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Project Title:

ANALYSIS OF CANCER RISKS IN POPULATIONS NEAR NUCLEAR FACILITIES: PHASE 2 PILOT PLANNING
PIN: DELS-NRSB-13-01        

Major Unit:

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Division on Earth and Life Studies

Sub Unit: Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board
Committee on National Statistics

RSO: Kosti, Ourania

Subject/Focus Area: Energy and Energy Conservation; Environment and Environmental Studies; Health and Medicine


Project Scope
The National Research Council will perform a pilot study of cancer risks in populations near seven U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (U.S.NRC)-licensed nuclear facilities using two epidemiologic study designs: (i) an ecologic study of multiple cancer types of populations of all ages and (ii) a record-linkage-based case-control study of cancers in children. The pilot study will focus on the five activities described below:
Obtain nuclear facility airborne and waterborne effluent release and meteorology data and digitize these data into a form that is usable for dose estimation.
Develop a computer model to obtain estimates of absorbed doses to individual organs resulting from effluent releases.
Obtain cancer incidence and mortality data at the census-tract level to assess the feasibility of the ecologic study.
Link birth registration and cancer incidence data to identify eligible cases of pediatric cancers and matched controls to assess the feasibility of the record-linkage-based case-control study.
Develop processes for involving and communicating with the public.

The pilot study will have two steps: Pilot Planning and Pilot Execution. The activities associated with Pilot Planning are:
Appoint the study committee.
Identify the processes for selecting qualified individuals and/or organizations to perform the epidemiology and dosimetry tasks.
Initiate effluent release and meteorological data collection.
Investigate availability of existing models or need to create a new model for dose estimation.
Identify state requirements for data sharing and transfer of health information.
Obtain IRB approvals for the study, as appropriate.
Identify key stakeholders and assess their concerns, perceptions, and knowledge.

At the conclusion of the Pilot Planning step, National Research Council staff will submit a separate prospectus for the Pilot Execution step for institutional and sponsor approval. At the conclusion of the Pilot Execution step, the National Research Council will prepare a consensus report with findings regarding the scientific feasibility of carrying out an assessment of cancer risks at additional U.S.NRC-licensed facilities. The report will also include, if feasible, an analysis of cancer risks in the populations near the seven pilot facilities.

The project is sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

The approximate start date of the project was September 1, 2013.


 
Project Duration: 12 months    

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Committee Membership
Committee Membership

Meetings
 Meeting 1 - 11/04/2013
 Meeting 2 - 11/12/2013
 Meeting 3 - 12/11/2013
 Meeting 4 - 01/17/2014
 Meeting 5 - 02/18/2014
 Meeting 6 - 03/18/2014
 Meeting 7 - 04/03/2014
 Meeting 8 - 05/23/2014
 Meeting 9 - 06/04/2014
 Meeting 10 - 07/01/2014
 Meeting 11 - 07/21/2014

Reports

Reports having no URL can be seen
at the Public Access Records Office