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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Federal Climate Change Research Program Should Realign Focus
To Both Understand Climate Change and Inform Response Strategies
"CCSP has created a robust infrastructure for observations and modeling, which has enabled scientists to document trends in critical climate parameters and identify the human impacts on climate change," said Veerabhadran Ramanathan, chair of the committee that wrote the report, and distinguished professor of atmospheric and climate sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. "Now we need to know how to respond to climate change, while working closely with policymakers on mitigation and adaptation strategies."
In 2007, the committee issued its first report, which evaluated the program's progress at the request of CCSP's former director. For this second report, the Research Council was asked to identify future priorities and lay out a framework to guide the evolution of the program.
The committee found that the program is hindered by its limited research into the social sciences -- such as research on the role of human actions and behavior in changing climate and how societies can mitigate and adapt to the impacts -- and the separation of natural and social sciences research. Spending on human-dimensions research has never exceeded 3 percent of the CCSP research budget. As a result, research, data collection, and modeling of how people interact with or affect their environments have lagged behind corresponding activities on the physical climate system. The program should make transformational changes to adopt a holistic approach that connects research across disciplines, as well as engages policymakers and other stakeholders, the committee said.
Integrating research in the natural and social sciences should make it easier to tackle climate change problems that could directly impact communities, some of which include extreme weather and climate events and disasters; sea level rise and melting ice; fresh water availability; agriculture and food security; ecosystems management; new and re-emerging diseases; and effects on the
Progress in these areas could be sped up by supporting research on vulnerability, adaptation, and mitigation. Moreover, targeted research in the natural sciences could help meet various community needs for climate information and services, such as drought forecasts for a particular region. These research initiatives would help address societal concerns of direct relevance to the program and provide a concrete focus for collecting human-dimensions data, the committee noted.
Another priority should be to help establish a
As research attention shifts toward the impact climate change has on societies, more information is needed at regional to local scales. CCSP should develop and implement a strategy to improve modeling of regional climate change and initialize seasonal to decadal climate forecasting, the report says. Such enhanced predictions will require models that cover a wide range of space and time scales, especially those that can predict climate phenomena at regional (a few kilometers) or decadal time scales. Climate modeling to date has been primarily at the global scale, with time scales only for the next hundred years.
Moreover, CCSP should work with stakeholders to design and implement a comprehensive national assessment that identifies evolving science and societal needs. While CCSP is mandated to carry out a national assessment every four years, the last one involving a broad range of stakeholders was a decade ago. The collection of 21 synthesis and assessment reports published from 2006 to 2008 -- although useful -- did not add up to a comprehensive national assessment.
The National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering,
Copies of Restructuring Federal Climate Research to Meet the Challenges of Climate Change are available from the National Academies Press; tel. 202-334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242 or on the Internet at http://www.nap.edu. Reporters may obtain copies from the Office of News and Public Information (contacts listed above).
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[ This news release and reports are available at http://national-academies.org ]
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
Committee on Strategic Advice on the
Veerabhadran Ramanathan1 (chair)
Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric and Climate Sciences,
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Christopher O. Justice (vice chair)
Director of Research and Professor
Department of Geography
John B. Carberry
Director of Environmental Technology (retired)
E.I. du Pont de Nemours and
Robert E. Dickinson 1, 2
Department of Ocean, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
James W. Hurrell
Climate and Global Dynamics Division
Jeanine A. Jones
Principal Engineer and Interstate Resources Manager
California Department of Water Resources
Roger E. Kasperson 1
Research Professor and Distinguished Scientist
George Perkins Marsh Institute
Charles D. Kolstad
Professor of Environmental Economics
Department of Economics and
Maria Carmen Lemos
Professor of Physical Oceanography
Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Department of Geography, and
Senior Research Scientist
Synthetic Genomics Inc.
Guido D. Salvucci
Department of Earth Sciences and Department of Geography and Environment
Susan E. Trumbore
Department of Earth System Science
Director of Advanced Technologies
RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF