National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Engineering
Institute of Medicine
National Research Council
Office of News and Public Information
National Academy of Engineering
Back | Home
News from the National Academies
Date: Aug. 1, 2005
Contacts: Patrice Pages, Media Relations Officer
Michelle Strikowsky, Media Relations Assistant
Office of News and Public Information
202-334-2138; e-mail <news@nas.edu>

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Report Questions Future of U.S. Leadership in Materials Research and Development

WASHINGTON -- While the United States remains a world leader in materials research and development, competition from new materials R&D centers worldwide could weaken the nation's position in this field, says a new report from the National Academies' National Research Council. The federal government should define a national strategy to ensure that future national security needs in materials R&D can be addressed; that universities and federal agencies -- including the U.S. Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy, and NASA -- participate in international materials R&D collaborations; and that more American students are encouraged to pursue careers in science and engineering, said the committee that wrote the report.

"With the globalization of research and development in materials science and engineering, cutting-edge work is expected to emerge from countries that historically have not been centers of materials innovation, such as China, India, Singapore, Taiwan, and South Korea," said Peter Bridenbaugh, committee chair and retired executive vice president, Alcoa Inc., Pittsburgh. "Although this increased global activity may help our nation develop new materials, it is also possible that a country which has not traditionally been an ally of the United States may decide not to share a new and critical technology developed within its borders."

Available evidence suggests that the globalization of materials R&D has had a limited effect on the U.S. economy and national security to date, but the impact in the near future is highly uncertain, the report says. The federal government needs to gather data on trends in materials R&D worldwide in order to assess how well the United States is performing compared with other countries and to determine how to ensure that the nation's economic and security needs are met.


The United States can no longer assume that the most important innovations in materials science and engineering will take place domestically. To have access to superior technologies developed elsewhere, the United States needs to become one of the most active players in international materials R&D teams and ensure that knowledge generated by foreign R&D is absorbed into domestic programs, both civilian and military, the report says.

Policy-makers need to ensure that current controls on exports do not impede U.S. participation in international projects, the committee said. Also, foreign students and researchers should be encouraged to participate in U.S. projects to facilitate access to cutting-edge knowledge and technology developed elsewhere.

Maintaining U.S. leadership in materials R&D also will require that the nation's educational system attract more students to degrees in science and engineering, the committee said. Many foreign governments -- notably China and India -- are accelerating investment in their educational infrastructure, while comparable expenditures in the United States are falling. If the United States is to continue to compete on the global stage, its educational system will have to consider the needs of federal agencies and industry and ensure an adequate supply of professionals in materials science and engineering, the committee said.

The study was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense. The National Research Council is the principal operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. It is a private, nonprofit institution that provide science and technology advice under a congressional charter. A committee roster follows.


Copies of Globalization of Materials R&D: Time for a National Strategy will be available this fall from the National Academies Press; tel. 202-334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242 or order on the Internet at http://www.nap.edu. Reporters may obtain a pre-publication copy from the Office of News and Public Information (contacts listed above).


[ This news release and report are available at http://national-academies.org ]


NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
National Materials Advisory Board

Committee on Globalization of Materials Research and Development

Peter Bridenbaugh* (chair)
Executive Vice President
Alcoa Inc. (retired)
Boca Raton, Fla.

Miller Adams
Vice President of Technology, Planning, and Acquisition
Boeing Phantom Works, and
Vice President
Boeing Ventures
The Boeing Company
Seattle

Ashish Arora
Associate Professor of Economics and Public Policy
Heinz School of Public Policy and Management
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh

Gilbert Benavides
Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff
Manufacturing Science and Technology Center
Sandia National Laboratories
Albuquerque, N.M.

Uma Chowdhry*
Vice President
Central Research and Development
DuPont Company Experimental Station
Wilmington, Del.

Edward Dowling
Group Director
Mining and Exploration
DeBeers Group Services Ltd.
Johannesburg, South Africa

Gordon Geiger
Director
Engineering Management Program, and
Professor of Industrial Engineering
University of Arizona
Tucson

Jennie Hwang*
President
H-Technologies Group Inc.
Cleveland

Michael Jaffe
Director
Medical Device Concept Laboratory
New Jersey Institute of Technology, and
Associate Research Professor
Rutgers University
Newark

Robert Pfahl
Vice President of Operations
International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative
Herndon, Va.

Natalia Tamirisa
Senior Economist
International Monetary Fund
Washington, D.C.

Xishan Xie
Professor
High Temperature Materials Testing and Research Laboratories
University of Science and Technology Beijing
Beijing


RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF

Michael Moloney
Study Director


* Member, National Academy of Engineering