow and member of the Executive Advisory Council of the National Contract Management Association, a member of the Partnership for Public Service, and an honorary member of the National Defense Industrial Association. He is also an adjunct professor at George Mason University and at the International Law Institute. He served on the White House Acquisition Advisory Panel established by the Services Acquisition Reform Act and co-chaired the performance-based acquisition subcommittee of the panel. In 2009 he received a Federal 100 Award in recognition of his contributions to the federal information technology community. Dr. Burman holds a Ph.D. from George Washington University, an M.S. from Harvard University, was a Fulbright Scholar at the Institute of Political Studies at the University of Bordeaux in France, and graduated summa cum laude, phi beta kappa from Wesleyan University. He has served on numerous NRC studies including the Committee on Cost Growth in NASA Earth and Space Science Missions, the Committee on Optimizing U.S. Air Force and Department of Defense Review of Air Force Acquisition Programs, and the Committee on Assessing the Results of External Independent Reviews for U.S. Department of Energy Projects.
Mr. David C. Byers
DAVID C. BYERS is an independent consultant to U.S. government and industry entities in the areas of space propulsion and power. He reviews government and industrial R&D programs, assists NASA in program formulations and management, and performs systems analyses of space propulsion systems. Mr. Byers had over 40 years of experience in NASA and TRW (now Northrop Grumman Corporation) space programs, including initiation, conduct, and management of multiple programs that resulted in successful development and transition of advanced propulsion concepts to operational status. He has received the AIAA Wyld Propulsion Award, NASA’s Outstanding Leadership Medal, and is a fellow of the AIAA. He received a B.S. in physics from Pennsylvania State University. He has served on several NRC studies, including the Committee on Review of the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts and the Panel to Review Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFSOR) Proposals in Propulsion, 2003-2005.
Dr. Leonard H. Caveny
Caveny Tech, LLC
LEONARD H. CAVENY is an aerospace consultant for Caveny Tech, LLC, and former director of science and technology for the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization. His previous experience also includes service as the deputy director of innovative science and technology for the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization, staff specialist for the Office of the Deputy Undersecretary for Research and Advanced Technology for the Department of Defense (DOD), and program manager for propulsion and energetics for the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR). Previously, as a senior professional staff of Princeton University’s Aerospace and Mechanical Sciences Department, he guided graduate student research and served as principal investigator. Dr. Caveny’s expertise and consulting include solid rocket propulsion, aerothermochemistry flight experiments, electric propulsion, space solar power, diagnostics of reacting flows, combustion, propellants, refractory materials, and aeroacoustics. He is a fellow of the AIAA. He earned his B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology and his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Alabama. He has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space, the Committee for the Review of NASA’s Pioneering Revolutionary Technology Program, and as chair of the 2004 Panel to Review Air Force Office of Scientific Research Proposals in Propulsion.
Robert S. Dickman
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
ROBERT S. DICKMAN is the executive director of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He entered the Air Force in 1966, and his 34-year active duty military career in space business spanned basic research in particle physics to command of the 45th Space Wing and Director of the Eastern Range at Cape Canaveral. He served as the Air Force’s director of Space Programs, the DOD Space Architect, and the senior military officer at the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). He retired from active duty in 2000 as a major general. From 2002-2005, he was appointed as the Under Secretary of the Air Force’s Deputy for Military Space. He is a member of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee and has served on the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and the NRO’s Technical Advisory Group. He is a fellow of the AIAA. Mr. Dickman earned a B.S. in physics, an M.S. in space physics, and an M.S. in management and is a distinguished graduate of the Air Command and Staff College and the Naval War College. He has no prior NRC experience.
Mark K. Jacobs
Science Applications International Corporation
MARK K. JACOBS is a senior systems engineer consultant with SAIC. He has more than 25 years of experience assessing advanced development requirements and life cycle costs for NASA science missions and instruments. Mr. Jacobs has participated in numerous NASA Announcement of Opportunity reviews supporting the Explorer, Discovery, Mars Scout, New Frontiers, and Earth Ventures programs, among others. His past experience also includes providing cost analysis support to NASA headquarters for the Nuclear Systems Initiative, Living with a Star, Cassini, Outer Planets, Mars Exploration, and other programs. He also participates in various NASA advanced technology assessments related to instruments, spacecraft, launch vehicles, and operations. Mr. Jacobs is the author of several cost analysis book chapters and received the Distinguished Service Award for his 1994-2000 contributions to the AIAA Space Systems Technical Committee. He earned his B.S. in metallurgical engineering from the University of Wisconsin. He has no prior NRC experience.
Thomas J. Lee
Lee & Associates, LLC
THOMAS J. LEE is founder and president of Lee & Associates, LLC. The firm’s primary emphasis has been in support of NASA space systems development programs including the space shuttle, Constellation, Space Launch System, and Commercial Operational Transportation Systems. He served as special assistant to the NASA administrator for access to space, where he led NASA’s efforts in defining and planning the technology and development program for the future to help the United States retain its leadership in space. Also at NASA he held the positions of deputy director and then director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Mr. Lee began his professional career as an aeronautical research engineer with the U.S. Army Ballistic Missile Agency at the Redstone Arsenal. He transferred to the MSFC as a systems engineer with the center’s Centaur Resident Manager Office. Positions since then include resident project manager for the Pegasus Meteoroid Detection Satellite Project, chief of the Center’s Saturn Program Resident Office at the Kennedy Space Center, assistant to the technical deputy director of MSFC, deputy manager and manager of the Sortie Lab Task Team, and later manager when that team became the Spacelab Program Office. Mr. Lee holds a B.S. in aeronautical engineering from the University of Alabama. He has no prior NRC experience.
Dr. C. Kumar N. Patel
C. KUMAR N. PATEL (NAS/NAE) is president and CEO of Pranalytica, Inc., a Santa Monica-based company that is the leader in quantum cascade laser technology for defense and homeland security applications. He is also a professor of physics and astronomy, electrical engineering, and chemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He previously served as vice chancellor for research at UCLA. Prior to joining UCLA, he was the executive director of the Research, Materials Science, Engineering and Academic Affairs Division at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J. He began his career at Bell Laboratories by carrying out research in the field of gas lasers. He is the inventor of the carbon dioxide molecular gas laser, among others, that ushered in the era of high-power sources of coherent optical radiation. In 1996, Dr. Patel was awarded the National Medal of Science by the president of the United States. His other awards include the Ballantine Medal of the Franklin Institute, the Zworykin Award of the NAE, the Lamme Medal of the Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers, the Texas Instruments Foundation Founders’ Prize, the Charles Hard Townes Award of the Optical Society of America, the Arthur H. Schawlow Award of the Laser Institute of America, the George E. Pake Prize of the American Physical Society, the Medal of Honor of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the Frederic Ives Medal of the Optical Society of America, and the William T. Ennor Manufacturing Technology Award of the ASME. In 1988, he was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree from the New Jersey Institute of Technology. He is a member of the NAS and the NAE. Dr. Patel holds a B.E. in telecommunications from the College of Engineering in Poona, India, and received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Stanford University. He has served on several NRC committees, including as chair of the Committee for an Updated Assessment of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Science and as member of the Committee on Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Workforce Needs for the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Defense Industrial Base, and the Committee on An Assessment of Concepts and Systems for U.S. Boost-Phase Missile Defense in Comparison to Other Alternatives.
Dr. Diane Roussel-Dupre
Los Alamos National Laboratory
DIANE ROUSSEL-DUPRE is a scientist (Level 5) in the intelligence and space research division at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). While at LANL, Dr. Roussel-Dupre been involved with various space experiments, including acting as the principle co-investigator and mission manager for the LANL Shuttle-born Uniformly Redundant Array imaging gamma-ray experiment, participating in the Array of Low-Energy X-ray Imaging Sensors small satellite project as the mission operations manager and later as the project leader, acting as the mission operations manager for the Fast On-Orbit Recording of Transient Events satellite, and, most recently, as the project leader and mission operations for the Cibola Flight Experiment Satellite Project. In addition to space instrumentation and satellite operations, Dr. Roussel-Dupre contributes to a demonstration project for improved space situational awareness. She has served as a member of the NASA commission “Mission to the Solar System: Exploration and Discovery—A Mission and Technology Roadmap” and as a member of the University of New Mexico’s NASA Space Grant Consortium Review and Advisory Board. Dr. Roussel-Dupre also was a member of the GPS Constellation Sustainment Assessment Team as the Los Alamos representative. Dr. Roussel-Dupre has received six LANL distinguished team awards in addition to several other LANL achievement awards. She has also received a distinguished award for service to the U.S. government. She earned a B.S. in physics and astronomy from Michigan State University and was awarded a Ph.D. in astrogeophysics from the University of Colorado. She has no prior NRC experience.
Mr. Robert L. Sackheim
ROBERT L. SACKHEIM (NAE) is an engineering consultant who recently retired as assistant director and chief engineer for Space Propulsion at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. He is currently self-employed as a consultant to various organizations in support of rocket propulsion, launch vehicle and space system projects. At NASA MSFC, he served on the center director’s executive staff as a chief advisor for propulsion activities. Prior to joining NASA, Mr. Sackheim spent 35 years in various technical management positions at TRW Space and Electronics Group. His last assignment was as manager of the company’s Propulsion and Combustion Center in Redondo Beach, Ca. In 1983, Mr. Sackheim was recognized for leading the propulsion team responsible for enabling the rescue of NASA’s Tracking and Data Relay Satellite. He has received numerous awards and honors, including the Marshall Center Director’s Commendation for Outstanding Service, the Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executive Service, and the AIAA Holger Toftoy Award for Outstanding Technical Leadership in Space Systems. He is a fellow of the AIAA and was elected to the NAE in 2001, the same year received the NASA Medal for Outstanding Leadership in Space Propulsion. Mr. Sackheim has served on numerous committees at NASA and is an adjunct faculty professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Alabama, Huntsville. He has authored more than 250 technical papers. Mr. Sackheim holds a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Virginia and an M.S. in chemical engineering from Columbia University. He completed his doctoral course work in chemical engineering at UCLA. Mr. Sackheim has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Air Force/Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion, the Committee on Space Shuttle Upgrades, and the Committee on Advanced Space Technology.
Dr. Pol D. Spanos
POL D. SPANOS (NAE) holds the L.B. Ryon Endowed Chair in Engineering at Rice University. His interests are in the area of dynamical systems, with emphasis on probabilistic (risk and reliability), non-linear, and signal-processing aspects and with applications to aerospace engineering and several other engineering disciplines. His research findings have been disseminated in more than 300 papers in archival journals, technical conferences, and industrial reports. Dr. Spanos is editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics and of the Journal of Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. He is a fellow of the ASME, Alexander von Humboldt Association of America, a member of the NAE, and a corresponding/foreign member of NA/NAE of Hellas, India, and Europe. He is a registered professional engineer in Texas. His work has been supported by NSF, DOE, the Office of Naval Research, AFOSR, NASA, and by many industrial consortia. He has received several awards from NSF, the American Society of Civil Engineers, ASME, and Rice University. He has served, worldwide, as a consultant to many governmental organizations and industrial entities. Dr. Spanos received an M.S. in structural dynamics and a Ph.D. in applied mechanics and with minors in applied mathematics and in business economics, all from the California Institute of Technology. He has previously served as a member of the NRC Panel on Armor and Armaments.
Dr. Mitchell L. R. Walker
Georgia Institute of Technology
MITCHELL L.R. WALKER is an associate professor of Aerospace Engineering in the School of Aerospace Engineering in the College of Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. At Georgia Tech, Dr. Walker has designed and built the High-Power Electric Propulsion Laboratory, studied ion focusing in the Hall Effect Thruster (HET), built annular helicon plasmas sources for HETs, designed and built single and multichannel HETs, and developed carbon nanotube propellantless cold cathodes. His research interests include both experimental and theoretical studies of advanced plasma propulsion concepts for spacecraft and fundamental plasma physics. Dr. Walker is a recipient of an AFOSR Young Investigator Program Award, the AIAA Lawrence Sperry Award, and is an AIAA associate fellow. He served on the NASA Office of the Chief Technologist Advanced In-Space Propulsion Panel Review and the NASA International Space Station Electric Propulsion Testbed Study Committee. He also serves on the National Institute for Rocket Propulsion Systems Technology Solutions Committee, the AIAA Electric Propulsion Technical Committee, and the Best Paper Award Subcommittee. Dr. Walker served as the chair of the AIAA Electric Propulsion Subcommittee for Technical Achievement Award. He earned his B.S.E., M.S.E, and Ph.D. degrees in aerospace engineering from the University of Michigan. He has no prior NRC experience.
Dr. Ben T. Zinn
Georgia Institute of Technology
BEN T. ZINN (NAE) is the David S Lewis, Jr., Chair and Regents’ Professor in the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aerospace Engineering and the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. At Georgia Tech, Dr. Zinn has led the development of the largest university combustion research program in the United States. Over the years, he has made major contributions to the understanding of combustion phenomena in liquid and solid rockets, jet engines, ramjets, afterburners, and land based gas turbines. Examples of Dr. Zinn’s research contributions include the development of the Galerkin Method that is routinely used by the propulsion community to predict the stability of propulsion systems, the development of the impedance tube technique for measuring the driving and damping of combustion instabilities, and the measurements of rocket nozzles acoustic losses that is used by industry to predict the stability of rocket motors. In recognition of his contributions, Georgia Tech’s combustion laboratory was named after Dr. Zinn in 2006. Dr. Zinn is also a member of the NAE and has won all of the AIAA major combustion/propulsion awards. He earned a B.S. in mechanical engineering from New York University, an M.S. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University, and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in aeronautical engineering and mechanical science from Princeton University. Dr. Zinn has previously served on the NRC Committee on Air Force/Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion.