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Project Title:

Review of NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks
PIN: IOM-HSP-13-04        

Major Unit:

Health and Medicine Division

Sub Unit: Board on Health Sciences Policy

RSO: Liverman, Cathy

Subject/Focus Area: Health and Medicine; Space and Aeronautics

Project Scope
NASA has requested a study from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide an independent review of more than 30 evidence reports on human health risks for long-duration and exploration space flight. The evidence reports, which are publicly available, are categorized into five broad categories: (1) behavioral health and performance; (2) human health countermeasures (with a focus on bone metabolism and orthopedics, nutrition, immunology, cardiac and pulmonary physiology); (3) radiation; (4) human factors issues; and (5) exploration medical capabilities. The reports are revised on an ongoing basis to incorporate new scientific information. In conducting this study, an ad hoc committee will build on the 2008 Academies report, Review of NASA’s Human Research Program Evidence Books. That report provided an assessment of the process used for developing the evidence reports and provided an initial review of the evidence reports that had been completed at that time.

Each year, NASA staff will identify a set of evidence reports for committee review. Over the course of the study all evidence reports will be reviewed. The committee will hold an annual scientific workshop to receive input on the evidence reports it is reviewing that year and an update on the recent literature. The committee will issue an annual letter report that addresses the following questions relevant to each evidence report: 

* Does the evidence report provide sufficient evidence, as well as sufficient risk context, that the risk is of concern for long-term space missions?
* Does the evidence report make the case for the research gaps presented?
* Are there any additional gaps in knowledge or areas of fundamental research that should be considered to enhance the basic understanding of this specific risk?
* Does the evidence report address relevant interactions among risks?
* Is input from additional disciplines needed?
* Is the breadth of the cited literature sufficient?
* What is the overall readability and quality?
* Is the expertise of the authors sufficient to fully cover the scope of the given risk?
* Has the evidence report addressed previous recommendations made by the Academies in the 2008 Letter Report?

The project is sponsored by NASA
The approximate start date for the project is August 1, 2013.
A letter report will be issued annually over the multi-year duration of the project.
Note (8/21/13): The project scope has been revised for clarity and the updated version is shown above.

Project Duration: 60 months    

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Contact the Public Access Records Office to make an inquiry, request a list of the public access file materials, or obtain a copy of the materials found in the file.

Committee Membership
Committee Membership

 Meeting 1 - 08/07/2013
 Meeting 2 - 08/16/2013
 Meeting 3 - 09/30/2013
 Meeting 4 - 10/24/2013
 Meeting 5 - 05/05/2014
 Meeting 6 - 06/23/2014
 Meeting 7 - 07/17/2014
 Meeting 8 - 09/26/2014
 Meeting 9 - 05/04/2015
 Meeting 10 - 06/22/2015
 Meeting 11 - 09/24/2015
 Meeting 12 - 05/17/2016
 Meeting 13 - 07/25/2016
 Meeting 14 - 08/08/2016
 Meeting 15 - 09/27/2016
 Meeting 16 - 04/27/2017
 Meeting 17 - 07/27/2017
 Meeting 18 - 10/10/2017


Reports having no URL can be seen
at the Public Access Records Office
Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2013 Letter Report
Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2014 Letter Report
Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2015 Letter Report
Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2016 Letter Report
Review of NASA's Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2017 Letter Report