Date: Feb. 15, 2012
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Strained Relations Between NNSA and National Security Laboratories Threatens Quality of Science and Engineering Work, Says New Report
WASHINGTON -- Scientists and engineers at the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) three national security laboratories appear committed to their work and core mission of maintaining the country's nuclear weapons stockpile, but according to a new National Research Council report, a "broken relationship" between NNSA and the labs threatens to erode the quality of the scientific research and engineering being conducted there.
The committee that wrote the report said that an intrusive degree of oversight stemming from past security and safety concerns at one of the labs has led to a "breakdown of trust." The committee added that the change in management and operations contractors at Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore in 2006 and 2007 -- while stressful and adding some $100 million annually to each of those laboratories' overhead -- is not the root cause of this problem.
Congress asked the Research Council to review the quality of scientific research and engineering at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The review is being carried out in two phases, and this first report focuses on how management of the laboratories affects the quality of their science and engineering.
LANL and LLNL were managed solely by the University of California for many decades, but in 2004 Congress ordered that the contract for managing the two labs be re-opened to competitive bidding. As a result, two independent LLCs that include both the University of California and Bechtel Corp. were awarded contracts. SNL has been managed since 1993 by the Sandia Corp., a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corp.
Some laboratory staff had raised concerns that the introduction of a private company into the management of LANL and LLNL might negatively affect worker morale or that management may not act in the public interest. However, the Research Council committee said staff members continue to show a strong commitment to their work, and the laboratory directors' main objective remains to manage the labs in the public interest.
The quality of science and engineering work at the laboratories depends on the ability of the labs to attract and retain high-quality scientists and engineers and not impede their performance, the committee emphasized. It applauded the broadening of the laboratory missions into non-nuclear areas and work for other agencies, such as the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, because non-nuclear areas of research potentially increase the laboratories' appeal to top-quality scientists and engineers while also serving important national security missions. The committee recommended that Congress, while still recognizing that maintenance of the nuclear weapons stockpile remains the labs' core mission, endorse and support their evolving national security mission.
The "breakdown of trust" between NNSA and the labs is most prominent at LANL, where past failures in safety and security attracted much national attention, but the breakdown is also felt clearly at the other labs, leading to an aversion to risk and a potential bias against experimental work, the committee found. It said a perception exists among staff and managers that NNSA is micromanaging the labs, and the report cites a case where NNSA headquarters tried to overrule a laboratory's best scientific judgment about how to carry out a scientific task.
Safety and security systems at the laboratories have been strengthened to the point where they no longer need special attention, the committee found. It said that an understanding is needed to rebalance the relationship and rebuild trust between NNSA and lab management. The committee also recommended that NNSA reduce reporting and administrative burdens on the laboratories' leadership and free them to establish strategic science and engineering direction at the laboratories.
The study was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. The National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council make up the National Academies. They are private, nonprofit institutions that provide science, technology, and health policy advice under a congressional charter. The Research Council is the principal operating agency of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. For more information, visit http://national-academies.org. A committee roster follows.
Lorin Hancock, Media Relations Officer
Shaquanna Shields, Media Relations Assistant
Office of News and Public Information
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Pre-publication copies of Managing for High-Quality Science and Engineering at the NNSA National Security Laboratories are available from the National Academies Press; tel. 202-334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242 or on the Internet at http://www.nap.edu. Reporters may obtain a copy from the Office of News and Public Information (contacts listed above).
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NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
Laboratory Assessments Board
Committee on Review of the Quality of the Management and of the Science and Engineering Research at the DOE’s National Security Laboratories – Phase 1
C. Kumar Patel1, 2 (co-chair)
President and CEO
Santa Monica, Calif.
Charles V. Shank1, 2 (co-chair)
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Janelia Farm Research Campus
John F. Ahearne1
Executive Director Emeritus
Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society
Research Triangle Park, N.C.
W. Warner Burke
Edward Lee Thorndike Professor of Psychology and Education
New York City
Charles B. Curtis
President Emeritus and Board Member
Nuclear Threat Initiative
Jill P. Dahlburg
Space Sciences Division
Naval Research Laboratory
Professor in Earth and Planetary Science and Astronomy
University of California
Science and Technology Policy Institute
Institute of Defense Analyses
James C. McGroddy1
Senior Vice President
IBM Corp. (retired)
Briarcliff Manor, N.Y.
John H. Marburger III (deceased)
Vice President for Research
Stony Brook University
Stony Brook, N.Y.
William E. Wrather Distinguished Service Professor
University of Chicago
Maxine L. Savitz1
Honeywell Inc. (retired)
Los Alamos, N.M.
Michael S. Turner 2
Rauner Distinguished Service Professor, and
Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics
University of Chicago