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Committee Membership Information

Project Title: Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Social and Political Stresses

PIN: DBASSE-CHDGC-11-01        

Major Unit:
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division on Earth and Life Studies

Sub Unit: Board on Environmental Change and Society


Stern, Paul

Subject/Focus Area:  Behavioral and Social Sciences; Environment and Environmental Studies; International Issues; National Security and Defense

Committee Membership
Date Posted:   09/08/2011

Dr. John D. Steinbruner - (Chair)
University of Maryland, College Park

John Steinbruner is Professor of Public Policy at the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland and Director of the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM). His work has focused on issues of international security and related problems of international policy. Steinbruner was Director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution from 1978-1996. Prior to joining Brookings, he was an Associate Professor in the School of Organization and Management and in the Department of Political Science at Yale University from 1976 to 1978. From 1973 to 1976, he served as Associate Professor of Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he also was Assistant Director of the Program for Science and International Affairs. He was Assistant Professor of Government at Harvard from 1969 to 1973 and Assistant Professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1968 to 1969. Steinbruner has authored and edited a number of books and monographs, including: The Cybernetic Theory of Decision: New Dimensions of Political Analysis (Princeton University Press, originally published 1974, second paperback edition with new preface, 2002); Principles of Global Security (Brookings Institution Press, 2000); and A New Concept of Cooperative Security, co-authored with Ashton B. Carter and William J. Perry (Brookings Occasional Papers, 1992). His articles have appeared in Arms Control Today, The Brookings Review, Daedalus, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Security, Scientific American, Washington Quarterly and other journals. Steinbruner is currently Co-Chair of the Committee on International Security Studies of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Chairman of the Board of the Arms Control Association, and board member of the Financial Services Volunteer Corps. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. From 1981 to 2004 he was a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Sciences, serving as Vice Chair from 1996 to 2004. He was a member of the Defense Policy Board of the Department of Defense from 1993 to 1997. Born in 1941 in Denver, Colorado, Steinbruner received his A.B. from Stanford University in 1963, and his Ph.D. in Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1968.

Dr. Otis B. Brown, Jr.
University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences

Otis Brown specializes in Earth satellite observations, development of quantitative methods for the processing and use of satellite remotely-sensed observations to study Earth System processes with a focus on ocean color and infrared observations, and the development and application of new approaches to study climate variability and stakeholder engagement. His current research interests have shifted to areas of observable climate change impact including the development of basin scale climatologies for SST and color fields, use of longer-term space-based observations to quantify the impacts of climatic variability, and the engagement of stakeholders. He collaborated with Professor Mary Doyle at the University of Miami to found the Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy as a sustainable approach to the training of the next generation of Earth System managers and researchers. Dr. Brown served as dean of the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science for 14 years, while being at the University for more than 40 years. He received the University of Miami Presidents Medal in honor of his outstanding leadership and distinguished accomplishments in his field of expertise as well as for his contributions to society. Dr. Brown holds a Ph.D. in physics, with a specialty in underwater optics, from the University of Miami; a M.Sc. in theoretical physics from the University of Miami; and a B.S. in physics from North Carolina State University. Dr. Brown is a tenured professor of meteorology and physical oceanography at the University of Miami (on leave) and a Research Professor at NC State University.

Dr. Antonio J. Busalacchi, Jr.
University of Maryland, College Park

Antonio Busalacchi is the Director of ESSIC and a Professor in the Department of Atmospheric & Oceanic Science. Tony came to ESSIC in 2000, after serving as Chief of the NASA/Goddard Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes. He has studied tropical ocean circulation and its role in the coupled climate system. His interests include the study of climate variability and prediction, tropical ocean modeling, ocean remote sensing, and data assimilation. His research in these areas has supported a range of international and national research programs dealing with global change and climate, particularly as affected by the oceans. From 1989-1996 he served on the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) TOGA Advisory Panel and for 1991-1993 he was a member of the NAS/NRC Panel on Ocean Atmosphere Observations Supporting Short-Term Climate Predictions. From 1999-2006 he served as Co-Chairman of the Scientific Steering Group for the World Climate Research Programme on Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR). From 2003-2008, he served as Chairman of the NAS/NRC Climate Research Committee and for 2007-2008 as Chair of the NAS/NRC Committee on Earth Science and Application: Ensuring the Climate Measurements from NPOES and GOES-R. Presently, he serves as Chairman of the Joint Scientific Committee for the World Climate Research Programme and Chairman of the NAS/NRC Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. He is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), American Geophysical Union, and in 2006 was selected by the AMS to be the Walter Orr Roberts Interdisciplinary Science Lecturer. He received his Ph.D. degree in oceanography from Florida State University in 1982.

Dr. David Easterling
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

David Easterling is currently Chief of the Scientific Services Division at NOAA's National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, NC. He received his Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1987 and served as an Assistant Professor in the Climate and Meteorology Program, Department of Geography, Indiana University-Bloomington from 1987 to 1990. In 1990 he moved to the National Climatic Data Center as a research scientist, was appointed Principal Scientist in 1999, and Chief of Scientific Services in 2002. He has authored or co-authored more than sixty research articles in journals such as Science, Nature and the Journal of Climate. Dr. Easterling was also a contributor to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Second and Third Assessment Reports, and a Lead Author for the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. He was a Convening Lead Author for the U.S. Climate Change Science Plan Synthesis and Assessment Product on Climate Extremes and is a Lead Author of the chapter on the natural physical environment of the IPCC Special Report on Extreme Events. His research interests include the detection of climate change in the observed record, particularly changes in extreme climate events.

Dr. Kristie Lee Ebi
Carnegie Institution of Washington

Kristie Lee Ebi is Executive Director of IPCC Working Group II Technical Support at the Carnegie Institution. Dr. Ebi is an epidemiologist who has worked in the field of global climate change for 10 years. Her research focuses on potential impacts of climate variability and change, including impacts associated with extreme events, thermal stress, food-borne diseases, and vector-borne diseases, and on the design of adaptation response options to reduce current and projected future negative impacts. She is chief editor of the book “Integration of Public Health with Adaptation to Climate Change: Lessons Learned and New Directions.” She was a Lead Author for the Human Health chapter of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report. She was a Convening Lead Author on the WHO publication: Methods of Assessing Human Health Vulnerability and Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change, and she has been Lead Author in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change. Dr. Ebi has more than 25 years of multidisciplinary experience in environmental issues, and has more than 50 publications. Her scientific training includes an M.S. in Toxicology and a Ph.D. and M.P.H. in Epidemiology, and two years of postgraduate research in Epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Dr. Thomas Fingar
Stanford University

Thomas Fingar is the Oksenberg-Rohlen Distinguished Fellow and a senior scholar at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. From May 2005 through December 2008, he served as the first Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analysis and, concurrently, as Chairman of the National Intelligence Council. Dr. Fingar served previously as Assistant Secretary of the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary (2001–2003), Deputy Assistant Secretary for Analysis (1994–2000), Director of the Office of Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific (1989–1994), and Chief of the China Division (1986–1989). Between 1975 and 1986 he held a number of positions at Stanford University, including Senior Research Associate in the Center for International Security and Arms Control. Dr. Fingar is a graduate of Cornell University (A.B. in Government and History, 1968), and Stanford University (M.A., 1969 and Ph.D., 1977 both in Political Science).

Mr. Leon Fuerth
The George Washington University

Leon Fuerth is the former national security adviser to Vice President Al Gore and currently serves as Research Professor at the Elliott School at George Washington University. He served on the Principals’ Committee of the National Security Council, alongside the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, and the President’s own national security adviser. As the vice president's national security advisor, Fuerth created and managed five bi-national commissions with Russia, South Africa, Egypt, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. He also led efforts to develop the International Space Station with the Russians and other partners; to marshal international support for sanctions against Slobodan Milosevic's regime, contributing to the victory of democracy in the Balkans; to raise awareness and take action to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa; and to denuclearize former Soviet states by providing alternative energy sources and employment opportunities for nuclear scientists; to win China’s cooperation in protecting the environment and reducing pollution; and to spur foreign investment in Egypt, offering a positive example for other Arab nations involved in the Middle East peace process. Before beginning his work on Capitol Hill in 1979, he spent eleven years as a Foreign Service officer, serving in such places as the U.S consulate in Zagreb and the State Department. He holds a bachelor’s degree in English and a master’s degree in history from New York University, as well as a master’s degree in public administration from Harvard University. Mr. Fuerth’s term as J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of International Affairs at the Elliott School ended in December 2002. In January 2003, he was appointed Research Professor at the Elliott School.

Ms. Sherri W. Goodman
CNA Analysis & Solutions

Sherri Goodman is senior vice president, general counsel and corporate secretary of CNA and serves as Executive Director of CNA’s Military Advisory Board. Goodman is an internationally recognized authority on energy, climate change and national security, having led the projects by CNA’s Military Advisory Board on National Security and the Threat of Climate Change (2007) and Powering America’s Defense: Energy & the Risks to National Security. From 1993-2001 Goodman was Deputy Undersecretary of Defense (Environmental Security), serving as the chief environmental, safety, and occupational health officer for the Department of Defense. In this position she was responsible for over $5 billion in annual defense spending including programs on energy efficiency and climate change, cleanup at active and closing bases, compliance with environmental laws, environmental cooperation with foreign militaries, and conservation of natural and cultural resources. Goodman received a J.D. cum laude from the Harvard Law School and a master’s degree in Public Policy from Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government. She received her B.A. summa cum laude from Amherst College.

Dr. Robin Leichenko
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Robin Leichenko is an associate professor in the Department of Geography at Rutgers University. Her research addresses the urban and regional impacts of global economic and environmental change in both advanced and developing countries. She recently completed a book titled Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures (Oxford University Press, 2008). The book, co-authored with Karen O’Brien that focuses on how processes of globalization and climate change jointly affect vulnerable regions, social groups and ecosystems. Other current research includes a study of the effects of the globalization of consumption practices on housing demand and suburbanization patterns in China and the U.S., a study of climate change vulnerability and adaptation in U.S. cities, and a study of the effects of globalization trends on U.S. firms and workers. Recently completed research projects include a study of the impacts of international trade on employment and income inequality across U.S. regions, and a study of the effects of globalization and climate change on rural agricultural regions in India and Southern Africa. She earned her Ph.D. in geography from Penn State.

Dr. Robert J. Lempert
The RAND Corporation

Robert Lempert is Director of the Frederick S. Pardee Center for Longer Range Global Policy and the Future Human Condition at the RAND Corporation. He was a member of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize–winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Lempert is an internationally known scholar in the field of decision-making under conditions of deep uncertainty. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a fellow of the American Physical Society, and a member of the National Academy of Science's Climate Research Committee. His research focuses on improving methods for long-term policy analysis and for using data and models to support decision-making where accurate forecasts are impossible. He is leading a major National Science Foundation–funded study that aims to improve methods for using scientific and other information to support decisions about climate change. He has worked extensively in the areas of environment, energy, and national security strategies; and he has conducted research on science and technology investment strategies for clients that include the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and several multinational firms.

Dr. Marc Levy
Center for International Earth Sciences Information Network, Columbia University

Marc Levy is Deputy Director of the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), a unit of Columbia University’s Earth Institute. He is also an Adjunct Professor in Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs. He is a political scientist specializing in the human dimensions of global environmental change. His research focuses on climate-security linkages, emerging infectious disease modeling, anthropogenic drivers of global change, sustainability indicators, and vulnerability mapping. He is also leading a project in Haiti to reduce vulnerability to disaster risks by integrating ecology and economic development goals on a watershed scale. He has served on a number of international assessments, and is currently a Lead Author on the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change Fifth Assessment chapter on Human Security.

Dr. David Lobell
Stanford University

David Lobell is an assistant professor at Stanford University in Environmental Earth System Science, and a Center Fellow in Stanford's Program on Food Security and the Environment. His research focuses on identifying opportunities to raise crop yields in major agricultural regions, with a particular emphasis on adaptation to climate change. His current projects span Africa, South Asia, Mexico, and the United States, and involve a range of tools including remote sensing, GIS, and crop and climate models. Lobell's work is motivated by questions such as: What investments are most effective at raising global crop yields, in order to increase food production without expansion of agricultural lands? Will yield gains be able to keep pace with global demand for crop products, given current levels of investment? And what direct or indirect effects will efforts to raise crop productivity have on other components of the Earth system, such as climate? Answering these requires an understanding of the complex factors that limit crop yields throughout the world, and the links between agriculture and the broader Earth system.

Dr. Richard S. Olson
Florida International University

Richard Stuart Olson is Professor and Chair of the Department of Politics and International Relations at Florida International University. A Fulbright Fellow in Colombia in 1968-69, he returned to Latin America in 1972 to conduct field research on the Managua, Nicaragua earthquake disaster of that year. Since then he has been directly involved in disaster response, evaluation, and research in more than 20 events, including Guatemala 1976 (earthquake), Chile 1985 (earthquake), Mexico City 1985 (earthquakes), Colombia 1985 (volcanic eruption and lahar) and 1994 (earthquake and landslide), the Dominican Republic, Honduras and Nicaragua 1998 (hurricanes), and El Salvador 1986 and 2001 (earthquakes). In addition to more than 60 research articles, monographs, and major papers, Professor Olson has been lead author on the books, The Politics of Earthquake Prediction (Princeton University Press, 1989), and Some Buildings Just Can’t Dance: Politics, Life Safety, and Disaster (Elsevier/JAI, 1999). Recent articles include “From Disaster Event to Political Crisis: A ‘5C+A’ Framework for Analysis,” International Studies Perspectives (2010), and “Establishing Public Accountability, Speaking Truth to Power, and Inducing Political Will for Disaster Risk Reduction: ‘Ocho Rios+25,’” Environmental Hazards (forthcoming). He received a B.A. degree in Political Science from the University of California, Davis, in 1967, Phi Beta Kappa. He received his M.A. degree from UCLA in 1968 and his Ph.D. in 1974 from the University of Oregon, both in Political Science and both emphasizing comparative and Latin American politics.

Dr. Richard L. Smith
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Richard L. Smith is Mark L. Reed III Distinguished Professor of Statistics and Professor of Biostatistics in the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and Director of the Statistical and Applied Mathematical Sciences Institute. His expertise is in statistical aspects of climate change research and air pollution health effects. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, an Elected Member of the International Statistical Institute, and has won the Guy Medal in Silver of the Royal Statistical Society, and the Distinguished Achievement Medal of the Section on Statistics and the Environment, American Statistical Association. In 2004 he was the J. Stuart Hunter Lecturer of The International Environmetrics Society (TIES). He is also a Chartered Statistician of the Royal Statistical Society. He obtained his Ph.D. from Cornell University.

Committee Membership Roster Comments
Note: Peter Gleick resigned from the committee, effective February 22, 2012.
Note: Hank Shugart resigned from the committee, effective June 26, 2012.