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Project Title:

Review of the Process to Update the Dietary Guidelines for Americans
PIN: HMD-FNB-16-01        

Major Unit:

Health and Medicine Division

Sub Unit: Food and Nutrition Board

RSO: Chao, Samantha

Subject/Focus Area: Agriculture; Biology and Life Sciences; Education; Food and Nutrition; Health and Medicine; Policy for Science and Technology

Project Scope
An ad hoc committee will undertake an 18-month study to review the entire process used to establish the Advisory Committee for the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) and the subsequent development of the DGA, most recently revised pursuant to section 301 of the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341). The committee will review and assess the evidence and carry out an analysis of each of the following:

(1) How the advisory committee selection process can be improved to provide more transparency, eliminate bias, and include committee members with a range of viewpoints;

(2) How the Nutrition Evidence Library (NEL) is compiled and utilized, including whether NEL reviews and other systematic reviews and data analysis are conducted according to rigorous and objective scientific standards;

(3) How systematic reviews are conducted on long-standing DGA recommendations, including whether scientific studies are included from scientists with a range of viewpoints; and

(4) How the DGA can better prevent chronic disease, ensure nutritional sufficiency for all Americans, and accommodate a range of individual factors, including age, gender, and metabolic health.

The committee will produce a short report that includes a review of question 1 and, as needed, recommendations based on existing best practices for selecting a scientific advisory committee to inform development of the DGA.  A final report will be produced that includes the committee's review of questions 2-4 and, as needed, recommendations based on existing practices for: conducting and/or including rigorous and objective nutrition systematic reviews and other data analyses to support the development of the DGA; supporting an expanded lifespan approach, specifically dietary guidance for infants up to 24 months and pregnant women (per the Agricultural Act of 2014); effectively applying the DGA to prevent diet-related chronic disease in the U.S. using existing implementation and evaluation frameworks; and identifying the role of the DGA in coordinating with and supporting nutrition guidance for disease treatment (that may also address age, gender, metabolic health, and nutritional sufficiency) developed by other Federal agencies.  The committee's recommendations will conform to the specifications of the National Nutrition Monitoring Act (NNMRRA), Federal Advisory Committee Act, Data Quality Act, and align with the current infrastructure, availability of resources, and collaborative relationships led by the USDA-Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion and HHS Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.  The committee will not conduct systematic reviews of nutrition science, nor evaluate the content or scientific justification of current or previous editions of the DGA.

The project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The approximate start date for the project is May 23, 2016. A first report will be issued in winter 2017; a final report will be issued in fall 2017.

NOTE: August 31, 2016 minor change in schedule made.
NOTE: October 25, 2016 provisional committee member added.

Project Duration: 18 months    

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Contact the Public Access Records Office to make an inquiry, request a list of the public access file materials, or obtain a copy of the materials found in the file.

Committee Membership
Committee Membership

 Meeting 1 - 09/01/2016
 Meeting 2 - 10/17/2016
 Meeting 3 - 11/03/2016
 Meeting 4 - 01/10/2017
 Meeting 5 - 01/30/2017
 Meeting 6 - 01/31/2017
 Meeting 7 - 02/03/2017
 Meeting 8 - 02/14/2017
 Meeting 9 - 02/17/2017
 Meeting 10 - 02/21/2017
 Meeting 11 - 02/27/2017
 Meeting 12 - 02/27/2017
 Meeting 13 - 03/02/2017
 Meeting 14 - 03/13/2017
 Meeting 15 - 03/16/2017
 Meeting 16 - 03/17/2017
 Meeting 17 - 04/04/2017
 Meeting 18 - 04/06/2017
 Meeting 19 - 04/13/2017
 Meeting 20 - 04/14/2017
 Meeting 21 - 05/03/2017
 Meeting 22 - 06/01/2017
 Meeting 23 - 06/19/2017


Reports having no URL can be seen
at the Public Access Records Office
Optimizing the Process for Establishing the Dietary Guidelines for Americans: The Selection Process