Date: April 28, 1998
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60 New Members Chosen by Academy
WASHINGTON -- The National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 60 new members and 15 foreign associates from 10 countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.
The election was held this morning during the business session of the 135th annual meeting of the Academy. Election to membership in the Academy is considered one of the highest honors that can be accorded a U.S. scientist or engineer. Those elected today bring the total number of current active members to 1,798.
Foreign associates are non-voting members of the Academy, with citizenship outside the United States. Today's election brings the total number of foreign associates to 310.
The National Academy of Sciences is a private organization of scientists and engineers dedicated to the furtherance of science and its use for the general welfare. The Academy was established in 1863 by a congressional act of incorporation, signed by Abraham Lincoln, that calls on the Academy to act as an official adviser to the federal government, upon request, in any matter of science or technology.
Newly elected members and their affiliations at the time of election are:
ASPNES, David E.; professor, department of physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh
BERNE, Bruce J.; professor, department of chemistry, Columbia University, New York City
BROCK, William A.; Vilas Research Professor and F.P. Ramsey Professor of Economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison
CASTLEMAN, A. Welford; Evan Pugh Professor, department of chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park
CHAMEIDES, William L.; Regents' Professor, School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta
COIFMAN, Ronald R.; professor of mathematics, department of mathematics, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
COLEMAN, Douglas L.; Senior Staff Scientist Emeritus, Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine
CRAIG, Elizabeth Anne; professor, department of biomolecular chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison
D'ANDRADE, Roy G.; professor, department of anthropology, University of California, San Diego
DAUBECHIES, Ingrid; professor of mathematics and director, program in applied and computational mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
DINARELLO, Charles A.; professor of medicine, division of infectious diseases, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver
DONOHO, David L.; professor, department of statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
DOVE, William F.; professor of oncology and medical genetics, McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison
EISENMAN, Robert N.; member, division of basic sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle
FIORINA, Morris P., Jr.; professor, department of government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
FORTSON, E. Norval; professor, department of physics, University of Washington, Seattle
FREY, Perry A.; Robert H. Abeles Professor of Biochemistry and co-director, Institute for Enzyme Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison
GOTTESMAN, Susan; chief, biochemical genetics section, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md.
GRAHAM, Norma; professor, department of psychology, Columbia University
GROSS, Charles G.; professor, department of psychology, Princeton University
GURNETT, Donald A.; Carver/Van Allen Professor of Physics, department of physics and astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City
HAYES, John M.; senior scientist, department of geology and geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.
JACKIW, Roman; Jerrold Zacharias Professor and chair, department of physics, Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
JORDAN, Thomas H.; Robert Shrock Professor and head, department of earth and planetary sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
KIRSHNER, Robert P.; professor and chair, department of astronomy, Harvard University
KLEIN, Miles V.; professor of physics and director, Science and Technology Center for Superconductivity, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
LEVINE, Michael S.; professor, division of genetics, department of molecular and cell biology, University of California, Berkeley
MARTIN, Malcolm A.; chief, Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
MASSEY, Douglas S.; Dorothy Swaine Thomas Professor, department of sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
MEKALANOS, John J.; Lehman Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and chair, department of microbiology and molecular genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston
MITCHELL, James K.; University Distinguished Professor, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg
MORAN, James M.; professor and senior radio astronomer, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Mass.
MORRIS, Craig; curator of anthropology and dean of science, American Museum of Natural History, New York City
NEER, Eva J.; professor of medicine, cardiovascular division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School
PABO, Carl O.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor, department of biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
RABINOWITZ, Paul H.; Van Vleck Professor of Mathematics, department of mathematics, University of Wisconsin, Madison
ROSEN, Sherwin; Edwin A. and Betty L. Bergman Distinguished Service Professor and chair, department of economics, University of Chicago
RUDERMAN, Joan V.; Nelson Professor of Biology, department of cell biology, Harvard Medical School
SAUNDERS, Martin; professor of chemistry, department of chemistry, Yale University
SCHOPF, J. William; professor of paleobiology and director, Center for the Study of Evolution and the Origin of Life, Laboratory for Microbiology, University of California, Los Angeles
SCHOWALTER, William R.; dean, College of Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
SHAM, Lu Jeu; professor of physics, department of physics, University of California, San Diego
STASKAWICZ, Brian J.; professor, department of plant biology, University of California, Berkeley
STEINHARDT, Paul J.; Mary Amanda Wood Professor of Physics, University of Pennsylvania
STERN, Melvin E.; Distinguished Research Professor, department of oceanography, Florida State University, Tallahassee
STEVENS, Audrey; senior staff member, biology division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tenn.
STEVENS, Kenneth N.; C.J. LeBel Professor, department of electrical engineering and computer science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
SUGA, Nobuo; professor, department of biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo.
SZOSTAK, Jack W.; professor, department of genetics and department of molecular biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston
TILNEY, Lewis G.; professor, department of biology, Leidy Laboratories, University of Pennsylvania
TSIEN, Roger Y.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and professor of pharmacology, chemistry, and biochemistry, University of California, San Diego
WAKE, David B.; director and curator of herpetology, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, and John and Margaret Gompertz Professor of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley
WARD, David C.; professor, department of genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.
WEBSTER, Robert G.; Rose Marie Thomas Professor and chair, department of virology and molecular biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tenn.
WESSLER, Susan R.; professor of botany and genetics, department of genetics, University of Georgia, Athens
WITHERELL, Michael S.; professor of physics, department of physics, University of California, Santa Barbara
WITTER, Richard L.; Clinical Professor of Veterinary Pathology and veterinary medical officer, ARS Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Michigan State University, East Lansing
WOODRUFF, H. Boyd; president, Soil Microbiology Associates Inc., Watchung, N.J.
YAO, Andrew C.; William and Edna Macaleer Professor of Engineering and Applied Science, department of computer science, Princeton University
ZEEVAART, Jan A.D.; professor, MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing
Newly elected foreign associates, their affiliations at the time of election, and their country of citizenship are:
ARIGONI, Duilio; professor, Organic Chemical Laboratories, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich (Switzerland)
DOHERTY, Peter; chair, department of immunology, and Michael F. Tamer Chair of Biomedical Research, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tenn. (Australia)
HARRISON, Bryan D.; professor of plant virology, University of Dundee, and research professor, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Dundee, Scotland (U.K.)
HENDERSON, Richard; director, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge (U.K.)
HERREN, Hans R.; chief executive and director-general, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya (Switzerland)
HÖLLDOBLER, Bert; professor of zoology, University of Würzburg (Germany)
HUNTER, Anthony R.; professor, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, Calif. (U.K.)
IRVING, Edward; Emeritus Scientist, Pacific Geoscience Centre, Geological Survey of Canada, Sidney, B.C. (Canada)
ITÔ, Kiyosi; Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University (Japan)
KOORNNEEF, Maarten; Extraordinary Professor, department of genetics, Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen (Netherlands)
LOUNASMAA, Olli V.; professor, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo (Finland)
ORCI, Lelio; chair, University of Geneva Medical School, Geneva, Switzerland (Italy)
PENROSE, Roger; Francis R. and Helen M. Pentz Distinguished Professor of Physics and Mathematics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park; and Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics, Oxford University (U.K.)
SCHILD, Romuald; general director, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw (Poland)
TANAKA, Yasuo; senior scientist, Max-Planck Institut Für Extraterrestriche Physik, Garching, Germany (Japan)